Ijivate

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Types of government

An Ijivate is a form of government that comprises of 3 equally powerful heads of state: an Executive Chief (the Ijiv in a Standard Ijivate), a Legislative Chief, and a Judicial Cheif. It was created specifically for the Ijivate of Rikuchar.

Characteristics

Voting

Government Officials

For elections of government officials Ijivate implements the Instant-runoff voting method for determining the Heads of Government and any other Government Officials. Instant-runoff voting is an electoral system used to elect a single winner from a field of more than two candidates. It is a preferential voting system in which voters rank the candidates in order of preference rather than voting for a single candidate. Ballots are initially distributed based on each elector's first preference. If a candidate secures more than half of votes cast, that candidate wins. Otherwise, the candidate with the fewest votes is eliminated. Ballots assigned to the eliminated candidate are recounted and assigned to those of the remaining candidates who rank next in order of preference on each ballot. This process continues until one candidate wins by obtaining more than half the votes.

Legislation

Legislation is voted on through the entire approval process with a simple majority.

Legislative System

The Legislative System used within the Ijivate is rather unique. The heads of state and the public congress can write bills and create proposals. There are 4 levels of approval that a proposal must go through before being put into effect, 3 steps if either one of the two heads of state creates the original proposal. To make understanding this system easier, the following hypothetical situation has been created.

Suppose that the Head of External Affairs wants to go to war with an enemy nation. Before any declaration can be passed, this proposal must go through certain steps.

First, the proposal must be presented to the Public Congress (called the Pak Yitü sü ĕ Lizøçÿ Øka (PYLØ) in Rikuchar). The Public Congress consists of all voting citizens of the nation. Every member votes for or against the proposal. If the proposal fails, it is either scrapped or revised. If the proposal passes, then it moves onto the next step in approval.

This next step is its presentation to the Upper Congress (called the Zilnav Pak Yitü (ZPY) in Rikuchar). The Upper Congress consists of any odd number of "Deciders" (5 "Ḥü'wïk" in Rikuchar). The Upper Congress uses a Majority Rule voting system instead of Instant-runoff. Each Decider votes for or against the proposal. If the proposal fails, it is either scrapped or revised. If the proposal passes, then it moves onto the next step in approval.

In this case, the last step in the life of the proposal is its approval by the Head of Internal Affairs (who in this case has a say in this External Affair), who is like a President with slightly more power. It is here that the fate of this Proposal will be decided. If the proposal is approved, then the Head of External Affairs can declare war on the enemy nation. If the proposal is failed, it is either scrapped or revised.

Types

Standard Ijivate

A Standard Ijivate is the original version of the Ijivate system. In this system, the Head of External Affairs, called an Ijiv in Rikuchar, holds a lifelong term in office (mainly for Ijiv Netwafekzră I, the current Ijiv of Rikuchar, who believes that only he truly knows the exact purpose of the nation).

Balanced Ijivate

A Balanced Ijivate is where both heads of state serve equal terms. There are 2 types of Balanced Ijivates: the Monarchical Balanced Ijivate, where both heads of state serve a life term; and the Presidential Balanced Ijivate, where both heads of state serve single 6-year terms, and where one is replaced in the third year of the term of the other.