2021 Georgienstinian presidential election

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2021 Georgienstinian presidential election

← 2020 18-19 July 2021 (first round)
1-2 August 2021 (second round)
2022 →
Turnout58.3% (first round)
58.3% (second round)
  Olivier Portrait (Cropped).png Benjamin Pickles in August 2021.jpg
Nominee Raphaël Olivier Benjamin Pickles
Party Georgienstine First Socialist Labour
Alliance Social Democratic Farmer-Labour
Labour-Democratic
Home state Castel Augustine
Running mate Tom Mark Saionji Kintsune
States carried 5 + NS (R1)
4 (R2)
1 (R1)
4 + NS (R2)
Popular vote 21 (R1)
24 (R2)
14 (R1)
18 (R2)
Percentage &1000000000000005000000050.00% (R1)
&1000000000000005714000057.14% (R2)
&1000000000000003332999933.33% (R1)
&1000000000000004285999942.86% (R2)

2021 Georgienstinian presidential election by state R1.png
Results of the first round by state

2021 Georgienstinian presidential election by state R2.png
Results of the second round by state

     Raphaël Olivier      Benjamin Pickles      Azerianus Severanus

     Tie

President before election

Raphaël Olivier
Georgienstine First

Elected President

Raphaël Olivier
Georgienstine First

The 2021 Georgienstinian presidential election was held on 18 July 2021. As no candidate won a majority in the first round , a runoff election between the top two candidates, Raphaël Olivier and Benjamin Pickles, was held on 1-2 August 2021[1]. Voters re-elected incumbent president Raphaël Olivier and his vice presidential nominee, former Speaker of the National Congress Tom Mark with 57.1% of the vote, while Minority Leader Benjamin Pickles and his vice-presidential nominee Saionji Kintsune recieved 42.9% of the vote[2]. The 2021 election included the largest field of presidential nominees in Georgienstinian history, surpassing the 2018 election in Coronia.

Raphaël Olivier, the first and incumbent president, won the Georgienstine First nomination without any serious opposition. On 30 January 2021, Olivier announced that his running mate would be Secretary of State, Jimmy Foddle, making him the first African-Georgienstinian vice-presidential running mate. On 26 April 2021, he was replaced by former Speaker of the National Congress Tom Mark, who will become the first European vice president, however he is not the first European to be a vice-presidential nominee.

Congressional Minority Leader Benjamin Pickles secured the Socialist Labour nomination over his closest rival, former Speaker of the National Congress Emmeline Marino. On 28 April 2021, Pickles announced that his running mate would be Congressman Saionji Kintsune, making him the first Chinese-Georgienstine; Asian; and the second person of colour (after Jimmy Foddle) to serve on a major party ticket.

Former Congressional Minority Leader Azerianus Severanus won the Liberal Party nomination on 4 May 2021. On 9 May 2021, Salem governor Renzo Wessels and lieutenant governor Furkan Altay, both SLP members, formed the Salem National Party, and the two were unanimously nominated as the party's nominees for president and vice president respectively. Altay was removed from the ticket and ran as an independent politician instead. The Social Democratic Party nominated Emmeline Marino on 25 April 2021, but Marino withdrew on 7 May, endorsing Pickles.

Raphaël Olivier and Tom Mark were inaugurated on 24 August 2021 following a three day delay.

Background

On 18 July 2020, Raphaël Olivier was re-elected president of Georgienstine defeating Labour Party candidate Benjamin Pickles.

Simultaneous elections

The presidential election occured simultaneously with gubernatorial elections in three states, Nassau, Qaucasia and Drayton. Amelia Brown of Georgienstine First was elected in Drayton, Guy Watts of Georgienstine First was elected in Nassau and Owen Philbin of the Labour-Democratic Party was elected in Qaucasia.

2020 constitutional reforms

On 21 November 2020, the National Congress passed the Shorter Presidential Terms Amendment, shortening presidential and vice-presidential terms from two years to one year. The act was passed 11-1 with three not voting.

On December 2, 2020, the National Congress passed the Presidential Terms Amendment, abolishing all presidential and vice-presidential term limits. The amendment was passed 10-2, with three not voting. Speaker Emmeline Marino had refused to hold a vote on the amendment but the amendment was passed following her resignation.

Nominations

Georgienstine First nomination

First round

Primaries

With no incumbent president running for re-election against token opposition, the race for the Georgienstine First nomination was largely uneventful. The nomination process consisted of one primary. Olivier cemented his status as the Georgienstine First presumptive nominee on March 21, 2021, by securing the minimum number of pledged delegates needed to obtain the nomination.

Despite being term-limited, Olivier had promised to pass a constitutional amendment allowing him to run for a fourth term. Speaker Tom Mark and Secretary of State Ann Mark announced their candidacies and promised to drop out if Olivier were to run. After Emmeline Marino's controversial victory in the November 2020 Speaker of the National Congress election, the amendment was not expected to be voted on. This led to popular Georgopol Governor Jimmy Foddle announcing his candidacy and Ann Mark dropping out. Nassau Governor Isaiah Burdette had announced his candidacy a few days before.

Presidential term limits were abolished on 1 December 2020 after Marino's resignation as speaker. Olivier announced his re-election campaign three days later. All of Olivier's primary challengers dropped out shortly afterwards. During the primary season, there were rumours of a possible primary challenge by Majority Leader Alexandre Olivier or former Speaker of the National Congress Tom Mark. Both announced that they would not run and endorsed Olivier via press statements.

Olivier gained enough delegates on 21 March 2021, winning 92.3% of the vote.

First vice presidential selection
Advertisement for the Olivier's vice presidential announcement event.

Secretary of State Jimmy Foddle was announced as President Raphaël Olivier's running mate on 30 January 2021

Second vice presidential selection

It was announced on 10 March 2021 that a second selection process was going to be held. Olivier and Georgienstine First members had expressed their displeasure with the first selection process's duration. Only one interview had been held and had lasted a few minutes according to Olivier. As well as this, Foddle had been criticized for making the party "unserious" as he had become an internet meme.

Following a long and secretive process, it was announced via a press statement that Foddle had been replaced by former Speaker of the National Congress Tom Mark. If elected, Mark would become the first European vice president. He would also be the first one with English as their first language.

Nominee

2021 Georgienstine First ticket

Raphaël Olivier Tom Mark
for President for Vice President
Olivier Portrait.png
Tom Mark 2021.png
1st
President of Georgienstine
(2016–present)
4th
Speaker of the National Congress
(2020–2020)
Campaign
Olivier-Mark logo.png
Primary candidates

The following major candidates have either: (a) held public office, (b) been included in a minimum of five independent national polls, or (c) received substantial media coverage.

Candidates in this section are sorted by date of withdrawl
Jimmy Foddle Ann Mark Jean-Marie Gagnon Isaiah Burdette Tom Mark
Jimmy Foddle (cropped).png Ann Mark (cropped).png 3x4.svg 3x4.svg Tom Mark 2021.png
2nd Governor of Georgopol
(2020-present)
3rd Secretary of State
(2020-2020)
2nd Secretary of Francophone Affairs
(2020-2020)
3rd Governor of Nassau
(2020-2020)
4th Speaker of the National Congress
(2020-2020)
Exploratory Committee: 25 November 2020
Campaign: 25 November 2020
Withdrawn: 29 November 2020
(endorsed Olivier)
Ann Mark Campaign Logo.png
Exploratory Committee: 8 October 2020
Campaign: 9 October 2020
Withdrawn: 21 November 2020
(endorsed Olivier)
Exploratory Committee: 8 August 2020
Campaign: 9 August 2020
Withdrawn: 20 November 2020
(no endorsement)
Exploratory Committee: 20 November 2020
Campaign: None
Withdrawn: 4 December 2020
(endorsed Olivier)
Tom Mark Campaign Logo.jpg
Exploratory Committee: 26 September 2020
Campaign: 26 September 2020
Withdrawn: 27 September 2020
(endorsed Olivier)
Declined to be candidates
  • Guy Fawkes, Member of the National Congress (2020-2021); Secretary of Defense (2020-2020); Governor of Nassau (2020-2020) from Nassau (endorsed Olivier)
  • Alexandre Olivier, Congressional Majority Leader (2020-present); Vice President (2016-2020); 1st and 3rd Governor of Salem (2020-2021, 2021-present); Member of the National Congress (2018-present) from Salem (endorsed Olivier)
  • Aidan Clifford, Chief Justice (2020-present); Member of the National Congress (2020-present); Governor of Raphaelistan (2020-present) from Raphaelistan (endorsed Olivier)
  • Hugo Grenier, Governor of Drayton (2020-present); Member of the National Congress (2020-2020) from Drayton (endorsed Olivier)

Second round

Primaries

On 24 July 2021, Olivier won the Georgienstine First primary for the second round.

Nominee

2021 Georgienstine First ticket

Raphaël Olivier Tom Mark
for President for Vice President
Olivier Portrait.png
Tom Mark 2021.png
1st
President of Georgienstine
(2016–present)
4th
Speaker of the National Congress
(2020–2020)
Campaign
Olivier-Mark logo.png

Socialist Labour Party nomination

First round

Primaries
Delegates casting their votes at the Socialist Labour Party nominating convention.

On 25 August 2020, one month after the 2020 election, Secretary of Agriculture, former Senator and 2020 Labour Party nominee Benjamin Pickles announced his candidacy for president under the Movement for Socialism. Days later, Senator Leo Yaskanovic announced his candidacy for president. The campaign remained largely inactive and Pickles withdrew after several months, stating that it was too early to run for president.

On 26 August 2021, Renzo Wessels announced his candidacy for president. On the same day, the Movement for Socialism held a virtual convention. Pickles received 57.1% of the members' votes, Wessels received 14.2% and 28.4% did not vote. Wessels then announced that he wished to run for president as an independent candidate and support Pickles at the same time. The idea was largely mocked by the media and Wessels did not file to run for president. Emmeline Marino was nominated as vice president receiving 42.8% of the members' votes, Wessels who was attempting to win the vice-presidential nomination received 14.2%, 14.2% abstained and 28.4% did not vote. Wessels was promised the position of House Majority of Minority Leader after the convention. Weeks later, the convention's results were annulled as many new members complained that they did not vote.

On 15 November 2020, Pickles once again announced his candidacy for president. He ran on a largely environmentalist platform. On 18 November 2020, Speaker Emmeline Marino announced her candidacy for president. Pickles suspended his campaign days later and said that he would announce his candidacy closer to the election. On 2 December 2020, the Movement for Socialism dissolved after congresswoman Addison Dillon crossed the floor to join the New Democratic Party.

On 5 December 2020, Pickles announced his candidacy for president under the newly formed Socialist Labour Party with Gaia Grìbhnneach as his running mate, one day after incumbent president Raphaël Olivier announced his. Former speaker Emmeline Marino announced hers on 10 January 2021. On 24 January 2021, Pickles defeated Marino to become the party's presumptive nominee, and declared that a formal vice presidential selection process would take place. On 16 March 2021, Marino joined the Social Democratic Party.

Vice presidential selection

Presidential nominee Benjamin Pickles announced that he would allow members of the party to select the vice presidential nominee in a direct-popular vote primary. Emmeline Marino, who was largely seen as the front-runner, declined to run. Minority Whip Roy Jackson announced that he was considering a run. Pickles has been highly secretive about who he is considering, and is expected to announce his endorsement for the vice-presidential primary in April. On 7 April 2021, Furkan Altay was jokingly announced as Pickles' running mate. On 28 April 2021, Pickles announced Saionji Kintsune as his running mate following a secretive selection process. Saionji won the primary on 29 April 2021.

Nominee

2021 Socialist Labour Party ticket

Benjamin Pickles Saionji Kintsune
for President for Vice President
Benjamin Pickles in August 2021.jpg
Portrait of Su Yi-An Saionji Kintsune.png
7th and 10th
Congressional Minority Leader
(2020-2020, 2021–present)
Member of the National Congress
(2021-present)
Campaign
Pickles-Saionji campaign logo.svg
Primary candidates

The following major candidates have either: (a) held public office, (b) been included in a minimum of five independent national polls, or (c) received substantial media coverage.

Candidates in this section are sorted by date of withdrawl
Emmeline Marino
EHMarino Portrait2.png
2nd and 5th Speaker of the National Congress
(2020-2020, 2021-2021)
Paris Wright 2021 campaign logo.png
Campaign: 10 January 2021
Lost primary: 23 January 2021
(endorsed Pickles, then ran for Social Democratic nomination)
Declined to be candidates
  • Gaia Grìbhinneach, member of the National Congress (2020-2021) (endorsed Pickles)
  • Eugenia Latoya, member of the National Congress (2020-2020) (endorsed Pickles)
  • Leo Yaskanovic, member of the National Congress (2020-2020) (endorsed Olivier)

Second round

Primaries

On 24 July 2021, Pickles won the Socialist Labour Party primary for the second round.

Nominee

2021 Socialist Labour Party ticket

Benjamin Pickles Saionji Kintsune
for President for Vice President
Benjamin Pickles in August 2021.jpg
Portrait of Su Yi-An Saionji Kintsune.png
7th and 10th
Congressional Minority Leader
(2020-2020, 2021–present)
Member of the National Congress
(2021-present)
Campaign
Pickles-Saionji campaign logo.svg

New Democratic Party nomination

Benjamin Pickles delivering remarks on behalf of Addison Dillon during the Socialist Labour Party convention, where the New Democratic Party nominated Pickles and Saionji Kintsune.

The New Democratic Party was seen as one of the main opponents to Georgienstine First. Since the formation of the Liberal Party, and the Socialist Labour Party, the party has lost most of its supporters. They were founded following the dissolution of the Movement for Socialism by moderate members of the party and members of the Libertarian Party. The primary was initially one of the most competitive in the election, but all of the party's candidates have since withdrawn.

Party leader Addison Dillon announced her intention to merge the party into the Socialist Labour Party. In May 2021, Addison Dillon (who became the sole authority of the New Democratic Party) announced that the New Democratic Party had nominated the Socialist Labour Party ticket of Pickles-Saionji for President, further indicating that a merger may occur in the near future. The New Democratic Party merged with the Socialist Labour Party on 29 May 2021, but due to Georgienstine's election registration rules, remained on the ballot.

On 28 April 2021, Pickles announced Saionji Kintsune as his running mate.

Labour-Democratic Party nomination

First round

Primary

The Labour-Democratic Party previously had a competitive primary, but due to a dramatic decrease in membership, all of the candidates withdrew and joined different parties. On 26 April, the party nominated Benjamin Pickles as its nominee.

Vice presidential selection

On 28 April 2021, Pickles announced Saionji Kintsune as his running mate.

Nominee

2021 Labour Democratic ticket

Benjamin Pickles Saionji Kintsune
for President for Vice President
Benjamin Pickles in August 2021.jpg
Portrait of Su Yi-An Saionji Kintsune.png
7th and 10th
Congressional Minority Leader
(2020-2020, 2021–present)
Member of the National Congress
(2021-present)
Campaign
Pickles-Kintsune.svg
Primary candidates

The following major candidates have either: (a) held public office, (b) been included in a minimum of five independent national polls, or (c) received substantial media coverage.

Candidates in this section are sorted by date of withdrawl
Logan White Renzo Wessels Eugenia Latoya Tukat Ætimak
Logan White portrait.png Renzo Wessels (cropped).png 3x4.svg Tukat A. Portrait.png
2nd Director of the Central Intelligence Agency
(2020-present)
5th House Minority Leader
(2020-2020)
Activist 2020 Libertarian nominee for Vice President
Exploratory Committee: 28 September 2020
Campaign: 16 October 2020
Withdrawn: 28 October 2020
(endorsed Olivier)
Exploratory Committee: 14 September 2020
Campaign: 14 September 2020
Withdrawn: 26 September 2020
(endorsed Pickles, then ran for New Democratic nomination,
then accepted Salem National nomination)
Exploratory Committee: 14 September 2020
Campaign: 14 September 2020
Withdrawn: 15 September 2020
(endorsed Pickles)
Exploratory Committee: 14 September 2020
Campaign: 14 September 2020
Withdrawn: 14 September 2020
(endorsed Wessels, then Pickles)
Declined to be candidates
  • Owen Philbin, Governor of Qaucasia (2020-present)

Second round

Primaries

On 24 July 2020, Pickles won the Labour-Democratic Party primary for the second round.

Nominee

2021 Labour Democratic ticket

Benjamin Pickles Saionji Kintsune
for President for Vice President
Benjamin Pickles in August 2021.jpg
Portrait of Su Yi-An Saionji Kintsune.png
7th and 10th
Congressional Minority Leader
(2020-2020, 2021–present)
Member of the National Congress
(2021-present)
Campaign
Pickles-Kintsune.svg

Liberal Party nomination

First round

Primary

The Liberal Party was widely expected not to run a candidate for president. On 2 May 2021, Azerianus Severanus announced the revival of his defunct campaign. On 5 May 2020, Severanus was unanimously chosen as the Liberal Party's nominee for president.

Vice presidential selection

The Liberal nominee for vice president will be selected in a direct-popular vote primary. Ariel Lederman, who was widely expected to receive the vice presidential nomination, declined to run for it.

Nominee

2021 Liberal Party ticket

Azerianus Severanus Dom Victor
for President for Vice President
Azerianus Severanus (cropped).png
No official portrait.png
9th
Congressional Minority Leader
(2021-2021)
Activist
Campaign
Azerianus Severanus 2021 presidential campaign logo.png
Declined to be candidates
  • Ariel Lederman, leader of the Liberal Party; Associate Justice of the Supreme Court (2021-present); Member of the National Congress (2021-present, 2020-2021); Governor of Harrisburg (2021-present); 8th Congressional Minority Leader in Georgienstine (2020-2021) (endorsed Severanus)

Farmer-Labour Party nomination

The Farmer-Labour Party appeared on the ballot in the first round as the Green, Farmers, and Local Party.

First round

Primary

On 9 May 2021, Renzo Wessels was unanimously chosen as the Green, Farmers, and Local Party's nominee for president.

Vice presidential selection

On 9 May 2021, Furkan Altay was announced as Wessels' running mate. Altay left the party on 16 May 2021, but rejoined on 2 June 2021, and was once again announced as Wessels' running mate. Altay left the party again on 16 July 2021. Addison Dillon was nominated as Wessels' running mate, but did not appear on the ballot.

Nominee

2021 Green, Farmers, and Local Party ticket

Renzo Wessels Addison Dillon
for President for Vice President
Renzo Wessels (cropped).png
Addison B. Dillon (cropped 3).png
Member of the National Congress
(2020-present)
Member of the National Congress
(2020-2020, 2021-present)

Second round

Primaries

On 24 July 2021, the Farmer-Labour Party nominated Benjamin Pickles for the second round.

Nominee

2021 Farmer-Labour Party ticket ticket

Benjamin Pickles Saionji Kintsune
for President for Vice President
Benjamin Pickles in August 2021.jpg
Portrait of Su Yi-An Saionji Kintsune.png
7th and 10th
Congressional Minority Leader
(2020-2020, 2021–present)
Member of the National Congress
(2021-present)
Campaign
Pickles-Saionji campaign logo.svg

Social Democratic Party nomination

First round

Primary

The Social Democratic Party had originally endorsed president Raphaël Olivier for re-election, but the endorsement was retracted on 2 April 2021 after Emmeline Marino announced her candidacy for president. On 25 April 2021, Marino won the nomination, defeating three write-in candidates. On 7 May 2021, Marino withdrew from the race and endorsed Benjamin Pickles. The deadline for parties to nominate candidates for president passed on 10 May 2021, meaning the party will not be on the ballot in the election.

Vice presidential nomination

The Social Democratic nominee for vice president will be selected in a direct-popular vote primary. Louis de Blois was incorrectly reported by several media outlets to have been selected by Marino as her running mate, but Marino had stated that this is false and that she had not yet decided who she will endorse in the primary.

Declined to be candidates
  • Andrew Foddle, Governor of Nassau (2021-present); Lieutenant-Governor of Nassau (2021-present)
  • Archie Mark, Governor of Drayton (2021-present) (endorsed Olivier)
  • James Mark, Member of the National Congress (2021-present) (endorsed Olivier)
  • Logan White, member of the National Congress (2021-present); Governor of Harrisburg (2020-2021) (endorsed Olivier)

Second round

Primary

On 24 July 2021, party leader Archie Mark announced that the party had nominated Raphaël Olivier for president, despite a primary election never taking place.

Nominee

2021 Social Democratic ticket

Raphaël Olivier Tom Mark
for President for Vice President
Olivier Portrait.png
Tom Mark 2021.png
1st
President of Georgienstine
(2016–present)
4th
Speaker of the National Congress
(2020–2020)
Campaign
Olivier-Mark logo.png

General election campaign

An advertisement attacking Benjamin Pickles created by Olivier campaign manager Ann Mark.

Party conventions

The Georgienstine First National Convention was held in Castel from 29 April to 2 May 2021. The Socialist Labour National Convention was held in Augustine on 9 May 2021.

Debates

Qualification of candidates

In order to qualify for the CPVPD-sponsored debates, presidential candidates have to meet the following criteria; vice-presidential candidates qualify by being the running mate of a qualifying presidential candidate:

  • Be constitutionally eligible to hold the presidency.
  • Appear on the ballot.
  • Either:
    • be nominated by a political party with representation in the National Congress.
    • hold or have held previously a political office.

Schedule

First Round
2021 Georgienstinian presidential election debates sponsored by the CPVPD
Date Organizers Moderators  P  Present   S  Surrogate   NI  Not invited   A  Absent   I  Invited   N  No debate  
Olivier Pickles Severanus Wessels Altay[a]
30 May GNC Alexandre Olivier P P P P P
13 June GNC Addison Dillon
Alexandre Olivier
P P P P NI
6 July GNC/The
Industrialist
Emmeline Marino (cancelled) N N N N NI
13 July GNC Addison Dillon P P A [b] A NI
2021 Georgienstinian vice-presidential election debates sponsored by the CPVPD
Date Organizers Moderators  P  Present   S  Surrogate   NI  Not invited   A  Absent   I  Invited   N  No debate  
Mark Kintsune Victor Dillon[c]
28 June GNC Raphaël Olivier S
Logan White
P A P
Second round

No debates were held during the second round.

Publishing of the debates

Only the first fifteen minutes of the hour-long first debate were published due to a recording error made by the moderator. A request was made to not upload the first debate due to Furkan Altay not wanting to show his voice, so it was made an unlisted video. The second debate was not published due to issues with Youtube. The first vice-presidential debate was live-streamed and posted to Youtube in its totality, the same was done with the last presidential debate which took place on July 13.

Endorsements

Raphaël Olivier

Federal executive officials

  • Jimmy Foddle, 5th Secretary of State; member of the National Congress (2020-present); 1st Governor of Georgeopol (2020-present); 1st 2021 nominee for Vice President
  • Hugo Grenier, 1st Secretary of the Interior (2020-2020); 1st Governor of Drayton (2020-2021); member of the National Congress (2020-2020)

Federal judicial officials

  • Aidan Clifford, Chief Justice (2020-present); 2nd Secretary of the Interior (2021-present); member of the National Congress (2020-present); 1st Governor of Raphaelistan (2020-present)
  • Derik Johnson, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court (2021-present); Lieutenant Governor of Augustine (2021-2021)

Military personnel

  • Guy Fawkes, Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (2021-2021); member of the National Congress (2020-2021); 2nd and 4th Governor of Nassau (2020-2020, 2021-2021); 4th Secretary of Defense (2020-2020); Speaker of the National Congress (2020-2020)

Members of congress

  • Amelia Brown, Speaker of the National Congress (2021-2021); member of the National Congress (2021-present)
  • Ann Mark, member of the National Congress (2020-present); Congressional Majority Whip (2021-present); 3rd Secretary of State (2020-2020); 1st Governor of Georgopol (2020-2020)
  • Tom S. Mark, member of the National Congress (2020-2021)
  • James Mark, member of the National Congress (2021-present) (Social Democratic)
  • Alexandre Olivier, member of the National Congress (2020-present); Congressional Majority Leader (2020-present); 1st and 3rd Governor of Salem (2020-2021, 2021-present); 1st Vice President of Georgienstine (2016-2020); Olivier's twin brother
  • Logan White, Speaker of the National Congress (2021-2021); member of the National Congress (2020-2020, 2021-2021); 1st Governor of Harrisburg (2020-2021) (Social Democratic)
  • Sébastien Olivier, member of the National Congress (2018-2019)

Governors

  • Isaiah Burdette, 3rd Governor of Nassau (2020-2021); member of the National Congress (2020-2021)
  • Andrew Foddle, 6th Governor of Nassau (2021-present); Lieutenant Governor of Nassau (2021-2021)
  • Archie Mark,1st Governor of Drayton (2021-present) (Social Democratic)

Lieutenant Governors

  • Isabelle Miller, Lieutenant Governor of Castel (2021-present); member of the National Congress (2018-2019)

Intermicronational heads of state and government

  • Joseph I, King of Wallenia (2017-present)
  • Andrew I, Duke of Ponchartrain-Maurepas (2020-present); Member of the National Congress (2021-present)

Newspapers, magazines, and other media

  • Central Daily News
  • The Express
  • Tom and Guy Show (defunct)
  • The Mail
  • Infobattle
  • Concordian National Broadcasting Corporation (Concordia)
Benjamin Pickles

Members of congress

  • Eugenia Latoya, Governor of Augustine (2021-present); member of the National Congress (2020-2020), women's rights activist
  • Emmeline Marino, Speaker of the National Congress (2020-2020, 2021-2021), member of the National Congress (2020-2020, 2021-present), 1st and 5th Governor of Nassau (2020-2020, 2021-2021), 2021 candidate for president
  • Gaia Grìbhinneach, member of the National Congress (2020-2020, 2021-2021)
  • Gus Rósínśtí, member of the National Congress (2020-2020); Governor of Qaucasia (2020-2020); 2020 Labour nominee for Vice President (Farmer-Labour)

Governors

  • Owen Philbin, Governor of Qaucasia (2020-2021, 2021-present); Lieutenant Governor of Qaucasia (2021-2021)

Intermicronational heads of state and government

Intermicronational organizations

Newspapers, magazines, and other media

  • People's Voice

Other political parties

Azerianus Severanus

Federal judicial officials

  • Ariel Lederman, leader of the Liberal Party; Associate Justice of the Supreme Court (2021-present); Member of the National Congress (2021-present, 2020-2021); Governor of Harrisburg (2021-present); 8th Congressional Minority Leader in Georgienstine (2020-2021)

Newspapers, magazines, and other media

  • The Liberty Bell
Renzo Wessels

No endorsements

Furkan Altay (defunct)

Newspapers, magazines, and other media

  • Simple News (defunct)

NMI conspiracy theory

Throughout the electoral campaign, Olivier made claims that the Pickles campaign would attempt to get foreign supporters to become citizens, on election day, and vote for him. The allegations came after Furkan Altay claimed that the New Micronations Internationale had launched "Operation Red" to get foreigners to become citizens and vote for Pickles. Altay has since left Georgienstine after having been charged with three counts of voter fraud in the 2021 Salem recall election. The claims have been debunked repeatedly by Pickles and the NMI. "Operation Red Georgienstine" was simply the name of a project to invite left-wing micronationalists to become active citizens of Georgienstine in order to move the country politically to the left. Three individuals were invited to Georgienstine by Logan Jack on the morning of election day, but they expressed unfamiliarity with the concept of a micronation, meaning that it is impossible for them to have been invited by the NMI.

Campaign issues

Activity

The National Congress has been very inactive since the beginning of summer. Candidates' views on how to make the body more active differ. Candidates also blamed different people and groups for the inactivity. Olivier blamed the speaker and floor leaders, whilst vice-presidential candidate Addison Dillon blamed Georgienstine First and its leadership. The Cabinet has also been very inactive since the beginning of summer. Candidates' views on how to make it more active differ significantly. This issue has been a very significant one throughout the campaign, with all candidates at the exception of Olivier calling for the abolishment of many departments. Olivier has promised to replace many important secretaries deemed inactive by him.

Economy

Candidates' views on economic policy differ significantly. Olivier and Severanus support a free-market capitalist economy, Pickles supports a market socialist economy and Wessels supports a capitalist economy, though his running mate Addison Dillon is a socialist. On 19 September 2020, the Olivier administration introduced a new currency, the Georgienstinian Dollar (GD). After a nationwide referendum on banknotes, all narrowly passed with opposition from the Movement for Socialism due to some banknotes having figures associated with the political right, though they wanted to replace these figures with individuals associated with the political left. On 23 June 2021, Emmeline Marino was confirmed as Secretary of the Treasury, despite opposition from the Farmer-Labour Party. The new Georgienstinian Dollar is essentially worthless and may be replaced by another currency with value, something supported by Severanus.

COVID-19 pandemic

Several events related to the 2021 presidential election were altered or postponed due to the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic in the country and its effects such as the stay-at-home order and social distancing guidelines by local governments. On July 5, 2021, Olivier's campaign held an in-person rally in Salem, due to there having no restrictions in Salem. Seven people watched the event on the Georgienstine News Corporation's live events channel, a rentable channel in a Discord server. This rally was the first one to be held since the introduction of restrictions by certain local governments. Olivier self-isolating twice during the campaign- was widely seen as having a negative effect on his campaign and shifted the attention of the public back onto COVID-19, an issue which is generally ignored in Georgienstine due to the nation having no cases. Presidential candidates Raphaël Olivier and Benjamin Pickles were both vaccinated against COVID-19 during the campaign. At the first presidential debate, all candidates with the exception of Olivier announced their support of a vaccination campaign.

Environment

Candidates' views on environmental policy differ significantly, though all candidates have acknowledged that climate change exists. The Olivier administration has been accused of being too silent on climate change, though Olivier claims that there is not much that. he can do. Renzo Wessels ran on an environmentalist campaign after he ceased supporting Salem independence.

Same-sex marriage

On April 26, 2021, the former governor of Nassau Emmeline Marino signed the Nassau LGBTQ Rights Act into law. The law legalized same-sex marriage on the state level, despite this not being legal on the federal level. Days later, a gubernatorial election in Nassau was held between Marino, who supported the law and Andrew Foddle, who opposed it. Olivier endorsed Foddle and Pickles endorsed Marino. Foddle won on the promise that the law would be repealed, but failed to do so. On 21 August, governor Guy Watts did so. On May 4, 2021, the Defence of Marriage Act, defining marriage as a union between a man and a woman was passed by the National Congress, despite a filibuster by the Socialist Labour Party and the Liberal Party. A poll made by the Georgienstine News Corporation showed that a majority of Georgienstinians supported same-sex marriage.

Racial unrest

As a result of the murder of George Floyd and other incidents of police brutality against African Americans, combined with the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, a series of protests and a wider period of racial unrest erupted in mid-2020. This followed with the Black Lives Matter movement, which protested police brutality against black people, and became a central point of the 2021 presidential campaign. Benjamin Pickles supports the protests and Raphaël Olivier does not, other candidates did not take a stance. After a boost in polls for Pickles in the 2020 election, following a debate on racial unrest, Pickles has attempted to make the issue central in the campaign, once again. On 4 April 2021, Chief Derik Johnson, a Georgienstine First member, released a statement on behalf of the Sureté of Georgienstine, condemning Pickles's stance on the issue. The statement has been accused of being partisan.

Polling

Polls with a sample size of <10. have their sample size entries marked in red to indicate a lack of reliability.

Actual polling

First round

Olivier VS Pickles VS Severanus VS Wessels

Poll source Date Sample size Raphaël Olivier Benjamin Pickles Azerianus Severanus Renzo Wessels
GNC 11 May 2021 17 (LV) 47.1% 41.2% 5.9% 5.9%
UNC[3] 30 June 2021 15 (LV) 46.7% 20.0% 13.3% 20.0%
AVERAGE 24 July 2021 16 (LV) 46.9% 30.6% 9.6% 12.9%
RESULTS 24 July 2021 42 (OV) 50.0% 33.4% 9.5% 4.8%

Second Round

Olivier VS Pickles

Poll source Date Sample size Raphaël Olivier Benjamin Pickles Undecided
GNC 26 September 2020 29 (LV) 55.2% 44.8%
GNC 17 January 2021 24 (LV) 54.2% 45.8%
GNC 7 March 2021 17 (LV) 55.9% 44.1% 17.6%
The Express 4 April 2021 7 (LV) 85.7% 14.3%
GNC 4 April 2021 30 (LV) 53.3% 46.6%
GNC 30 April 2021 12 (LV) 58.3% 41.7%
GNC 11 May 2021 17 (LV) 64.7% 35.3%
GNC 28 May 2021 22 (LV) 56.9% 43.1%
GNC 13 July 2021 16 (LV) 56.5% 43.5%
GNC[4] 17 July 2021 11 (LV) 54.5% 45.5%
GNC[5] 29 July 2021 9 (LV) 55.6% 44.4%
GNC[6] 1 August 2021 13 (LV) 53.8% 46.2%
AVERAGE 3 August 2021 17 (LV) 58.7% 41.3%
RESULTS 3 August 2021 42 (OV) 57.1% 42.9%

Olivier VS Severanus

Poll source Date Sample size Raphaël Olivier Azerianus Severanus
GNC 11 May 2021 17 (LV) 62.5% 37.5%
GNC 19 May 2021 8 (LV) 75.0% 25.0%
GNC 28 May 2021 13 (LV) 68.8% 31.2%

Pickles VS Severanus

Poll source Date Sample size Benjamin Pickles Azerianus Severanus
GNC 11 May 2021 17 (LV) 70.6% 29.4%

Olivier VS Wessels

Poll source Date Sample size Raphaël Olivier Renzo Wessels
GNC 11 May 2021 17 (LV) 76.5% 23.5%

Pickles VS Wessels

Poll source Date Sample size Benjamin Pickles Renzo Wessels
GNC 11 May 2021 17 (LV) 76.5% 23.5%

Severanus VS Wessels

Poll source Date Sample size Azerianus Severanus Renzo Wessels
GNC 11 May 2021 17 (LV) 88.2% 11.8%
Hypothetical polling

Hypothetical polling

First Round

Generic GF VS Generic SLP VS Generic NDP VS Generic FM VS Generic LDP

Poll source Date Sample size Generic GF Generic SLP Generic NDP Generic FM Generic LDP
GNC 17 January 2021 24 (LV) 45.8% 29.2% 12.5% 12.5% 4.2%
GNC 28 January 2021 22 (LV) 51.1% 26.6% 14.3% 5.0% 3.0%

Olivier VS Pickles VS Marino

Poll source Date Sample size Raphaël Olivier Benjamin Pickles Emmeline Marino Undecided
People's Voice 4 April 2021 8 (LV) 50.0% 37.5% 12.5%
GNC 30 April 2021 12 (LV) 58.3% 33.3% 8.3% 0%

Second round

Olivier VS Marino

Poll source Date Sample size Raphaël Olivier Emmeline Marino Undecided
GNC 26 September 2020 29 (LV) 65.5% 34.5%
GNC 17 January 2021 24 (LV) 66.7% 33.3%
The Express 4 April 2021 7 (LV) 100% 0%
GNC 30 April 2021 12 (LV) 66.7% 33.3%

Pickles VS Marino

Poll source Date Sample size Benjamin Pickles Emmeline Marino Undecided
The Express 4 April 2021 7 (LV) 42.9% 57.1%
GNC 30 April 2021 12 (LV) 66.7% 33.3% 25.0%

Olivier VS Dillon

Poll source Date Sample size Raphaël Olivier Addison Dillon
GNC 26 September 2020 29 (LV) 51.7% 48.3%

Olivier VS Jackson

Poll source Date Sample size Raphaël Olivier Roy Jackson
GNC 26 September 2020 29 (LV) 72.4% 27.6%
GNC 17 January 2021 24 (LV) 62.5% 37.5%

Olivier VS Brienović

Poll source Date Sample size Raphaël Olivier Ivan Brienović
GNC 17 January 2021 24 (LV) 87.0% 13.0%

Mark VS Pickles

Poll source Date Sample size Tom Mark Benjamin Pickles
GNC 26 September 2020 29 (LV) 48.3% 51.7%

Mark VS Dillon

Poll source Date Sample size Tom Mark Addison Dillon
GNC 26 September 2020 29 (LV) 37.9% 62.1%

Olivier VS Marino

Poll source Date Sample size Tom Mark Emmeline Marino
GNC 26 September 2020 29 (LV) 58.6% 41.4%

Olivier VS Jackson

Poll source Date Sample size Tom Mark Roy Jackson
GNC 26 September 2020 29 (LV) 58.6% 41.4%

Mark VS Olivier (Ind.)

Poll source Date Sample size Tom Mark Raphaël Olivier Undecided
GNC 30 April 2021 12 (LV) 60.0% 40.0% 16.7%

De Blois VS Lederman

Poll source Date Sample size Louis de Blois Ariel Lederman Undecided
GNC 30 April 2021 12 (LV) 41.7% 58.3% 0%

Olivier VS Olivier (Ind.)

Poll source Date Sample size Alexandre Olivier Raphaël Olivier Undecided
GNC 30 April 2021 12 (LV) 55.6% 44.4% 25.0%

Mark VS Mark

Poll source Date Sample size Archie Mark Tom Mark Undecided
GNC 30 April 2021 12 (LV) 50.0% 50.0% 0%

Foddle VS Foddle

Poll source Date Sample size Andrew Foddle Jimmy Foddle Undecided
GNC 30 April 2021 12 (LV) 36.4% 63.6% 8.3%


Results

First round

Election night

On 22 July, the Georgienstine News Corporation released a video with interviews and exit polls where presidential candidates Raphaël Olivier and Benjamin Pickles were interviewed. On 23 July, four days after voting had ended, a live election-night was organized by the Georgienstine News Corporation. The election night consisted of two videos, one lasting fifteen minutes and the other lasting seven. Throughout the election night, seven individuals provided live commentary.

Throughout the first part, Olivier led, except for a brief moment where he was in a tie with Pickles and one where he was in a tie with Wessels. Olivier began with a strong lead over his opponents, having either majority of the vote or being at 50% for the first five minutes, though he took back this strong lead, two minutes later. When the first part ended, Olivier was at 47%, trailed by Pickles at 38%, Severanus at 9% and Wessels at 6%. The gubernatorial races in Qaucasia and Drayton had been called with Emmeline Marino and Guy Watts tied in Nassau.

Thirty minutes separated the two parts. Olivier declared that he would win the most votes in the first round through a small press statement. When results resumed, a coin was flipped to determine the winner in Nassau. Marino was declared the victor, however, the coin-toss was nullified as it had not been done using the website approved by the electoral commission. Throughout the second part, Olivier stayed in the high 40s and low 50s. Five minutes in, Alexandre Olivier called the race for Olivier and claimed that there would not be a second round with Olivier at 53% and 95.2% of the vote in and. One minute later, Olivier's lead sank to 50%. As no candidate received a majority of the vote, the top two finishers—incumbent president Raphaël Olivier and challenger Benjamin Pickles advanced to a runoff election held on August 1, 2021.

Candidates had been promised another video to deliver post-election remarks, however the Georgienstine News Corporation never organized this. On July 30, Raphaël Olivier made a speech where he attacked Pickles and called for the citizens of Georgienstine to unite by voting for him.

Electoral results

Results of the first round
Party Presidential candidate State Vice presidential candidate State Votes %
Georgienstine First Raphaël Olivier (incumbent) Castel Tom Mark Augustine 21 &1000000000000005000000050.00%
Socialist Labour Benjamin Pickles Augustine Saionji Kintsune Salem 12 &1000000000000002857000028.57%
Labour-Democratic Benjamin Pickles Augustine Saionji Kintsune Salem 2 &100000000000000047599994.76%
Total Benjamin Pickles Augustine Saionji Kintsune Salem 14 &1000000000000003332999933.33%
Liberal Azerianus Severanus Nassau Dom Victor N/A[d] 4 &100000000000000095199999.52%
Green FL Renzo Wessels[e] Salem Addison Dillon[c] Harrisburg 2 &100000000000000047599994.76%

By state

State Raphaël
Olivier
Benjamin
Pickles
Azerianus
Severanus
Renzo
Wessels
Other
Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes % Votes %
Augustine 4 40.0% 4 40.0% 1 10.0% 1 10.0% 0 0.0%
Castel 3 60.0% 1 20.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 1 20.0%
Drayton 2 100.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0%
Georgopol 1 100.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0%
Harrisburg 2 50.0% 1 25.0% 0 0.0% 1 25.0% 0 0.0%
Nassau 1 25.0% 1 25.0% 2 50% 0 0.0% 0 0.0%
Qaucasia 0 0.0% 2 66.7% 1 33.3% 0 0.0% 0 0.0%
Raphaelistan 1 100.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0%
Salem 2 50.0% 2 50.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0%
No state 5 62.5% 3 37.5% 0 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0%

Polling accuracy

Although polls predicted the Olivier victory, the national polling average underestimated him by three points. The national polling average underestimated Pickles by three points, though the GNC overestimated him by seven points and the UNC overestimated him by thirteen. Azerianus Severanus's performance was correctly predicted by the national average, though it was considered an upset as the GNC had underestimated him by three and the UNC had overestimated him by three. The national polling average overestimated Wessels by eight points, though the GNC overestimated him by one and the UNC overestimated him by fifteen.

Second round

Election night

On 3 August at 13:00 EDT, the Georgienstine News Corporation premiered the 15 minutes long election night on Youtube. Present during the election night were Alexandre Olivier, Andrew Perdomo, Addison Dillon and Isaiah Burdette.

Benjamin Pickles won all the absentee votes and led for the major part of the results. However, a few times, Raphaël Olivier was tied with him. When around 80% of the vote was in, a batch of votes from the state of Drayton, a Georgienstine First stronghold, started to come in. Citizens of Drayton are known to cast their votes late due to their time zone. Olivier then took the lead, and Andrew Perdomo and Alexandre Olivier announced that Raphaël Olivier would be re-elected as president.

At 13:25, Pickles called Olivier to concede the election. Olivier and Mark were congratulated by several congresspeople, governors, lieutenant-governors, secretaries and activsts.

During the results, one of the anchors said that there would be a results analysis with speeches on 5 August, it is still unclear if it will happen.

Electoral results

Olivier receiving a concession call from Pickles.
Results of the second round
Party Presidential candidate State Vice presidential candidate State Votes %
Georgienstine First Raphaël Olivier (incumbent) Castel Tom Mark Augustine 21 &1000000000000005000000050.00%
Social Democratic Raphaël Olivier (incumbent) Castel Tom Mark Augustine 3 &100000000000000071399997.14%
Total Raphaël Olivier Castel Tom Mark Augustine 24 &1000000000000005714000057.14%
Socialist Labour Benjamin Pickles Augustine Saionji Kintsune Salem 12 &1000000000000002857000028.57%
Labour-Democratic Benjamin Pickles Augustine Saionji Kintsune Salem 4 &100000000000000095199999.52%
Farmer-Labour Benjamin Pickles Augustine Saionji Kintsune Salem 2 &100000000000000047599994.76%
Total Benjamin Pickles Augustine Saionji Kintsune Salem 18 &1000000000000004285999942.86%

By state

State Raphaël
Olivier
Benjamin
Pickles
Votes % Votes %
Augustine 4 50.0% 4 50.0%
Castel 4 80.0% 1 20.0%
Drayton 5 100.0% 0 0.0%
Georgopol 3 100.0% 0 0.0%
Harrisburg 1 33.3% 2 66.7%
Nassau 1 20.0% 4 80.0%
Qaucasia 0 0.0% 2 100.0%
Raphaelistan 2 100.0% 0 0.0%
Salem 2 40.0% 3 60.0%
No state 1 25.0% 3 75.0%

Polling accuracy

Although polls generally predicted the Olivier victory, the national polling average underestimated him by one point. However, the newest polls underestimated him by two to three points.

Aftermath

On 3 August 2021, acting administrator Alexandre Olivier certified the results by state.

On 5 August 2021, governor Raphaël Olivier certified election results in his state, two days after Olivier had been certified the winner by the Federal electoral commission. All states have certified their election results.

Harrisburg governor Roy Jackson released first round results showing Benjamin Pickles winning one vote and his opponents winning none, despite Olivier having won the state with two votes. The second round results showed "Raohael Pickles", an obvious mistake, with two votes and Raphaël Olivier with one, despite Olivier having won the state with two. One minute later, Jackson removed these results. On 5 August 2021, Jackson certified the state’s election results.

Nassau governor Guy Watts released first round and second round results, both showing Olivier with one vote and his opponents winning none, despite Severanus having won the state in the first round with two votes and Pickles having won the state in the second round with four votes. The results released by Watts were condemned by Augustine governor Eugenia Latoya. Four hours later, Watts corrected the results citing that he was in a hurry and forgot to include Severanus and Pickles.

On 15 August 2021, the National Congress met to certify election results by state. The session was cancelled and instead, another session was held on 16 August 2021. Addison Dillon jokingly stated that she would object to the election results.

Notes

  1. Campaign is defunct.
  2. Severanus prepared opening remarks that were read by the moderator, but did not participate in the debate itself.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Addison Dillon was nominated to replace Furkan Altay as Renzo Wessels' running mate after Altay renounced his Georgienstinian citizenship, but will not appear on the ballot.
  4. Victor is not registered in a state.
  5. The party merged into the Farmer-Labour Party on 20 June 2021, but will remain on the ballot as the Green, Farmers, and Local Party due to Georgienstine's election laws.

References

  1. Corporation, Georgienstine News. "1st round LIVE RESULTS". GNC. GNC Corporation. Retrieved 19 August 2021.
  2. Corporation, Georgienstine News. "2nd round LIVE RESULTS". GNC. GNC Corporation. Retrieved 19 August 2021.
  3. Dillon, Addison. "30-07-21 UNC polling". UNC News. UNC Corporation. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  4. "17 July G-16 GNC polling". GNC News. GNC.
  5. "29 July G-16 GNC polling". GNC News. GNC.
  6. "1 August G-16 GNC polling". GNC News. GNC.