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Types of government

A monarch is a person or people who heads a monarchy, a form of government in which a nation's sovereignty is vested in an individual, sometimes with political powers exercised by that person. Monarchs may be autocrats, as in absolute monarchy, or ceremonial heads of state with little to no power, or may possess a level of power anywhere in between. A legally bound monarch is known as a constitutional monarch.

Most states only have a single monarch at any given time, although a regent may rule when the monarch is a minor, not present or debilitated. Two monarchs have ruled simultaneously in some countries, as in the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta or the joint sovereignty of spouses or relatives (e.g. William and Mary of Kingdom of England and Scotland, Peter and Ivan of Russia & Charles and Joanna of Castile.).


Monarchs have various titles - king or Queen (e.g. King of Spain, Queen of England), Prince or Princess (e.g. Sovereign Prince of Monaco), Emperor or Empress (e.g. Emperor of Japan, Empress of India), Tsar or Tsarina (e.g. Tsar of Bulgaria, Tsarina of Russia) or even Duke or Grand Duke/Duchess (e.g. Grand Duke of Luxembourg). Many monarchs are distinguished by titles and styles. They often take part in certain ceremonies, such as a coronations, state visits and other such functions.

Succession and government types

Monarchies are associated with political or hereditary rule. Most monarchs, both historically and in the present day, have been born and brought up within a royal family over a period of time. This is known as a dynasty, and this upbringing usually involves training for future duties. Different systems of succession have been used, such as proximity of blood, primogeniture and agnatic seniority (Salic law). Whilst traditionally most monarch have been male, female monarchs have ruled in antiquity. The term "queen regnant" refers to a ruling monarch, while a "queen consort" refers to the wife of a reigning king.

Some monarchies are non-hereditary. In an elective monarchy, the monarch is elected but otherwise serves as any other monarch. Historical examples of elective monarchy include the Holy Roman Emperors (chosen by prince-electors but often coming from the same dynasty) and the free election of kings of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Modern examples include the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia and the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, who serves as Sovereign of the Vatican City State and is elected to a life term by the College of Cardinals.

Monarchies have existed throughout the world, although in recent centuries many states have abolished the monarchy and becomes republics. Advocacy of republics is called "Republicanism", while advocacy of monarchies is called "Monarchism". The principal advantage of a hereditary monarchy is the immediate continuity of leadership, with a usually short interregnum (as seen in the classic phrase "The King is dead. Long live the King!"). Form of governments may be hereditary without being considered monarchies, such as that of family dictatorships or political families, which are present in many democracies.

List of current micronational monarchs

Note: Please add new names in alphabetical order and only if a picture is available to attach.

Picture Style Name Realm(s) Reign start
Adam.jpg His Imperial Majesty Queen Maríe I The First Istrian Flag(1935).png Kingdom of Istria 17 May 1960 – 5 April 1980

(first Istrian Reign)

23 May 2022

(second Istrian Reign)

Adam.jpg His Majesty King Adam I Flag of Überstadt.svg Kingdom of Überstadt 14 November 2011
EmperorOfAdammia.jpg His Imperial Majesty Emperor Adam I Flag of Adammia.svg Empire of Adammia 13 April 2013
Kevin Picture.png
His Illustrious Royal Exalted and Excellent Majesty King Kevin I
Kingdom of Blazdonia
5 April 2021 Her Majesty Queen Anastasia Ruritania.png Kingdom of Ruritania 17 May 2010
AndrewNew.jpg His Royal Majesty King Andrew I Pontunia2.png Kingdom of Pontunia 12 January 2020
Coat of Arms of Greater Roscam.png His Imperial Majesty Emperor Andrew Barnlandflag.jpg Imperial Barnland 26 November 2021
AnthonyIofSaspearian.png His Imperial Majesty Anthony I, Emperor of Saspearian Flag of Saspearian.svg Saspearian 20 October 2017
Arthur van der Bruyn.png His Majesty Arthur II of Ebenthal Flag of Ebenthal.svg Ebenthal 29 December 2019
Img 20180808 101501.jpg His Royal Imperial Majesty Emperor Arturo I Cordoba EMPIRE Flag.png Cordoba Empire 21 September 2018
Bhuvan I Official Portrait .png His Imperial Majesty Bhuvan I, Viskonian
Flag of Viskonian Empire.png Viskonian Empire 4 May 2021
Brandon Mierzwa in Uniform.png His Majesty Brandon I of Matachewan Matachewanian Grand Flag.png Grand Kingdom of Matachewan 30 June 2015
CameronI-OfficialPortrait-January2022.png His Majesty King Abrams I Flag of Ikonia (Pantone).svg Kingdom of Ikonia 19 October 2018
Charlotte of Uskor.jpg Her Majesty High Queen Charlotte Uskor flag.png Commonwealth of Uskor 27 August 2017
Christina I MicroCon 2022 Cropped.jpg Her Imperial Majesty
Her Imperial and Royal Majesty
Summi Imperatoria
Christina I & II
Flag of Cycoldia.svg Grand Republic of Cycoldia
Cycoldian Imperium Flag.svg Cycoldian Imperium
6 November 2018
ChristophII oil 2020.jpg His Royal Highness Archduke Christopher II Flag of Mimas.svg Archduchy of Mimas 30 April 2015
Portrait of Christopher I.jpg His Imperial Majesty Emperor Christopher Currvanian Empire Flag.jpg Currvanian Empire 11 October 2019
Impapeq.jpg His Holy Imperial Majesty Emperor Claudio I Reunionfl.gif Holy Empire of Reunion 27 August 1997
Princess Cloe of Sancratosia in January 2019.jpg Her Sovereign Highness Princess Cloe Flag of Sancratosia.svg Principality of Sancratosia 1 December 2021
Stumperth 2020.jpg His Royal Majesty King Connor I Atovia Flag.svg Kingdom of Atovia 05 May 2017
File:DanielHamilton-IkoniaPortrait.png His Royal Highness Grand Duke Daniel I Flag of Australis.svg Unified Royal States of Australis 28 May 2020
Birthday Portrait of Rashtradhyaksh Dhrubajyoti Roy (2023).jpeg His Illustrious and Royal Majesty Rashtradhyaksh Dhrubajyoti Roy  State of Vishwamitra 1 August 2020
Coat of arms of Permaria.png His Serene Highness Prince Dustin I  Principality of Permaria 15 July 2022
Ayylmao.png His Majesty Prince Dominic DoshevikanFlag.png Principality of Domanglia 24 May 2011
Portrait of Franz I, American Emperor.jpg His Imperial Majesty Emperor Francis I Flag(36).png Second American Empire 8 December 2020
GeorgeIICrop.png His Imperial Majesty Emperor George II Flag of Atlantium.svg Empire of Atlantium 27 November 1981
Duke Erik Haroldovych.jpg His Imperial Majesty Emperor Ivan VII  Empire of Pavlov 17 February 2022
Jackson I in July 2022 (cropped).png His Majesty King Jackson I Flag of Kapreburg 2020.svg Empire of Kapreburg 17 May 2019
Mr. Ellis.jpg His Imperial Majesty Emperor James I Great Kyberia.png Empire of Kyberia 13 February 2019
Official portrait of Prince Jerold I.jpg His Majesty King Jerold I Flag of Arlandica.svg Kingdom of Arlandica 26 December 2020
John I of Baustralia in Church Dress, 2018.JPG His Majesty/His Imperial Majesty King John Flag of Baustralia (Pantone).svg Baustralia, and the dominions, Emperor of Ostreum 27 April 2018
ICJA.jpg His Imperial Majesty Emperor Jonathan I Flag of Austenasia.svg Empire of Austenasia 20 January 2013
ICJA.jpg His Majesty King Jonathan Rhenish Flag.png Independent State of the Rhine 17 January 2021
LouisPhillipeKingOfEminiaPortrait.jpg His Majesty King Louis Phillipe EminiaFlag.png Kingdom of Eminia 13 December 2020
LucasWoetsein2013.jpg His Majesty Stadhouder Lucas Flag of Mauritia.svg United Provinces of Mauritia 24 July 2013
Queen Maria of Sildavia Official Portrait.png Her Majesty Queen Maria I Flag of Sildavia (2021).svg United Kingdom of Sildavia and Borduria 17 February 2020
M1R RP 23.jpg His Royal Majesty King Matthew I National Standard - KOL.jpg Kingdom of Liahonia 27 January 2020
File:Crown Prince Mehmet, 2022.jpg His Imperial Majesty Sultan Mehmet II Flag of Tungristan.png Sultanate of Tungristan 24 September 2022
Niels flandrensis.jpg His Royal Highness Grand Duke Nicholas Flag of Flandrensis.svg Grand Duchy of Flandrensis 4 September 2008
His Royal Highness King Nicolo I Otaliana Flag.png Otaliana 12 December 2020
Portrait of Oscar I, Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia in 2015.jpg H.I.&R.A.M.
Emperor-King Oscar I Flag of the Karno-Ruthenian Empire.svg Karnia-Ruthenia
NACFlag2019.png Occidian Empire
19 November 2014
7 August 2020
Pe110620.png His Highness Emperor Pao Flag Huai siao.png Empire of Huai Siao 28 October 2018
Quentin port.jpg His Royal & Imperial Majesty King Quentin I HREflag.png Holy Roman Empire
Wyvern Flag.svg Kingdom of Wyvern
27 October 2009
Samson King.jpg His Majesty King Samson I Krunmark.png Kingdom of Krunmark 24 June 2020
Current Tsar.jpeg His Imperial Majesty Tsar Stefan I Flag of the Great Lawl Reich.png Great Lawl Reich 17 February 2014
Grand Duke Travis Cropped.jpg His Royal Highness Grand Duke Travis Official Flag Westarctica.jpg Grand Duchy of Westarctica
Flag of Calsahara Colony.jpg Colony of Calsahara
1 November 2001 to 14 January 2006 (first Westarctican reign)
12 September 2012 (current Westarctican reign)
29 October 2017 (as Overlord of Calsahara)
Imperial Crest of the House of Oberholtz.jpg
His Imperial Majesty Elias Oberholtz 3 October 2019 - Present
Middle Royal Coat of Arms of Krzakacja.svg His Majesty Łukasz I Flag of Krzakacja.svg Kingdom of Krzakacja 4 August 2021
His Imperial Majesty Aaron I Sprinske Empire 30 October 2020-

See also