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Types of government

A monarch is the person who heads a monarchy, a form of government in which a nation's sovereignty is vested in an individual, sometimes with political powers exercised by that person. Monarchs may be autocrats, as in absolute monarchy, or ceremonial heads of state with little to no power, or may possess a level of power anywhere in between. A legally bound monarch is known as a constitutional monarch.

Most states only have a single monarch at any given time, although a regent may rule when the monarch is a minor, not present or debilitated. Two monarchs have ruled simultaneously in some countries, as in the ancient Greek city-state of Sparta or the joint sovereignty of spouses or relatives (e.g. William and Mary of Kingdom of England and Scotland, Peter and Ivan of Russia & Charles and Joanna of Castile.).


Monarchs have various titles - king or Queen (e.g. King of Spain, Queen of England), Prince or Princess (eg. Sovereign Prince of Monaco), Emperor or Empress (eg. Emperor of Japan, Empress of India), Tsar or Tsarina (e.g. Tsar of Bulgaria, Tsarina of Russia) or even Duke or Grand Duke/Duchess (e.g. Grand Duke of Luxembourg). Many monarchs are distinguished by titles and styles. They often take part in certain ceremonies, such as a coronations, state visits and other such functions.

Succession and government types

Monarchies are associated with political or hereditary rule. Most monarchs, both historically and in the present day, have been born and brought up within a royal family over a period of time. This is known as a dynasty, and this upbringing usually involves training for future duties. Different systems of succession have been used, such as proximity of blood, primogeniture and agnatic seniority (Salic law). Whilst traditionally most monarch have been male, female monarchs have ruled in antiquity. The term "queen regnant" refers to a ruling monarch, while a "queen consort" refers to the wife of a reigning king.

Some monarchies are non-hereditary. In an elective monarchy, the monarch is elected but otherwise serves as any other monarch. Historical examples of elective monarchy include the Holy Roman Emperors (chosen by prince-electors but often coming from the same dynasty) and the free election of kings of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. Modern examples include the Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia and the Pope of the Roman Catholic Church, who serves as Sovereign of the Vatican City State and is elected to a life term by the College of Cardinals.

Monarchies have existed throughout the world, although in recent centuries many states have abolished the monarchy and becomes republics. Advocacy of republics is called "Republicanism", while advocacy of monarchies is called "Monarchism". The principal advantage of a hereditary monarchy is the immediate continuity of leadership, with a usually short interregnum (as seen in the classic phrase "The King is dead. Long live the King!"). Form of governments may be hereditary without being considered monarchies, such as that of family dictatorships or political families, which are present in many democracies.

List of current micronational Monarchs

Note: Please add new names in alphabetical order and only if a picture is available to attach.

Picture Style Name Realm(s) Reign start
Adam.jpg His Majesty King Adam I Kingdom of Überstadt 14 November 2011
EmperorOfAdammia.jpg His Imperial Majesty Emperor Adam I Empire of Adammia 13 April 2013
Dionisiy.jpg His Imperial Majesty Emperor Alexander IV Empire of Pavlov 8 July 2012 Her Majesty Queen Anastasia Kingdom of Ruritania 17 May 2010
Img 20180808 101501.jpg His Royal Imperial Majesty Emperor Arturo I Cordoba Empire 21 September 2018
CameronI-OfficialPortrait-August2019.png His Majesty King Cameron I Kingdom of Ikonia 19 October 2018
Charlotte of Uskor.jpg Her Majesty High Queen Charlotte Commonwealth of Uskor 27 August 2017
Christina I Christmas Picture.png Her Imperial Majesty Summi Imperatoria Christina I Grand Republic of Cycoldia 6 November 2018
Portrait of Christopher I.jpg His Imperial Majesty Christopher I Augustus Currvanian Empire 11 October 2019
Impapeq.jpg His Holy Imperial Majesty Emperor Claudio I Holy Empire of Reunion 27 August 1997
Stumperth 2020.jpg His Royal Majesty King Connor I Kingdom of Atovia 5 May 2017
Ayylmao.png His Majesty Prince Dominic Principality of Domanglia 24 May 2011
Mr. Ellis.jpg His Imperial Majesty Emperor James I Empire of Kyberia 13 February 2019
John I of Baustralia in Church Dress, 2018.JPG His Majesty/His Imperial Majesty King John I Baustralia, and the dominions, Emperor of Ostreum 27 April 2018
ICJA.jpg His Imperial Majesty Emperor Jonathan I Empire of Austenasia 20 January 2013
HRH The Grand Duke Joseph.jpg His Royal Highness Grand Duke Joseph I Grand Duchy of Natal 4 January 2014
Niels flandrensis.jpg His Royal Highness Grand Duke Niels Grand Duchy of Flandrensis 4 September 2008
12788394 1133283756712230 584801807 o.jpg His Imperial and Royal Majesty Emperor-King Oscar I Karnia-Ruthenia 19 November 2014
Pe110620.png Highness Emperor Pao Empire Huai Siao 28 October 2018
Quentin port.jpg His Royal & Imperial Majesty King Quentin I Holy Roman Empire
Kingdom of Wyvern
27 October 2009
Samson King.jpg His Majesty King Samson I Kingdom of Krunmark 24 June 2020
Current Tsar.jpeg His Imperial Majesty Tsar Stefan I Great Lawl Reich 17 February 2014
Grand Duke Travis Cropped.jpg His Royal Highness Grand Duke Travis Grand Duchy of Westarctica
Colony of Calsahara
1 November 2001 to 14 January 2006 (first Westarctican reign)
12 September 2012 (current Westarctican reign)
29 October 2017 (as Overlord of Calsahara)
William Hartman-Peters 2010.png His Imperial and Royal Majesty Emperor Wilhelm I North American Confederation 27 May 2015
ZarelJune2019.jpeg His Majesty Prince Zarel I Principality of New Eiffel 11 August 2018
Ivan Portrait.png His Majesty King Ivan Brienovich I. Kingdom of Brienia 1 February 2018

See also