Independent State of the Rhine

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Independent State of the Rhine
German:Unabhängiger Staat Rhein
Portuguese:Independent State of the Rhine
Flag of Rhine
Flag
Coat of arms of Rhine
Coat of arms
Motto: 
"Zwei Sprachen, ein Volk"
"Two languages, one people"
Rhine Globe Map.png
Location of the Rhine in green.
Capital
and largest city
Barbarossa
Official languages
Ethnic groups (2021)100% White
Religion(2021)82.9% Lutheranism
15.1% Irreligion
2% Catholicism
DemonymRhenish
GovernmentUnitary absolute monarchy
• King
Jonathan I
Prince Antônio
LegislatureKatarinensisch Reichskreis
Formation
• First Talks
23 December 2020
• Foundaton
06 January 2021
• Throne sworn in
17 January 2021
18 January 2021
Area
• Total
1.3 km2 (0.50 sq mi)
• Water (%)
0.2%
Population
• 2021 estimate
26
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total
ΔTBD
• Per capita
ΔTBD
GDP (nominal)2021 estimate
• Total
ΔTBD
• Per capita
ΔTBD
HDI (2021) 0.942
very high · 9th
CGSC (2021) 3.00
high · 36th
CurrencyCS Doubloon (Δ)a (CSD)
Time zoneBRT (UTC−3)
• Summer (DST)
BRST (UTC−2)
Date formatdd/mm/yyyy
Drives on theright
Calling code+55
MicrocodeRN
Internet TLD.RN
  1. Despite have the Doubloon as it's official currency, most business in the Rhine are done in Brazilian Real; The Doubloon is used for government business and mostly in intermicronational transactions between members of Conference of Santiago.
  2. Official website

Rhine, officially the Independent States of the Rhine (German: Unabhängiger Staat Rhein; Portuguese: Estado Independente do Reno) is a micronation completely surrounded by Southern Brazil in South America. At an estimated 1.3 square kilometers and inhabited by 26 registered people, the Rhenish territory is made up of enclaves in four towns at the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina. The capital and most populated city is the city of Barbarossa, named after the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa. The country has two official languages which are German and Portuguese, both spoken natively by all the country's citizens. English is recognized as a diplomatic language.

The territory of modern-day Rhine was inhabited by Guarani tribes for millenia prior the European colonization of the Americas. In territory claimed and administrated by the Portuguese Empire, the region was settled by German immigrants in the early 19th century and evolved into a series of teutonic towns and cities following the establishment of the Empire of Brazil and grew as touristic municipalities throughout Brazil's recent history. In late 2020 King Arthur II of Ebenthal envisioned a micronation in Southern Brazil, and so in early 2021, aided by Oscar I, Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia and Jonathan, Marquis of Rozandir, the Rhine was founded, claiming Jonathan's family's lands as sovereign territory under an absolute monarchy.

The Rhenish economic calculation is based on the country's pyrite stock according to the Conference of Santiago Financial Authority's guidelines. Nonetheless the calculation hasn't yet be realized. Due to the absence of local micronations, allied to the fact that many Ebenthalis are involved in the Rhenish government, the Rhine can be considered a regional power in Southern Brazil and a small power in the Brazilian sector. Created as part of the Conference of Santiago Derivative Program, the Rhine is a member state of the Conference of Santiago and is present at the MicroWiki nations community. Citizenship can be acquired by online request, but the right of residency is restricted to native German-speakers.

Etimology

The Fundamental Laws defines the country's official name as 'Independent State of the Rhine' in Article 1.

Art. 1. The Independent State of the Rhine is the political association of all its citizens. They form a free and independent nation which does not admit any bond that oppose its sovereignity.

— Fundamental Laws of the Rhine

The country's proper name was inspired by the homonymous Rhine river in Germany, being chosen because of the country's ties with Germany and the German culture. The Independent State's territory's first settlers were immigrants from the Bavarian and Rhenish regions of the former German Confederation during the 19th and 20th centuries. The variants of the name of the Rhine in modern languages are all derived from the Gaulish name Rēnos. The Gaulish name Rēnos (Proto-Celtic or pre-Celtic *Reinos) belongs to a class of river names built from the PIE root *rei- "to move, flow, run".

History

Background

the Rhine river in Germany, after which the micronation was named.

In late 2020, the Conference of Santiago launched their Conference of Santiago Derivative Program, an effort to support newbie micronationalists in create and/or rule their micronations. The program included the creation and deliver of micronations to new micronationalists within the Brazilian sector, such as have been done to the Hanseatic and Confederate States of Achsen. In 23 December that year, King Arthur II of Ebenthal, one of the people in charge of the program, came up with the ideia of the creation of a micronation in Southern Brazil, under the name of Rhine, in order to encourage micronationalism in the region.

Along with Oscar I, Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia, they came up with the project for the Independent State of the Rhine. The micronation was thought to incorporate the German-Brazilian culture proper of the region on which it should be founded. The political name, 'Independent State', was suggested by the Ebenthali monarch, inspired by the Independent State of Croatia. Then, the national symbols were discussed with no success as both Arthur and Oscar failed to accept any project of flag and coat of arms presented. Political organization was further discussed and it was agreed that, in order to avoid bureaucracy and in facing the prospect of few active government members, the country should be a centralized state in the form of an absolute monarchy.

Foundation

The Fundamental Laws' publicity cover piece.

With most of the country's organization defined, the micronation was officialy founded through an Act in 6 January 2021. Independence from the Federative Republic of Brazil was formally declared at the Fundamental Laws, as well as from any other power potentially claiming to exert sovereignity or control over Rhenish land. Despite of the official foundation, the micronation wasn't more than an empty shell, initially, with no actual territory and with throne and all offices vacant and being ruled de facto as a puppet state of Ebenthal.

In order to fulfill the Derivative Program's goal, the Rhine should be delivered to a new micronationalist to rule by himself, and so both the Ebenthali and Karno-Ruthenian sovereigns started to look for potential candidates to the Rhenish throne. During the search, the King of Ebenthal gave open preference for Southern Brazilians to become 'King by the Rhine' to accomplish his goal to create a new micronational activity in the macronation's south region. In 15 January, Arthur, as Acting Regent, offered the throne to Jonathan, Marquis of Rozandir, who serves as Lord Speaker in the College of Peers of the Realm of Ebenthal. Native from the southern town of Jaraguá do Sul and eager to experience more in micronationalism, the Ebenthali noble and politician accepted the offer in 17 January.

His first act as King was to immediatly cede the sovereignity of his family's properties in four Brazilian municipalities to the Rhenish State.

Contemporary history

Now fully established as a sovereign micronation, in 18 January 2021 King Jonathan I of the Rhine issued a decree on which he signed the Treaty of Persenburg and the Protocol of Goetha, as well as the Treaty of Santiago and the Rhine officialy joined the Conference of Santiago as required by the Derivative Program. The Rhenish Provisional Government was created and the recruitment of micronationalists was initiated, supported by Ebenthal, Karnia-Ruthenia and Achsen. The Conferential Doubloon was officially adopted as the country's official currency and the bought of a pyrite stock have been scheduled to take place until the end of the year, whilst the treasure's very low resources go through calculation.

In 20 January 2021 Emperor-King Oscar I suggested the country's name should be changed in order to really connects with the micronation's geographical location and avoid confusion. The matter was taken to King Jonathan who promissed to consider the change once the country is fully established. Antônio I, Prince of New Switzerland and Jonathan's older brother, suggested the name of "New Southern Rhine".

Geography

The Brazilian town of Blumenau is where the post populated Rhenish territory lies enclaved.
The Brazilian town of São Joaquim, where most of the Rhenish territory lies enclaved.

The Rhine's lands are located in the Southern Cone of South America, below the Tropic of Capricorn, enclaved in the towns of Blumenau, Jaraguá do Sul, São Joaquim and Pomerode, in the Brazilian state of Santa Catarina. The entire territory of the country is composed of house buildings and backyards, with no original water body and provides no natural resources.

With an estimated total area of 1.3 km², the Rhine spans only one time zone, the UTC−3, and the summer time zone UTC−2. The country's natural topography is simple: half of the country lies above 1,300 meters and another half lies above 20 meters in relation to the sea level. The first half lies in highlands on a chain of mountains and valleys, while the latter, in a plain dotted with some hills.

Climate

The climate of the Rhine is fairly stable. According to the Köppen system, the dominating climate is the highland oceanic modified for precipitation sufficiently moist in every month with cool summers and low temperatures in winter, but not so below freezing point. The average annual temperature is 11.4 °C to 18.3 °C. Since the maximum average does not exceed 24 °C. At the same time, the minimum averages are above 7 °C. The annual precipitation is high from 1450 mm to 1650 mm and about 135 rainy days. Frost and snow are commom phenomenons in most of the country, although for a very brief time annualy.

Because of its geographic situation, the country is often reached by cold fronts advancing from Antarctica, especially during autumn and winter, causing frequent cool and cold climates, respectively on the plains and highlands. During summer, the country is struck by strong and constant rains. With most of its territory much higher than the sea level and subject to dry polar air masses, the Independent State of the Rhine could be regarded as South America's coldest nation (proportionally) and micronation.

Government and politics

The Fundamental Laws define the country as an unitary absolute monarchy and as an aspiring-to-noocratic enlightened despotism. The monarch is entitled as 'King by the Rhine', inspired by the Hessian title of 'Prince of Hesse and by the Rhine', and he is fundamentally the head of state and head of government with his position being selective; it is up to the King to appoint his heir. The King appoints the Archsteward which, being the responsible for the Royal Household's affairs, in encharged with much of the country's politics, acting de facto as the head of government and as speaker of the Katarinensisch Reichskreis, an advisory body which serves as the country's de facto parliament, enacting laws on behalf of the sovereign and under his approval. Judiciary power lies solely with the King, although he is obliged by swore to abide by the Fundamental Laws. His acts aren't irreversible, though, and the parliament has power to undo his judicial actions.

The concept of noocratic enlightened despotism formally adopted by the Rhenish government was inspired by Frederick Barbarossa, the Holy Roman Emperor.

The Rhine is divided into four autonomous cantons, one of them holding the capital, and each one ruled by a Steward. The country's union is indissoluble and is set on the principles of sovereignity, citizenship, dignity and social freedom. All branches of government (executive, legislative and judiciary) are formally established by the Fundamental Laws and are drawn from the person of the monarch, thus being a very centralized regime. The executive power is organized in two spheres of administration, while the legislative and the judiciary are organized only at the national sphere.

The Katarinensisch Reichskreis is composed by the four Stewards and headed by the Archsteward, all formally appointed by the monarch (but often the local family heads), plus four Comissioners popularly elected, one for each canton. While the Stewards' office is de facto largely cerimonial and they rarely get to actively participate in the legislative discussions, the Comissioners are often tasked with representing the absent stewards and, in doing so, they hold a double vote. Given this, the national parliament de facto works with four Comissionares with the voting power of eight people plus the Archsteward acting as speaker of the house and undoing ties. There are no political parties in the Independent State of the Rhine, as according to the Fundamental Laws, they are damaging to the political process and divisive to society. Nevertheless each parliamentary is free to openyl uphold whichever ideology they like.

Law

Rhenis law is based on Roman-Germanic traditions and civil law concepts prevail over common law practice. The basics of Rhenish law is codified as the Fundamental Laws, although non-codified statutes represent a very substantial part, playing a complementary role. Court decisions set out interpretive guidelines; however, they are seldom binding on other specific cases. Doctrinal works and the works of academic jurists have strong influence in law creation and in law cases.

There is no judiciary court in the Rhine, and judiciary authority lies with the monarch. The leagl system is based on the Fundamental Laws, which was promulgated in 6 January 2021. All legislations must conform to its rules. The cantons have their own basic laws, which must abide by the Fundamental Laws. Legislative entities are the main source of statutes, although in certain matters judiciary and executive bodies may enact legal norms.

Military

The Independent State of Rhines does not have any military, although the Fundamental Laws define the possbility to create an Armed Force in case of need, and it relies mostly on the Brazilian police system. In 18 January 2021 King Jonathan I of the Rhine and King Arthur II of Ebenthal signed a treaty by which the Kingdom of Ebenthal is tasked with the external defenses of the Rhine, although de facto it only means cerimonial protection and defensive virtual warfare. The Rhine, though, keeps a cerimmonial guard for the King.

The country's inner security is applied by the Stewards individually with the support of temporary civilian agents.

Administrative regions

The Independent State of the Rhine is an unitary state divided into four autonomous cantons. Each canton is administrated by a Steward nominally appointed by the King, but often the head of the local family branch. There is no distinction in a steward's role between ruling the canton as a whole and the municipalities within it. Each canton enjoys of a fine degree of administrative autonomy, but they cannot enact laws. All the cantons are comprised by private property owned by King Jonathan's immediate family.

Federative Units of Ebenthal
Flag Canton Canton
code
Capital Other cities Enclaved in Citizens Area (km2) Official language(s) Government Ruler
[[File:|75x75px]]
Canton of
Kaiserwerth
KSW Barbarossa Hohenstaufen Blumenau
TBD
TBD
German
Portuguese
Directorial province under absolute monarchy Steward
Antônio I, Prince of New Switzerland
[[File:|75x75px]]
Canton of
Hochdeutsch
HCD Däzchen None Pomerode
TBD
TBD
German Directorial province under absolute monarchy Steward
Guilherme Däzchen
[[File:|75x75px]]
Canton of the
Katarinensisch Palatine
PSC Süpplingenburg Jagst
Tauber
São Joaquim
TBD
TBD
German
Portuguese
Directorial province under absolute monarchy Steward
Martha Scherer
[[File:|75x75px]]
Canton of
Artstetten
ATT Schroeder Hruschka Jaraguá do Sul
11
TBD
German
Portuguese
Directorial province under absolute monarchy Steward
Wagner Scherer

Foreign policy

The Rhenish foreign policy consists of non-intervention, self-determination, international cooperation and the peaceful settlement of conflicts. The matter is taked to the Secretary of State for the Interior Affairs, which is appointed by the King, but it is ultimatelly headed by the King himself as the supreme authority on foreign policy as defined by the Fundamental Laws.

The Independent State's foreign policy is a by-product of the country's microposition as a new and poorly-populated micronation with few government officials. The country relates itself mostly with other micronations at the Brazilian sector. Rhenish foreign policy has generally been based on the principles of multilateralism, peaceful dispute settlement, and non-intervention in the affairs of other countries.

Furthermore, the Fundamental Laws provides that in case of the present King's abdication, the country shall become a diarchy headed by the King of Ebenthal and the Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia and keep its present sovereign territory, and that the micronation may not be annexed peacefully or join a crown union, but be ruled under personal union. As a result of this accord, Ebenthal and Karnia-Ruthenia have been the first micronations to establish formal diplomatic relations with the Rhine.

Economy

The Rhenish total economy is to be calculated, but the country's economy currently relies on a very little amount of pyrite, used as source of value for the country's official currency, the Conferential Doubloon. The country's Gross Value Added, this means, the sum of all Rhenish properties, is estimated to be that of R$3 million Brazilian Reais, about to US$1 million US Dollars. The externalinternal Rhenish economy revolves around the circulation of money through the national budget with salary payments and the circulation of these salary values among the micronations, which also has Doubloon as its official currency. Internally, however, the economy is more varied, with the production and exportation of manufactural goods and the offer of virtual services, such as programming, editing and design, in which part of the total profits is poured into maintaining the micronation. The Rhine also participates in the Conference of Santiago's common market.

The Conferential Doubloon is the official currency, pegged to the pyrite standart (converted to Brazilian Real), following a managed-float monetary policy by the Conference of Santiago Financial Authority and implemented through the Rhenish Treasure. Nonetheless, most of the country's business is done in Brazilian Real.[a]

The Rhenish state, so far, have few expenses, of which the higher, dealt with in Brazilian Reais, is the maintenance of the micronational portfolio such as virtual spaces. Other expenses includes the allocation of the Royal Family and the salaries of civil servants.

Infrastructure

Science and technology

Transport

Education

Health

Demographics

As of January 2021, the registered Rhenish population is that of 26 citizens, of which 17 resides in national territory and 7 are government officials. With a ratio of men to women of 6:10, approximately the entire population is defined as urban. The geographical distribution of the resident population is quite unbalanced, with half living in the southern canton and the other half scattered between three other cantons up-north. Rhenish society presents a very low income inequality, although there is a disparity between the upper-midle class and the higher class.

The government so far have done a quick research on the country's population, neverthless the government declared that an official census will be carried out.

Race and ethnicity

According to the government's estimates, the country's population is tremendouly homogeneous, being entirely made of white people. Nonetheless it is also estimated that at least part of population descend from any amerindian or mixed-race.

Following the eviction of the local native tribes by the Portuguese in the 18th century, the present Rhenish territory was settled mainly by Germans but also by Polish and Ukrainians, starting in the 1830s, reaching a climax between the 1880s and 1920s, to the end of the immigration period in the 1960s.

The homogenity of the Rhenish population is unique in South and Latin America and the country is located in a white-majority continental macrorregion which is the Southern Cone. On spite of it, the Rhenish Government guarantees provisions against racism and actively seeks to expand the national genetic pool by bringing all kinds of people to the micronation.

Religion

The Independent State of the Rhine is very cohesive religiously, with almost 85% of the population declaring themselves as Christians, whereas 82.9% are Lutherans, a heritage from the German Protestant colonization, and 2% are Roman Catholics, mainly due to convertion through marriage. 15.1% of population are counted as irreligious, wheter they are atheists or agnosticism. The Rhine has as no official religion, and the government is officially committed to religious secularism. Freedom of religion in the Rhine is a constitutionally protected right, allowing individuals to assemble and worship without limitation or interference. The practise of religion is now fully considered a private matter throughout society and the state. The vast majority of Rhenish though did consider religion to be important in their daily lives.

Despite of the absence of any Spiritist denomination in the Rhine, many Rhenish Christians holds some Spiritist views such as the one of reincarnation. The Rhenish government has stated it will fight neo-charismatic protestant denominations, mainly Evangelicals, who spread prejudice regarded by the Fundamental Laws as crime (example, priests speaking against LGBT rights, regarded as basic human rights and civil guarantees).

Language

According to the Fundamental Laws, the German and the Portuguese are the country's two official and national languages, both spoken natively by the entire population, whereas official administrative and business documments are bilingual. On the case of the German language, the Fundamental Laws also state that the Brazilian variant Katarinensisch is the official form adopted by the state whilst other variants such as the Riograndenser Hunsrückisch and the Standart German are accepted as well. The English works as diplomatic language, being used in propraganda and provided with information by the government. The Brazilian Sign Language, more commonly known by its Portuguese acronym LIBRAS, is the official language to deaf people, and the government promotes the inclusion of deaf people in the micronationalism.

Brazilian German, spoken in the Rhine, has had its own development, mostly similar to the Hunsrückisch dialect spoken in the Rhineland-Palatinate region of Germany, but it has also been greatly influenced by other German dialects such as East Pomeranian and Plautdietsch, and by Portuguese, and to a lesser extent, by indigenous languages such as Kaingang and Guarani and by immigrant languages such as Italian and Talian. The Brazilian Portuguese, as well, has developed on its own, being mostly similar to 16th-century Central and Southern dialects of European Portuguese on its Portuguese genesis, but heavily influenced, specially in the phonetics, by immigrant from Central Europe and Italy.

Minority languages spoken in the Independent States include the French as a second language, and the Talian, Polish as native languages. English is the most widely spoken second language, with approximately 70% of the country's population being able to speak it.

Culture

The core of the Rhenish culture is derived from the Catarinense culture, a sub-product of the Brazilian and German cultures. Nonetheless, the German culture stands out more, in the form of traditions brought from Germany to Brazil which were kept by the Teuto-Brazilians and subsequently by the Rhenish. Among other influences, the German language, architecture, their religion, the Lutheranism, their legends, festivals, cuisine, symbology and political structure are strongly present. The Brazilian culture also presents itself as a sub-product from the Portuguese culture, heavily influenced by African and Amerindian cultures, in the form of the Portuguese language, social skills, music and religion.

Architecture

Music

Literature

Cuisine

Sports

National holidays

See also

References


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