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Country New Southern Rhine
Part of Blumenau4 February 1980
Capital of N.S. Rhine6 January 2021
 • TypeDevolved government
 • PrefectJonathan I
 • Total6 (permanent)

Barbarossa, officialy the Municipality of Barbarossa (Hunsrik: Munizipp des Barbarossa; Portuguese: Município de Barbarossa) is the capital city of the Independent State of the New Southern Rhine and of the Kaiserwerth Canton. It is also New Southern Rhine's largest city. The municipality is landlocked by the Brazilian municipality of Blumenau, in Santa Catarina state. The city per se is administered by a Prefect appointed by the Steward of the Kaiserwerth Canton. Through an informal agreement the Steward is to always appoint the King as Prefect, since he lives in city and rule the kingdom from it.

The territory that makes up the current municipality of Barbarossa was inhabited by the Xokleng Indians until the 16th century, when it was conquered by the Portuguese and annexed to Brazil. German, Austrian and Swiss immigrants settled in the region at the beginning of the 19th century, among them the doctor Hermann Blumenau, who in 1845 gave rise to the São Pedro de Alcântara colony, which in 1880 was transformed into the Municipality of Blumenau. During this same period, the Scherer family settled in the region. In 2021, influenced by micronationalism, Jonathan Scherer-Arrais proclaimed the independence of his family properties and founded the city of Barbarossa in the middle of Blumenau.

The city was named Barbarossa in honor of the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick Barbarossa, on whom Jonathan I was inspired in his way of governing. The city's territory comprises a large house with a backyard and has 6 permanent inhabitants.[1]


  1. Neo-Rhenish Government. The New Southern Rhine. Published on 20 December 2021. Retrieved on 20 December 2021.]