Altenburg

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Altenburg
Free City of Altenburg
From top to bottom, left to right: A panorama of Altenburg's whereabouts as seen from the Meyer Annex, the Western Gardens including the famous Autumn Tree in the Western Borough, the Prinvess of Triunphus Ave. and the Dona Maria St. in the Northern Borough, the Palace of the Kings and the Elidian Walls in the Southern Borough.
From top to bottom, left to right: A panorama of Altenburg's whereabouts as seen from the Meyer Annex, the Western Gardens including the famous Autumn Tree in the Western Borough, the Prinvess of Triunphus Ave. and the Dona Maria St. in the Northern Borough, the Palace of the Kings and the Elidian Walls in the Southern Borough.
Flag of Altenburg
Flag
Official seal of Altenburg
Seal
Motto(s): 
Vivre et laisser vivre
Live and let live
Location of Altenburg (blue) among other Ebenthali enclaves (orange) within the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro (dark-bordered)
Location of Altenburg (blue) among other Ebenthali enclaves (orange) within the Brazilian state of Rio de Janeiro (dark-bordered)
CountryFlag of Ebenthal.svg Ebenthal
Settled by the House of Brum12 October 1876
Incorpored into Roschfallen28 January 2014
Capital of Ebenthal13 August 2014
Borders altered29 December 2019
Province5 February 2022
Founded byArthur Brum and Arthur Beato
Government
 • TypeDevolved government
 • PresidentThe Baron of Roches
 • CouncillorsAlessandro Rosas
The Duke of Novaes
Area
 • Total2.5 km2 (1.0 sq mi)
Elevation
Template:Infobox settlement/wp/lengthdisp
Population
(2020)
 • Total36 (permanent)
Demonym(s)Altenburger; Formely Arturian
Time zoneUTC−3
Postal Code
20000-001 to 23799-999
Area code(s)+55 21
HDI (2022)0.959 very high (2nd)
GDP (2022)𝒦ℳ 195.000
Per capita𝒦ℳ 5.416

Altenburg, officialy Free City of Altenburg (Portuguese: Cidade Livre de Altenburgo), formely known from August 2014 to August 2020 as Arturia, and from August 2020 to February 2022 as Gillisburgh, is the capital and largest city of Ebenthal, being also one of the country's three city-states. Landlocked by the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro, the Free City is the most populated administrative division with up to 36 permanent inhabitants scattered across the city's 2.5 km². Enjoying of a special administrative status, the city is governed as a fully autonomous devolved government by a President appointed by the King of Ebenthal, who nonetheless exerts great influence on the city's administration. The city is further subdivided intro three boroughs and it is represented at the House of Councillors by two elected Councillors.

Prior to the European colonization of the Americas, the territory that comprises modern-day Altenburg was inhabited by numerous indigenous tribes, among which the Temiminós and the Tamoios. With Portuguese colonization, the territories that comprise Altenburg were incorporated into the city of Rio de Janeiro in the 16th century, and remained part of the city even after Brazil's independence. In 1876 the House of Brum acquired property in Rio de Janeiro, followed by an other acquisition by the House of Beato in 1933. In early 2014 the Brazilian micronationalist Arthur Brum established the Kingdom of Roschfallen, proclaiming its independence from Brazil and claiming his family's land as sovereign territoty. He was followed inFebruary that month by Arthur Beato, who joined Roschfallen with his own family's lands. Together they founded the city of Arturia out of their family's main properties in Rio as part of the metropolitan area of Triunphus, Roschfallen's capital. Later in August 2014 nonetheless, amidst political conflicts, Arthur Beato, attending as Duke of Gallar, proclaimed his properties' secession from Roschfallen and created the Kingdom of Ebenthal, subsequently declaring his family's properties enclaved in Rio de Janeiro, a substantial part of Arturia, as the new country's capital, while Arthur Brum's family portion of Arturia was absorbed into Triunphus. However, on 29 December 2019, with the accession of the House of Brum to the throne of Ebenthal to replace the House of Beatus, the city's border incorporated the Brum holdings and lost the territories of the House of Beatus, subsequently being renamed Gillisburgh, in August 2020, and later as Altenburg, in February 2022.

Having the largest economy by GDP among Ebenthal's cities, Altenburg is the administrative division that contributes most to the national economy, providing the country the largest revenue (through the dominatint services sector), serving as headquarter to the Bank of Ebenthal and to the Conference of Santiago's Financial Authority. The city alone represents 25% of the country's total GDP, being the main hub of activity to 80% of the multinationals serving Ebenthal, as well as reponsible for almost the entire national scientific production and research. The "micrometropolis" is the national economic, political and cultural hub, being de facto or nominally home to important institutions and monuments such as the Royal Academy of General Knowledge, the Ebenthali Space Research Institute, the Royal Ebenthali Library, the Bank of Ebenthal, the José Pedrosa Stadium, as well it is the main stage for artistic presentations.

Etimology

The name "Altenburg" is the junction of two German toponymys "Alten" (Old) and "Burg" (Keep), thus meaning "Old Keep". A keep is a medieval type of fortification, or a towered gate. The name was officially adopted as a replacement for "Gillisburgh" to make the capital's name more impersonal and disconnected from the House of Brum's particular history. In the specific case of the city, the name refers to the settlement by both the House of Brum and the House of Beato creating gated villages in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, somehow analogue to medieval keeps, encrusted in the mountains, which gave rise to new settlements which together would form the city of Altenburg at the time of its foundation.

Historically the city was also named after Arturia (2014-2020) which meant "City of Arthurs" in honor of the city's founders.

History

Pre-micronation

Historical affiliations

Partido Monarquico.png Brazilian Empire 1876–1889
w:Brazil Fed. Rep. of Brazil 1889–2014
Roschfallen Flag.png Kingdom of Roschfallen Jan–Aug 2014
Ebenthal Kingdom of Ebenthal 2014–present

Prior to its creation, modern-day Altenburg's lands were part of the Imperial City of Rio de Janeiro, founded in 1565 by the Portuguese, initially as capital of Captaincy of Rio de Janeiro, a domain of the Portuguese Empire. Later, in 1763, Rio became the capital of the State of Brazil, a state of the Portuguese Empire. In 1808, when the Portuguese Royal Court transferred itself from Portugal to Brazil, Rio de Janeiro became the chosen seat of the court of Queen Maria I of Portugal and Brazil, who subsequently, in 1815, through her son, the Prince Regent and future King João VI of Portugal of Brazil, raised Brazil to the dignity of a kingdom, within the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and Algarves. Rio stayed the capital of the pluricontinental Lusitanian monarchy until 1822, when the War of Brazilian Independence began. Rio de Janeiro subsequently served as the capital of the independent monarchy, the Empire of Brazil, until 1889, and then the capital of a republican Brazil until 1960 when the capital was transferred to Brasília. From 1960 to 1975 it became a city-state within the Guanabara state until it's fusion with the Rio de Janeiro state, when the city became capital of the homonimous federative unit.

Settlement by the Brums and the Beatos

Mundo Novo St. in Botafogo, 1870. The street on which José Pedrosa's property is located around the time he bought it.

Seeking new job opportunities, José Pedrosa, a Portuguese worker, moved to Brazil in the 1870s, settling in Rio de Janeiro where, with his savings, he bought a farm in the Botafogo neighborhood. He and his successors continued to live on the farm, which was expanded and turned into a village with a few houses. In 1946 his great-granddaughter Lindalva de Savoy married Mário Brum, 4th Baron of Roches, who was her neighbor and went to live with her in the Brum village. The couple had nine children, among them Armando, 5th Baron of Roches, who as his father's main heir, continued to reside in the village.

In the same period, Setúbal Beato, a son of Portuguese immigrants who had left the European country in 1919, bought a farm in the Méier neighborhood in 1933. They inhabited the two houses they bought while started the construction of a villa, caled Vila Beata which remains, to this day, a private property of the family.

The founding of Arturia

In 28 January 2014 Arthur Brum, son of the 5th Baron of Roches, proclaimed the independence of his family's properties in relation to Brazil and founded the Kingdom of Roschfallen. Initially, the capital had not been defined, as were the administrative divisions.

Arthur Brum, now King Arthur I of Roschfallen, had been a neighbor and friend of Arthur Beato, the great-grandson of Setúbal Beato. Both had previously participated in what they later called "proto-micronational" activities through the country simulator NationStates. Brum convinced Beato to take part in the government of Roschfallen and appointed him Captain-Regent (head of government) of the country. On 8 February 2014, in view of the fact that the homes of both Arthur Brum and Arthur Beato were geographically close, they agreed that their residences should form part of a single administrative entity – a municipality – which would be the capital of the country. To that end, the King of Roschfallen developed a document whereby he and Beato would cede sovereignty over their properties to the State, thus forming a new municipality which was called "Arturia" by Arthur Beato's mother, meaning "City of Arthurs" in honor to the micronationalists responsible for its foundation.

Despite Arturia's origin having the function of the municipality being the capital of Roschfallen, it did not take long for King Arthur I to change his opinion. To create an image of a growing population, Arthur Brum opted, at the end of February of that year, to create as many municipalities and administrative entities as possible; thus, he separated his property, which went on to configure the new capital of Roschfallen, the city of Triunphus, from the properties of Arthur Beato, which continued to constitute Arturia, which was reduced to a satellite city of the new capital.

Ebenthali capital

The Bubbington Palace, in the Northern Borough, is the official residence of the Ebenthali Royal Family.

Beginning in July 2014, Arthur Beato, 1st Duke of Gallar, along with other nobles, were clashing against King Arthur I over the structure and direction of Roschfallen's politics. In a desperate measure of protest, the Duke of Gallar proclaimed the separation of his family's estates from the Kingdom of Roschfallen, thereby causing the city of Arturia to split. In reprisal over the city, King Arthur I decreed the annexation of Arturia by Triunphus, but the decree only took effect on the portion of Arturia controlled by Roschfallen. On August 11 of that year, overnight, the Kingdom of Ebenthal was officially created and the Duke of Gallar was acclaimed its first King. In this way, Arturia was officially made the capital of Ebenthal.

As the capital, Arturia was the scene of the main political protests and the target of attacks in the country. In 2017 the Ebenthali Civil War directly affected the city as rebels led by the Count of the Hidden Mound released secret information about civilians which caused a civil disruption in the city. In October 2019, following the Mateusian Crisis, the city's geographic borders were pulverized, since the House of Beato no longer reigned in Ebenthal, and the capital came to exist only in name, while the seat of political administration of the country became Belmonte. This only changed on 29 December 2019, when the House of Brum ascended the throne of Ebenthal in the figure of former King Arthur I of Roschfallen as Arthur II of Ebenthal. Making use of the political theory he developed in 2014, dubbed the Nomadic Micronation Theory, Arthur II ceded the sovereignty of his family's properties to the Ebenthali State, and therefore, the capital Arturia had its borders again altered to emcompass the properties. of the House of Brum in Rio de Janeiro.

In 18 August 2020, King Arthur II of Ebenthal issued a Royal Decree changing the city's name to Gillisburgh, meaning city of Gillis, a homage to the House of Brum's forefather, Gillis Van Der Bruyn, and as a mean to give the city a more neutral and less "egocentric" name, thus not offending any potential future monarch.[1] Since then the city has been receiving many foreign diplomats. However, on 5 February 2022, the city's name was changed back to Altenburg as the King believed that having a city named after an ancestor made it too personal and could still be interpreted as a sign of self-centeredness.

Geography

Gillisburgh's enclaves in the city of Rio de Janeiro in pink.

The geography of the Free City of Altenburg is on the far western part of a strip of South America's Atlantic coast, close to the Tropic of Capricorn. Facing largely south, the total territory of the municipality consists of about 2.5 km² and comprises a series of small enclaves surrounded by the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro. These enclaves are made up entirely of private property owned for the most part by members of the Royal Family including the King himself and his father Armando, 5th Baron of Roches, whose properties the King Arthur II is the majority heir. The terrain on which the city is located varies, but it is estimated that 60% of the terrain is located on slopes and small hills, and the remaining 40% of the territory is located directly at sea level. There are no natural bodies of water and the city is not bathed by the sea. Altenburg's level of urbanization is absolute, and the state subsequently classifies the municipality as a "micrometropolis".

City districts

Altenburg is subdivided in three boroughs, each one made of one or more enclaves within three five different regions of Rio de Janeiro.

  • The Northern Borough: Consists on two enclaves in the Méier neighbourhood of Rio de Janeiro.
  • The Southern Borough: Consists on three enclaves in Botafogo, Santa Teresa and Laranjeiras neighbourhoods of Rio de Janeiro.
  • The Western Borough: Consists on one enclave in Taquara neighbourhood of Rio de Janeiro.

Environment

Due to the very high level of urbanization of Altenburg, the city is not served by natural environments such as forests and rivers, but in the Southern and Western boroughs the city borders areas of Atlantic Forest of the surrounding city of Rio de Janeiro. The city has, on the other hand, green areas such as parks and gardens well wooded and with a variety of tropical plants native to the Atlantic Forest, and also has artificial bodies of water such as swimming pools.

Altenburg is not a major producer of pollution, and although it suffers from pollution from the neighboring city, mainly due to the altitude and geographical location of the enclaves that make up the city, the level of pollution is negligible.

Climate

Altenburg has a tropical savanna climate (Aw) that closely borders a tropical monsoon climate (Am) according to the Köppen climate classification, and is often characterized by long periods of heavy rain between December and March. The city experiences hot, humid summers, and warm, sunny winters. Close to the coast, the breeze, blowing onshore and offshore, moderates the temperature. Because of its geographic situation, the city is often reached by cold fronts advancing from Antarctica, especially during autumn and winter, causing frequent weather changes. In summer there can be strong rains, which have, on some occasions, provoked catastrophic floods and landslides. The city has had rare frosts in the past and occasional falls of ice pellets.

Climate data for Altenburg
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 40.9
(105.6)
41.8
(107.2)
41.0
(105.8)
39.3
(102.7)
36.3
(97.3)
35.9
(96.6)
34.9
(94.8)
38.9
(102)
40.6
(105.1)
42.8
(109)
40.5
(104.9)
43.2
(109.8)
43.2
(109.8)
Average high °C (°F) 30.2
(86.4)
30.2
(86.4)
29.4
(84.9)
27.8
(82)
26.4
(79.5)
25.2
(77.4)
25.0
(77)
25.5
(77.9)
25.4
(77.7)
26.0
(78.8)
27.4
(81.3)
28.6
(83.5)
27.3
(81.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.3
(79.3)
26.6
(79.9)
26.0
(78.8)
24.4
(75.9)
22.8
(73)
21.8
(71.2)
21.3
(70.3)
21.8
(71.2)
22.2
(72)
22.9
(73.2)
24.0
(75.2)
25.3
(77.5)
23.8
(74.8)
Average low °C (°F) 23.3
(73.9)
23.5
(74.3)
23.3
(73.9)
21.9
(71.4)
20.4
(68.7)
18.7
(65.7)
18.4
(65.1)
18.9
(66)
19.2
(66.6)
20.2
(68.4)
21.4
(70.5)
22.4
(72.3)
21.0
(69.8)
Record low °C (°F) 17.7
(63.9)
18.9
(66)
18.6
(65.5)
16.2
(61.2)
11.1
(52)
11.6
(52.9)
12.2
(54)
10.6
(51.1)
10.2
(50.4)
10.1
(50.2)
15.1
(59.2)
17.1
(62.8)
10.1
(50.2)
Average Rainfall mm (inches) 137.1
(5.398)
130.4
(5.134)
135.8
(5.346)
94.9
(3.736)
69.8
(2.748)
42.7
(1.681)
41.9
(1.65)
44.5
(1.752)
53.6
(2.11)
86.5
(3.406)
97.8
(3.85)
134.2
(5.283)
1,069.4
(42.102)
Average relative humidity (%) 79 79 80 80 80 79 77 77 79 80 79 80 79.1
Average rainy days (≥ 1 mm) 11 7 8 9 6 6 4 5 7 9 10 11 93
Sunshine hours 211.9 201.3 206.4 181.0 186.3 175.1 188.6 184.8 146.2 152.1 168.5 179.6 2,181.8
Source: Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (INMET).[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10]

Politics

Armando, 5th Baron of Roches, 1st President of Altenburg.
Alessandro Rosas, member of the House of Councillors by Altenburg.

Government

The Free City of Altenburg is a non-sovereign city-state, being one of Ebenthal's seven administrative divisions in the form of a single city-state. Due to this condition, the city does not have a municipal government, being administered by a government at the provincial level. The city is governed as a devolved government by a President appointed by the King of Ebenthal. The city is divided into three Boroughs which are respectivelly nominally administered by Administrators who are subsequently appointed by the President. Due to its national capital status and residency to the Ebenthali Royal Family, the degree of autonomy enjoyed by Altenburg is different from that of the other provinces of the country and volatile, but the city is often administered with lesser autonomy than the other administrative divisions.

On its condition as an administrative division, Altenburg provides two elected members to the House of Councillors and two appointed members to the House of Aristocrats. The city and administrative division also showcase examples of direct democracy with proposals being made by its inhabitants to the President for his sanction or veto. Issues regarding the micronation per se are, though, directly send to the Central Government.

Embassies and consulates

Altenburg is officially home to the embassies of:

Demographics

Race and ethnicity

Race and ethnicity in Altenburg
Ethnicity Percentage
White
  
77.7%
Multiracial
  
13.8%
Black
  
8.3%

According to the Ministry of the Interior, there were 36 people residing in Altenburg. The census revealed the following numbers: 28 white people (77.7%), 5 multiracial people (13.8%) and 3 black people (8.3%), with the absence of East Asian and South American Native populations. The population of Altenburg is circa 60% female and 40% male

Altenburg is the municipality of Ebenthal formed by the most enclaves, with a total of six different enclaves. It is also the most populous city in the country as of 2020.

Different ethnic groups contributed to the formation of the population of Altenburg. The majority of the population of Altenburg is of Portuguese descent, with a considerable percentage being only the 2nd generation born in South America. The entire population, however, is descended from Portuguese, however the identification of primary ancestry varies according to the racial formation of the families. and the phenotypes of individuals. More than 25% of the population descends from Africans, mostly from Angola and Mozambique, who were brought to Brazil as slaves, while of these, 13.8% are also descended, in a next generation, from Europeans, mainly Portuguese, but also from Germans.

Religion

Religion in Altenburg
Religion Percent
Roman Catholicism
  
55.5%
Spiritism
  
33.3%
Atheism
  
5.5%
Protestantism
  
5.5%

Religion in Altenburg is somewhat as diverse, with Catholic Christianity being the majority religion, followed by a large Spiritist population. According to the Ministry of the Interior, the population of Altenburg had 22 Christians, that being of 20 Roman Catholics and 2 Protestant Evangelicals, 12 Spiritists and 2 Atheists.

Altenburg had a rich and influential Catholic tradition inherited from Brazil, which was subsequently inherited from Portugal. Nevertheless, the Catholicism seen in Altenburg is strongly influenced by Spiritism and shares with it beliefs such as reincarnation that are not observed by the Roman Church. Ebenthal and Ebenthali catholics does not recognize or abide to the Igreja Católica Micronacional (En: Micronational Catholic Church). Protestantism and Atheism in Altenburg, despite being professed, are often ostracized by other groups, the first for their often seen as prejudiced social postures, and the second for their disbelief and frequent discrediting of Christian religions, blaming on Catholicism and mocking on Spiritism, which are the two major religious denominations in the city.

Economy

Altenburg has the largest nominal GDP of any city in Ebenthal and it is the province that generates the most income, approximately 𝒦ℳ 750.000, three times the annual revenue. Taking into consideration the network of influence exerted by the urban micrometropolis (which covers 17.8% of the population), this share in GDP is that of 18.20%. Subsequently the city has the second-largest GDP per capita in the country, that of 𝒦ℳ 20.833, surpassed only by New Switzerland as a province and by none as a city proper. A fourth of the Ebenthali economic power is concentrated on the city alone. The service sector is the biggest source of income for Altenburg, which has a small industrial park and no agriculture. In services, work for international private companies (mainly of Brazilian origin) stands out, although there is a considerable number of public servants (and double shifts), and especially the self-employed microenterprise which is the flagship of the sector. In services, commerce (decoration, luxury items), IT, real estate, education, administration and provision of services stand out. The financial sector follows that of services, with the presence of national companies and international services offered, both employing residents of Altenburg.

The country's financial and political hub, Altenburg is home to national public and private companies such as the Bank of Ebenthal, which is also the only bank formally allowed to operate in Ebenthal and deal with the Ebenthali economy, and The Altenburg Express, the country's only newspaper. According to a study by the Ministry of the Interior, in partnership with the Ministry of Commerce, 19% of the population of Altenburg makes up the upper middle class, or upper class, while the middle class makes up 78% of the population, and 3% are made up of the lower middle class and lower class. According to Central Government data, at least 37% of the province's economy comes from the upper class due to its higher level of education and easy access to high-level professions. The middle class, however, is still responsible for most of the provincial wealth production with 63%.

Infrastructure

The Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, the most attended college by Altenburgers.

Education

Altenburg is home to the Altenburg Royal Academy, usually simply called the Royal Academy, which is the only educational institution in the country, acting primarily as a supporting body for teaching general knowledge. The municipality is also home to the Ebenthali Space Research Institute which, despite not being an educational institution per se, but a scientific research institution, provides educational instruction services for research purposes. Due to Ebenthal's geographic and financial limitations as a micronation, the country is unable to maintain a complex public education system. Nevertheless, the citizens of Altenburg, all possessing dual Brazilian citizenship, make use of the public and private educational systems of the Brazilian surrouding State of Rio de Janeiro. The Altenburg government encourages the studies of its inhabitants in the best schools and universities outside its borders and carries out censuses and studies on the subject.

According to data from the Ministry of the Interior, Altenburg is the administrative division with the highest level of schooling among its inhabitants, with 86% of the adult population having completed or being in higher education. According to the Central Government, the main higher education institution attended by the Alteburgers and the Ebenthalis in general is the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. All children and adolescents in the city are duly enrolled in schools, the vast majority in the Brazilian private network.

Although both Portuguese and English are official languages of the country, Portuguese plays the role of national language and it is the native and primary language of all Altenburgers. It is estimated that at least 30% of the city's inhabitants are proficient in English, which teaching is compulsory in all educational institutions attended by the Altenburgers, such as Spanish language. However, the Italian and French languages are better known to Altenburgers than Spanish for reasons of particular interest to the local population.

Transportation

Public transportation

Altenburg owns and operates through the Ministry of the Interior a series of small unconnected roads called "micro-roads" by the Central Government, which are basically narrow cobblestone or dirt paths for the transport of pedestrians and small and medium-sized vehicles, usually linking the enclaves. that make up the city to the neighboring municipality. Due to typical micronational limitations involving financial and geographic resources, Altenburg does not have, therefore, a complex road system or any public transport system. The city is, however, served by the public transport system of the neighboring foreign municipality, Rio de Janeiro; on the border between the municipalities is located the Méier Train Station that connects the heart of Altenburg to that of Rio de Janeiro. Previously this rail system also provided a link between Altenburg, Triunphus and Harram. Rio de Janeiro's bus lines are the main means of public transport between the enclaves that make up Altenburg, feeding the city's outskirts and connecting it to several neighboring cities such as Rio de Janeiro, Niterói , Duque de Caxias, Nova Iguaçu, etc.

Cars

According to data from the government of Altenburg, up to 70% of the population owns at least one car and uses it as the main means of transport between the enclaves that make up the city and also for work, the market. It is estimated that most of the cars in Altenburg are from the Italian, Japanese and French Fiat, Toyota and Renault respectively. Data from the Ministry of the Environment indicate that there is only one electric car in Altenburg and the others are all combustion engines; the provincial government, however, stated that it expects to see an increase in the electric car fleet in the province over the next 10 years as well as the total replacement of gasoline as the main fuel for cars with natural gas for vehicles, which is more affordable but requires the installation of appropriate machinery. Statistically, the number of traffic accidents that occurred in Altenburg is high, although their number is small: only three accidents, all without seriousness, of which two involved small knocks on walls and one being run over. In order to avoid more accidents and also encourage the reduction of pollution, the government encourages the replacement of cars by the public transport of the neighboring city as the main means of transport to work, and the replacement also by bicycles.

Bybicles

Although there was no census on the matter, the Altenburg government estimates that a considerable minority of the population, around 20%, makes frequent use of bicycles for leisure purposes and 5% uses it as a main means of transportation. The government publicly encourages the use of bicycles, especially after the creation of the Ministry of the Environment, as a way of stimulating the reduction of pollution through the reduction of carbon emission and reduction of local traffic and for its health promotion. In addition to private bicycles, Altenburg also makes use of public bicycles in a partnership between the provincial government, the government of Rio de Janeiro and the Itaú Bank, with a bicycle rental unit of the bank installed in the Side sidewalk of the Palace of Rochesburg with permission from Baron Armando, its owner and President of the Province.

Landmarks

Altenburg is home to a large number of landmarks, points of interest and tourist attractions. It is the second largest tourist destination in the country in percentage terms, but it is the destination with the largest number and variety of tourist attractions, which move up to 1/8 of the provincial economy in the holiday seasons. According to the Ministry of the Interior in conjunction with the provincial government, the most visited landmark in Altenburg and Ebenthal is Central Hill Castle, home of the Princess Élida of Ebenthal and the Prince of Altenburg, in the Southern Borough of the municipality. The castle includes the Elidian Walls, one of the main postcards of the city and Filipidian Lake, an artificial lake that is the main body of water in Altenburg. In the city, two very important landmarks are also the Bubbington Palace, where the King resides, and the Palace of Rochesburg, seat of the provincial government. Also noteworthy are the Royal Library and the Royal Observatory, both in Rochesburg, the José Pedro Stadium, the only football stadium in the city, and the West Gardens.

Culture

The Altenburger culture is a fac simile of the Carioca culture. Altenburger people, more commonly referred to as Arturians after the city's former name, have described themselves as pra frentex, an old slang meaning they're open-minded people regarding the social establishment and the adherence to modern practices and adoption of newer technology. The city's architecture ranges from Portuguese neoclassical to modern. Among Altenburger main points of interest are the Altenburg Royal Academy, the Royal Observatory, the Royal Ebenthali Library and the Royal Ballet School.

Literature

Inheriting it directly from the House of Brum's elitism, consequence if its upbring in the rich zone of the city of Rio de Janeiro, the Altenburgers quickly developed a European-style bourgeois cultural life. Altenburg has been the hub of production of most, if not all Ebenthali literature. Prince Mário Sérgio, King Arthur II's first cousin, has been the first recorded Ebenthali writer of success, writting and publishing several essays on Brazil's sociology and political history[11] pre-dating Ebenthal's existence and his position as a royal. Other distinguished authors are Jean Roberto, a king's friend who in 2015 published a horror book centered around a zombie apocalypse in Brazil and Armando, 5th Baron of Roches, who authored several poems and had some of them published in poetry books. Princess Heloísa has also been a successful figure in Ebenthali literature, appearing in international (Brazilian) mainstream media giving interviews on her short works.[12]

In 2018 the Royal Fair of Arturia, a literary and social event organized by the House of Beato in partnership with the House of Brum, then the rulling house of Roschfallen, and the Al-Moraes Family of Barin, took place in the capital city of Arturia, where many citizens and foreigners came together to exchange and talk about several books of their preference. More than 20 people participated and the fair disposed of more than a hundred books. Subsequently a survey carried out by the President of Altenburg himself concluded that the main literary style enjoyed by the Altenburger population is historical romance, followed by books and self-help and psychoanalysis, history, poetry and horror.

Music

The music exppression of Altenburg is wide, ranging from the most listened genre of Brazilian Popular Music to Rock and Pop. Two rock bands has its origins in the city, although only one, the Efeito Colateral band, has been active professionally. A heavy and thrash metal band, Efeito Colateral has toured Altenburg in an event sponsored by the Ministry of Culture and Education.[13] They have released an album so far and also performed in Barin. Altenburg is also home to the Maestro João Genúncio, King Arthur II's uncle (as husband to the writter Princess Heloísa) who has performed twice in the country for a limited audience.

Theater

International relations

Seat of organizations

From the election of King Arthur II of Ebenthal as Secretary-General of the Conference of Santiago in 5 January 2022, Altenburg has been serving de facto as the headquarters to the Conference of Santiago. The city is also expected to be the headquarters of a Micronational Trade Organization.

Twin towns – sister cities

Following the Conference of Santiago Sister Cities Program, Altenburg is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. Royal Decree No 168-2020. Published on 20 August 2020. Retrieved on 26 August 2020.
  2. "Temperatura Mínima (°C)" (in português). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  3. "Temperatura Máxima (°C)" (in português). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  4. "Temperatura Média Compensada (°C)" (in português). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  5. "Precipitação Acumulada Mensal e Anual (mm)" (in português). Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. 1961–1990. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  6. "Temperatura Mínima Absoluta (ºC)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (Inmet). Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  7. "Temperatura Máxima Absoluta (ºC)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology (Inmet). Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  8. "Número de Dias com Precipitação Maior ou Igual a 1 mm (dias)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on 27 August 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  9. "Insolação Total (horas)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  10. "Umidade Relativa do Ar Média Compensada (%)". Brazilian National Institute of Meteorology. Archived from the original on 8 August 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014.
  11. Fluminense Federal University. Cantareira by Mário Sérgio Brum. Published in 2001. Retrieved on 10 December 2020.
  12. "Bebezão Quatrocentão" (in português). O Globo. 2015. Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  13. Efeito Colateral. Published on 2014. Retrieved on 30 December 2020.