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The conlang flag, representing the Tower of Babel

A conlang, short for "constructed language", is a language deliberately crafted by humans, rather than by natural evolution. People create conlangs for many reasons, and the conlangs they create fall into several types. Some conlangs, like Esperanto, are widely used; but most are never learned to the point of fluency by anyone.


There are a number of typological systems used to categorize conlangs. One of the most-well-known deals with the origin of the language's components: a priori vs a posteriori, with the former referring to languages that were created from scratch, and the latter referring to languages that were created from pieces of other already-existing languages. Another typology relates to the intentions of and methodologies used by the conlang's creator(s): artlangs (artistic languages), engelangs (engineered languages), auxlangs (auxiliary languages), and so-on. Languages may (and often do) belong to more than one type in each system.

Conlangs may also be typologized along the same lines as natlangs (natural languages); for example: morphosyntactic alignment, head-directionality, animacy, et cetera.


There is some contention among conlangers around the differences between the words "planned", "constructed", and "artificial". Proponents of some extremely a posteriori languages, like Interlingua and Latino sine Flexione, eschew the term "artificial", and prefer to think of their respective tongues as having been standardized, or "planned". Others eschew the use of the term "artificial", feeling that there is nothing "unnatural" about the use of their language(s) for human communication; on the other hand, some philosophers have argued that all human languages are artificial. "Constructed" is a more-general term without these such connotations, and it has accordingly become the standard term used to refer to the origins of human-created languages.

Micronational conlangs

The micronational world is home to a number of conlangs, information about which can be found in the following table; though, please note that this directory is non-exhaustive:

Name Native name Usage Official usage Developer(s) Regulated by Code
Aethodian ʼə́ plə ʼái fɔ tya No speakers; still incomplete  Aethodia Miles B Huff The Linguistics Jury of Aethodia the
Apiyan Fiaula apiana Apiya Apiya
Belcityan Belcitese  Belcity  Belcity bc/blc
Centralian Centralsk Kingdom of Centralia Kingdom of Centralia Centralian Ministry of Linguistical Development Centralian Ministry of Linguistical Development centr
Cet Cet  Ceticilia
Cet Consortium Cet Consortium
Chowolian Thowotileman Chowolia[1] Chowolia King and Prime Minister of Chowolia Chowolian Language Institution
Copanic Cópanajú People's Republic of Copan People's Republic of Copan Jarn Útréjúd ciit Cópan Þan manesn celangrromkenoliip
(The people's central institution of language knowledge)
Cotter Menace Coner Matence  Cotter Menaceland  Cotter Menaceland President Connor Hetner Institute of the Cotter Menace and Suglogh Languages cot
Delszaft delšaft
No speakers; still incomplete  Thulia Svante Axelsson Svante Axelsson dls
Democratic Union British Demokrata Uniista Britansk Arura Novale
Democratic Union of British States
Arura Novale
Democratic Union of British States
Democratic Union of British States
Driets Driezic Drietsland Drietsland Seved I Kånicist Akademie dr/dri
Edallic Edallic  Sirocco  Sirocco Nicholas Woode-Smith
Eintrachtian Eintrakhten Eintrachtia (recognized)

Aksana (in Einksana)

Aksana (in Einksana) John I Ministry of Culture and Heritage of Eintrachtia etn
Essian Essiai limba N/A; "The language's development has been invested in the Essian Historical Society since the Commonwealth's dissolution" N/A (Refer to Usage) Ministry of Culture (Esse)
Finnian Finnliec  Finnistan  Finnistan Finn Putnam fn
Glebish Glebisk Glebiania Glebiania Jakob Gleby Department of Culture of Glebiania gl/gle
Gutaish Gütäisi Bascal none, recognised as a "Regional language" by Bascal. Amir Syafiq Gütäisisphrëagënkønswel gt
Kuhugi Kuhugkesh Republic of Kuhugstan Republic of Kuhugstan Max Kasbar Kuhugkare Godena (Kuhugi Government)
Kyrete Kyrete[2] Regelis Soaring Non-Regulated krt
Lienish Lienio sperhe Lienish Sovereign Republic Lienish Sovereign Republic Michayel Lienere Lienish Departament of Using Lienish Language (LDULL)
Linitian Linitian Linian, People's Republic of Linian, People's Republic of Maximilian Christian Linitian State Bureau of Linguistics ln
Lululandian Lululantien Lululand Lululand Daniel Lim lul
Malinovian Gürdvürt Malinovia, Kingdom of Malinovia, Kingdom of Lawrence I, King of Malinovia Lawrence I, King of Malinovia mn
Nemkhav Nemkhavia Nemkhavia Marka Mejakhansk Nemkhav Academy nkh
Ninjoan Ninjoa'Æ Imperial States of Forestria

Most Great Puppet of the Grand Duchy of Krell

Imperial States of Forestria

Grand Duchy of Krell

Elias Overholtzen DoFaIR lzr
Papian Papiane Koss Koss Lucas Campos Academie den Lingui pp
Phoklandian Phoklandish Phokland (formerly)
Naveria (Arcelia)
Charles Ross pp
Prsänëan Persänëtagarë Prsänëa Prsänëa James E Wilary Prsänëan Language Regulation Board ps
Qootärfloams Qootärfloams N/A; The language's usage was previously in Empire of Qootärlænt;this country is now defunct. N/A (Refer to Usage)
Riküçreb Riküçreb Rikuchar Rikuchar Bin Stùrd Riküçreb Pak Yitü sü Ribizrøk (Proposed) rc
Siroccan Sirokie  Sirocco Federal Commonwealth of Sirocco Sirocco Daniel Anderson Siroccan Language Authority sp
Slavstrian Cлaвcтpiшкiя язїкa Tsardom of Slavstria Tsardom of Slavstria Matthew Manning Slavstrian Ministry of Culture and Language slv
Sopian Sopés / Tiñaniól Sopia


Sopia Fueyes of SopiaXosif Royal Linguistic Academy of Sopia spa
Spaldian Spaldsk House of Nassau-Ter Haar House of Nassau-Ter Haar Unknown House of Nassau-Ter Haar sp
Sprinske Langa Sprinske 2 Speakers  Sprinske Empire Emperor Aaron I of Sprinske Kolniaric Union
Stradan Stradans linguå Pejaten
{{Flagicon image|LDNr5C9.png|30px]] The Badgers
{{Flagicon image|IMG 4301.JPG|30px]] Strada Area Alliance
{{Flagicon image|IMG 1328.jpg|30px]] Adiwiyata
Sundan Republic
{{Flagicon image|IMG 4301.JPG|30px]] Strada Area Alliance
Aaron Penyami Koncil nyål Stradans linguå (February 2019 - November 2019)
Ministry of soculed (November 2019 – present day)
Suglogh  Cotter Menaceland  Cotter Menaceland President Connor Hetner Institute of the Cotter Menace and Suglogh Languages
Talossan El Glheþ Talossan Unknown  Talossa R. Ben Madison Comità per l'Útzil del Glheþ art
Thulian Ńotkósna srŕàneń  Thulia
Svante Axelsson Svante Axelsson
Vyomani ७ᓴፀժ☉ᓂႩ 2 speakers; incomplete Vyomania Maharaja Mohak I
West Germanic
New Saxon
ᚹᛖᛥᚷᛖᚱᛗᚫᚾᚦ Holy Empire of New Israel
Runic Union
Saxon Empire
West Germania
Holy Empire of New Israel
Runic Union
Saxon Empire
West Germania
Sean Anderson Rutland West Germanic Academy (RWL)
Westlandian Westlandisch Westland New Dale-Westland A.T. Phoenix Westlandian Language Institute ws
Zairskaj Zairskaj Linian, People's Republic of Linian, People's Republic of (Only regional, not official.) Maximilian Christian zr
czr (Cyrillic)
lzr (Latin)
Zealandian Zålandienska Zealandia Zealandia Charlotte Lindström Zålandienska Språketinstitutiet ze

External links

References & footnotes