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|National Flag (Symbols)|
|Highlighted areas contain a Member State
Democracy, Brotherhood, Peace
|Official languages||English, Nemkhav, Irish|
|–Prime Minister|| None |
|-Type||de jure Bicameral|
de facto Unicameral
|– Foundation of the nation||31 July 2009|
|– Re-establishment as Third Federation||21 February 2016|
|Area claimed||pending survey|
|Currency||1 Mark (ℳ) = 50 Pent (ϱ)|
|Country code||nkh, nk|
|Internet TLD||.nkh (main)|
|Drives on the||Varies|
|Date formats||Gregorian calendar, dd/mm/yyyyy|
Nemkhavia [IPA: /nɛmˈkʰaviˌjɐ/ or /nɛmˈxaviˌjɐ/] (Irish: "Nemcabh", Nemkhav: "Nemkhavija"), officially known as the Nemkhav Federation, has in its history been a transcontinental nation with territorial claims around the world. It is a federal presidential republic composed of many different types of micronations, termed "states". It is the inheritor of the legacy of the Nemkhav States, the first of which was founded on July 31, 2009. Currently, it is the third incarnation of the Nemkhav Federation, the first having existed in late 2009 and the second reaching its zenith between 2011 and 2012.
Nemkhavia has been a micronation of note since late 2009 when it rose to prominence as an advocate of Socialism and Communism. Along with other large socialist nations of the era, it established and played a prominent role in the unofficial "Leftist Bloc". Under the title of Socalist Federal Republic of Nemkhavia, it came an independent base of left ideas, sometimes in stark contrast with the other large Socialist nation of the time, Erusia. This was often compared to the relationship between Yugoslavia and the USSR, resulting in broad political and cultural similarities between Nemkhavia and Yugoslavia to arise; whether this was intentional or not is not known.
Nemkhavia is a moderately sized territorial micronation, claiming mainly private property. In the modern age, it is generally seen as an "elder-nation", despite its relatively young age in comparison to some other prominent micronations. It is famed for its incorruptibility and fairness. In late 2010, it was revealed that Nemkhavia had been following the "fantasy" path of micronationalism, which was at the time and to many degrees still is regarded unfavorably within the community, mainly due to incidents like those with Erusia, Camuria and the SUNP. However, the reformed Nemkhavia managed to gradually rebuild its standing in the community over time.
Under the leadership of Marka Mejakhansk, the Federation and its predecessors have followed his "Policy of Peaceful Existence" - a collection of ideals and laws that have seen Nemkhavia mediate many disputes and generally shy away from any conflict. Under this policy, the Federation has promoted peace above all things and abhors violence of all kinds unless in absolute self-defence, and even this is heavily regulated. Currently, Nemkhavia does not possess a Defense Force and is constitutionally forbidden from doing so.
In its time, Nemkhavia has been a prominent part of many micronational organisations, including the Organisation of Active Micronations, the Grand Unified Micronational and, the disbanded Inter-Micronational Union. Nemkhavia is well-regarded by the member nations of the IMU, and so it happened that in late June 2011, Nemkhav First President, Marka Mejakhansk was also elected President of the IMU.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Government and politics
- 4 Geography
- 5 Administrative Divisions
- 6 Law and order
- 7 Foreign Relations
- 8 References
Nemkhavia is the anglicised form of Nemkhav Nemkhavija, or Nemcavhija. The name originates in the Nemkhav mythology| of Nemed, who is regarded as the pre-historic hero who brought the Nemkhav people from the deepest Caucasus to the shores of the island of Ireland.
As a demonym, the generally accepted term is Nemkhav. This applies both to the adjective (as in "This is typical of Nemkhav cuisine") as well as the noun ("He is a Nemkhav"). The term Nemkhavian is also accepted for the adjective only ("This is typical of Nemkhavian cuisine"), however, it is incorrect to be used as a noun.
Concepts loosely similar to that of a micronation came to the nation's founder and current President, Marka Mejakhansk, as early as May 2009, when he simulated a nation for a short while in order to give reactions to world events. All documents from this era have been lost, except for a few remnants that may appear in past revisions of Nemkhav-related articles on the old MicroWiki. This concept may not have constituted a micronation and may be regarded as slightly non-serious or off-beat, but this is what inspired Mejakhansk to dabble into micronationalism, which he learned of a few months later.
Imperial Republic of Nemkhavia
The Imperial Republic of Nemkhavia was the first, short-lived incarnation of the Nemkhav nation. Being named Nemarkia for an extremely short period of time, it was soon renamed Nemkhavia in order to better represent Nemkhav mythology. This nation was the first state to officially represent the Nemkhav people. However, it was soon decided that the Nemkhav nation should reform into a democratic state, and so the first Nemkhav Federation was born.
Around this time, Nemkhavia transitioned into a fantasy nation, in order to better simulate the democratic process despite the population being comparatively low in real life. This period of Nemkhav history is regarded with mixed feelings today and is looked back upon sometimes regretfully, sometimes nostalgically.
The Mejakhansk Revelations
In mid-2010, an event occurred that shook Nemkhavia and its very existence. The fact that all Nemkhav states succeeding the Imperial Republic had been so-called Fantasy nations was revealed. This revelation was devastating to the credibility of Nemkhavia and its leader, and its immediate and long term future came into doubt as many struggled to understand the reasoning behind the move.
Mejakhansk admitted his deception and stated that he would "bear the costs" for it. As this was in the time of the Lethler Dossier scandal, the community was scarcely in the mood for another deception.
The now-weak Nemkhavia was spared from an early demise by the leadership of the Most Glorious People's Republic of A1, who accepted Nemkhavia as a Protectorate, as Marka Mejakhansk took on the role of General Officer Commanding A1 Defence Force. It existed for a short time as part of A1, taking an active part in the affairs of the micronation until, after a matter of weeks, Nemkhavia was to be independent again.
Empire of Nemkhavia
The next independent form of Nemkhavia was the Empire. Having decided on independence, the long-time Nemkhav leader adopted the style Patrick Marka II and led the short-lived Empire as it struggled to regain the respect of the other members of the community. The Emperor used this time in independence to repair Nemkhavia's relations as best he could, and the Empire took an active role in the affairs of the community, voicing its opinions again as it once had, but this time doing so completely free of any uncertainty as to its make-up.
Egtavian Overseas Territory of Nemkhavia
In January 2011, Mejakhansk made the decision to merge Nemkhavia into the Republic of Egtavia, with he himself taking up a newly created position in the Egtavian Government after the January Revolution of 2011. Nemkhavia was given overseas territory status. It took up a quiet but effective role in local politics.
The Second Nemkhav Federation
In June 2011, after just over five months in Egtavia, Marka Mejakhansk and Nemkhavia decide to part from Egtavia and return to independent status. After much consideration, it was decided that the Nemkhav Federation of 2009 would be brought back to life. In a ceremony that took place in Nemkhavia's Novomir Province in Germany, Mejakhansk signed the documents which brought legal force to the new Federation and acknowledged it as the legal heir to the blue-flag legacy.
The first major boost to the new-found Federation came in June 2011, with the admission of the Republic of Koss into the Federation. Its leader, Lucas Campos, immediately rose to prominence as one of the President's chief advisors. Another prominent citizen of Koss, Isabela Mello, was appointed as the Federation's first Prime Minister.
On 16 July 2011, the Nemkhav Federation Government made a bold decision in admitting the Kingdom of Pristinia into the Federation, led by controversial micronationalist Sebastian Linden. After a campaign by President Mejakhansk and King Sebastian, the latter was unbanned from MicroWiki and allowed to properly carry out his duty as Nemkhav Minister for Technology.
On 22 July 2011, Vian joined Nemkhavia as the Kingdom of Vian, one of the precursor Governments to the modern Nation-State of Vian. Its monarch, Samuel I, was appointed to the position of Minister of Infrastructure and Representative to the House of Territories, and immediately began to work on projects such as zoning and building regulation.
On September 17 2011 the Republic of Berin was admitted into the Federation, nearly doubling the national population. A few days later in the month, however, a rebellious movement had started within the citizens of Berin, but the matter was resolved quickly with 10m of land being ceded to the Montblanci rebels.
In September 2011, J.J. Hakimoto, interim Supreme Potenate of Yurtyzstan, inquired with Samuel I on the possibility of Yurtyzstan joining the Federation. It went to the Nemkhav government but was never pursued. Later in the month they officially applied and were accepted on 25 September 2011.
During mid-October 2011 Alex Ulbricht, President of the Union of South London Soviet Socialist Republics, decided to have the USLSSR join either the Nemkhav Federation or the Zealandian Commonwealth. Later, in October it was decided that the USLSSR would join Nemkhavia, and they applied. On November 1 the motion carried and they were accepted. Later it became known as the Lewisham Democratic Republic. Around the same time as the USLSSR, the Republic of Norovia applied as well. They were accepted just a day after the USLSSR. Later in November, a flurry of controversy, condemnations and insults proceeded the departure of the Republic of Berin, later to be called Faryar, from the Federation.
On November 21, 2011 the November 2011 Nemkhav Presidential Elections concluded with Samuel Azehtyla winning the elections by 1 Electoral Vote. This is the first time Marka Mejakhansk has not led the Federation since its inception in 2009.
On January 15, 2012, the Grand Duchy of Koss also declared independence due to the desire of the population to create an independent Grand Duchy. Three days later, the Nation-State of Vian and the Kingdom of West Germania declared independence to form the Saxon Empire.
In November 2012, the Federation returned to its original size with the departure of Lewisham and Eragia. Marka Mejakhansk, who had been taking a back-seat role in the Federation's politics for some time, re-assumed the Presidency as the last citizen.
Nemkhavia in St. Charlie
The next home of Nemkhavia was to be the Federal Republic of St.Charlie, with the accession of the nation to the Federal Republic towards the end of 2013. This time in St.Charlie was to be marked by the participation of the Nemkhav leader in St.Charlian politics, culminating in his time at the helm of the National Party of St.Charlie as it went into the 2014 elections. In the months after, Nemkhavia once again declared independence, parting ways with the Federal Republic on positive terms.
The Third Federation
The Nemkhav Federation lay idle after independence from St.Charlie, save for an abortive attempt at federal restoration in 2014. Life would not truly return to the micronation until February 2016, when Marka Mejakhansk announced the revival of the nation as the "Third Nemkhav Federation". He assumed the Presidency of the new Federation and set about drafting a new constitution.
Government and politics
Nemkhavia is a federal presidential republic which has a President as Head of State and a Prime Minister as Head of Government. Each State of the Federation has the opportunity to elect its own Heads of Government according to local custom. This has led to many unique titles among the Federation's political elite, including Samuel Azehtyla, who took the title Caesar.
Executive authority is vested in the President of the Nemkhav Federation. The President determines the overall direction of the Federation's foreign and domestic policy and is the chief executive officer. He/she signs bills into law, can refer them for reconsideration and appoints all cabinet positions and other national officers. The President is elected by universal suffrage in elections held annually, and there is currently no limit on how many terms a President can serve. The current President of the Federation is Marka Mejakhansk.
Legislative authority is vested in the Federal Assembly of Nemkhavia. The Assembly contains, de jure, two Houses - the House of Territories and the House of Representatives. The former is made up of all the Leaders of the Federation's various constituent nations (Monarchs, Prime Ministers, Governors etc.), with the latter being made up of elected representatives from each of the constituent nations. The Federal Assembly holds the power to impeach the President as well as all major legislative functions. Since the inception of the Federation, there has been only one House in the Federal Assembly, the House of Territories, making the legislature a de facto unicameral body.
The House of Territories consists of as many seats as there are constituent nations within the Federation. All Presidents, Monarchs and Governors are entitled to a seat regardless of which office they hold, and their votes in the House are equal also. This House acts as the true legislative body. It exists to pass legislation on behalf of the Nemkhav People and the Federation.
The House of Representatives is the less powerful of the two Houses of the Federal Assembly as it is made up of direct Representatives of the Nemkhav people. It serves an advisory role at best.
Cabinet of Ministers
The Cabinet of Ministers is the collection of people who make up the various Ministries of the Federation, appointed by the President. Ministers need not be members of either legislative house, but tradition has held that each member of the House of Territories is given at least one ministerial portfolio. Thus, the Prime Minister can often be the Representative of one of the Federation Territories.
The Ministers are as follows:
- Prime Minister
- Minister of Economics
- Minister of Public Safety and the Borders
- Minister for Technology
- Minister for Infrastructure
- Minister for Foreign Affairs
- Minister for Federal Affairs
- Minister for Culture
Judicial authority is vested in the Supreme Court of Nemkhavia. It is the one and the only organ which deals with all matters of law and the Federation. Civil Law is the form of law which is enforced in Nemkhavia, and it is the task of the Supreme Court to investigate and prosecute anyone who breaks law in the Federation. Another, very important function of the Supreme Court is the enforcement and protection of the constitution. All legislation can be referred to the Court in order to asses its constitutionality.
The President is empowered by the constitution to create special statutory bodies, known as "Federal Agencies", to assist with the administration of the Federal Government. Usually these bodies are established for a very particular purpose, such as the Federal Communications Agency, which was set up to manage the Federation's official media outlets. The heads of agencies are appointed by the President, with the Federal Assembly holding the right to reverse such appointments by unanimous vote.
The current federal agencies are as follows:
- The Federal Communications Agency
- The Federal Meteorological Agency
Nemkhavia, being a transcontinental micronation, has potential for a very varied geographical profile. In the history of the nation, areas claimed by Member States have been on three continents, from South America to western Europe. Currently, the entirety of the Federation's territory is located on the Island of Ireland, specifically the eastern side of the country. The cantons of the Central Nemkhav Republic are both located in mountain areas of the island, with mild weather for most of the year.
Nemkhavia being a Federation, it consists of various regional entities, termed Member States. Each state is a micronation in its own right, with its own unique customs and government structures. Throughout the history of the Federation, member state government structures have ranged from republics to monarchies, and mixtures of the two. The Federal Government is constitutionally obliged not to interfere in how local governments are formed, except in cases where the structures would interfere with the human rights accorded to each citizen regardless of State.
The following is a list of territories within the Nemkhav Federation:
|Central Nemkhav Republic||June 5, 2011||Chancellor Marka Mejakhansk||Republic||1|
Law and order
Law and order in the Federation is maintained by both Federal and State-level police forces, with differing areas of responsibility.
The Federal Police of the Nemkhav Federation is the service which is responsible for Federation-wide law and order. Its officers are stationed in every Republic, and its tasks usually involve keeping the peace on a national scale.
Each State is entitled to have its own police force, which is in charge of all local law and order. Small-time crime is handled by these forces, with the Federal Police being all call to deal with any activity that threatens the entire Federation. Each State names and controls its own police independently of the Federation Government
The Federation carries out its foreign affairs under the aegis of a policy of "Tacit Recognition". Rather than establish relations with individual micronations on a case by case basis, the Federal Government recognises all micronations simply by virtue of their existence and the presence of a functioning government system. This policy is designed to allow the Federation to remain aloof from any major conflicts which may occur, especially over territory or issues of independence, while leaving scope for negotiations where necessary.
In certain cases, the Federation may sign a formal treaty with another micronation, but this is generally an area of diplomatic affairs reserved for nations with whom Nemkhavia has a long history, such as St.Charlie or Wyvern. This stage of relations can often take years to achieve, and countless hours of diplomatic contact and negotiation.
|Available languages for this page: • [[::Nemkhav Federation|English]]|