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Holy Empire of New Israel
For the micronation also known as New Israel founded in the 1980s, see New Israel (1985-88).
|This article refers to a micronation which is defunct and no longer exists. You can help make the article reflect that or ask on the talk page for further information.|
Holy Empire of New Israel |
"Exsurge Domine judica causam Meam"
Latin (official) |
|Official religion(s)||Roman Catholicism|
|- Grand Inquisitor||Markus Pius|
|Established||1 March 2013|
|Disestablished||16 August 2018|
Pope-Saint Pius X|
Pope-Saint Boniface VIII
The Holy Empire of New Israel was a Catholic theocratic state founded on 1 March 2013 as the successor to the Empire of Freedomia. Founded initially as a "united Christian empire", it evolved into a broad union encompassing New Israel, Saxony, and other overseas possessions. Initially an American Protestant state, the Holy Empire became a Catholic state upon the conversion of its leader. It was dissolved on 16 August 2018.
History of the Holy Empire
In 2009, precursor states to Freihetia were established, eventually becoming a formal government in June of the same year. At the conclusion of 2009, the country of Freihetia had disbanded and was not revived formally until 1 August 2010. It maintained a permanent existence until the country began to deteriorate in December 2012, experiencing secession of its foreign territories and internal strife. This led to calls for the replacement of Freihetia with a new Christian empire, united with a newfound ally, the Saxon Empire. This Christian empire, though short lived, was a precursor to the Holy Empire of New Israel, first proposed in late February 2013, and formally established on the 1 March 2013.
Establishment Controversy and the Spice Wars
Main Article: Spice Wars
Shortly after New Israel's establishment, several nations expressed their opposition to the new nation in a continuation of the heated sentiments that had intensified from the dissolution of the Confederate States of Prosperity and the failed coup of the 18 December 2012. The First Spice War lasted only a month during February 2013, and ended de facto with the creation of New Israel. With Freihetia now dissolved into New Israel, the diplomatic controversies of Freihetia and its leaders continued regardless, leading to the Second Spice War on 1 April 2013.
After a year and a half of unity, the nation faced a theological schism between the Freihetian states and the nation of Saxony, culminating in a declaration of independence from Saxony on 18 July 2014 and a declaration of war from New Israel ten days later. The victory of the anti-New Israeli alliance was short-lived. Saxony and New Israel were reconciled in 2015.
The Edict of Lollardry, issued 4 January 2018, dissolved the government of the Holy Empire of New Israel, most notably abolishing the monarchy, under the pretext that such a monarchy could not be legitimate without the approval of the Pope. The Holy Office, which is the religious authority of the Holy Empire that enforces the teachings of the Catholic Church, became the sole authority, and the former emperor became Grand Inquisitor.
Following these attempts to reorganise the government, New Israel was declared dissolved on 16 August 2018.
The Holy Office, formally known as the Apostolate of the Holy Office of the New Israeli and Universal Inquisition was, during the final months of New Israel's existence, the sole ruling body in the Holy Empire. It promoted and enforced the teachings and traditions of the Roman Catholic Church. The Holy Office officially promoted traditionalist Catholicism and the Tridentine Mass (as opposed to the Novus Ordo Mass), and criticised the hierarchy of the Catholic Church for perceived failures to promote the Catholic religion.
Markus Pius was the first and only Grand Inquisitor of New Israel, first ruling in various capacities as Prime Minister and later Emperor of Freedomia (which later became Freihetia), and later forming the Holy Empire as a union between Freihetia and Saxony.
Roman Catholicism was the official religion of the Holy Empire. Protestantism, Judaism, and all non-Catholic religions were officially prohibited. This was a change from the previous policy of tolerance for Protestants and Jews. Under the Edict of Lollardry, Protestants and non-Catholics were disenfranchised:
|“||In order therefore that the decree of nature may be suitably honoured, and in view of the fact that the government of the Holy Empire be dormant and composed largely of adherents of Protestant or atheistic sects, we solemnly proclaim that government to be disenfranchised and deprived of any pretense of authority, if said authority ever existed, moreover, we dissolve said
government, quashing, invalidating, annulling; of no force or moment, each and all of the things done by that government in the name of or under an emperor, and declaring to be quashed, invalidated, and annulled and of no force or moment all constitutions, bulls, edicts, laws, proclamations, as well as dignities, offices, administrations, privileges, honours, benefices, properties and other goods, except they be in accord with the Catholic and Apostolic religion.
—Edict of Lollardry
In addition to numerous holidays, which are primarily religious, all Sundays were national holidays and non-essential work was forbidden by law. The Holy Office saw an insufficiency in the number of holidays and intended to proclaim more throughout the reformation of the Holy Empire of New Israel, but with the dissolution, this agenda was abandoned.
|Feast of the Circumcision||1 January||The first day of the year.|
|Epiphany||6 January||The visit of the Three Kings to the Christ Child.|
|Feast of St. Francis de Sales||29 January|
|Holy Martyrs of Japan||6 February|
|St. Valentine's Day||14 February|
|Establishment||1 March||Commemorating the anniversary of the Holy Empire's creation.|
|Carnival||Day before Ash Wednesday.||A final day of celebration and feasting before the Lenten fast.|
|Ash Wednesday||Moveable||First day of Lent.|
|Maundy Thursday||Moveable; Thursday of Holy Week||Commemorating the Passion of Jesus Christ.|
|Holy Saturday||Saturday of Holy Week|
|Easter Monday||First day after Easter|
|Ascension Thursday||Fortieth day after Easter.||Holy day of obligation commemorating the ascension of the Lord Jesus into heaven.|
|Corpus Christi||Thursday after Trinity Sunday||Feast honouring the Real Presence of Christ in the Eucharist.|
|St. Anthony of Padua||13 June|
|St. Peter and Paul||29 June||Honouring the blessed Apostles St. Peter and Paul.|
|Memorial of the Holy Empire||6 August (Moveable)||To mourn, commemorate, and protest the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire on 6 August 1806, and to pray for its restoration. If it falls on a Sunday, the holiday is moved to the following Monday, in order that mourning not occur on the Lord's Day.|
|Assumption of Mary||15 August|
|Feast of St. Louis||25 August|
|Feast of St. Pius X||3 September||St. Pius X, patron-saint of the Holy Empire.|
|Feast of St. Francis Borgia||10 October|
|All Saints’ Day||1 November||Honouring all saints.|
|All Souls’ Day||2 November||Commemorates the holy souls in Purgatory.|
|St. Nicholas Day||6 December|
|Immaculate Conception of Mary||8 December||Commemorating the conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary free from Original Sin.|
|Christmas Eve||24 December|
|Christmas Day||25 December||Commemorating the Nativity of Jesus Christ.|
|New Year's Eve||31 December||The final day of the Gregorian year; Saint Sylvester's Day.|
The Holy Empire belonged to the Holy League, which is a defunct defensive alliance of Christian states. The Grand Inquisitor was, under the Treaty of Augustinople, president of the Holy League.