|Regulated by||Slavstrian Directorate of Culture and Language|
|Influenced by||Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Macedonian|
|Writing system(s)||Cyrillic, Roman, Arabic|
The Slavstrian language (Slavstrian: Cлaвcтpiшкiя язїкe "Slavstrishkiya yaz'ike" [IPA: slavstriʂkijə jazʲikʲɪ]) is a constructed language built and primarily spoken in the Imperial Grand Duchy of Slavstria. The language is based on the Slavic languages primarily Russian, Ukrainian, and Belarusian with more minor influences from the Macedonian language. It is regulated by the Slavstrian Directorate of Culture and Language.
- 1 History
- 2 Overview
- 3 Influences
- 4 Phonology
- 5 Alphabets
- 6 Grammar
- 6.1 Nouns
- 6.2 Pronouns
- 6.3 Adjectives and Adverbs
- 6.4 Verbs
- 7 Syntax
- 8 Vocabulary
- 9 Common Words and Phrases
The only nation to have Slavstrian as its official language is the Imperial Grand Duchy of Slavstria, the country in which the language was created.
East Slavic Languages
Belarusian and Ukrainian
South Slavic Languages
Slavstrian is classified by the Slavstrian Directorate of Culture and Language and an East Slavic language alongside Russian, Belarusian, and Ukrainian.
- Hard consonants or plain
- Soft consonants or palatalized
|All vowel sounds in Slavstrian (Standard vowels in bold)|
Slavstrian vowels (like most languages) are subject to allophony, caused by both stress and palatalization of neighboring consonants.
- /e/ becomes /ɛ/ when in the initial position of a word.
- /a/ becomes /æ/ when between two palatalized consonants.
- /u/ is centralized and becomes /ʉ/ between palatalized consonants.
- /ɔ/ and /a/ merge to /ə/ at the end of a word.
- /ɔ/ becomes /a/ in all other situations.
- /e/ and /i/ merge to /ɪ/
- /u/ becomes /ʊ/
|Plosive||p/pʲ b/bʲ||t/tʲ d/dʲ||k/kʲ g/gʲ|
|Affricate||t͡s/t͡sʲ d͡z/d͡zʲ||t͡ɕ d͡ʑ|
|Fricative||f/fʲ v/vʲ||ʂ/ɕ ʐ/ʑ||x/xʲ ɣ/ɣʲ|
The Slavstrian Standard Cyrillic Alphabet is primarily based on the Cyrillic alphabets of the East Slavic languages borrowing a few letters from the Macadonian alphabet.
LatinWhen using the Latin alphabet a " ' " is placed after a consonant sound to denote palatalization.
Arabic (in development)
Slavstrian spelling is entirely phonetic with the exception of vowel allophones.
|Grammar at a glance|
Slavstrian grammar (Slavstrian: Cлaвcтpiшкiя ґpaммaтїкa "Slavstrishkiya grammatyika" [IPA: slavstriʂkijə gramatʲikə]) encompasses:
Slavstrian nouns decline by gender, number, and case. It is also important to note that the category of animacy is relevant in Slavstrian nouns and adjectives. In all of the declensions, the accusative case either takes on the same suffix as the nominative when the noun is animate or it takes on the genitive suffix when the noun is inanimate.
Nouns are declined by three genders:
Nouns are declined by two numbers:
Nouns are declined by eight cases:
- The nominative case indicates the subject of a verb.
- The genitive case indicates possession or the preposition "of".
- The dative case indicates the indirect object of a verb or the prepositions "to" and "for".
- The accusative case indicates the direct object of a verb.
- The ablative case indicates movement from an object and the cause. The prepositions "from" and "because"
- The instrumental case indicates the object used to complete an action. The preposition "with".
- The prepositional case is used for prepositions that don't meet the criteria of other cases.
- The vocative case indicates the speaker is addressing someone or something.
Nouns are separated into three different declensions of which are generally made up of one particular gender although there are exceptions.
The first declension is made up of almost all feminine nouns, some masculine. The same endings are applied to both.
|First declension suffixes|
Second declension is made up of all masculine nouns which all end in consonants.
|Second declension suffixes|
The Third declension is almost entirely neuter nouns with some masculine nouns that keep the same endings.
|Third declension suffixes|
The Definite Article
Unlike the other East Slavic languages, Slavstrian has developed a definite article derived from the demonstrative pronoun "этo" (this). It is usually placed in front of the noun it modifies, however, because it declines like all other nouns, initial placement isn't necessary as long as the article agrees with the noun it modifies.
As in Russian, some nouns (such as borrowings from other languages, abbreviations, etc.) are not modified when they change number and case. This is best shown when their gender has no ending in any declension that best suits the word.
There are six types of pronouns in Slavstrian. Some of these pronouns decline in a similar fashion to nouns while others don't.
Definite and Indefinite Pronouns
Adjectives and Adverbs
Slavstrian verbs are where the differences between Slavstrian and the East Slavic languages are extremely visible. Unlike the East Slavic languages, Slavstrian only conjugates its verbs by mood, tense, and aspect. Other things like person and number are left up to the pronouns with voice being changed by the use of an auxiliary.
Slavstrian verb infinitives always carry the suffix -тї. This form of the verb is the most basic and is the standard form in dictionaries.
Vebs conjugate by six tenses:
- The Present tense is used when referring to an action going on at the time of speaking.
- I walk.
- The Perfect tense is used when referring to an action in the past that has been completed.
- I have walked.
- The Imperfect tense is used when referring to an action in the past that has yet to be completed.
- I was walking.
- The Pluperfect tense is used when referring to an action before the time being considered, with the time being considered already in the past.
- I had walked.
- The Future tense is used when referring to an action to take place in the future.
- I will walk.
- The Future perfect tense is used when referring to an action before the time being considered, with the time being considered already in the future.
- I will have walked.
The indicative mood expresses factual statements or positive beliefs.
|Indicative tense suffixes|
Normal declarative word order in Slavstrian is SVO, however due to the highly inflectional nature of the language, words can be thrown around in almost any order. This freedom of word order allows for emphasis to be placed on things by moving them towards the front of the sentence and for creative constructions in both poetry and music.
Common Words and Phrases
- Hello (Formal): Bїтaю Vyitayu
- Hi (Informal): Пpiвїт Privyit
- Yes: Дa Da
- No: Hи Ni
- Bye: Дo пaбaчeн Do pabachen
- Please: Пaжaлуcтa Pazhalusta
- Thank you: Дякую Dyakayu
- Comrade: Двapiш Dvarish
- Hooray!: Уpa! Ura!
- Do you speak Slavstrian?: Tы ґoвapiюш c этoй Cлaвcтpiшкoй язїкeй? Ty govariyush s etoy Slavstrishkoy yazyikey?
- Glory to Slavstria.: Cлaвa в Cлaвcтpieжo. Slava v Slavstriyezho.
- As is life in glorious Slavstria.: Пo выcкa нa cлaвaём Cлaвcтpiём. Po vyska na slavayom Slavstriyom.