Micronations.wiki costs £160 per year to keep online.
Since we are unable to run advertisements, we ask that any users who are able to do so
make a contribution so that Microwiki may continue to survive and thrive. Thank you!
Constitution of Indokistan
|Agreement Between State of Cussex, Central Indokistan, Aziziyah, and Suwarnakarta in Federal State of Indokistan|
|Created||October 2013 - January 2014|
|Ratified||10 January 2014|
|Purpose||Constitution of Indokistan|
Agreement Between State of Cussex, Central Indokistan, Aziziyah, and Suwarnakarta in the Federal State of Indokistan (Indonesian: Persetujuan antara Negara Bagian Cussex, Indokistan Tengah, Aziziyah, dan Suwarnakarta di Negara Federal Indokistan) was a title of document that serve as the national constitution of Indokistan from 2014 until 2016. It was written by National Forum members from all states and territories of Indokistan between October 2013 until its declaration of official usage in 10 January 2014. The composition of the constitution is to create a new law that used as basic law in Indokistan, replacing the previous outdated constitution that ratified in November 2011, and amended once in January 2012.
The constitution manages national symbols, economy, administrative divisions, governments, foreign affairs, and citizens rights. Its clauses was deliberately composed so it would allow liberal interpretation, as Indokistani central government granted broad autonomy for its states and federal city. The document showed Indokistani government as progressive, decentralised, and committed to direct democracy, compared with the conservative 2011 constitution.
The formal, long name of the constitution is Agreement Between State of Cussex, Central Indokistan, Aziziyah, and Suwarnakarta in Federal State of Indokistan. The name reflects the composition process of the constitution was made by proper discussion and achieved by consensus. It also reflects that all states do agree and consented on each clauses of the constitution.
Indokistani laws also regulates that every newly-formed state should accept the entire contents of the constitution, and resulting on the modification of the constitution title. Barakstan name on the title was removed after their departure from Indokistan, and Aziziyah name was added to the title on January 2014, shortly after ratification of the text.
Indokistani first constitution was used from November 2011 and was abandoned in August 2012 after the formation of the Emergency Government. Its successing authority later does not restore its status as basic law for the country. After National Reform in early 2013, the constitution text was deemed as outdated and could no longer be used by the new Indokistani authority, as its conservative contents does not adhere on the new Indokistani government that became more progressive and left-leaning.
Initial assessment of the provisional authority in 2013 was to proposed a new constitutional convention as the solution for the issue. During the Federal referendum in May 2013, proposal to replace the constitution was passed with 60% voters supporting the motion. Despite after the formation of the Federal State on July 2013, the process was delayed until October 2013.
The process was started in October 2013 and was done inside the National Forum, effectively turning it into a constitutional convention. On the composition process, all members able to propose any laws they believed should be added to the constitution, while other members could support or opposed the proposed addition. With this method, the constitution took three months to be finished. In 10 January 2014, president Rayhan Haikal announced that the process was concluded, and the final text was officialised after unanimous support from the National Forum.
The overall contents of the text is consists of preamble, twenty articles, and regulation on addition of new articles.
The preamble described that the constitution was based on consensus between all Indokistani states and territories. It also describes that the agreement is the basic law for the nation and its main function was to synchronise national and state government affairs. The preamble also declares that the constitution is inviolable and valid in all Indokistani states and territories.
Nation and Sovereignty
Consists of two articles, this part describe the status of Indokistan nation its constituencies. It manages the division of state functioning, which separates the affairs that managed by central and state government, and rights of central government to intervene the state government.
Symbols and Orders
Three articles are on this section, which describes all symbols for the nation and the orders and decorations. Symbols recognised by the clauses are the national flag, emblem, and national anthem. Another clause also recognise Indonesian as official language and capital Suwarnakarta as national symbols. It also recognizes the state rights of adopting state flags, emblem, anthem, and languages.
Economy and Tax
Consists of three articles, which declares that companies and financial institutions are runned by citizens in collective associations, and promotions of economic democracy and workplace democracy. The second articles manages the state government obligations to pay taxes, which is 20% from state income. Third article was on national currency KistanRupiah that was recognised as official. This article was removed from the constitution in April 2016 as Indokistani government relieved its grip om economic regulations.
This section consists of two articles, it regulating the unified form of division of Indokistani states, which must be divided by city or county. It also regulates the process to add and reduce territorial claims which is the state in free to decide but the national forum decide on its approval. The clause also manages that Suwarnakarta is the national capital and symbol, and all states are obligated to lend its lansclaims to be part of Suwarnakarta, in order to make all Indokistani states will always borders Suwarnakarta.
Currently consists of only three articles, with possiblities to be expanded. As all basic freedoms are guaranteed and protected by the state, it regulates the freedom of religious activities, freedom of expression and information sharing, and freedom to execute political activities, protection of voting rights, and membership of the National Forum.
On this three-articles part, it regulates the requirements, period, and duties the president must done. It also protects presidential rights to issue a regulations to execute and protect the contents of the constitution, if any violations occured. And this part also protects rights of acting president succeeding previous president that failed to continue his term to hold a new presidential election, or to become a president that finishes the previous president unfinished term - addition of this third articles was became the first on this constitution.
Consists of two articles, this part describe the definition and function of the national forum, and declared that all citizens are members of the forum. The constitution protects the forum right to issuing a vote of no-confidence against president and if supported by all members, will lead to the process of impeachment of president.
Responsibilities on state affairs
Created by combining four different articles, it describes the regulation about the people obligated to protect the environment, and to protect all cultural aspects in Indokistan. It regulates that the state have total rights in managing transportation. The last article describes that the state have rights to establish local military since the central government no longer controls national defence.
There are two articles inside this part. The first one is the principles of Indokistani foreign affairs, which is "Free", "Active", and "Non-intervention". The second articles described that for every new diplomatic relations or intermicronational cooperation, its decision is to be make inside the national forum. This part was added on 9 January 2015.
Rules of Addition
End of the constitution which regulates the rules of addition of new articles. It stated that the new proposed articles will be voted as like the previous, official one. Description on the changes name was removed in April 2016.
Changes of this constitution is possible and allowed, which is regulated by final section of this constitution titled "rules of addition".
- Addition 1 - Acting president have rights to hold an election or to finish the previous president unfinished term.
- Addition 2 - Economy democracy and workplace democracy should be enforced by the government.
- Addition 3 - New KistanRupiah recognised as constitutional currency.
- Amendment 1 - Removal of description of term "amendment" and "addition" in the Rules of Addition.
- Amendment 2 - Removal of KistanRupiah status as official; title change
- Addition 4 - Responsibility of defence is given to states.
- Text of the constitution from Indokistani Government website (text as of before amendment 1 & 2 and addition 4).