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Censorship in New Eiffel
New Eiffel has a long history of governmental censorship, particularly in early 2018, but today freedom of speech is guaranteed by the Speech Act 2019, and instances of government censorship are limited.
In the constitution of New Eiffel, under Article 1.q section 4, it states "...denial of a well documented event, such as the holocaust, shall be considered unlawful". Which, in particular but not only Holocaust denial falls under. Despite denial of a well documented event being illegal, there is no punishment other then possibly removing such an opinion from a newspaper. Because of this, as well as similar reasons, freedom of the press is significantly more censored and strict then freedom of speech.
Each of these laws has been criticized by some groups, either from the left (especially concerning the Speech Act 2019) or from the right (in particular concerning censorship of the press and Article 1.q section 4 of the constitution).
Three official peaceful protests have taken place in New Eiffel.
Internet is considered a basic human right, New Eiffel has 'little or none' censorship of the Internet. The government was allowed to ban any website that matches the criteria for banning under the New Eiffel Internet Law Act 2, including websites featuring gambling, criticising authorities, and erotica may be banned. Hate speech, movie pirating websites and non-reactionary websites (i.e. feminism, anti-religious) could also be banned. The act was declared void due to the Freedom Amendments.
Da Nart is one of the main websites for North New Eiffelic speakers, a lot of media include fantranslations done by public contributors, the website is still accessible but downloading/viewing such content is actually illegal within the country.
No art-pieces (paintings, images, installations, etc.) have ever been censored.
New Eiffel's press has noticeable problems. New Eiffel has moderate press censorship, controlled by the government. The censorship has been heavily relaxed since December 2019.
All films intended for theatrical release have to be granted an age rating certificate by the Official New Eiffel Ratings Board, which can give a film one of eight ratings:
- Any Age (AA): Suitable for all audiences
- Any Age with warning (AAWW): Some scenes may disturb young viewers.
- 13A: Recommended for over 13s, but not restricted.
- 13: Forbidden for under 13s
- 15A: Recommended for over 15s, but not restricted.
- 16: Forbidden for under 16s
- R18 (Restricted 18): Forbidden for under 18s
- HR (Highly restricted): Highly restricted.
Cinemas are bound by law to prevent underaged audiences from viewing films and may be fined if they fail to do so.
The ONERB is allowed to cut and ban films, however in order to release a cut version the ONERB requires permission from the copyright owner.
Examples of rated films:
- The Lion King (1994), AA
- The Man Who Invented Christmas (2017), AA
- Pee-wee's Big Holiday (2016), AAWW
- Inside Out (2015), AAWW
- The Goonies (1985), 13A
- Captain Marvel (2019), 13A
- The Maze Runner (2014), 13
- Titanic (1997), 13
- Dirty Grandpa (2016), 15A (with warning)
- The Terminator (1984), 15A
- Saw (2004), 16 (with warning)
- Fifty Shades of Grey (2015), 16
- Showgirls (1995), R18
- Man Bites Dog (1992), R18
- The Human Centipede 2 (Full Sequence) (2011), HR (cut)
- Kids (1995), HR
The Official New Eiffel Ratings Board has announced it will start issuing age rating certificates for literature.
Before any television broadcast can be aired, the government must approve it first. Broadcasts rated 16 or higher can only be broadcasted from 12:00 am – 5:30 am.