Orthodox Church of Pavlov
|Pavlovian Orthodox Church|
Павлівска Православна Церква
|Founder||Cyril I, HM Aleksandr IV|
|Primate||Metropolitan Filaret Hasanovič|
|Territory||Empire of Pavlov|
The Orthodox Church of Pavlov (Pavlovian: Павлівска Православна Церква) is a self-declared autocephalous Orthodox Christian church incorporating various elements of Islam which exercises jurisdiction over Pavlovian Orthodox Christians in the Empire of Pavlov. The church was founded by His Eminence Cyril I, Metropolitan of Kolchaksaray and all Pavlov and Alexander IV. Most Pavlovians claim that their Church is the "one true faith and glorification of God" based on the Greek "Ορθοδοξία" (Orthodoxia) a union of the word ορθός (orthos, "straight" "correct" "true" "right") and δόξα (doxa, "glory" but also "worship" "belief").
The church is currently not recognized by any of the canonical (or not) Christian Orthodox Churches. By certain critics of the Church, it has been referred to as a branch of Shi'a Islam or a sect of Alevism.
The followers of the Orthodox Church of Pavlov acknowledge they are from the People of Israel, by stating that the last four holy books (Final Testament, Gospel, Torah and Psalms) have the same degree of importance in guiding people to the Divine Truth. This confession is pronounced in the Kolchaksaray creed: "We believe in God Father, God the Son and God the Holy Spirit, and in that which has been sent down on us and sent down on Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac and Jacob, and the Tribes, and that which was given to Moses and Jesus and Muhammad, of their Lord; we make no division between any of them, and to Him we surrender"
The Niceno-Constantinopolo-Vyshorod creed was accepted in a session of the Holy synod in early 2018. It is the current profession of the Christian Faith common to the Pavlovian Orthodox Church.
There is no God but God, the Father Almighty, the maker of the Seven Heavens and Earth, of things visible and invisible, the Only God. The Lord Jesus Christ, His only Son, begotten not made, to the Father, by whom the Earth, the Seven Heavens and all between were made; Who for mankind, and for our salvation, came down from Heaven, and was incarnate by the Holy Ghost and of the Virgin Mary, and was made man; Who was crucified for mankind under Pontius Pilate, and suffered, and was buried, and the Third Day he rose again and ascended above the Seven Heavens, and sat on the right hand of the Father; Who thence shall come again with glory together with the Mehdi and mercy judge the living and the dead, of whose Kingdom there shall be no end, and who shall be hosted by the Tsar. And mankind shall believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of life, the Almighty Father, and the Begotten Son, who together as One God in Trinity, and Trinity in Unity, are to be adored and glorified, who spoke by the prophets Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes, and that what was given to Moses and Muhammad, of their Lord. And we believe in the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church. We confess one baptism for the remission of sins and we look for the resurrection of the dead and the life of the world to come. Amen.
The Niceno-Constantinopolo-Aleksandropolitan creed was accepted in a session of the Holy synod in mid-November 2016. It was the profession of the Christian Faith common to the Pavlovian Orthodox Church.
We believe in a single God, the Father Almighty, maker of the heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible, and believe that there is no God but God, And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only begotten Son of God, and born of the Father. Begotten not made, to the Father, by whom all things were made. Who for our salvation came down from heaven. And was incarnate of the Holy Ghost and of the Virgin Mary, the Mother of God, and was made mad. And was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate, suffered and was buried, and rose again on the third day. He ascended into heaven and sits at the right hand of the Father and shall come again with glory to judge the living and the dead, of whose Kingdom there shall be no end, and who shall be hosted by the Emperor. And we believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of life, who proceeds from the Father through the Son, who together with the Father and the Son is to be adored and glorified, who spoke by the prophets Abraham, Isaac, Jacob and the Tribes, and that what was given to Moses and Muhammad, of their Lord. And we believe in the One, Holy, Catholic and Apostolic Church. We confess one baptism for the remission of sins and we look for the resurrection of the dead and the life of the world to come. Amen.
View on Circumcision
Differently from the majority of Christian denominations, the Orthodox Church of Pavlov considers (male) circumcision as a requirement of being in full communion with the See in Kolchaksaray. It is based on Luke 2:21-24
On the eighth day, when it was time to circumcise the child, he was named Jesus, the name the angel had given him before he was conceived. When the time came for the purification rites required by the Law of Moses, Joseph and Mary took him to Jerusalem to present him to the Lord (as it is written in the Law of the Lord, “Every firstborn male is to be consecrated to the Lord”), and to offer a sacrifice in keeping with what is said in the Law of the Lord: “a pair of doves or two young pigeons.”
and on Genesis 17:14
Any uncircumcised male, who has not been circumcised in the flesh, will be cut off from his people; he has broken my covenant."
Views on Sabbath/Lord's day
Unlike other Christian denominations, the Orthodox Church of Pavlov, celebrates weekly mass and a rest-day on Saturday. The term the "Lord's day" appears only a single time in Revelation 1:10
I was in the Spirit on the Lord's day, and heard behind me a great voice, as of a trumpet,
and the See in Kolchaksaray hold that since Jesus said he was "Lord of the Sabbath" (Matthew 12:8) and that Isaiah called the Sabbath the "Lord's Holy Day"(Isaiah 58:13-58:14) then the Lord's Day is the Seventh-day Sabbath (i.e. Saturday).
For the Son of Man is lord of the sabbath.
If you refrain from trampling the sabbath, from pursuing your own interests on my holy day; if you call the sabbath a delight and the holy day of the Lord honorable; if you honor it, not going your own ways, serving your own interests, or pursuing your own affairs; then you shall take delight in the Lord, and I will make you ride upon the heights of the earth; I will feed you with the heritage of your ancestor Jacob, for the mouth of the Lord has spoken.
Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor, and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates. For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
The day of Judgement
According to the Church the Day of Judgment is believed to be God's final assessment of humanity. The sequence of events is the annihilation of all creatures, return of the Mehdi and Christ to earth, resurrection of the body, and the judgment of all sentient creatures. It is a time where everyone would be shown his or her deeds and actions with justice.
There are a number of major and minor signs of the end of days. There is debate over whether they could occur concurrently or must be at different points in time, although scholars typically divide them into three major periods.
Also Ibn Umar reported: The Apostle of Christ the God turned to us and said, “O emigrants, there are five things with which you will be tested, and I seek refuge with God lest you live to see them:
- Sexual immorality appears among people to such an extent that they commit it openly except that they will be afflicted by plagues and diseases unknown to their forefathers;
- They cheat in weights and measures (business, trades, etc.) and that they will be stricken with famine, calamity, and the oppression of rulers;
- They withhold charity from their wealth and that rain will be withheld from the sky, and were it not for the animals there would be no rain at all;
- They break their covenant with God and God will enable their enemies to overpower them and take some of what is in their hands;
- And unless their leaders rule according to the Books of God and seek every good from that which God has revealed, God will cause them to fight one another.”
The See in Kolchaksaray views marriage (also called Holy Matrimony) as a state instituted and ordained by God for the relationship between one man and one woman as husband and wife. It is considered the most intimate of human relationships, a gift from God, and a sacred institution. It also teaches that sex is reserved for marriage. It calls sex with the wife of another, or sex with someone else other than the husband, the sin of adultery (fornication).
The Orthodox Church of Pavlov recognises two types of marriage, the traditional Nikah, which is based on all four books of the recognised holy scripture and the Nikah al-Mutah, which is based on the Final testament 4:24, after listing those woman to whom marriage is forbidden, it states the following:
Lawful for you is what is beyond all that, that you may seek, using your wealth, in wedlock and not in license. So those of them whom you enjoy, give them their appointed wages; it is no fault in you in agreeing together, after the due apportionate. God the LORD is All-Knowing, All-Wise
The following marriages are prohibited:
- Marriage between people of the same sex
- Marriage between a man and his sister, half-sister, foster sister, mother, stepmother, foster mother, wife's mother, aunt, grandmother, great aunt, great-grandmother, etc.
- Marriage between a woman and her father, stepfather (unless his marriage to her mother was not consummated), husband's biological father, uncle, grandfather, great uncle, great-grandfather, etc.
- Marrriage of a man with women who are sisters or stepsisters or foster sisters of each other (except if marrying one who was separated from her husband by divorce or death)
- Marriage between someone in communion with the See in Kolchaksaray and a person upholding a non-abrahamic religion (i.e. not belonging to the People of the Book)
It is necessary for both partners to give consent to the marriage except for the woman in case she is a virgin, in this case her guardian has to give permission. In the marriage contract, the Groom agrees to a specified dowry which has to be paid in full after consumation of the marriage.
Depiction of animate beings
The Church holds the depiction of animated beings is permissible if the art was not meant to be worshipped, and the creator did not intend to rival God (or intended any heresy) in the creation.
Shehitah is the prescribed method of ritual animal slaughter for all Kosher animals only excluding fish and most sea-life. The animal must be slaughtered while mentioning the name of God. The animal slaughtered must be killed quickly with a sharpened blade. It must not suffer. It must not see the blade. It must not see or smell the blood from a previous slaughter.
Animals for food may not be killed by being boiled or electrocuted, and the carcass should be hung upside down for long enough to be free of blood.
But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.
And whatsoever man there be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn among you, that eateth any manner of blood; I will even set my face against that soul that eateth blood, and will cut him off from among his people.
Final testament 5:3
Forbidden to you are: dead meat, blood, the flesh of swine, and that on which has been invoked the name of other than the LORD; that which hath been killed by strangling, or by a violent blow, or by a headlong fall, or by being gored to death; that which hath been (partly) eaten by a wild animal; unless ye are able to slaughter it (in due form); that which is sacrificed on stone (altars); forbidden also is the division (of meat) by raffling with arrows: that is impiety. This day have those who reject faith given up all hope of your religion: yet fear them not but fear Me. This day have I perfected your religion for you, completed My favour upon you, and have chosen for you as your religion. But if any is forced by hunger, with no inclination to transgression, the LORD your God is indeed Oft-forgiving, Most Merciful.
The Pavlovian Orthodox Church has three ranks of holy orders: the Bishops, Priests and Deacons from higher to lower. These offices are identified in the Gospel and found in the early church. Each of these is ordained through a Sacred Mystery (i.e. sacrament) of the laying on of hands by Bishops.
Within each of the ranks there are a number of titles. Bishops may have the title of archbishop and metropolitan, all of them are considered honorific. Albeit all bishops are considered equal, an individual may have a place of higher or lower honour, and each has his place within the order of precedence. Priests may have the title of archpriest, protopriest, hieromonk (i.e. a monk who has been ordained to the priesthood) and abbot. Deacons may have the title of hierodeacon, archdeacon and protodeacon.
Ordination must be conferred during the Divine Liturgy and no more than a single individual can be ordained to the same rank in any one service. Bishops are required to be celibate, however a non-monastic priest may be ordained to the episcopate if he no longer lives with his wife (following Canon XII of the Quinisext Council of Trullo).
Priests and deacons must be married prior to ordination, but may not marry after ordination. Remarriage of clergy following divorce or widowhood is forbidden. Married clergy are considered as best-suited to staff parishes, as a priest with a family is thought better qualified to counsel his flock.
The clergy is limited to a religious elite called Оджяк (Odzhjak) ("hearth"), indicating descent from Ali, the fourteenth apostle. Odzhjak members are called Odzhjakovychi or "sons of the hearth". This has a base in the Final testament 116:7
Oh you who have believed, know that in matters of religion the seed of the last follower of my son, shall be the shepherd of the flock, for I am your LORD and shall be merciful.
Hence the Pavlovian Orthodox Church also holds that their apostolic succession comes via descent instead of the laying on of hands by another Bishop.
Leaders of the Church
The Church is officially under the leadership of HM Aleksandr IV since it's foundation in 2014, but it was decided that the day to day leadership of the church was handled by the Holy Synod. As such the Metropolitan of Kolchaksaray and all Rus', the primus inter pares, is said to be the true leader of the church.
The current membership of the Holy Synod consists of:
- His all-Holiness Filaret Hasanovič, Metropolitan of Kolchaksaray and all-Rus'.
- The Right Reverend Seraphim I, Bishop of Ledjanoj Ostrov
- The Right Reverend Cyril I, Bishop of Snezhanopol
- Sunan Ibn Maajah 4019