Kingdom of Falcar

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The Kingdom of Falcar and the Rottnest
Flagoffalcar2018.jpgFalcarcoatofarms2018.png

Motto
Normresànus Falkarnu
Our Formal Monarchy of Falcar (rough)
Anthem
The National Anthem of Falcar (The Evening Hymn)




Updatefalcar.jpg
Capital city Arbonia since 1 Dec 2017
Kanin former
Largest city Svoboda
Official language(s) Australian English, Falcarian
Short name Falcar
Demonym Falcarian
Government State Capitalist Social Egalitarian Constitutional Monarchy [1]
- Emperor Todd Leon
Established 1 Jan 2015
Area claimed 2914m² excluding the Rottnest
Currency AUD (defined by the Bank of Falcar and the Rottnest)
Time zone +9:30 GMT
National drink Cactoka (Distilled opuntia fruit)
National animal Bird the Galah (roseate cockatoo)
Mammal the Quokka
Reptile the Eastern Brown Snake
Fish the King George Whiting


The Kingdom of Falcar and the Rottnest (Falcarian: Normresànus Falkarnu ed Nokbittia, pronounced: [nɔːm'ɹesɒn'ʌs fæl'kɑrnu ed nɔk'bitʃə]; lit. our formal monarchy of Falcar and the rat-land), simply known as Falcar (/fæl'kɑrnu/; Falkarnu) is a micronation founded on New Years Day 2015 by the signing of the Royal Foundation Act by Todd Leon. It succeeded the former micronation of Turto, Founded in 2009.

The Kingdom is a 3.2 level micronation as classified by the Linden's Revised System of Classification, and was a founding member of UM.

The Kingdom of Falcar consists of the townships of Hawkepool, Port Svoboda and the capital Arbonia, Inner and Outer Falcar, Svoboda and formally Kanin and The Kanes. The Rottnest is claimed as an ancestral and ceremonial territory and as such is maintained and wholly occupied by The Rottnest Island Authority of Australia.

The Falcarian Constitution makes it clear that The Rottnest is not a false claim but rather a ceremonial claim, with no actual purpose.

residents of The Rottnest are not included as Falcarian citizens and are immune from Falcarian law and jurisdiction.

History

Establishment of Falcar

Officially established on the 1st of January 2015, it was founded as a result of the collapse of Turto. The Turtonian Constitution Act 2012 set out a constitutional layout which was impossible for a micronational entity and caused full shut down and disestablishment of the nation.

Arrival of the Royal Family (1870)

In the 1870s, John, A presumed royal was sent to the island as a final safehaven to prevent him from committing further crimes, where the authorities built him a house. This was unheard of in colonial Australia until this point. John then became influential on the island to the point of 'de facto' rule; demanding better rum rations and clothing for the other convicts. by the time he died, his home has been nicknamed to royal styls. and his reign was recognised by the Western Australian government in a statement on his death. [2] following the paternal lineage of John B, Todd Leon is the current heir to the throne of the the island, and officially claims possession of the territory, with the constitutionally recognised exception that it remains administered by the Australian Government on a wildlife conservation basis.

Settlement of Falcar (1988)

In 1988, the Area which is now known as Inner & Outer Falcar was purchased freehold by the Royal Family.

United Kingdom of Jennings (2008)

In December 2008, a small area inside Inner Falcar was claimed by Todd Leon. It was basic in construction, and only had one legislative bill passed. it eventually ceased operating in late 2009 after the decision for a more structured government.

The Peoples' Republic of Turto (2009)

The first flag of Turto was official for less than a month in 2010 and used a ratio of 1:2 rather than the later 2:3 Turtonian/Falcarian standard

During the existence of Jennings, a few of the monarchs high school associates and himself decided to found a new micronation named 'Turto' with a basic governmental structure, with the King wielding absolute power, and the Prime Minister wielding major power, but requiring royal approval. Legislature was basic, with a small sheet with a list of definition-less laws.

Duxist State of Turto (2010)

After the Prime Minister ceased governmental activity, a revision of structure was required to maintain stability. This included removal of the prime minister, the President becoming the 'Dux' and noble titles were registered. Duxism was a form of Absolute Monarchy in which absolute power is invested in a heraldic 'dux' and statewide power was invested in the 'archung', this form of government did not survive to see a written constitution form, although was influential in the defining of Falcarian/Turtonian culture.

First Turtonian Monarchy (2011)

In April 2011, the constitutionless absolute rule of the Dux was put to an end with the formation of the Kingdom of Turto, with basically the same legislation as the former Peoples Republic with the exception of a small, 2 page constitution outlining the rights and privileges of the monarch.

The Turtonian Empire (2011 - 2012)

One month after the formation of the Turtonian Monarchy, the Monarch claimed territories in which no rule or power was recognised. These colonies included Blue, Red and Purple Mitchell and Territories of Broadview and Clearview. During this era, the monarch became an Emperor for the First time in Turtonian History, and changed the Dynastical name from 'Lomas' to 'Winchcombe' and later 'Leon' as which it remains today.

The Second Turtonian Monarchy (2013)

The last official flag of Turto, The Turtonian Cross was used from 2012 until the establishment of Falcar in 2015 and contained a variety of meanings

On the first of January 2013, The Royal Constitutional Kingdom of Turto Constitution Act 2012 was enacted one day passed its intended inacture date. This constitution outlined a democratic state with the separation of the three executive, legislative and Judicial branches. Unfortunately, the constitution also required a population greater than that of Turto during the period, causing the government to collapse and shutdown for a period of one year; 'de facto' handing the provisional rule of the nation to the Commonwealth of Australia.

The Falcarian Nation and the Rottnest (2015)

On the First of January 2015, the Government Foundation Royal Act was enacted, outlining a less democratic, but more reasonable constitution, allowing the monarch to act as Head of State and Head of Government in provisional circumstances; but not permitting the monarch from preventing the formation of political parties.

Rottnest Visit & The Swan Act (2017)

In April 2017 the monarch performed a tour of Australia, visiting the island of Rottnest and performing a Tràs, and was declared on the Island as the 8th Monarch of the Rottnest. during the following months, The Swan Act was written and signed, establishing a formal legal system and judiciary, as well as establishing the Royal Falcarian Police, multiple criminal, civil and inquiry courts, and legal rights of accused persons.

Proclamation Act (2017)

In December 2017 the Proclamation Act was decreed, disestablishing and relinquishing The Kanes and Kanin to Australia and founding a new territory named Arbonia. it also redefined some aspects of citizenship and residency laws as well as transferring all corporations and the status of capital city to the new territory.

The Territory of Arbonia

Government and politics

Economic System

The Falcarian market system is not defined within the constitution, although it could be simply described as state capitalist as all the corporations and organisations are directly controlled by the government. It may be possible for persons who wishes to found a corporation to do so and possibly work within a free market system, although no such application has ever been submitted to the government (as of 2018) and remains untested.

Political System

The Monarch acts as Head of State and Head of Government until such time as a prime minister is appointed, at which point the role of Head of Government is invested in the Prime Minister on behalf of the Monarch. Territories claimed by Falcar are mainly legal possessions of nobility, other than The Rottnest which is no longer occupied by members of nobility, but stake claim through heredical lineage dating back to the Coloniation of Australia.

The Head of State of Falcar is the Monarch; While the Head of Government is the Prime Minister who acts on behalf of the Monarch. During times in which this distinction is made, the Monarch is known as the 'King', while during times in which the Monarch assumes both roles of State and Government, the Monarch is to be known as the emperor. The foundations for a parliament are not laid out by the Constitution, although the constitution does require the foundation of a house of representatives in the event of the formation of a political party.

The Monarch of Australia, Currently Queen Elizabeth II holds the title of Tsaress giving her right to accend to the crown of Falcar at any time per request; although possesses no other authority. This law limits the actions of the monarch, preventing any conflict between micro and macronational entities.

Defense and Security

The Falcarian Defense Force is responsible for matters regarding national security and cyber security, whilst the Court system of Falcar (As defined by the Swan Act) is responsible for investigating, apprehending and convicting persons suspected of committing a crime against the nation, due to this Falcar does not have a police service, all prosecuting services are undertaken by the courts.

Ministerial Positions

Heads of each department are known as '(x)-General', for example, the 'Defence-General' is constitutionally the 'Monarch', while the 'Foreign-General' is the head of Foreign Affairs.

Foreign relations

The Nation of Falcar is open to Diplomatic Relationships from other micronations; and has mutual recognition with the Republic of Iustus and a ratified alliance with the Kingdom of Paxland.

Automatically recognised nations

Falcar automatically recognises those nations which are members of the United Nations; Along with the Nation of Sealand and the Empire of Atlantium. Any micronation which has recieved contact from the Falcarian Government at a diplomatic level is recognised. As part of the Christmas reform of 2017, Kurdistan was recognized as a nation.

National holidays

National Holidays in Falcar are decided by the Monarch or one of his representatives on behalf of the Monarch;

On the 23rd of January 2018 the monarch officially renounced the holiday relating to the settlement of the Australian continent by European Settlers, Colonialism Day, and announced the foundation of Eureka Day on the 3rd of December.

Date Holiday Note
1 January Beginning of New Year
1 May Mayday Day in recognition of the Labour Force and worker struggle
15 August Falcarian National Day Commemoration of the Falcarian Nation
1 October Emperor Birthday Anniversary of the birthday of the Monarch
24-26 December Christmas Religious celebration, officially recognised as cultural celebration
28 December Foundation Day Signing the Constitution of Jennings, the Predecessor of Falcar
31 December New Year's Eve Celebrates the end of the year


Former Holidays

Date Holiday Note Removal
26 January Colonialism Day Marking of the mass immigation of non-natives from Europe to Australia Dismissed as a holiday preceding event in 2018
3 December Eureka Day Celebration of the Eureka Rebellion of 1854 Replaced with Foundation Day on the 28 December, dismissed 31 May 2018

Languages

Falcarians speak Australian English, although the language Falcarian is increasing in written usage as the language has been developed and given legal recognition through the Linguistic Act 2016. As of early 2017, legislature is still required to be written in English and no legal proceeding has been conducted in the Constructed Falcarian language.

Citizenship

Falcarian Citizenship is regulated by the Department for Immigration and Citizenship, the Monarch also has the right to grant and revolke citizenship, along with the Falcarian Courts. Citizenship is open to all people who

  • Do not reside in areas of political dispute, such as the Islamic State, Ukraine or Israel (as of 2016);
  • Have never been convicted of a Macronational Major Crime, Including but not limited to Theft, Manslaughter or Sexual Offences;
  • have never consecutively spent more that 5 years in prison, with the exception of discriminatory or unfair imprisonment;
  • Have not been banished or have had citizenship revolked by a micronation recognised by the Falcarian State forcefully;

Visitation

Visitation and Visa Requirements for entry into the Falcarian Lands are tightly controlled by the Department for Immigration and Citizenship, making entry into Falcar almost impossible. The Rottnest however is administered by the Commonwealth of Australia and as such is accessable freely to all Australian citizens, and accessable to all people through the Australian Immigration Department. An effort is made by the Falcarian Government to secure access to The Rottnest to all Falcarian Citizens; regardless of macronationality, although this right is invested in the Australian Government so no access can be guaranteed.

Symbols of Falcar

On the 20th of May 2018 the monarch announced the creation of three shields to individualise the regions of Falcar, these symbols succeeded the national coat of arms as the standard arms to display in said region.

Coat of Arms and Heraldry

Flags

Falcarian

Prior to the Establishment of Falcar

References