Prime Minister

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For the Wikipedia articles on the many titles, see Head of Government

Prime Minister is a title used to normally describe the head of government or a high ranking minister in a nation.

Government role

The Prime Minister is normally a member of the parliament of said nation and normally becomes Prime Minister through being leader of the largest party in the lower house of the parliament if it is a bicameral system, or the whole parliament if a unicameral system, and so on and so forth,

in many countries, the role isn’t called Prime Minister in the native language, only in English are those roles called Prime Minister, many titles include,

  • Minister-president
  • President of the Council of Ministers
  • Chairman of the Government
  • Chairman of the Council of Ministers
  • President of the Government
  • Premier
  • First Minister and deputy First Minister (Only in Northern Ireland as they are joint head of the Northern Ireland Executive)
  • Chief Minister
  • Chief Executive
  • Chancellor
  • President of the Executive Council

Only in some countries is the head of the government is the nominal chief executive, like the Republic of Ireland. Normally the Head of State is the nominal chief executive in parliamentary or semi-presidential republics and in monarchies.

The Prime Minister is responsible to the legislature in parliamentary republics, and to the Head of State and the legislature in semi-presidential republics, and is normally nominated by the legislature and appointed by the head of state. The same applies to constitutional monarchies.

In turn the Prime Minister nominates his choice for the cabinet, with ministers and sometimes secretaries in the government departments, and also nominates a deputy, which can be the following depending on title of the head of government. The cabinet is then appointed by the Head of State.

  • Vice President of the Council of Ministers
  • Vice-Premier
  • Deputy Minister-president
  • Vice-Chairman of the Council of Ministers
  • Deputy-Chairman of the Council of Ministers
  • Vice-President of the Government
  • Deputy Premier
  • Vice Prime Minister
  • Deputy Prime Minister
  • Deputy First Minister
  • deputy First Minister
  • Deputy Chief Executive
  • Deputy Chief Minister
  • Vice Chancellor
  • Vice President of the Executive Council