Essian Commonwealth

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Essian Commonwealth
Essian: Essiase Commenssalozas
Latin: Rei Pvblicae Esiase
Esse flag.png
Flag
Ayayay.png
Emblem

Motto: "Imperium in Imperio" (Latin)
"A State within a State"

Anthem: La Fedelissima(Latin)
"The Faithful"

Map of the Essian Commonewalth.
Map of the Essian Commonwealth
(Clementines including Atlantis, Beiwing, Réma, Vespucciland, and Whesthampton)

Capital Réma
Largest city Réma (by population)
Cambridge (by land area)
Demonym Essian
Clementine
Languages Essian
English
Latin
Italian
Sanskrit
Ethnic groups 35.2% Clementines
23.5% English
17.6% American
5.9% Czech
5.9% Norwegian
11.7% Other
Government Constitutional monarchy with advisory bodies
- Monarch Henry
Legislature Parlamenzalochas
Formation 1 June 2015
- Instrument 5 June 2015
- Restoration 27 January 2017
Area 7.3 km2
Population 17 (2017)
Currency Microcoin (μ)
CGSC 4 (2017)
high
EPI 1.9 (2017)
medium
Time zone UCT
UCT-6 in Esse Proper,
UCT-6 in Stravinia,
UCT-7 in New Virginia
Website micronations.ml


Esse, officially the Essian Commonwealth (Essian: Essiase Commenssalochas), is an unrecognized state which is more commonly referred to as a micronation by external observers. Founded in North America, Esse originally declared independence from the United States in June 2015. After a period as a state of the Federated States of America followed by a stint of inactivity, the independence of Esse was reaffirmed by a Decree of Restoration decreed in January 2017. The restoration also reformed Esse into an absolute monarchy, in sharp contrast to the democratic system used originally.[1]

Esse makes up one part of a seasoned history of micronations in the area surrounding Houston, Texas, and was the first micronation to be constructed in the region following the first dissolution of the Federated States of America. Essian territory is divided between the Commonwealth and Mercia, and has in the past been part of the State of Koss, Realms of Valdsland, and most notably as a colony of Mercia. Neighboring Esse is the State of Galveston (Paravia), and less than 4 hours away is the Imperial Federation of Zenrax. [2]

Etymology

"Esse" is most known in the English-speaking world for its relation to the Spanish and Latin languages. In the former, many know "Esse" as being pronounced as "Ese," with the second "e" using the vowel "a" sound. This is a common misconception over the pronunciation of "Esse," as the state clarifies it to be pronounced akin to the letter "S" is, "ehs."

The demonym used both to describe something belonging to Esse and in the noun for (referencing a person from Esse) is "Essian." The demonym is legally used in the nation's full name, the "Essian Commonwealth."

The suffix, "Commonwealth," has historical context from Esse's early period under an elected Lord Protector, when the nation was known as the Commonwealth of Esse. Despite changes in government structure since, the nation maintains the "commonwealth" title.

History

Early Commonwealth

A painting of Walenstadt, the location of the original claim of the Commonwealth of Esse.
During the final days of the Federated States of America, while members of said micronation were knowingly faced with impending collapse, Henry Twain, then-President of the Federated States, established the Sovereign Military Order of Esse in hopes of establishing a new micronation upon the collapse of the Federated States. The collapse of the Federal government happened as expected on 1 June 2015, and on the same day Twain declared the independence of the Commonwealth of Esse from, at the time Switzerland.

With the penning of the Essian Instrument of Government nearing completion, elections were held for the head of state, the Lord Protector. Twain was the only candidate, and won the election unanimously. While serving in this post he began to push for political development of Esse and the other members of the micronation lost interest and soon were assumed to have left and renounced citizenship. Strict regulations on citizenship and immigration were enforced following the passage of policy edicts around 24 June.

A formal declaration of Independence was not made, and it was stated their to be no intention for a declaration of independence as the initial Instrument of Government acted in its place. By 28 June, it was discovered there was confusion behind the name "commonwealth." Curiosity was sparked over whether or not Esse was attempting to become a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, of which they responded no, however to avoid any confusion, Lord Protector Weishaupt passed a decree "Declaring the State formerly known as the Commonwealth of Esse to henceforth be referred to as the People's Democratic Republic of Esse."

It was around this same time when Twain lost interest in Esse and micronationalism in general, and took an indefinite hiatus between August and December 2015, though not without several attempts to resurrect the Federated States.[3]

2016 onwards

In December, the former members of the Federated States - led by Henry Twain - assembled in hopes of reincarnating the micronation which had passed earlier in the year. Work was done over the Christmas holidays to agree on a Constitution and structure. Despite wishes on the contrary by Twain, other members including Brandon Wu and John Churchill insisted that the group form a new name. The name chosen was the Atlantic Commonwealth, and the territory formerly occupied by Esse became part of the Capital district, with Twain as its Council Deputy.

A photograph outside Cambridge, Atlantis in May 2017. Cambridge has been the nation's largest city by land area since the reformations.
Twain - who was elected the first President of the Executive Council - soon became the only one interested in the project. Near March, Wu, Churchill, and others dropped out of the nation citing time restraints, leaving Twain as the only citizen of the Atlantic Commonwealth. There he proceeded to run the nation on his own for nearly two more months. It was sometime in this time frame when the Capital district was renamed Esse.

Twain dissolved the Commonwealth on 5 May 2016. Essian territory was annexed by the State of Koss following the coups in the territories held by the Realms of Valdsland and Grand Duchy of St.Clemens. Twain was pronounced Prince Henry of Valites by the Anax of Koss. There, he formed what he the modern capital of Esse, Réma. A chunk of Valites was thereafter ceded to the Kingdoms and Lands Represented in the Council of the Triarchal Crowns of the Disciples on 28 August, creating the Mercian Dominion of Esse and proclaiming Twain "Patrician-Viceroy Henry Clemens-Twain".

In December, due to inactivity, Twain was stripped of his Kossian citizenship and Valites was ceded back to the United States of America. Only shortly after, Twain returned to micronationalism. Following Twain's return to micronationalism, the reformation of the Commonwealth of Esse was announced; the recognized date of reformation became 27 January 2017. The Declaration of Restorationtherefore recognized the official dissolution of the Principality of Valites and the land's "independence from the nation's of its past."

By March 2017, the Essian Commonwealth had a total of 12 citizens and was running a variety of cultural projects, including the Amoena Simphonia and the Messenger. Twain had also been elected Vice Chairman of the Grand Unified Micronational[4]. On 12 March the nation's first codified Constitution was ratified by decree from the Monarchy.[5]

On 20 March, James Reginald Frisch was appointed to serve as the Commonwealth's inaugural Heaminister; the Codes a Clementine, the fundamental delegatory document of Lord Henry's reign, was ratified shortly after. Political tensions within the nation grew to all-time highs as the Beiwing court decision was a failure, leading to mass calls for Constitutional amendment.

At this time the Frisch administration began to rapidly expand the nation's diplomatic relations. The Galveston summit saw the Treaty of Evansberg as its result, which saw the State of Galveston become a military protectorate of the Commonwealth. Shortly following, the Treaty of New Halyards was signed, which transformed Newton County into a jointly-administered county of Esse and Uberquiesenberg. The latter state also became a military protected state of the Commonwealth.

The June 2017 general election saw the Green Party of Esse win a majority of seats in the Parlamenzalochas and establish the Second Frisch administration following Frisch's supermajority reelection. The minority party, the Democrats, suffered a major loss and would continue to struggle due to inactivity for several months after.

In August 2017, as a major part of the Green platform, the Commonwealth ratified the Micronational Declaration on Ecological Stewardship originally negotiated at MicroCon 2017.

Beginning on the weekend of 25 August and continuing through the next week, Esse was struck by Hurricane Harvey[6], marking the fledgling micronation's most catastrophic weather event. The Palazzo del Clement declared a state of disaster for six of the state's eight counties, the first being New Halyards, which sustained minor damages upon the storm's landfall only 18 miles northwards. Flooding throughout the region affected not only Esse, but also Zenrax, Paravia (through the State of Galveston), and Uberquiesenberg (through New Halyards)[7].

Foreign relations

The Essian Commonwealth establishes and maintains foreign relations with other states through its Ministry of Foreign Affairs, originally established in 2015 as the Association for the Establishment, Maintenance, and Moderation of Foreign Relations and Policy. Despite this, the authority to approve recognition, or for that matter any treaty, is left up to the Monarchy. All of the Commonwealth's foreign engagements are made through the MicroWiki community, albeit this is not a requirement. Original recognition of other states was established in 2015 upon the issue of the Instrument of Government, when eleven micronations were recognized in addition to the extension of recognition of all full United Nations member states and the Vatican City.

Historically, the Commonwealth had a central focus on relations with states such as Mercia, the Kingdom of Trebia, and the People's Republic of Bromenia, however at the time of reformation these focuses were shifted to have focus on states such as the State of Koss, Empire of Paravia, and the Republic of Mcarthia. Treaties of Mutual Recognition are usually signed in clusters, using a treaty standard which applies to most treaties. This standard is drawn from the Treaty of Mutual Recognition signed between the State of Koss and Empire of Paravia, written by then-Kossian Minister of Commerce Henry Clément.

Esse recognizes and maintains diplomatic relations with the following nations and micronations.

Administrative Divisions

The Commonwealth was divided into nearly 50 different administrative divisions throughout the month of February 2017, with a comprehensive map being constructed to determine the set borders of each division. In the latter half of the month, Lord Henry made decrees establishing three forms of divisions in the Commonwealth with different amounts of self-governance and autonomy: Counties, Hundreds, and Ridings, all of which were defined in the nation's Constitution.

Counties

Counties are the highest level of administrative division in the Essian Commonwealth, and are also the most abundant. There are exactly eleven counties in the Commonwealth, all with names derived from various sources, including Henry's past micronational ventures, ancient Roman and Latin derivatives, and local landmarks. All counties were established in one regal decree, which was made in late February.

Some counties were also parts of different micronations at one point or another. For example, Vespucciland had been territory of both the Realms of Valdsland and the Grand Duchy of St.Clemens. Southpadray shares a name with the land formerly a part of the Khanate of Nedland. Below is a list of Counties in the Essian Commonwealth, including flags, population, the date of incorporation, and the county's Warden.. The list was last updated in August 2017.

Flag County Code Capital Incorporated Pop. Macronation Warden
Atlantis2.png Atlantis AT Cambridge 27 January 2017 3 United States Brandon Wu (G)
Wings flag.png Beiwing US Wingsington 27 January 2017 2 United States James Frisch (G)
Flag Halyards Uber.png New Halyards NH Oliveira 25 May 2017 1 United States Newton von Uberquie (G)
New virginia.png New Virginia NV New Virginia 19 July 2017 2 United States Artemis Langford (G)
Vespucciland.png Réma RA Réma 27 January 2017 4 United States HIllM Lord Henry (I)
Stravinia Flag.png Stravinia ST Ozryn 19 July 2017 4 United States Alexander Gibbs (D)
Vespucciland5.png Vespucciland VP Florence 27 January 2017 2 United States Patrick Renwick (G)
Whesthampton.png Whesthampton WE Whesthampton 27 January 2017 1 United States Avro Keatings (D)

Hundreds

Hundreds are the second highest level of administrative division in the Essian Commonwealth. However, while they are considered a form of administrative division according to the Constitution of the Essian Commonwealth, there are currently no Hundreds within the boundaries of the Commownealth's claims. In the past, however, there have been several, including Herculaneum in the South Houston area.

Hundreds are, according to the Constitution, administered by the styled "Viceroy of Hundreds," who is appointed by the Essian Monarchy to oversee the day-to-day activities of all hundreds. There is, therefore, only one Viceroy at any one time. The Viceroy's powers are heavily restricted though, and much like most of the Essian government, his powers are flexible and defined mostly at the pleasure of the Monarch.

A list of Viceroys of Hundreds is as follows:

Ridings

Ridings are the smallest degree of administrative division in the Essian Commonwealth. Ridings tend to be the smallest of Essian subdivisions by land area and are therefore governed with significantly less autonomy than both counties and hundreds. While in the past there have been several ridings, at the present there is only one, Evansberg, which is also a major historical and diplomatic site due to it formerly sharing a border with the Empire of Paravia

Ridings are, according to the Constitution of the Essian Commonwealth, administered by the Essian Monarchy. While other divisions have a figurehead, whether it be a Warden or the Viceroy of Hundreds, Ridings are so small that the government considers the territories not in need of self-governance. Day-to-day activities and proceedings are managed directly by the Monarchy and, on occasion, the Heaminister.

Government

The Essian Commonwealth is a constitutional and quasi-absolute monarchy ruled by the House of Clément. Legally the throne is hereditary, however codified law enables the monarch to appoint heirs in the line of succession granted they are not given precedence above hereditary claimants. Esse officially became an absolute monarchy in January 2017, however was de facto absolutely ruled since its establishment in June 2015, at which point the Lord Protector had been responsible for all progression politically and culturally in the Commonwealth. Presently, HIllM Lord Henry is head of state as Monarch, therefore holding all privileges and duties coming with the office.[8]

The Monarch is advised by the Parlamenzalochas of the Essian Commonwealth, an advisory body composed of advisors, wardens, and viceroys. The body only holds powers delegated to it by the Constitution and the Monarch itself. The role of the Parliassam therefore differs by Monarch.

The vast majority of executive and legislative power is exercised solely by the Monarch, with the Heaminister providing much political advice as nation's closest officer to a head of government; the Monarch is, de facto, both head of state and government. There is also a Supreme and a Constitutional Court, both which have significant however restricted powers in striking down laws which justices believe infringe on the human rights listed in the state's Constitution. The courts are composed of a Supreme Justice and a Chief Justice, respectively.

Administrative divisions have limited authorities - unless given more autonomy by the Constitutional court - regarding self-governance. Counties, the highest level of administrative division in the Essian Commonwealth, are each granted a Warden to represent them in the Parlamenzalochas, though they are given nothing more than this in terms of autonomy. Hundreds and Ridings are given less autonomy, with no individual leaders for each (though Hundreds are collectively managed by the office of the Viceroy). Cities and towns both have no autonomy, however are incorporated for population-clustering and census purposes.

Political parties

While political parties have never played a major part of politics in the Essian Commonwealth, there have been several political parties in the Commonwealth's history. The longest-living party, the True Republican Party (TRP), was created as an Essian nationalist party during the days of Weishauptism. This ideology evolved into what, in 2016, became known as Essian nationalism and Lennonism. The True Republican Party, after a short revival in the early months of 2017, was disestablished and replaced with the Lennonist Partite a Essia (Lennonist Party of Esse). The third party system came into effect with the foundation of the Green Party of Esse and the the Democrats.

At the present moment, the Greens and the Democrats are the only active political parties in the Essian Commonwealth.

Party Logo Abbreviation Leader Founded Position Colours Seats
The Greens Greenparty.png G James Reginald Frisch 12 June 2017 Federalism Green
5 / 10
The Democrats Democrats2.png D Alexander Gibbs 27 January 2017 Essian nationalism Blue
2 / 10
Independent IND None 1 June 2015 None White/Gray
3 / 10

Ministries

  • Treasury - Led by the Chancellor, the Treasury of the Essian Commonwealth is responsible for management of money, particularly the levying of taxes and depiction of MarjBank, the nation's national bank.
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs - Led by the Minister of Foreign Affairs or the Chief Ambassador, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs manages foreign relations - both the establishment of and dissolution of - and defense in the Essian Commonwealth.
  • Ministry of Culture - Led by the Minister for Culture in conjunction with the Lord, the Ministry of Culture is directly and indirectly responsible for the construction of plans to continue to develop cultural projects such as the national conlang and propaganda.
  • Ministry of Cartography - Led by the Minister of Cartography, the Ministry of Cartography maps, reports, and designs the borders and land of the Essian Commonwealth in conjunction with the Monarch.
  • Ministry of Charities - Led by the Minister of Charities, the Ministry of Charities is responsible for humanitarian work in the Commonwealth.

Members of Government

Law and order

Logo of the Essian Armed Forces.

The Essian Commonwealth's foremost authority in keeping law and order in the state's territories is by way of the Constable's Office, which has existed since its establishment in June 2015. The Constables have the stated duty of day-to-day maintenance of domestic law in the Commonwealth. The Essian Armed Forces, on the other hand, played a ceremonial role in Esse up until the creation of several military protectorates in 2017, when the Essian Armed Forces organized into divisions to defend the nation from foreign and disastrous domestic threats.

The Essian Armed Forces has three divisions: one in Esse, another in Uberquiesenberg, and the third in the State of Galveston.

Geography

General characteristics

The Essian Commonwealth shares borders with two other states. The largest border area is shared with the United States of America, the nation holding sovereign claim over Essian territory. A smaller border is shared with both the Paravian State of Galveston. In the past, borders have been shared with the Republic of Galveston, Realms of Valdsland, and Mercia.

A view of Newton County in April 2017.
Throughout the territory of the Essian Commonwealth there are three defined regions. Firstly, the central region of the Commonwealth is known as the Clementines, and is the location of the vast majority of divisions and cities in the Essian Commonwealth. The second region is Southern Essia, which is the lower region and which contains New Halyards[9]. The third region, known as Upper Essia, is the northern region which contains the Counties of Stravinia and New Virginia.

Climate

The climate of the majority of Esse is similar (and in fact essentially identical) to that of its urban American neighbor, Houston. The climate is classified as humid subtropical. August normally ranks as the warmest month at 84.6°F and January the coldest month at 53.1°F. Temperature is measured in degrees Fahrenheit.[10] The current Essian lord, Henry, has often publically described the region as akin to a "swamp".

The normal annual precipitation measures 49.77in. Occasional severe weather of Houston mostly takes the form of flooding. Supercell thunderstorms sometimes bring tornadoes to the area, most commonly during spring. Esse occasionally experiences tropical cyclones during the Atlantic hurricane season, which can bring heavy rain and significant damage to the city. The last hurricane to hit the Commonwealth was Hurricane Harvey in 2017.

Most of the Commonwealth is located in the Gulf coast of the United States.

Climate data for the Clementine Sector (Intercontinental Airport), 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 28.9
(84)
32.8
(91)
35.6
(96)
35
(95)
37.2
(99)
41.7
(107)
40.6
(105)
42.8
(109)
42.8
(109)
37.2
(99)
31.7
(89)
29.4
(85)
42.8
(109)
Average high °C (°F) 17.17
(62.9)
19.06
(66.3)
22.78
(73.0)
26.44
(79.6)
30.17
(86.3)
33
(91.4)
34.28
(93.7)
34.72
(94.5)
32.06
(89.7)
27.78
(82.0)
22.5
(72.5)
17.94
(64.3)
26.5
(79.7)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.72
(53.1)
13.56
(56.4)
17.06
(62.7)
20.83
(69.5)
24.94
(76.9)
28
(82.4)
29.11
(84.4)
29.22
(84.6)
26.56
(79.8)
21.94
(71.5)
16.83
(62.3)
12.44
(54.4)
21.06
(69.9)
Average low °C (°F) 6.22
(43.2)
8.06
(46.5)
11.39
(52.5)
15.22
(59.4)
19.78
(67.6)
23.06
(73.5)
23.94
(75.1)
23.78
(74.8)
21
(69.8)
16.06
(60.9)
11.17
(52.1)
7
(44.6)
15.56
(60.0)
Record low °C (°F) -15
(5)
-14.4
(6)
-6.1
(21)
-0.6
(31)
5.6
(42)
11.1
(52)
16.7
(62)
12.2
(54)
7.2
(45)
-1.7
(29)
-7.2
(19)
-13.9
(7)
-15
(5)
Average Precipitation mm (inches) 85.9
(3.38)
81.3
(3.20)
86.6
(3.41)
84.1
(3.31)
129.3
(5.09)
150.6
(5.93)
96.3
(3.79)
95.5
(3.76)
104.6
(4.12)
144.8
(5.70)
110.2
(4.34)
95
(3.74)
1,264.2
(49.77)
Sunshine hours 143.4 155.0 192.5 209.8 249.2 281.3 293.9 270.5 236.5 228.8 168.3 148.7 2,577.9
Source: Data retrieved from Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia. retrieved August 2017.
Climate data for New Halyards (Corpus Christi Int'l), 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 32.8
(91)
36.1
(97)
38.9
(102)
38.9
(102)
39.4
(103)
41.7
(107)
40.6
(105)
41.7
(107)
42.8
(109)
38.3
(101)
36.7
(98)
32.8
(91)
42.8
(109)
Average high °C (°F) 19.39
(66.9)
21.33
(70.4)
24.39
(75.9)
27.61
(81.7)
30.33
(86.6)
32.72
(90.9)
33.94
(93.1)
34.67
(94.4)
32.28
(90.1)
29.11
(84.4)
24.44
(76.0)
20.22
(68.4)
27.56
(81.6)
Daily mean °C (°F) 13.94
(57.1)
15.83
(60.5)
18.94
(66.1)
22.44
(72.4)
25.72
(78.3)
28
(82.4)
28.83
(83.9)
29.28
(84.7)
27.28
(81.1)
23.61
(74.5)
18.94
(66.1)
14.72
(58.5)
22.28
(72.1)
Average low °C (°F) 8.44
(47.2)
10.28
(50.5)
13.5
(56.3)
17.22
(63.0)
21.11
(70.0)
23.28
(73.9)
23.78
(74.8)
23.89
(75.0)
22.22
(72.0)
18.22
(64.8)
13.44
(56.2)
9.22
(48.6)
17.06
(62.7)
Record low °C (°F) -10
(14)
-11.7
(11)
-4.4
(24)
0.6
(33)
7.2
(45)
13.3
(56)
17.8
(64)
17.8
(64)
11.1
(52)
-2.2
(28)
-2.8
(27)
-10.6
(13)
-11.7
(11)
Average Precipitation mm (inches) 39.1
(1.54)
48.8
(1.92)
48
(1.89)
46.7
(1.84)
78
(3.07)
85.3
(3.36)
70.9
(2.79)
74.2
(2.92)
126.2
(4.97)
92.5
(3.64)
50
(1.97)
46.2
(1.82)
805.9
(31.73)
Sunshine hours 140.2 155.7 198.1 208.4 234.1 290.4 328.1 299.7 244.2 231.9 170.4 135.1 2,636.3
Source: Data retrieved from Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia. retrieved August 2017.
Climate data for Stravinia (Nashville Int'l), 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.6
(78)
28.9
(84)
31.7
(89)
32.8
(91)
35.6
(96)
42.8
(109)
41.7
(107)
41.1
(106)
40.6
(105)
34.4
(94)
31.1
(88)
26.1
(79)
42.8
(109)
Average high °C (°F) 8.28
(46.9)
11
(51.8)
16.11
(61.0)
21.39
(70.5)
25.67
(78.2)
30
(86.0)
31.83
(89.3)
31.67
(89.0)
28
(82.4)
22.06
(71.7)
15.72
(60.3)
9.72
(49.5)
20.94
(69.7)
Average low °C (°F) -2
(28.4)
-0.22
(31.6)
3.89
(39.0)
8.61
(47.5)
13.78
(56.8)
18.56
(65.4)
20.83
(69.5)
20.22
(68.4)
15.94
(60.7)
9.39
(48.9)
4.11
(39.4)
-0.39
(31.3)
9.39
(48.9)
Record low °C (°F) -27.2
(−17)
-25
(−13)
-16.7
(2)
-5
(23)
1.1
(34)
5.6
(42)
10.6
(51)
8.3
(47)
2.2
(36)
-3.3
(26)
-18.3
(−1)
-23.3
(−10)
-27.2
(-17)
Average Precipitation mm (inches) 95.3
(3.75)
100.1
(3.94)
104.4
(4.11)
101.6
(4.00)
139.7
(5.50)
105.2
(4.14)
92.5
(3.64)
80.5
(3.17)
86.6
(3.41)
77.2
(3.04)
109.5
(4.31)
107.7
(4.24)
1,200.2
(47.25)
Sunshine hours 139.6 145.2 191.3 231.5 261.8 277.7 279.0 262.1 226.4 216.8 148.1 130.6 2,510.1
Source: Data retrieved from Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia. retrieved August 2017.

Natural disasters

The Essian Commonwealth is effected by several natural disasters yearly. These disasters are very diverse, with many forms of disasters ranging from droughts to hurricanes and tropical storms. This is due to, in a primary part, the micronation's location in the Gulf Coast region of the State of Texas.

The State of Texas is victim of abundant tornadoes annually. Though Esse is not located in the tornado alley region of the mid-United States, the Commonwealth is still in a zone where tornadoes are regarded as moderately common. Tornadoes have, in the past, struck several regions which are administrative divisions of the Commonwealth. Nonetheless, no significant damage from tornadoes has been recorded since the Commonwealth began recording weather records in April 2017.

Droughts, for the most part, have been uncommon since the 2010-13 Southern United States and Mexico Drought. This drought was extremely damaging, nonetheless, causing significant loss in plant life in the region now known as the Essian Commonwealth.

Perhaps the most damaging natural disasters in the Essian Commonwealth are storms. The region has been struck by hurricanes frequently in the past - causing significant damage - however up until 2017 (when Hurricane Harvey struck the region) no hurricane had hit the region since Hurricane Ike in 2008. Nonetheless, tropical cyclones are common, with one of the most significant for the region being Tropical Storm Allison in 2001.

Throughout the Commonwealth's history, weather emergency warnings have been released on several occasions.various occasions, mostly during or in preparation for dangerous thunderstorms. The landfall of Hurricane Harvey is to date the only occasion to have a state of disaster declared.

Culture

Music

The Beatles. The rock band is considered a central figure of Essian culture.
Music is a considered the most important piece of culture in the Essian Commonwealth. This opinion has been generally agreed on by the Lord himself, in addition to several intermicronational figures. Music is thought of so highly in the Commonwealth that the late Beatles guitarist, George Harrison, is considered a higher national icon than Wingy Bear

The culture is centrally fixated on music and its culture from the 1960s, with acts such as the Beatles, Creedence Clearwater Revival, and Bob Dylan playing fundamental roles. All four of the Beatles are considered national icons in their own right, though Harrison is considered the Commonwealth's foremost national icon.

Some acts from the Seventies are also included as notable figures, such as Paul McCartney & Wings, Billy Joel, and the Doobie Brothers, those in addition to the individual solo careers of the Harrison, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, and Ringo Starr.

Art

An example of Essian art.
Essian art is often simplistic and in the avant-garde style popularized in the 1960s. It is considered, by its creators, to be highly expressionist, often employing inspiration from religion, and spirituality. A popular piece of Essian art (seen on the left) displays a character, thought to represent Lord Henry, meditating below Om, surrounded by red, white, and blue color. Another art piece displays a round blue ball - representing Krishna - with yellow rays of light shining all around.

National holidays

Legislation in the Essian Commonwealth has defined sixteen nationwide holidays. Over the course of two separate royal decrees in February 2017, Lord Henry declared most all of the holidays, and established a definition for the meaning of a "national holiday." Essian holidays establish official precedence for a temporary government shutdown, with potential exceptions. An example of an exception was when the Essian government resumed operations on George's Day for GUM Quorum.

The following list is a list of national holidays in the Commonwealth.

Name Date Notes
New Year's Day January 1 The celebration of the first day of the Gregorian year.
George's Day February 25 The celebration of the birth of George Harrison
Saint Patrick's Day March 17 Celebration of the Saint Patrick.
Day of the Anax April 20 Commemoration of the Lord's time in the State of Koss.
Wingy Bear Day May 5 A day of tribute to the national personification character, Wingy Bear.
National Day June 1 Celebration of the foundation of the Commonwealth.
Saint Clement's Day June 14 The commemoration of the Grand Duchy of St.Clemens.
President's Day July 4 The celebration of the American Declaration of Independence.
Labour Day August 1 Commemoration of hard-working Essians.
Krishna Janmashtami Determined by Hindu luni-solar calendar (2017 date: 14 August) Celebration of the birth of Krishna.
Day of the Honourable September 11 Remembrance of the September 11 attacks.
Sixth of October October 6 Celebration of the history of the Commonwealth.
Diwali Determined by Hindu luni-solar calendar (2017 date: 19 October) Celebration of the victory of good over evil.
( ͡° ͜ʖ ͡°) November 18 Celebration of Lenny face.
Christmas Day December 25 Celebration of the Birth of Christ.
New Year's Eve December 31 The celebration of the last day of the Gregorian year.

References

  1. "The Commonwealth". micronations.ml. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  2. "Lord announces visit to Newton County". Messenger. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  3. "The Commonwealth - History". micronations.ml. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  4. "Sandwich TV to revive lost TV production". Messenger. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  5. "The Commonwealth - History". micronations.ml. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  6. "Hurricane bound for Esse, disaster conditions declared". Messenger.com. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  7. "Hurricane Harvey: Live updates (Archive)". Messenger.com. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  8. "Lordship". micronations.ml. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
  9. "Lord announces visit to Newton County". Messenger. Retrieved 3 May 2017.
  10. NOAA 1981-2010 normals

External links