Urabba Parks Proprietary Limited
Urabba Parks Proprietary Limited
ABN 24 159 318 859
|Motto: ΠΑΤΡΙΔΑ ΚΑΙ ΓΟΝΕΙΣ (Greek: Homeland and Parents)|
|Capital||Melbourne Note 1|
|Official languages||Urabbaparcensian English Note 2|
|Government||Federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|Realisation of Independence|
|3 July 2012|
|5 March 2021|
|0.003335 km2 (0.001288 sq mi)|
• Water (%)
• 2022 census
|Currency||Australian dollar ($) (AUD)|
|Time zone||UTC+10 (Australian Eastern Standard Time (AEST))|
• Summer (DST)
|UTC+11 (Australian Eastern Daylight Savings Time (AEDST))|
|Date format||dd/mm/yyyyNote 3|
Urabba Parks (// // ( (listen)) URE-a-bə pahrks), officially Urabba Parks Proprietary Limited, and sometimes the Hegemony of Urabba Parks, is an environmental charity and de facto sovereign micronation in south-east Australia with the overarching purpose "to advance humanity and the environment together"[Constitution 1] through charitable democracy. Urabba Parks was incorporated on 3 July 2012, registered as a charity on 3 December 2012, and established itself as a 'non-state jurisdiction' with the adoption of the current constitution on 5 March 2021. Having a of 3,335 m2 (35,900 sq ft) encompassing sites in the New Eurabba region. Urabba Parks is affiliated with the Landcare movement and participates in the MicroWiki sector as a fully autonomous and de facto sovereign Imvrassian Hegemony.
Politically, Urabba Parks is a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising the region of New Eurabba and a registered office and interim capital in Melbourne. There is provision in the micronation's constitution for the admission of other regions and territories, being jurisdictional divisions with their own governance arrangements within the federal system. Subject to the legislative power of the corporate parliament, jurisdictional divisions are responsible for the affairs of Urabba Parks falling within the territory of their division, whether it be environmental protection activities on third-party properties or the governance of properties principally occupied by Urabba Parks falling in the division.
Parks refers to the operating model of "parks", which could include open spaces but also built environments for the purpose of providing charitable services such as health and education delivered by associated entities.
Proprietary (or Pty) refers to the fact Urabba Parks is a proprietary (private) company limited by shares under Australian company law. Although most charitable companies do not issue shares, and are incorporated as companies limited by guarantee, the Constitution of Urabba Parks provides for the surplus assets usually distributed among shareholders instead to be distributed to charities chosen by shareholders.
Limited (or Ltd) refers to the fact that under Australian company law, the members of Urabba Parks are not liable for its debts if the company winds up and is unable to pay them.
|Greek||Υιοραμπα Πάρκα (official)
Ουράμπα Πάρκα (alternative)
|Υιοραμπαπάρκική (neuter), Ουράμπαπάρκική
Υιοραμπαπάρκός (masculine), Ουράμπαπάρκός Υιοραμπαπάρκίδα (feminine), Ουράμπαπάρκίδα
|우랍바박스인 (ulabbagong-won in), 우랍바공원사람 (ulabbagong-won salam), 우랍바박스사람 (ulabbapagseu salam)|
The Wiradjuri have inhabited places associated with New Eurabba for approximately 65,000 years. Permanent settlement at the current site of the village of Rankins Springs at the terminus of a railway line began in 1923. The founder and Enactor, Danny Racovolis, purchased 4 Urabba Street, a vacant quarter-acre block, in 2011.[Constitution 2] In early 2012, Racovolis decided to pursue what is now known in Urabba Parks as 'charitable democracy', having a charity nation delivering benefit to the wider community but also having a unique identity. Urabba Parks Pty Ltd was officially incorporated as a company on 3 July 2012, and was registered as a charity with the Australian Charities and Not-for-profits Commission on 3 December 2012. The original quarter-acre bock at Urabba Street was declared Urabba Street Reserve by the local authority on 27 September 2016, allowing its marking on New South Wales map, and is now simply known as Urabba.
Establishment of jurisdiction
For the first 9 years of its existence, Urabba Parks was governed by a "conventional" charitable company constitution, which was slightly modified to allow for the fact it was a proprietary company limited by shares; any share of profits and assets to the shareholders would be prohibited to establish not-for-profit status. The current constitution came into force upon the establishment of jurisdiction on 5 March 2021, when the Urabba Parks Proprietary Limited Constitution Statute 2021 was officially enacted. The constitution provides that the overarching purpose of Urabba Parks is to "to advance humanity and the environment together"[Constitution 1] through the development of charitable democracy. The constitution also codified the micronational character as being both "Hellenic"[Constitution 3] and "Landcare".[Constitution 4]
Integration into the Empire of Imvrassia
On 23 June 2022, Urabba Parks became a Hegemony of the Empire of Imvrassia, a Greek micronation established by Emperor Aggelos in 2011 under the name Hegemony of Urabba Parks. The monarch now holds the honorary title of Sebastokrator of Urabba Parks. The affiliation to Imvrassia is intended to advance the Hellenic character of Urabba Parks.
Establishment of New Eurabba
On 14 August 2022, the Grand Duchy of Flandrensis announced the creation of an ecological sanctuary at Urabba. A treaty was signed on 18 August authorising the creation of the territory of Urabba Parks called the Flandrensian Ecological County of Urabba to be affiliated with Flandrensis as a sanctuary , while respecting the Traditional Ownership of the Wiradjuri people and the status of Urabba Parks as an Imvrassian Hegemony. As a sign of appreciation, Emperor Aggelos made Grand Duke Nicholas an Archon of the Hegemony of Urabba Parks. On 4 September 2023, the sanctuary was formally renamed the Flandrensian Ecological County of New Eurabba and established as a region of Urabba Parks encompassing the surrounding local government electorate.
Geography and environment
Urabba Parks has two sites in New Eurabba, totalling 3,335 m2 (35,900 sq ft). Urabba Parks has its registered office and interim capital in MelbourneNote 1. Online activities are taken to occur in Melbourne.
Section 116 of the Constitution of Urabba Parks provides that its overarching purpose is "to advance humanity and the environment together" and also declares "that in honour of Australia and its Indigenous people," the micronation has a "Landcare" character.[Constitution 1] Urabba Parks is a member of Landcare NSW Limited, a peak body for Landcarers in New South Wales. The national colours of Urabba Parks are green and gold to represent the Australian environment, and are the colours of the flag of Urabba Parks, which was adopted along with the Constitution on 5 March 2021.
Politics and government
Urabba Parks has status in Australian law as Urabba Parks Proprietary Limited (usually abbreviated to Urabba Parks Pty Ltd) as a company registered under the Corporations Act 2001 of the Commonwealth of Australia and incorporated in the State of Victoria. Urabba Parks is registered on the Australian Business Register (ABR) with the Australian Business Number 24 159 318 859. The registered office of the company is in Melbourne. Urabba Parks is also a registered charity under the Australian Charities and Not-for-profits Commission Act 2012 of the Commonwealth and is regulated by the ACNC.
Urabba Parks is governed by a Constitution, which establishes it as a "non-state jurisdiction" with its own legal system, a Parliament, Executive Government and Judicature. The jurisdiction is created by the agreement of jurisdiction, which is contained in subsection 7(2) of the Constitution,[Constitution 5] which provides that each party agrees to appear before judicial bodies in the case of "answering any charge of an offence against the law of Urabba Parks, or any appeals from any judgment, order or sanction so given in respect of a proceeding", and to public arbitration of matters arising under the law of Urabba Parks.
Daniel Racovolis reigns as Enactor of Urabba Parks by virtue of holding foundation in Urabba Parks through his holding company D.J. Racovolis Services Pty Ltd, known unofficially as the Enactorial House of Racservia. The enactorship is, under the law of Urabba Parks, known as the Management, making it the equivalent of the Crown in Commonwealth legal systems. The monarch is an Honorary Manager and Honorary Director (a substantive appointment as a director despite the 'Honorary' designation) as well as Chairman. The monarch's designated representative in Urabba Parks by the Manager-General at the corporate level and by the managers at the divisional level, who by convention act on the advice of the ministers. Thus, in practice the Manager-General acts as a legal figurehead for the actions of the Park Minister and the Proprietary Council.
The directors of Urabba Parks include:
- Honorary Directors: Honorary Managers (including the Enactor) are appointed directors upon giving consent to their appointment[Constitution 6]
- Legislative directors: Each member of the Houses of the Parliament is appointed a legislative director[Constitution 7]
- Judicial directors: Each Director of the Court of Directors is appointed a judicial director[Constitution 8]
Federation and jurisdictional divisions
The Constitution establishes a federal system of government. Under a federal system, powers are distributed between a central government and constituent jurisdictional divisions. In Urabba Parks, that distribution is between Urabba Parks and its regions and territories. Urabba Parks has one non-territorial corporate jurisdiction, the Corporate Demesne of Urabba Parks, and one region with a physical location, the Flandrensian Ecological County of New Eurabba, originally established as a territory on 4 September 2022 and established as a region one year later, on 4 September 2023.
Legislative power is vested in the Parliament of Urabba Parks (sometimes termed the Corporate Parliament) which consists of the monarch (represented by the Manager-General), the House of Ordinaries and houses established under the law of Urabba Parks.[Constitution 9] The corporate parliament has the power to make laws in many areas such as revenue items (membership fees, income levies from associated entities), external affairs, conduct of member proceedings and the management of entities formed within Urabba Parks.[Constitution 10]
- the Proprietary Council, which in practice gives legal effect to the decisions of the cabinet, comprising the Park Minister and other ministers of corporation appointed by the manager-general on the advice of Parliament
- Departments of Corporation, headed by Ministers of Corporation
- the external service, including representatives and consultants accredited to other jurisdictions
- the Urabbaparcensian Defence Service, the main corporate operating arm
- the law enforcement service, that enforces corporate laws
- the corporate service, which is the civil service for Urabba Parks
- consultative bodies of the Government, which are comprised of stakeholders who advise ministers and government entities
Some agencies of the Executive Government are in the independent management service, with constitutional protection against removal by the responsible minister without the recommendation of the Parliament of Urabba Parks.
Each person who enters Urabba Parks or becomes a member is subject to the agreement of jurisdiction contained in the Constitution,[Constitution 5] which requires a person to appear when required as an accused or to give evidence to judicial bodies when required.
The judicial system is headed by the Court of Directors.[Constitution 12] The minister responsible for the judiciary is the Advocate-General, the Corporate Government's Chief Law Officer. The Directors of the Court are directors and charity trustees of Urabba Parks,[Constitution 8] and are appointed by the Manager-General in Council upon presentation of a member holding service membership (redeemable preference shares) of Urabba Parks.[Constitution 13]
The Parliament also has the power to create other courts, which also consist of judicial officers appointed upon presentation of service members with rights of presentation to the Manager-General in Council for appointment as a member of the court. In most cases the presenter is the judicial officer themselves, however in some cases another person or a company may present a qualified person for appointment. While the Manager-General in Council is not obliged to appoint a person so presented, the cessation of the presentation of an incumbent judicial officer by the presenter has the effect of ceasing the appointment.[Constitution 14] The Constitution provides for the admission of corporate advocates to the Urabbaparcensian Bar presented by a service member and of visiting advocates to represent parties to judicial proceedings in the courts.[Constitution 15]
Urabbaparcensian Governance Service
There is an independent governance service (known as the Urabbaparcensian Governance Service (UGS)) which is headed by the Visitatorial Commission,[Constitution 16] and includes other agencies such as Inquiries Urabba Parks (which conducts Enactorial Commissions, similar to Royal Commissions in Australia). Senior members of the Urabbaparcensian Governance Service are removable only with a vote of the Houses of the Parliament on the advice of the Visitatorial Commission. The Visitatorial Commission also reports to Parliament on its parliamentary performance in relation to adherence to Chapter 9 of the Constitution (including the Urabba Parks Bill of Rights), matters raised by the independent governance service, distribution of surpluses through charity distributions and matters referred to it by Parliament.
Urabba Parks participates in the micronational community as a Hegemony of the Empire of Imvrassia under the name Hegemony of Urabba Parks, a status obtained on 23 June 2022. The micronational diplomatic relations of Urabba Parks are the responsibility of the Emperor of Imvrassia. As a Hegemony, On 18 August 2022, Urabba Parks entered into a treaty establishing Urabbaparcensian sites within New Eurabba as an ecological sanctuary affiliated with the the Grand Duchy of Flandrensis.
The Urabba Parks Operations Network (UPON), which includes branches of the Urabbaparcensian Defence Service (UDS) and private services, contributes to the civil defence of Australia and its regional and global allies through environmental protection and rejuvenation, research and safety. UPON has designated branches in land, water, air, space and cyber spheres. The responsible minister for the UDS is the Minister of Operations who administers the Department of Operations which along with the UDS forms the Urabbaparcensian Defence Organisation.
|Urabba Parks Land Service (UPLS)||Urabbaparcensian Army||Landcare operations, mainly outside Urabba Parks and with the landholder's consent|
|Urabba Parks Ranger Service (UPRS)||Landcare operations and park user management, mainly within Urabba Parks (with an option to deploy to other landholders when needed)|
|Urabba Parks Nautical Service (UPNS)||Enactorial Urabbaparcensian Navy (EUN)||Water-based environmental protection and research activities and logistical support to other branches|
|Urabba Parks Coastcare Service (UPCS)||Coastcare operations, mainly outside Urabba Parks and with the landholder's consent|
|Urabba Parks Surf Life Saving (UPSLS)||Small boat patrols and assistance to surf life saving clubs|
|Urabba Parks Space Operations Group (UPSOG)||Enactorial Urabbaparcensian Air Service (EUAS)||Air-based environmental protection and research activities and logistical support to other branches|
|Enactorial Urabbaparcensian Outer Space Service (EUOSS)||Space-based environmental protection and research activities and logistical support to other branches|
|Enactorial Urabbaparcensian Cyber Service (EUCS)||Protection of information and communications technology resources|
Campus government in Urabba Parks is mentioned in the Constitution.[Constitution 17] A municipal district of Urabba Parks, the Campus of Rankins Springs, within New Eurabba, has local authority in the affairs of Urabba Parks in the locality surrounding Urabba.
Urabba Parks is exempt from Australian income tax as a charitable institution as it is registered with the Australian Charities and Not-for-profits Commission. As a registered charity, Urabba Parks must be not-for-profit and work towards its charitable purpose, and must be able to demonstrate this and provide information about its purposes to the public. The main charitable object of Urabba Parks is to operate the Flandrensian Ecological County of Urabba for the benefit of the general public. The main activities of Urabba Parks include Landcare and civil defence operations through the Urabba Parks Operations Network.
Urabba Parks Pty Ltd is limited by shares, meaning that the liability of members is limited to the amount (if any) unpaid on their shares. Most shares are issued 'paid up' with no such liability. This is in contrast with most charitable companies which are limited by guarantee and do not have a share structure. As of 8 September 2022, the sole member of Urabba Parks Pty Ltd is D.J. Racovolis Services Proprietary Limited (as the Enactorial House of Racservia).
In the capital structure of Urabba Parks, there are four types of membership:
- Honorary membership (bonus shares), being paid up from retained earnings
- Service membership (redeemable preference shares), being redeemable (i.e. repayable) to the shareholder for the amount paid up upon winding up or on the shareholder's request, with applications for redemption being placed in a redemption queue
- Patron membership (non-redeemable preference shares), where the shareholder has the right to nominate the amount paid up on the shares to their chosen charity upon winding up
- Ordinary membership, where shareholders are entitled to chose the charities to receive assets remaining net assets after the payment of debts (including those related to service membership) to their charities in proportion to their shareholding. Only voting ordinary members (who do not hold any right to succeed to the enactorship or any other title) may elect members of the House of Ordinaries.
Urabba Parks is required to distribute its net assets after the payment of debts (including those related to service membership) to charities upon winding-up, and not pay any dividends. However upon dissolution the funds are divided among recipient charities nominated by ordinary members in proportion to their shareholding, subject to the special rights of patron members. In addition, there is a system in Urabba Parks, known as charity distributions, where by Urabba Parks may declare an amount as a charity distribution, apply it to giving accounts and giving pools allocated to members. Funds in giving accounts and giving pools are then paid to charities nominated by the members.
Urabba in Rankins Springs, New Eurabba (listed in some maps as Urabba Street Reserve, Flandrensian Ecological County of New Eurabba, Urabba Parks Pty Ltd and Urabba Street Landcare) is open to the public all days of the year, and a person may enter provided the person is not excluded, suspended or disqualified from the proceedings of Urabba Parks under Urabbaparcensian law. Although Urabba is open 24 hours a day, park users are advised not to loiter in or around the territory after dark or in the early hours of the morning as to avoid disturbing local residents.
The founder of Urabba Parks, Danny Racovolis, in honour of his grandfather J.P. Racovolis, declared in the constitution his intention the micronation has a Hellenic character in terms of ethnicity. Urabba Parks is affiliated with another micronation located in Greece, the Empire of Imvrassia, as a Hegemony. The affiliation with Imvrassia is intended to advance the Hellenic character of Urabba Parks. However, as an environmental charity, Urabba Parks does not have any permanent inhabitants of territory under its jurisdiction, and as such the private residences of Urabbaparcensians are not considered part of the micronation's integral territory. For the purposes of law of the Empire of Imvrassia, the population of the Hegemony of Urabba Parks consists of Racovolis as Sebastokrator of the Hegemony, along with other people declared by Urabba Parks to be part of its population. The constitution provides for the declaration of Urabbaparcensian Associates, however membership of Urabba Parks is also required to vote in elections.
Many of the national symbols of Urabba Parks reflect the declared intentions of Danny Racovolis as founder of Urabba Parks. The house mark, the Urabbaparcensian Cross, is a is a monogrammatic cross or Staurogram (which is a typographic ligature composed of a superposition of the Greek letters tau (Τ) and rho (Ρ)), with the 'T' joined by a demi-circle. The Coat of arms of Urabba Parks is an emblem featuring a chevron of five Commonwealth Stars (of seven points) between three Urabbaparcensian Crosses, the crest is a glossy black cockatoo ducally gorged and holding in its dexter claw a branch of Olive proper, while the supporters by two human figures, namely a Athena Urabbanakis holding in her dexter hand a spade ensigned with the Plate of Representation, the symbol of the monarchy of Urabba Parks, and another human figure in corresponding attire.
The main language of Urabba Parks is Urabbaparcensian English, a slightly modified version of Australian English, however this does not have any official legal status. There has also information relating to the micronation published in the Italian language.
Under section 116 of the Constitution, the Parliament cannot mandate religious observance or a religious test for its members.[Constitution 18] However, the Constitution also designates an entity, the Church in Urabba Parks, which claims to be under the spiritual jurisdiction of the Greek Orthodox Archdiocese of Australia, with St Paul the Apostle as the patron saint of Urabba Parks.[Constitution 19]
Culture and media
Urabbaparcensian culture is primarily an Australian culture, originally derived from United Kingdom but also influenced by the unique geography of Urabba Parks and the cultural input of Aboriginal and other Greek people. As an environmental organisation, Urabba Parks bases its culture in circularity, reusing existing materials and methods where practicable. Circularity is present in Urabbaparcensian art through the practice of reusing existing materials and methods, where practicable, in representing the contemporary nature of the Flandrensian Ecological County of Urabba in Rankins Springs and the aspirations of Urabba Parks as a micronation.
Urabba Parks operates the Australian Legislation Website, which provides links to Australian legal resources (in addition to providing authorised versions of Urabbaparcensian Government laws for download), in addition to a number of social media channels. Urabbaparcensian sport takes the form of involvement in fantasy leagues and tipping competitions. On 12 July 2022, Enactor Danny Racovolis entered Urabba Parks FC (now the Urabba Parks Cockatoos) in the 2022/23 season of the MicroNations League Trophy, a Premier League fantasy football competition, marking the involvement in intermicronational sporting competitions. On 15 August 2022, Urabba Parks was admitted as a member of the Micronationalist Martial Arts Association. In 2023, Urabba Parks won the inaugural MicroAFL League Championship.
- 1. ^ Under section 125 of the Constitution, the Parliament sits at Melbourne until a Seat of Government is determined by Parliament or some other place chosen by the Manager‑General.[Constitution 20]
- 2. ^ Urabbaparcensian English is a de facto official language due to its widespread use.
- 3. ^ There is no official all-numeric date format for Urabba Parks, but government recommendations generally follow Australian date and time notation.
- Box 4 folder 2: New South Wales place names, 1899-1903 - page 30. State Library of New South Wales Transcription Tool. Retrieved 1 August 2022
- Nunn, Patrick (2018). The Edge of Memory: Ancient Stories, Oral Tradition and the Post-Glacial World. Bloomsbury Publishing. p. 16. ISBN 978-1-4729-4327-9. https://books.google.com/books?id=Z4xaDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT16.
- Fagan, Brian M.; Durrani, Nadia (2018). People of the Earth: An Introduction to World Prehistory. Taylor & Francis. pp. 250–253. ISBN 978-1-351-75764-5. https://books.google.com/books?id=W0NvDwAAQBAJ&pg=PT250.
- Charity register >> Urabba Parks Pty Ltd >> History. Retrieved 27 July 2022
- Carrathool Shire Council: Minute No 0027, 27 September 2016: Council Support for Naming Proposal
- https://urabbaparks.org.au/Hegemony.pdf Decree 132 of the Empire of Imvrassia - Foundation and establishment of the Hegemony of Urabba Parks. urabbaparks.org.au. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
- Grand Duchy of Flandrensis: Overseas Territories. Retrieved 15 August 2022.
- Treaty on Corporation and Establishment of the Ecological County (Sanctuary) of Urabba. Australian Legislation Website. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
- Decree 134 of the Empire of Imvrassia - Appointment of Archon. urabbaparks.org.au. Retrieved 16 September 2022.
- Current details for ABN 24 159 318 859. Generated 8 September 2022.
- Charity register >> Urabba Parks Pty Ltd. Retrieved 26 July 2022
- Memorandum of the Mesazon of the Empire of Imvrassia relating to the counting of population dated 17 September 2022. urabbaparks.org.au. Retrieved 17 September 2022.
- Contea Ecologica di Urabba. Retrieved 3 September 2022.
- Urabba Parks FC. Retrieved 26 July 2022
- Member states. Micronationalist Martial Arts Association. Retrieved 15 August 2022
- Lordship Watitune, New Weddington Isles. ROUND 24 ROUND-UP (Facebook post). Retrieved 30 August 2023.
- Paragraph 112(1)(a)
- Introductory Speech to the Urabba Parks Proprietary Limited Constitution Bill 2021
- Paragraph 112(1)(b)
- Paragraph 112(1)(c)
- Subsection 7(2)
- Subsection 17(1)
- Subsection 21(1)
- Subsection 70(1)
- Section 1
- Section 51
- Section 61
- Section 71
- Section 72
- Subsection 11(3)
- Items 3.1.7.x and item3.1.8.x of the table in subsection 70(5)
- Section 100
- Section 111
- Subsection 116(3)
- Subsection 116(4)
- Section 125
- Urabba Parks Proprietary Limited, Advocate-General's Department, (commissioning body.); Urabbaparcensian Company Secretary (2021), The Constitution as in force on 5 March 2021 : together with resolution adopting the Constitution, proclamation declaring the establishment of jurisdiction, letters patent relating to the grant of Arms and Crest to Daniel James Racovolis, Gentleman, Constitution (Manager‑General) Letters Patent 2021 as in force on 5 March 2021, Racomedia, retrieved 11 October 2022CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)
- Racovolis, Daniel James; Urabba Parks Proprietary Limited, (commissioning body.) (2022), Introductory Speech and Explanatory Memorandum to the Urabba Parks Proprietary Limited Constitution Bill 2021, Racomedia, retrieved 18 September 2022