Grand Duchy of Australis

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Grand Duchy of Australis
Succeeded by Swannia
2020–2021
Coat of arms
Coat of arms
Motto
Consociati fideles perstemus
(English: United together let us remain steadfast)
Capital New Yera
Languages English, Afrikaans, and Dutch
Demonym Australisian
Government Semi-constitutional monarchy
Grand Duke
 •  (2020-2021) Daniel Hamilton
Margrave
 •  (2021) Patrick Kenny
Prime Minister
 •  2020 Jared B
 •  2020 Patrick Kenny
 •  2021 Cameron Koehler
 •  2021 Rory McPhail
 •  2021 Tucker Gladden
 •  2021 Isaiah David
History
 •  Founded as Commonwealth of Australis 8 April 2020
 •  Unified Royal States proclaimed 6 May 2021
 •  Duchy proclaimed 28 May 2021
 •  Succeeded by Swannia 8 September 2021

Australis, officially the Grand Duchy of Australis and also known as the Unified Royal States of Australis, was a self-declared sovereign nation, more commonly known as a micronation to external observers. Australis declared independence on 8 April 2020. Australis is primarily located in the southwestern region of Australia. Australis is composed of three states, one crown dependency, and one territory. The capital city of Australis, New Yera, is located in the Australisian state of Amicitia.

Australis is a semi-constitutional monarchy, with its monarch being the Grand Duke of Australis. Currently, the reigning Grand Duke is Daniel I, who ascended to the throne on 28 May 2020. The legislature of Australis is unicameral, with the House of Commons, led by the seventh person to hold the office of Prime Minister, Tucker Gladden. In addition, the Privy Council of Australis holds significant power in the nation, with the ability to veto and propose legislation, if granted royal assent.

Australis frequents high positions on intermicronational rankings of performance. It placed second in the December 2020 Cupertino Member Positivity Survey, earning 114 points. Furthermore, Australis ranks 4.40 on the Categoric-Gradial System of Classification, placing it in the 'Very High' category. On Roscoe's Scale of Micronational Seriousness, Australis scores 3.60, placing it in the 'High' category. In addition, Australis scores 4.60 on Freayth's System of Classification. Australis has held full membership in the Cupertino Alliance and Grand Unified Micronational since July and November 2020, respectively. Australis is a member of the Constantia Pact, a diplomatic pact between several nations connected via the micronational social club The Fun Gang. Due to its participation in the GUM and the CA, in addition to its high rankings and relative influence of its leader, Australis can be described as a micronational power.

Etymology

A 1618 map depicting Australia as Terra Australis Incognita

The name Australis was chosen by Daniel Hamilton. The name Australis is derived from Terra Australis Incognita's historical term, meaning 'Unknown Southern Land'. This name was given to a hypothetical undiscovered continent, that was later found to be Australia. Australis was also chosen to be the name as it fits with the Latin naming scheme that was used in the early history of the nation. [1]

History

Pentarchy Era (April-May 2020)

The Pentarchy Era commenced with the establishment of Australis. On 8 April 2020, the Commonwealth of Australis was established by a group of five people - Daniel Hamilton, Alison Mitchell, Anica Weck, Roberto Flamenco, and Caitlyn Azar. [2] These five people comprised the Pentarchy - an executive and legislative governing body of five equal individuals tasked with running Australis. The week following the founding of Australis saw massive population inflation, with the population almost tripling, reaching 13 citizens by 17 April. On 18 April, Australis created the first version of its MicroWiki page to further its foreign relations. It is also around this time when Australis joined the Organization of Allied Micronations, a now-defunct micronational organization, as a founding member. Australis' membership in this early phase opened gateways and set a standard for future Australisian diplomacy. Within its first month, Australis opened diplomatic partnerships with the now-defunct Republic of Suverska, the Union of Jutar, Commonwealth of Rhodesia and Imperium Aquilae.

During this time, Pentarchy members Roberto Flamenco and Anica Weck resigned, and were replaced by Sinead Hamilton and Carlo Olivier In an election that held many former powerful figures of government such as Jared B and Xavier Martin. Towards the end of April, the Pentarchy held an election to form a separate legislative branch of government. Initially, this legislative branch consisted of five seats. The election had two political parties contesting government - the left-wing Australisian Libertarian-Socialist Party and the right-wing Australisian Liberal Party. The Libertarian Socialist Party, backed by four of the five Pentarchy members, won with an absolute majority vote, with no seats being gained by the Liberal Party. On 6 May, the Australisian Parliament was dissolved and political parties were outlawed by the Pentarchy, to 'maintain the political and social goals of Australis'. The system was replaced by a Governor system, with one person each representing their respective state, appointed by the Pentarchy. This system held similarities to the transitionary eras` meritocratic system.

Also coinciding with this date was the day Australis changed its official name, from the Commonwealth of Australis to the Unified Royal States of Australis, due to the name being easily confused with the Commonwealth of Australia. From 6 to 28 May, Australis was experiencing instability within the government. The Pentarchy was viewed by the citizen base to be failing, as Daniel Hamilton was performing most of the work of developing and running Australis. The other five members at that point participated very little in Australis. In a last-ditch effort to keep the Pentarchy stable and to reignite activity, a vote was passed to make Daniel the Head of the Pentarchy, which in doing so violated the original purpose of the Pentarchy, to have five equal rulers. In addition to this, two high-ranking individuals within Australis, initially gaining power in the April election, were appointed as advisors to the Pentarchy. These were Xavier Joubert and Jared B. Despite the best efforts of the Pentarchy and its advisors, it ultimately collapsed on the 28th of May 2020, after Daniel guaranteed Jared the role of Chancellor, if he helped lobby members of the Pentarchy to vote to dissolve the Pentarchy in a vote. The vote was passed unanimously, due to the other members believing that the nation would operate smoothly under the rule of Daniel Hamilton.

Transitory Era (June-August 2020)

The Transitory Era, also known as the Early-Hamilton Era, was a time of change and growth in Australis, following the transition of Australis from a Pentarchy into a Grand Duchy, the strengthening of foreign relations with the Kingdom of Australand, and the admittance of Australis as a member of the Cupertino Alliance. Following the dissolution of the Pentarchy, Daniel Hamilton ascended to the throne as the first Grand Duke of Australis. At this time, the Australisian Government was relatively undeveloped, with many Pentarchy Era policies and initiatives still in place. To begin changing these old policies, Daniel appointed Jared B, former Prime Minister of Australis and later Advisor to the Pentarchy as the first Chancellor of Australis. The final major change to Government during this era was the de-democratization of Australis, with the Australis Leadership Council becoming a Meritocracy based Government. [3] During August, the State Revitalization Program was established, an initiative intended to promote cultural growth and activity, as well as developing the nation, on the state level, however, this program soon saw inactivity. Also in August, the Department of Immigration and Foreign Affairs launched a trial of paper-based citizenship application forms - this saw a rapid spike in population. The trial was seen as a success, and the program was further developed. However, population was not in direct correlation with activity and little to no new citizens ever participated in the wellbeing of Australis before the wipeout in December 2020.

Influential Era (September-November 2020)

The Influential Era, also known as the Pre-Democratic Era of Australis, is an era that has seen a rapid increase in Australisian influence and popularity. The most notable events that have occurred in this era are the acceptance of Australis into the Grand Unified Micronational, the milestone of six months since Australisian independence, and multiple treaties being signed with significant nations.

In early September, the Australisian autonomous territory of Nullus declared dissolution due to no longer having any dedicated citizens willing to run the territory. Due to this, the territory belonging to Nullus was revoked, returning the territory to the control of Australia. Shortly after this, another territory, situated northeast of Amicitia, was scouted and annexed by the Grand Duke. The territory was originally to be. During September, Australis signed and ratified treaties with the Commonwealth of Naveria, Misberia, United Kingdoms of Greater Monmark and the Kingdom of West Sayville, on the 9th, 10th, 29th, and 30th, respectively. Other notable events that occurred in September included the acceptance of Australis into the League of Independent Nations, the first Parliamentary session being held in Belvoir, Australis, and the introduction of the honorary subject system within Australis.

In October, Australis was an active contributor and supporter of the production of the La Salle Convention, directed by Sertor Valentinus, with Australis being an original signatory to the convention. The convention was ratified by the Australisian Government on 8 October, coinciding with the day commemorating six months since Australisian independence. For the six-month celebrations, the Australis Times released a special article documenting the history of Australis since its establishment. October saw a great expansion of the foreign relations of Australis, with Patrick Kenny, former Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Australand, becoming the Minister for Foreign Affairs, and initiating a major reform of the Australisian diplomacy process to stamp out simulationists from Australis. [4] One of the most significant events in October was the acceptance of Australis as a provisional member of the Grand Unified Micronational.

November saw the expansion of Australis into Europe, with the territory of Beacon being annexed in the United Kingdom. Following this, six honorary subjects in the United Kingdom, relatives of the Grand Duke, were accepted into Australis. Shortly afterwards, Australis was upgraded to a full member of the Grand Unified Micronational. Following the resignation of incumbent Chancellor Jared B on 8 November, Patrick Kenny, a government member, was appointed by the Grand Duke. During November under the Kenny Administration, Australis signed a treaty of mutual recognition with the Iceni Federal Republic, and the government was overhauled. This Government overhaul included a cabinet reshuffle, as well as the renaming, creation, and dissolution of departments.

Early Democratic Era (January 2021-Present)

On 16 June 2021, the first constitution of Australis was passed following several weeks of scrutiny from both the House of Commons and Privy Council.

Government and politics

Monarch

The Monarch of Australis is the Grand Duke of Australis. The current Grand Duke is Daniel Hamilton, styled HRH Daniel I. Following the dissolution of the Australisian Pentarchy in May 2020, Daniel ascended to the throne as its founder on 28 May 2020. Until January 2021, he reigned absolute, however agreed to apply limitations to his power in the Early Democratic Era.

The Margrave of Australis is the heir presumptive for the throne of the Grand Duke. The current Margrave is Patrick Kenny, Lord-President of the Australisian Privy Council.

Privy Council

The Australisian Privy Council is the highest decision-making body in Australis. While it acts primarily as an advisory body to the Crown, it is also the primary legislative body of Australis. Similar to a Cabinet, several members of the Privy Council hold Secretary positions for several Government departments. Secretaries are equivalent to Ministers in other nations Governments. At present, eight members make up the Privy Council, including His Royal Majesty the Grand Duke of Australis, Daniel I. The Chief of Staff of the Privy Council, Liam I, is responsible for the appointment and dismissal of Secretaries from the members of the Privy Council.

The Privy Council was established on 3 January 2021, following the dissolution of the previous government, the Australisian Legislative Council, following concerns that the nation had become inactive, and that such a change was vital to reviving the nation back to activity.

House of Commons

The House of Commons is the legislative body of government in Australis. Elections were last held on 23 January 2021, however, several by-elections have since occurred to fill various vacancies and new seats. The House has seven seats, of which two are currently vacant.

The House consists of a majority held by a coalition of two MPs for the Australisian Loyalist Front, one MP for the Liberal Democratic Party, and one Independent MP. The Opposition consists of one MP for the Conservative Party.

Foreign relations

Australis maintains an open foreign policy. The Department of Foreign Affairs is responsible for making decisions on foreign policy and forming mutual recognition and relations with other nations. The earliest organization that Australis was involved in was the Organization of Allied Micronations, which later was disbanded. Today, Australis is a member of multiple organizations, some of the most notable being the Cupertino Alliance and the Grand Unified Micronational. Australis applied to become a member of the Cupertino Alliance on 8 July 2020. Shortly after the application was received, on 15 July 2020, Australis became a full member state of the Cupertino Alliance. [5] From early February to late April 2021, the Department of Foreign Affairs was closed as a result of a lack of a suitable treaty template for signing treaties of mutual recognition. As a result, no official diplomacy was conducted during this time, except for participation in micronational organisations. This period ended with tbe naming of Daniel Hamilton as Chief Ambassador of Australis, and a subsequent total redesign of the Department of Foreign Affairs, in which it was renamed to the Department of Immigration and Foreign Affairs (DIFA). In addition, a new template for treaties was created. The first treaty to be ratified under the new system was with the Co-operative Republic of Wendatia, on 31 May 2021.

Flag Name Treaty Ratified
Bilateral Recognition
2020 Suverska Flag.png Republic of Suverska 18 April 2020
Civil Flag of Imperium Aquilae.png Imperium Aquilae 5 May 2020
Kingdom of Australand.jpg Kingdom of Australand 16 June 2020
Flag of Vishwamitra.svg State of Vishwamitra 26 August 2020
Flag of Ebenthal.svg Kingdom of Ebenthal 3 September 2020
New Monmarkian Imperial Standard.png Monmarkian Empire 29 September 2020
WestSay.png Kingdom of West Sayville 30 September 2020
Flag of the Iceni Kingdom.png State of Iceni 17 November 2020
Flag of Ikonia (Pantone).svg Kingdom of Ikonia 9 December 2020
Atiera flag.svg Kingdom of Atiera 4 January 2021
Flag of the Commonwealth of Essexia.svg Commonwealth of Essexia 21 January 2021
Flag of Snagov.svg Snagovian Federal Republic 28 January 2021
Flag of Wendatia.svg Co-operative Republic of Wendatia 31 May 2021
Northwood-oregon (2).svg Kingdom of Northwood-Oregon 17 June 2021
Flag of Aenopia.svg Empire of Aenopia 3 July 2021
Flag of Oskonia.svg Kingdom of Oskonia 14 July 2021
Revalian flag.png Revalian Kingdom 22 August 2021
Flag v2.png Free Nation of New Athens 22 August 2021
Flag of Novus Hierosolymis.png Most Holy Kingdom of Novus Hierosolymis 23 August 2021
WPFlag2.svg Waterside Park 23 August 2021

Participation in intermicronational organisations

Name Logo Status Date Notes
Cupertino Alliance Cupertinologo2.svg Full membership 15 July 2020 See Australis and the Cupertino Alliance
Constantia Pact ConpactGlobe.png Full membership 23 October 2020 Founding member
Grand Unified Micronational [6] GUM logo transparent.png Full membership 4 November 2020 See Australis and the GUM

Participation in multilateral agreements

Name Date ratified Notes
Wrythe Convention 16 May 2020
Edgbaston Convention 24 September 2020
La Salle Convention 8 October 2020 Original signatory
Montediszamble Convention 23 November 2020
Sough2020 Convention on Global Climate Change N/A Participated in talks, never ratified

Geography

Australis is primarily situated on the Swan Coastal Plain, a relatively infertile, sandy lain on the western coast of Western Australia, to the west of the the west of the Darling Scarp, a steep escarpment once forming the shoreline of Western Australia during the last ice age. The land on which Australis stands was once roamed by the Whadjuk and Wardandi tribes for tens of thousands of years before the European colonisation of Western Australia.

Climate

In the Western Australian territories of Australis, Australis experiences two different Köppen climate types. In the northern regions of Australis, nearby to the city of Perth, Western Australia, a Csa (hot-summer Mediterranean) climate is experienced. However, in Australis Town and North Constantia, a Csb (warm-summer Mediterranean) climate is experienced. On average, the northern regions experience 868mm (34in) of rain per year.

Climate data for Amicitia, Australis
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 45.8
(114.4)
46.7
(116.1)
42.4
(108.3)
39.5
(103.1)
34.3
(93.7)
28.1
(82.6)
26.3
(79.3)
30.0
(86)
34.2
(93.6)
37.3
(99.1)
40.4
(104.7)
44.2
(111.6)
46.7
(116.1)
Average high °C (°F) 31.2
(88.2)
31.6
(88.9)
29.6
(85.3)
25.9
(78.6)
22.3
(72.1)
19.5
(67.1)
18.4
(65.1)
19.1
(66.4)
20.4
(68.7)
23.4
(74.1)
26.8
(80.2)
29.3
(84.7)
24.8
(76.6)
Average low °C (°F) 18.1
(64.6)
18.4
(65.1)
16.8
(62.2)
13.8
(56.8)
10.4
(50.7)
8.6
(47.5)
7.9
(46.2)
8.3
(46.9)
9.5
(49.1)
11.6
(52.9)
14.4
(57.9)
16.4
(61.5)
12.8
(55)
Record low °C (°F) 8.9
(48)
8.7
(47.7)
6.3
(43.3)
4.1
(39.4)
1.3
(34.3)
−0.7
(30.7)
0.0
(32)
1.3
(34.3)
1.0
(33.8)
2.2
(36)
5.0
(41)
6.6
(43.9)
-0.7
(30.7)
Average Rainfall mm (inches) 19.1
(0.752)
13.4
(0.528)
19.7
(0.776)
35.2
(1.386)
87.7
(3.453)
127.3
(5.012)
144.5
(5.689)
125.5
(4.941)
82.8
(3.26)
38.8
(1.528)
21.7
(0.854)
10.9
(0.429)
733.2
(28.866)
Average precipitation days 2.9 2.3 4.5 6.8 11.2 14.5 17.2 15.9 14.6 9.2 5.5 3.5 108.1
Sunshine hours 356.5 319.0 297.6 249.0 207.0 177.0 189.1 223.2 231.0 297.6 318.0 356.5 3,221.5
Source: Bureau of Meteorology[7][8]
Temperatures: 1993–2020; Extremes: 1897–2020; Rain data: 1993–2020; Relative humidity: 1994–2011

Regions

Australis is composed of three states, one Crown dependency, and 1 territory. States are claimed areas of Australis that have a significant population.

Flag Coat of Arms Name Date Admitted Capital Official(s)
States
Third Flag of Amicitia.png Coat of Arms of Amicitia.svg Amicitia 10 April 2020 New Yera Duke
• Lord Casper
Members of Parliament
Hon. Tucker Gladden
Hon. James Bornstein
4th Flag of Integritas.png None Integritas 10 April 2020 Western Jarrahview Duke
Lord Patrick
Members of Parliament
• Hon. Isaiah Burdette
• Hon. Rory McPhail
Flag of New Eiffel.svg None New Eiffel 13 February 2021 None Duke
• Vacant
Members of Parliament
Hon. Cristian Dobrev
Hon. Matthew G
Crown Dependencies
None Austral-Garuda 3 November 2020 None Governor
Max Baez

Demographics

All national demographics are operated by Statistic-Dime, a government-owned company, widely regarded as the most influential and successful statistical organisation in the community. While no census has ever officially occurred in Australis, citizenship applications serve to collect statistical and demographical information on citizens.

Population

In April 2020, the month when Australis was founded, the nation recorded its largest-ever population gain, growing from 0 to 28 by the end of the month. The population continued to climb until May 2020 when population growth began to slow down. By the end of December 2020, the nation had reached over 70 citizens, however, the population decreased rapidly as a result of a 'citizenship purge', requiring all citizens to renew their citizenship to remain citizens of Australis, which received a relatively poor turnout, bringing the population down to 17. However, the population began to climb again, sitting at 33 citizens as of February 2021.

Population
YearPop.±%
April 2020 28—    
May 2020 46+64.3%
June 2020 46+0.0%
July 2020 53+15.2%
August 2020 61+15.1%
September 2020 62+1.6%
October 2020 69+11.3%
November 2020 65−5.8%
December 2020 17−73.8%
January 2021 28+64.7%
February 2021 38+35.7%
March 2021 42+10.5%
April 2021 45+7.1%
Information taken from end of each month.

Nationalities

Macronations of residence for Australissian citizens
Position Nation Number of Citizens
1 Australia 11 (33.33%)
1 United States 11 (33.33%)
3 United Kingdom 5 (15.15%)
4 Bangladesh 1 (3.03%)
4 Canada 1 (3.03%)
4 Czech Republic 1 (3.03%)
4 France 1 (3.03%)
4 India 1 (3.03%)
4 Romania 1 (3.03%)

Intermicronational rankings

Culture

Australis has a semi-constructed culture. The languages of the nation were taken from the primary languages spoken by the founders of Australis, and several other cultural features, such as national dishes and national plants, were brought over from the culture of Western Australia.

Languages

According to a survey conducted in October 2020, an estimated 24% of citizens are capable of speaking fluent Afrikaans, while 100% of citizens are capable of speaking English fluently. Both languages are designated as official languages, however, English is the dominant, preferred language throughout the nation. In addition, to preserve native Australian culture, Nyungar, a native language spoken by Aboriginal Australians in the Southwestern region of Australia was designated as a recognised regional language, despite there currently being no native speakers of the language within Australis.

One of the national animals of Australis, the Eastern Grey Kangaroo.

National symbols

The national animals of Australis are the Western Grey Kangaroo and the Numbat. These animals are endemic to the Australian continent and widespread throughout Australis. [9] [10]

The Numbat is also one of the national animals of Australis.

The national plant of Australis, like the national plant of Western Australia is the Kangaroo Paw. It is endemic to South-Western Australia. Kangaroo Paw typically flowers in Spring and Summer (September-February).

News and media

All Australisian media is state-run. The primary source of news within the nation is the Australis Times, founded in April 2020, which released articles on happenings within Australis periodically, but now also covers general micronational news. [11] During October 2020, the Australis Times was accepted as an accredited publication on both MicroWiki and MicroWiki@Discord. News and media within Australis are also posted on YouTube, via the state-run YouTube channel, URS Australis.

Hexium Calendar

In addition to using the Gregorian calendar, Australis utilises its own calendar, Hexium. In the Hexium system, the standard 365 day year is split into six months, based on Gregorian months. Hexium is a secondary calendar system, with Gregorian being the standard system within Australis, however, Hexium is an acceptable format in Australisian documents and other information. [12]

Hexium Gregorian
Unum January-February
Dium March-April
Trium May-June
Quartum July-August
Pentum September-October
Hexium November-December

References

  1. "Australis - About". Australis Website. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  2. "Original Planning Document for Australis". Australisian National Archives. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  3. "Australis and Meritocracy". Australis Times. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  4. Hamilton, Daniel (27 October 2020) Foreign Office reshapes diplomacy process
  5. "Australis Accepted into the Cupertino Alliance". Australis Times. Retrieved 20 September 2020.
  6. "Australis gains Provisional Membership in the GUM". Australis Times. Retrieved 15 October 2020.
  7. "Climate statistics for Australian locations – Perth Metro". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  8. "Climate statistics for Australian locations – Perth Regional Office". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 13 July 2020.
  9. "Western Grey Kangaroo Distribution" (PDF). Department of Environment and Conservation, Western Australian. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  10. "Numbat - Facts, Diet, Habitat & Pictures". Animalia. Retrieved 18 November 2020.
  11. "Australis Times". Australis Times. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  12. "What is Hexium? - Australis FAQ". Australis Website. Retrieved 29 September 2020.