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House of Peers (Millania)
|House of Peers|
|Founded||December 1, 2017(As House of Prefects)|
Dame Charlotte Baxter-Bray, CBB
since 9 January 2019
Leader of the Opposition
Sir Edmund Howell, L
since 9 January 2019
|HM Government (3):
HM Opposition (2):
|Single Transferable Vote (known as Preferential System)|
|25 December 2018|
|15 April 2019|
|MISERIS SVCERRE DISCO|
|De jure: Nicosi City, De facto: Lichingrad, Discord, WhatsApp|
The House of Peers is the upper chamber of the Terataga, the House of Burgesses being the upper chamber. Together they compose the legislature of Millania. The House is composed of Representatives who sit in electoral constituencies that are allocated on a basis of population as measured by the Millanian Census, with each constituency entitled to one representative. Since its inception in 2017, all Representatives have been directly elected. The total number of voting representatives is fixed by law at 5, unless an auxiliary represented is deemed as necessary. In addition to this basic power, the House has certain exclusive powers which include the power to initiate all bills, the impeachment of federal officers, who are sent to trial before the House of Burgesses. The presiding officer is the Speaker of the House, who doubles as the Lord Chamberlain, who is elected by the members thereof. Other floor leaders are chosen by the Chamberlain. The House meets in the Palacio de San Millán in Granada Nicosi. The members of the House of Peers are elected in a Preferential System, which is more representative of voter population.
Elections for representatives are held every six months, on the fifteenth day of either June or December. In all electoral constituencies, major party candidates for each district are nominated in partisan primary elections, typically held two weeks beforehand. The members of the House of Peers are elected in a Preferential System, which is more representative of voter population.
Representatives and Delegates serve for six-month terms. The Nakjatsa permits either House to expel a member with a two-thirds vote. In the history of Millania, only one member has been expelled from the Terataga. The House also have the power to formally censure or reprimand its members; censure or reprimand of a member requires only a simple majority, and does not remove that member from office.
As a check on the popular and rapidly changing politics of the House, the House of Peers has several distinct powers. For example, the "advice and consent" powers (such as the power to approve treaties) are a sole House of Peers privilege. The House of Burgesses and House of Peers are further differentiated by term lengths and the number of districts represented: the House of Peers has shorter terms of six months, fewer members (currently five), and (in all but one delegations) larger constituencies per member. The Housee of Peers is informally referred to as the "upper" house, and the House of Burgesses as the "lower" house.
Checks and balances
The House of Burgesses may propose a "vote of no confidence" by a simple majority vote; however, a supermajority is required for impeachment in the House of Peers. A convicted official is automatically removed from office and may be disqualified from holding future office under Millania. No further punishment is permitted during the impeachment proceedings; however, the party may face criminal penalties in a normal court of law. In the history of the Millania, the Terataga (Parliament at the time) has impeached one official.
|Member of the Terataga||Party||Electoral District|
|Charlotte Baxter-Bray||CBBP||Eastern Prefectures|
|Nicolás Millán (Speaker)||M||Granada Nicosi Metropolitan|