Geography of Millania

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Millania is located in Alcalá Municipality in the Valle del Cauca Department, on the Cordillera Central, between the latitudes of and 5° N, and longitudes 75° and 76° W, in central Colombia. The total land area of Millania is approximately 0.41884 km2 , of which 0.202057 km² is the Mainland (or Mainland Occidental) region, and the remainder consists of the Eastern (or Mainland Oriental) region. The Lake Valencia is also located near the capital. Millania is situated within the Colombian coffee growing axis, which is registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The entirety of Millania’s coastline and land border stretches 5.13 km on the Andaman Sea and the Carribean Sea.

Millania's unpopulated territories consist of Alvaroa, Aguasfrías, Aguia, and San Nicolás, all of which are in the Andean departments of Antioquia and Risaralda and share similar geologic, ecologic, and climate traits to the Mainland, Avilia, which is in the elevated city of Bogotá, Potomac, which is situated nearby the Potomac river Maryland, and Millanian Rattanakosin, which is in Phuket.


Mainland Millania is located within a valley, and is situated far above sea level, its lowest point being within the La Quebrada protection zone at 1284 metres above sea level and its highest point being Pico de La Balsa at 1306 metres above sea level, followed by Pico Monteprieto at 1305 metres and Pico San Millán at 1303 metres. Millania is surrounded to the south by the Randouler and Calocho national forests, consistent mainly of bamboo trees, and by tall hedges to the west. The south is also bordered by the River Alcalá, the main source of water in the region, running from the east to the west. The river is shallow enough for marshland to grow atop it. The nation's three hills are separated by the Empress Nancy Valley, which serves as a natural aquifer and irrigates the entire mainland. Straddling the Colombian border to the east lies the Calocho Lagoon, the only natural lake in all of Millania.


According to experts in Colombia, in the Triassic Period of the 186-million-year-long Mesozoic Era, which began 252 million years ago, the sea that occupied the Andean zone separated into two parts after the Cordillera Central, the range Millania is situated in, rose. The Cordillera Central formed from the Guiana shield during the Paleozoic era with intrusions from granite and metamorphism. During the Cenozoic Era, which began about 66 million years ago, the seas withdrew from Millania's territory, and enormous granite masses formed along the Cordillera Occidental, the mountain range to Millania's west.

The geology of the Oriental Prefectures are dominated by igneous rocks (including granitic rocks and volcanic rocks) formed during a major volcanic eruption period in the Mesozoic era. Minor seismic activity occurs sometimes, the most recent earthquake being on 5 December 2019, which took place at 12.22pm and lasting just a few seconds, its epicenter between Cheung Chau and Lamma Island at 1.4 magnitude. Two reports of vibrations were collected by the government from citizens.


Millania is located in the Andes mountains, making it prone to cold weather. It is often sunny with a relatively large chance of rain (Köppen Cfb). In most of the mountainous regions, the climate is mainly warm and wet. In particular, the climate of the Mainland geographical region is mostly rainy, with cool winters and nights and hot summers. The average temperature in Millania is 23.1 °C (73.6 °F). The Caribbean region generally fits the Mediterranean climate type.

The Oriental Prefectures have a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa). Summer is hot and humid, with occasional showers and thunderstorms and warm air from the southwest. Typhoons occur most often then, sometimes resulting in floods, such as the Great Flood of Pasabrillo, which left around 20 Millanians stranded in Pasabrillo, unable to make a safe passage back to their homes. Winters are mild and usually sunny at the beginning, becoming cloudy towards February; an occasional cold front brings strong, cooling winds from the north. The most temperate seasons are spring (which can be changeable) and autumn, which is generally sunny and dry. When there is snowfall, which is extremely rare, it is usually at high elevations.


The Millanian ecosystem is diverse; about 100 documented species of vascular plants occur in the Andean and Carribean regions, and over 20 species of flowering plants are found. Millania is home to many mammal and avian species, and is known for its extremely diverse range of bird species, including birds of paradise. It is also home to domesticated cows, who graze the grass in Uribia and Llamaya. Reptile, and amphibian species such as certain species of frogs, snakes, and turtles can be found in the Calocho Lagoon. About 100 insect species have been described. It is estimated that there are at least 200 other undocumented species in the region. There are six national parks. The most prominent agencies aiding in the conservation of Millania's ecosystem are the National Park Service (SPN), the Wildlife Conservation Agency (WCA), and the Marine Research Agency (MRA), all of which were founded in 2018 on the same day.

By far the most popular and well known ecosystem is that of Crise. According to the Millanian Marine Research Agency's 2019 dive off the coast of Crise, there are approximately 40 identifiable species of tropical fish, 8 species of jellyfish, 140 species of coral and sea plants, 5 species of mollusks and crustaceans, and two species of reptile. There are also approximately 75 documented species of vascular plants, 35 species of flowering plant, 45 species of insect, and many mammal, amphibian, and avian species. It is estimated that at least 300 other undocumented species exist in the region. In early 2020, a sea turtle climbed onto the beach (Ban Nai Thon), and laid exactly 200 eggs. The Thai Government sent a group of conservationists without the cooperation of the Millanian Government and took the eggs to a safe location in nearby Sirinath National Park. This day is widely celebrated as the first time a turtle has come back to the beach since 1970.


Climate data for Millania (near Alcalá)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F 97.9 93 96.4 93.9 97.2 94.3 90.3 90.7 89.8 92.8 97.2 95.5 97.9
Average high °F 88 88 86 82.4 83.3 86.9 89.4 91.4 86.9 82.4 83.3 87.8 88.97
Daily mean °F 75 75 75.6 74.8 74.5 74.8 75 75 74.8 73.8 73.8 74.1 73.6
Average low °F 68.9 68 66 62.4 64.8 66.2 68 68.9 67.1 61.5 65.7 68.9 66.38
Record low °F 61 59 63 57 61 57 59 61 59 57 59 63 52
Average Precipitation inches 1.894 2.398 4.067 4.835 3.827 2.154 1.102 1.819 2.717 4.512 3.882 2.563 35.768
Record high °C 36.6 33.9 35.8 34.4 36.2 34.6 32.4 32.6 32.1 33.8 36.2 35.3 36.6
Average high °C 31.1 31.1 30.0 28.0 28.5 30.5 31.9 33.0 30.5 28.0 28.5 31.0 31.65
Daily mean °C 23.9 23.9 24.2 23.8 23.6 23.8 23.9 24 23.8 23.2 23.2 23.4 23.1
Average low °C 20.5 20.0 19 16.9 18.2 19.0 20.0 20.5 19.5 16.4 18.7 20.5 19.1
Record low °C 16 15 17 14 16 14 15 16 15 14 15 17 11
Average precipitation mm 48.1 60.9 103.3 122.8 97.2 54.7 28.0 46.2 69.0 114.6 98.6 65.1 908.5
Average precipitation days 9 10 12 15 15 10 8 9 11 17 14 11 141
Sunshine hours 183.0 155.8 166.5 139.0 147.1 153.1 189.9 175.1 157.4 151.1 153.8 170.1 1,941.9
Source: Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorología y Estudios Ambientales[1]


  1. "Climate of Cali - Table of Values" (in español). Instituto de Hidrologia Meteorologia y Estudios Ambientales. Retrieved 4 September 2012.