Cabinet of Vishwamitra

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The Cabinet of Vishwamitra, or the Union Council of Ministers is the executive branch of the Government of Vishwamitra and shares its functions and duties with the Rashtradhyaksh who is constitutionally the executive head of state. Led by the Prime Minister, the cabinet is a council of ministers who are accountable collectively to the Lok Sabha, the unicameral national legislature. Article 34 of the Constitution mentions that the Rashtradhyaksh shall appoint a Cabinet of Ministers to advise them in the exercise of their functions and that the Rashtradhyaksh shall appoint the Ministers from among the members of the Parliament at the advice of the prime minister. If a person appointed as a minister is not an elected member of the parliament, they shall get elected to the parliament within a period of six months.


Pursuant to Article 34(3), the cabinet shall be a collectively responsible to the Rashtradhyaksh and the parliament. When a bill introduced by a minister in the parliament is not approved by it, the entire cabinet is responsible and not the minister. The council of ministers upon losing the confidence of the parliament shall resign to facilitate the formation of a new government.

According to the Article 34(6) of the Constitution of Vishwamitra, the cabinet shall be composed of the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Ministers, Senior Minister, and Cabinet Ministers. The total number of members of the union cabinet shall not exceed for more than eight members including the prime minister.

The cabinet shall not include the ministers of state, who shall in turn become the members of the union council of ministers. The ministers of state shall assist cabinet ministers in the discharge of their duties and functions, and for such purpose shall have all the powers of ministers. The Rashtradhyaksh shall be entitled on the advice of the prime minister to appoint super-numbery ministers of state and they shall not be counted as members of the cabinet. Any minister who is not a member of either of the houses of the parliament for six consecutive months is automatically stripped off their ministerial post.


There are six categories of the council of ministers as given below, in descending order of rank:

  • Prime Minister: Leader and chairperson of the union council of ministers.
  • Deputy Prime Minister: Presides as prime minister in their absence or as the senior most cabinet minister. However, there shall not be more than two deputy prime ministers at a time.
  • Senior Minister: Position to which former prime ministers and former deputy prime ministers are only appointed to and rank above cabinet ministers. There shall not be more than one senior minister at a time.
  • Cabinet Minister: A member of the cabinet; leads a specific ministry.
  • Minister of State (Independent charge): Junior minister not reporting to a cabinet minister; leads a specific ministry.
  • Minister of State: Deputy Minister reporting to a cabinet minister, usually tasked with a specific responsibility in that ministry.


Pursuant to Article 34, a minister who serves at the pleasure of the Rashtradhyaksh, is appointed by the Rashtradhyaksh on the pleasure of the Prime Minister.


A person appointed as a member of the cabinet or union council of ministers cease to hold their ministerial position on the account of the following occasions:

  • Upon their death.
  • Upon self-resignation, or resignation or death of the Prime Minister.
  • Upon dismissal by the Rashtradhyaksh for minister's unconstitutional acts.
  • Upon direction from the judiciary for committing violation of law.
  • Upon ceasing eligibility to be a member of parliament
  • Upon the provision of "collective responsibility" under Article 34, the prime minister and the entire cabinet resign if a vote of no-confidence is passed in the parliament.

List of cabinets

27 cabinets have taken place in Vishwamitra since 2007 headed by eight prime ministers.

Name of cabinet Head of cabinet Period of office Time in office
Arnisha Arnisha Phatowali 15 April 2007 – 31 December 2009 2 years, 319 days
Varuna I Varuna Sriraya 1 January 2010 – 22 May 2012 2 years, 142 days
Varuna II 22 May 2012 – 21 May 2014 1 year, 364 days
Sarala I Sarala Baishya 21 May 2014 – 22 February 2015 277 days
Tanishkaa I Tanishkaa Patranabish 22 February – 6 December 2015 287 days
Sarala II Sarala Baishya 6 December 2015 – 11 April 2016 127 days
Varuna III Varuna Sriraya 11 April – 30 December 2016 263 days
Varuna IV 30 December 2016 – 12 April 2017 103 days
Sarala III Sarala Baishya 12 April – 5 July 2017 84 days
Tanishkaa II Tanishkaa Patranabish 5 July – 25 December 2017 173 days
Varuna V Varuna Sriraya 25 December 2017 – 21 March 2018 86 days
Varuna VI 21 March – 13 May 2018 53 days
Tanishkaa III Tanishkaa Patranabish 13 May – 12 October 2018 152 days
Varuna VII Varuna Sriraya 12 October 2018 – 6 January 2019 86 days
Tanishkaa IV Tanishkaa Patranabish 7 January – 17 March 2019 69 days
Tanishkaa V 17 March 2019 – 3 March 2020 352 days
Anoushkaa I Anoushkaa Patranabish 3 March – 22 March 2020 19 days
Tanishkaa VI Tanishkaa Patranabish 22 March – 30 April 2020 39 days
Tanishkaa VII 13 May – 7 June 2020 25 days
Anoushkaa I Anoushkaa Patranabish 8 June 2020 – 28 January 2021 234 days
Ştefan I Ștefan Marius Snagoveanu 28 January – 1 March 2021 32 days
Ştefan II 6 March – 9 September 2021 187 days
Farhaz I Farhaz Hazarika 11 September – 21 October 2021 40 days
Phillip Phillip Joseph Pillin 21 October – 22 November 2021 32 days
Farhaz II Farhaz Hazarika 22 November 2021 – 12 May 2022 181 days
Farhaz III 12 May 2022 – 11 November 2022 183 days
Farhaz IV 12 November 2022 – present 1 year, 153 days