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Absolute monarchy is a form of government where most, if not all, legislative, executive, and judicial powers are vested in the reigning monarch, without restrictions from a constitution, law or similar institution. Typically, the ruler of an absolute monarchy has all the power of the state and the courts, although some absolute monarchies may have some degree of devolution, generally feudalism.
Although an absolute monarch generally holds de jure absolute power, most monarchs have only limited power over their nations due to aristocratic influences. Most modern absolute monarchies are in fact constitutional monarchies, with the monarch holding little or no de facto power.
Micronationally speaking, true absolute monarchies are fairly common. With many micronations attempting to create a nostalgic representation of medieval European or British politics, absolute monarchy is a popular form of government for both leaders and citizens. Most monarchs can feasibly hold absolute power due to a much lower citizenship count, and this is sometimes practiced in some micronations where the official government type is not necessarily absolute monarchy.
As with many government types, micronations often change certain aspects of ideologies to create their own variations which they regard as suiting them best.
Moralistic absolute monarchy
See also: Benevolent dictatorship
A moralistic absolute monarchy is a form of government designed and used currently by the Ohio Empire. It is based on the idea that a monarch has absolute power, but also that they are responsible for taking care of their people, because they gave their the power to rule and, as a result, can take it away. It gives the monarch ultimate law-making power, but the monarch must also make their decisions based on what they regard as 'morally correct'. If they do not do so, the people have the right to replace the monarch in exchange for a leader who can make what they regard as 'morally correct decisions'. It is a combination of Thomas Hobbs's idea of Absolutism and John Locke's idea of citizens' rights. It is similar to ancient China's Mandate of Heaven.
Former Absolute Monarchies
- Kingdom of Thomaland
- Empire of Aenopia
- The United Holy Kingdom of Beaulosagñe and the Knights Templar of the Holy Grail (Spain)
- The Kingdom Of Bryania
- Cordoba Empire (USA)
- Principality of Ermenstein
- Principality of Hosamia
- Principality of Hy-Vu
- Kingdom of Ikonia
- The Empire of Matyár
- Royal Principality of Felsbrunn
- Nottingham Woods
- The Royal Kingdom
- The Empire of Aaronland
- The Kingdom of Memeistry
- Empire of Aeternia