The election was initially scheduled to be held in November 2023, but were preponed by a month to fit the festive season beginning October-end. On 6 September 2023, the Rashtradhyaksh granted assent to the Parliamentary (Statute Law Reform) Act, 2023 which created provisions for the renaming of the parliamentary constituencies, reservation one constituency in each state for residential citizens and abolition of the territorial seat for Chandrabans. Days prior to the election, two privy councilors Jan-Olav Spiekermann and Matthew T. resigned to join politics.
The same day, the Rashtradhyaksh acted on the advice of the council of ministers and approved the dissolution of the 15th Lok Sabha.
All 20 elected MPs are elected from single-member constituencies using first-past-the-post voting. Voters must be full Vishwamitran citizens, an ordinary resident of the polling area of the constituency and registered to vote (name included in the electoral rolls), possess a valid citizens ID code issued by the Department of Citizenship and Immigration or an equivalent.
The election schedule was announced by Election Commission (ECV) on 10 September 2023 and the model code of conduct came to force with the notification coming into effect on 15 September 2023.
The following was the schedule for the election as declared by the election commission on 10 September 2023.
Date of issuance of election notification
10 September 2023
Date from which the notification shall be effective
↑Arnab Deka was initially announced as the NPC candidate for Maligaon on 18 September 2023. In a corrected list issued on 21 September 2023, he was replaced by Preetam Kapei as the candidate for Maligaon. Deka was later declared as the candidate for Boragaon seat.
↑Arsal Abbas Mirza was initially announced as the NPC-supported independent candidate for Boragaon on 18 September 2023. In a corrected list issued on 21 September 2023, he was replaced by Arnab Deka as the candidate for Boragaon. Mirza was later declared as the candidate for Rajpur seat.
↑Preetam Kapei was initially announced as the NPC candidate for Rajpur on 18 September 2023. In a corrected list issued on 21 September 2023, he was replaced by Arsal Abbas Mirza as the NPC-supported independent candidate for Rajpur. Kapei was later declared as the candidate for Maligaon seat.
↑Chandrachur Basu was initially announced as the candidate for Sri Vijayapur, but later withdrew on 23 September 2023.
Candidates were unopposed elected from several constituencies upon the scrutiny of the nominations. Upon the scrutiny, 7 candidates of the National People's Congress, including all the six reserved constituencies, were declared elect unopposed on 30 September 2023.