2022 Vishwamitran general election

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2022 Vishwamitran general election

← November 2021 30 October-6 November 2022 2023 →

20 seats in the Lok Sabha
11 seats needed for a majority
  First party Second party
  Portrait of Farhaz Hazarika (November 2021).jpg
Leader Farhaz Hazarika Rory McPhail
Party Congress VNP
Last election 17 New
Seats won 13 5
Seat change 4 5
Percentage 65% 25%

Prime Minister before election

Farhaz Hazarika
Congress

Elected Prime Minister

Farhaz Hazarika
Congress

A general election was held in Vishwamitra in three phases between 30 October and 6 November 2022 to elect 20 members of the Lok Sabha, the unicameral national legislature. The results were counted and announced on 7 November.

The ruling National People's Congress secured 65% of the total seats having won 13 seats of the Lok Sabha, four seats less than its performance in the November 2021 general election. The newly-established Vishwamitran National Party won 5 seats, winning more than the required 10% of the seats to claim the post of Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha.

Background

According to the Constitution of Vishwamitra, the Lok Sabha shall stand dissolved no later than every one year from the first sitting of Parliament. The previous election was held in November 2021 and the first sitting of the parliament was held later that month. On 3 October 2022, the Uparashtradhyaksh Bishnu Chetry as regent pro-tempore dissolved the 14th Lok Sabha on the advice of the union council of ministers.

Earlier, the election commission had announced the schedule for the election on 16 September 2022.

Electoral system

All 20 elected MPs are elected from single-member constituencies using first-past-the-post voting. Voters must be full Vishwamitran citizens, an ordinary resident of the polling area of the constituency and registered to vote (name included in the electoral rolls), possess a valid citizens ID code issued by the Department of Citizenship or an equivalent.

Election schedule

The election schedule was announced by Election Commission (ECV) on 16 September 2022 and the model code of conduct came to force with the notification coming into effect on 3 October 2022. Subsequently, the Uparashtradhyaksh Bishnu Chetry acting as regent in the absence of Rashtradhyaksh Dhrubajyoti Roy approved the dissolution of the 14th Lok Sabha and appointed serving prime minister Farhaz Hazarika and his council of ministers to continue on a caretaker basis.

The following was the schedule for the election as declared by the election commission on 16 September 2022.

Schedule Date
Date of issuance of election notification 16 September 2022
Date from which the notification shall be effective 3 October 2022
Date of dissolution of the XIIIth Parliament
Date of appointment of caretaker government
Last date of registration of political parties 12 October 2022
Date from which nominations are to be submitted 15 October 2022
Last date of submitting nominations 22 October 2022
Scrutiny of nominations 27 October 2022
Last date of withdrawal of nominations 28 October 2022
Date of election 30 October–6 November 2022
Declaration of results 7 November 2022
Date before which election must be completed 20 November 2022

The voting for the election was scheduled to be held in three phases.

Phase-wise polling constituencies in each state
State/Territory Total
constituencies
Election dates and number of constituencies
Phase 1 Phase 2 Phase 3
30 October 5 November 6 November
Purvanchal 6 6
Beltola 3 3
Uttaranchal 2 2
Madhya Prant 2 2
Kamrupa 3 3
Basistha 3 3
Chandrabans 1 1
Constituencies 20 6 7 7

Campaign

Intense campaigning for the election began in October 2022 with the contesting political parties putting a lot of effort to win the support of the people. Among the most active campaigners included Arthur Lacey-Scott, Farhaz Hazarika, Preetam Kapei, Manggala Alif Prasetia of the National People's Congress; while Rory McPhail, Devin Purcell, Toyotomi Tatsumi of the Vishwamitran National Party.

Parties and candidates

The National People's Congress (NPC) and the Vishwamitran National Party (VNP) were the two parties which contested the election while two independent candidates were also in fray. The NPC which was the ruling party prior to the election contest 19 seats and supported independent candidate Arsal Abbas Mirza in one seat while the VNP contested in 9 seats.

Parties contesting for the 2021 elections
Parties States/Territory Seats contested Seats won
National People's Congress Purvanchal 6 4
Beltola 2 1
Uttaranchal 2 1
Madhya Prant 2 2
Kamrupa 2 2
Basistha 3 2
Chandrabans 1 1
Vishwamitran National Party Purvanchal 4 2
Beltola 1 1
Uttaranchal 2 1
Madhya Prant 1 0
Basistha 1 1
Independent Beltola 1 1
Kamrupa 1 1

Results

Candidates were unopposed elected from several constituencies upon the scrutiny of the nominations. Upon the scrutiny, 10 candidates of the National People's Congress were declared elect on 27 October 2022. 2 candidates of the Vishwamitran National Party were also later declared unopposed elect after NPC candidates Rafe Burfield and W. Pranit Singh withdrew their nominations from their second seats. Meanwhile, the nomination of one candidate of the Vishwamitran National Party was rejected on grounds that the candidate had used a pseudonym to submit his nomination which was not registered with the authority. Election to Radisson and Dhirenpara constituency was held on 30 October 2022, to Brikshasthana on 5 November, and to Rajagriha, Boragaon and Kalapani on 6 November 2022.

Seat share of parties in the election

  NPC (65%)
  VNP (25%)
  IND (10%)
  Other (0%)

Party-wise results

Party Vote % Seats won Seat change
National People's Congress 65% 13 4
Vishwamitran National Party 20% 5 New
Independents 10% 2 N/A
Total 100% 20 -

Constituency-wise results

Note: In the case of the gain by parties in several constituencies, the results of November 2021 general election and subsequent bye-elections were considered.

Maligaon

National People's Congress President Baron Arthur Lacey-Scott was elected unopposed from the Maligaon constituency of Purvanchal state.

Maligaon
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Congress Arthur Lacey-Scott N/A 100% N/A
Majority N/A 100% N/A
NPC win

Rajagriha

Former acting prime minister Prince Abhiraj of the National People's Congress defeated Baron Kevin Doan of the Vishwamitran National Party in Rajagriha constituency of Purvanchal state and was elected to the Lok Sabha.

Rajagriha
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Congress Prince Abhiraj 15 68.2% N/A
VNP Baron Kevin Doan 7 31.8% N/A
Majority 8 36.4% N/A
NPC win

National Capital Constituency

Therence Raphael Pagsisihan of the Vishwamitran National Party was elected unopposed from National Capital Constituency of Purvanchal state after Baron Rafe Burfield of the National People's Congress withdrew his candidacy.

National Capital Constituency
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
VNP Therence Raphael Pagsisihan N/A 100% N/A
Majority N/A 100% N/A
VNP gain from NPC

Boragaon

Devin Purcell of the Vishwamitran National Party defeated Fardeen Hazarika of the National People's Congress in Boragaon constituency of Purvanchal state and was elected to the Lok Sabha.

Boragaon
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
VNP Devin Purcell 12 54.5% N/A
Congress Fardeen Hazarika 10 45.5% N/A
Majority 2 9% N/A
VNP gain from NPC

Kalapani

President of the National People's Congress Baron Arthur Lacey-Scott defeated two-time MP and President of the Vishwamitran National Party Duke Rory McPhail in the Kalapani constituency of Purvanchal state and was elected to the Lok Sabha.

Kalapani
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Congress Baron Arthur Lacey-Scott 14 63.6% N/A
VNP Duke Rory McPhail 8 36.4% N/A
Majority 6 27.2% N/A
NPC hold

Rashtra Niwas

Crown Princess Sarala of Purvanchal of the National People's Congress was elected unopposed in Maligaon constituency of Purvanchal state.

Rashtra Niwas
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Congress Princess Sarala N/A 100% N/A
Majority N/A 100% N/A
NPC hold

Brikshasthana

Former prime minister Duke Ștefan Marius Snagoveanu of the Vishwamitran National Party defeated Preetam Kapei of the National People's Congress in Brikshasthana constituency of Beltola state and was elected to the Lok Sabha.

Brikshasthana
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
VNP Duke Ștefan Marius Snagoveanu 3 60% N/A
Congress Preetam Kapei 2 40% N/A
Majority 1 20% N/A
VNP win

Bhetapara

Former Lok Sabha speaker and sitting Bhetapara MP Count Tyler Mullins who contested as an independent candidate was elected unopposed in Bhetapara constituency of Beltola state for a second consecutive term in office.

Bhetapara
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent (Vishwamitra) Count Tyler Mullins N/A 100% N/A
Majority N/A 100% N/A
IND gain from NPC

Basant Bahar

Union minister Baron W. Pranit Singh of the National People's Congress was elected unopposed in Basant Bahar constituency of Beltola state.

Basant Bahar
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Congress Baron W. Pranit Singh N/A 100% N/A
Majority N/A 100% N/A
NPC hold

Gotanagar

Christian Laudani of the National People's Congress was elected unopposed in Gotanagar constituency of Uttaranchal state after the nomination paper of Ludwig Collins, the candidate of the Vishwamitran National Party was rejected by the Election Commission during the scrutiny.

Gotanagar
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Congress Christian Laudani N/A 100% N/A
Majority N/A 100% N/A
NPC win

Radisson

Dr. Toyotomi Tatsumi of the Vishwamitran National Party defeated National Development minister and sitting Noonmati MP Baron Arnab Deka of the National People's Congress in Radisson constituency of Uttaranchal state and was elected to the Lok Sabha.

Radisson
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
VNP Dr. Toyotomi Tatsumi 5 55.6% N/A
Congress Baron Arnab Deka 4 44.4% N/A
Majority 1 11.2% N/A
VNP win

Noonmati

Union minister Count Matthew Tonna of the National People's Congress was elected unopposed in Noonmati constituency of Madhya Prant state.

Noonmati
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Congress Count Matthew Tonna N/A 100% N/A
Majority N/A 100% N/A
NPC hold

Dhirenpara

Johannes Mattias Toome of the National People's Congress defeated Juan Cisneros of the Vishwamitran National Party in Dhirenpara constituency of Madhya Prant state. The NPC had won the constituency after three consecutive loses since 2020.

Dhirenpara
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Congress Johannes Mattias Toome 5 62.5% N/A
VNP Juan Cisneros 3 37.5% N/A
Majority 2 25% N/A
NPC win

Dadara

Union minister Baron Arsal Abbas Mirza who contested as an independent candidate with support of the National People's Congress was elected unopposed in Dadara constituency of Kamrupa state.

Dadara
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Independent (Vishwamitra) Baron Arsal Abbas Mirza N/A 100% N/A
Majority N/A 100% N/A
IND win

National List

Former union minister Abayat Ibtiyaz of the National People's Congress was elected unopposed in National List constituency of Kamrupa state.

National List
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Congress Abayat Ibtiyaz N/A 100% N/A
Majority N/A 100% N/A
NPC hold

Chandril

Union minister and sitting Chandril MP Baron Rafe Burfield of the National People's Congress was elected unopposed in Chandril constituency of Kamrupa state for a second consecutive term.

Chandril
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Congress Baron Rafe Burfield N/A 100% N/A
Majority N/A 100% N/A
NPC gain from IND

Basistha City

Prime Minister Duke Farhaz Hazarika of the National People's Congress was elected unopposed in Basistha City constituency of Basistha state for a second term. He earlier represented the constituency in the 13th Lok Sabha and was also elected from the constituency to the 14th Lok Sabha but resigned later.

Basistha City
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Congress Duke Farhaz Hazarika N/A 100% N/A
Majority N/A 100% N/A
NPC win

Basistha Rural

Manggala Alif Prasetia of the National People's Congress was elected unopposed in Basistha Rural constituency of Basistha state.

Basistha Rural
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Congress Manggala Alif Prasetia N/A 100% N/A
Majority N/A 100% N/A
NPC hold

Basistha Central

Reuben Isze of the Vishwamitran National Party was elected unopposed from Basistha Central of Basistha state after Baron W. Pranit Singh of the National People's Congress withdrew his candidacy.

Basistha Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
VNP Reuben Isze N/A 100% N/A
Majority N/A 100% N/A
VNP gain from IND

Chandrabans

Chief Minister of Purvanchal and sitting MP Princess Bishakha of the National People's Congress was elected unopposed from Chandrabans territorial constituency for a third consecutive term.

Chandrabans
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Congress Princess Bishakha N/A 100% N/A
Majority N/A 100% N/A
NPC hold

Aftermath

On 9 November 2022, Rashtradhyaksh Dhrubajyoti Roy issued a gazette notification and summoned the first sitting of the 15th Lok Sabha to be held on 10 November 2022. Accordingly, he appointed Count Matthew Tonna as the protem speaker to preside over the first sitting and oversee the election of the Speaker of the Lok Sabha and the deputy speaker. The two political parties also issued notifications regarding the appointment of floor leaders.

The National People's Congress appointed Duke Farhaz Hazarika and the Baron Rafe Burfield as its floor leader and deputy leader respectively and also as the leader and the deputy leader of the house respectively given its securing majority of the seats. On the other hand, the Vishwamitran National Party appointed Radisson MP Toyotomi Tatsumi as its floor leader and as the leader of the opposition and former prime minister Duke Ștefan Marius Snagoveanu as its deputy leader. On 10 November 2022, Baron Arthur Lacey-Scott, who won from two seats - Maligaon and Kalapani chose to resign from the Maligaon parliamentary seat.

The election of the speaker and the deputy speaker took place on 10 November 2022 in which Independent MP Count Tyler Mullins (now a duke) was elected the Speaker while Devin Purcell of the Vishwamitran National Party was elected as the deputy speaker. Both of them were elected unopposed to their respective positions. Following the election of the speaker, Mullins asked the leader of the house if his party would be willing to form the government as it commands the majority of the house. Thereupon, the deputy leader of the house Rafe Burfield responded and accepted the offer and thus the speaker notified that the Congress was eligible to form the government and subsequently informed the Rashtradhyaksh.

Government formation

Having won the majority of the seats, the National People's Congress also received support from the two independent MPs - Baron Arsal Abbas and Count Tyler Mullins. After receiving the instrument of command from the Lok Sabha, the Rashtradhyaksh recognized that the National People's Congress commanded the majority of the house and thus, exercising his powers vested by the Constitution, appointed the leader of the house Duke Farhaz Hazarika as the prime minister on 11 November 2022.

The Rashtradhyaksh, further appointed Sarala, Crown Princess of Purvanchal as the deputy prime minister and five other cabinet ministers - Duke Arthur Lacey-Scott, Count Matthew Tonna, Count Rafe Burfield, Baron W. Pranit Singh and Baron Arsal Abbas Mirza. Among the four ministers of state were Manggala Alif Prasetia, Johannes Mattias Toome, Christian Laudani and Preetam Kapei. Both W. Pranit Singh and Arsal Abbas Mirza were ministers of state in Farhaz Hazarika's previous cabinets. All the ministers excluding Mirza belong to the ruling National People's Congress. Of the 11 members of the council of ministers, four ministers are first-time MPs including Mirza, Prasetia, Toome and Laudani, while Kapei is not a member of the parliament and is constitutionally needed to be elected to the Lok Sabha within the next six months, failing to do so will need him to resign from his position as minister.

Subsequent by-elections

The first by-election of the 15th Lok Sabha was necessitated from the Maligaon constituency which was held by Duke Arthur Lacey-Scott who had resigned the seat after being elected from Kalapani constituency. Preetam Kapei, union minister of the ruling party won from the constituency.

State Constituency Name of elected M.P. Party affiliation
Purvanchal Maligaon Duke Arthur Lacey-Scott (resigned on 10 November 2022) National People's Congress
Preetam Kapei (elected on 27 November 2022) National People's Congress

See also