Sarala, Crown Princess of Purvanchal
|Her Royal Highness Princess Sarala Baishya,
Crown Princess of Purvanchal
|File:Portrait of Princess Sarala (2021).jpg
|Crown Princess of Purvanchal
|6 February 2021 – present
|Varuna Sriraya of Purvanchal
(as Senior Prince)
|Regent of Purvanchal
|6 February 2021 – 7 October 2023
|Varuna Sriraya of Purvanchal
|Deputy Prime Minister of Vishwamitra
31 July 2022
Serving with Arthur Lacey-Scott-FitzLacia since 26 November 2022
5 July 2017 – 25 December 2017
Serving with Arnab Sil
|Minister of Finance
13 October 2023
12 April 2017 – 5 July 2017
22 May 2012 – 6 December 2015
|c.2005 (age 19)
|Samarendra Bose (adopted)
|Princess Ruma (adopted)
Her Royal Highness Princess Sarala (born 2005) also known as Sarala Baishya, is a senior Vishwamitran politician and a member of the extended Purvanchali Royal Family and a first-cousin of the Rashtradhyaksh Varuna Sriraya and Tanishkaa Patranabish. A former head of state of the nation, she had served as the President of the Children's Group between 15 July 2014 and 6 December 2015 and again between 13 December 2016 and 11 April 2017. She currently serves as the Regent of Purvanchal since February 2021. She has also been serving as the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Home Affairs under prime minister Farhaz Hazarika since 31 July 2022.
Early political life
Sarala became a citizen of the Children's Group in 2010 and rose into prominence in a short period. Following the 2012 General election, she was inducted into the union council of ministers under Prime Minister Varuna Sriraya and was assigned the duties of the Minister of Finance. Her induction into the council of ministers became a matter of loggerhead between her and Tanishkaa Patranabish, who was moved from the finance ministry to the education ministry in order to induct her.
Sarala thrice served as the Prime Minister of Vishwamitra. She first became the prime minister in 2014.
First premiership (May-December 2014)
Sarala became the Prime Minister for the first time in 2014 following Varuna Sriraya's announcement not to contest the general election, which led to straight forward election and legacy battle between her and Tanishkaa Patranabish. In the election, she defeated Tanishkaa Patranabish and was able to become the third prime minister of the nation on 21 May 2014. It was under her administration that the first constitution was implemented. However, her tenure was cut short following her resignation from the premiership on 27 December 2014 after a long controversial fight between her and her rival, Tanishkaa Patranabish for a battle of legacy for the power-share within the nation. It was in the same year, on 15 July, that she contested the presidential election after incumbent President Varuna Sriraya decided to relinquish the duties of the presidency following the expiration of his two year tenure. She was able to win the election and was sworn in as the third president of the nation. She was the second individual in the nation to hold the offices of the head of state and head of government at the same time.
Second premiership (December 2015-April 2016)
Sarala began her second term as prime minister on 6 December 2015 after stepping down as president with the implementation of a new constitution which ensued for fresh elections to the offices of the president and the prime minister. She unsuccessfully re-contested the election to the office of the president against Varuna Sriraya and was defeated by him. She was appointed as the prime minister for a second term on 6 December 2015 after a post-poll understanding between the two leaders. She continued to be the prime minister until her defeat in the 2016 general election, which was a turning event in the political history of the nation when multi-party democracy was introduced.
Third premiership (April-July 2017)
Sarala became prime minister for the third time on 12 April 2017, a day after her resignation as president on 11 April 2017. She and then president Varuna Sriraya entered into an understanding which ensured Sriraya stepping down as prime minister to become the president and naming Sarala as the prime minister. Her third term was rather short and she continued as the prime minister until the 2017 general election. Her tenure as prime minister was often subjected to constant attack by then leader of opposition Tanishkaa Patranabish who also held her responsible for naming herself for the Friends Society Ratna and failing to confer the same on founder prime minister Arnisha Phatowali.
It was during her premiership that the Basistha state was carved out of the state of Beltola in order to become the fifth state of the nation. It was also during the same period that the names of the other states were changed to implement a largely local naming convention.
Among her cabinet picks included Arnab Sil as deputy prime minister who was the leader of the Freedom Party and had allied with her Independent Party following the resignation of Varuna Sriraya which also marked the Independent Party pulling out from their alliance with the Secular Party. Among her other picks included Abhiraj Kar, Anirban Phatowali, Bhargab Jyoti Medhi as cabinet ministers; Mridul Amin, Manoj Chetry, Saikat Seal, Bishakha Das as ministers of state with independent charge and Jemina Hazarika as minister of state. As usual, she took over the Finance portfolio, while her deputy Arnab Sil was named as Home Minister. Abhiraj Kar was named as External Affairs minister.
First presidency (July 2014-December 2015)
Sarala served as the President of the nation on two separate occasions. She became the president for the first time on 15 July 2014 while still serving as the prime minister and continued till 6 December 2015. Though, she resigned as prime minister on 27 December 2014, she refused to step down as president and continued to remain in office. As president, she also appointed her political rival Tanishkaa Patranabish as the prime minister to succeed her. As president, she also became the second to have served as president and prime minister at the same time as did her predecessor Varuna Sriraya.
Her tenure as president came to an end on 6 December 2015 following the introduction of set of constitutional amendments including reserving one post for one person. This led her to contest the presidential election held thereupon only to face defeat by Varuna Sriraya, who would then name her as the prime minister as an understanding agreement.
Second presidency (December 2016-April 2017)
She became the president for the second time in a very turning set of events. In the October presidential election, she was nominated as the presidential candidate by the Independent Party as the principal opposition nominee against Anoushkaa Patranabish who was named as the candidate of the Friends Society United Alliance which composed of the government parties. She was unfortunately defeated by the candidate of the ruling alliance.
On 27 November 2016, she was appointed as the Administrator of Beltola and thereupon came in the presidential line of succession. Since the office of vice-president was only temporarily filled by Bishnu Chetry, he became ineligible to succeed the president in case of a vacancy and subsequently the office of the chief justice was held by prime minister Varuna Sriraya making him ineligible to succeed the president as well. On 13 December 2016, the government moved a successful impeachment motion against president Anoushkaa Patranabish forcing her to relinquish the presidency. Sarala was then appointed as Acting President on 13 December 2016.
As acting president, she presided over the December general election and appointed Varuna Sriraya as the prime minister following the victory of the Friends Society United Alliance. Her tenure is also remarkable as the Act to recognize Sovereign States, 2017 was assented during her presidency in addition to the bifurcation of Brihattar Guwahati. On 27 January 2017, she presided over the committee to adopt a new official name for the nation.
She, along with her acting deputy Bishnu Chetry were unopposed elected for a full term on 27 January 2017. She continued to remain as president, often associating herself with partisan activities during the period. She stepped down as president on 11 April 2017 and was temporarily succeeded by Bishnu Chetry. She was named as prime minister on 12 April 2017.
After stepping down as prime minister on 27 December 2014 and with Tanishkaa Patranabish being named as the fourth prime minister on 22 February 2015, she was appointed as the finance minister in the government and continued till her own appointment as prime minister on 6 December 2015.
In the same way, following her defeat and stepping down as the prime minister, she was appointed as the Minister of Provident Fund in the government under prime minister Varuna Sriraya on 11 April 2016 and simultaneously as the Deputy Speaker of the lower house of the parliament. She stepped from both positions on 10 July 2016 and formed her own political party, the Friends Society Independent Party. She also unsuccessfully contested the May 2016 presidential elections against incumbent president Tanishkaa Patranabish.
Sarala was named as the first Governor of the Federal Bank on 10 July 2016 and served on that position until her appointment as a state governor. On 18 September 2016, the government under Varuna Sriraya issued the notification of the creation of federal provinces and territories in the nation, following which she was appointed as the first Lieutenant Governor of the territory of Central Guwahati, a position which she held till 13 December 2016. She became the Administrator of Beltola on 27 November 2016 following the resignation of Governor Anirban Phatowali.
Ahead of the general election scheduled in early July 2017, she announced that the pre-poll alliance between the Independent Party and the Freedom Party shall contest the election under her leadership. However, the results of the election projected a hung assembly after the opposition-Secular Party won 15 of the total 30 seats, whereas the rest 15 seats were won by the alliance. President Varuna Sriraya invited leaders of all three political parties and asked them to form an unity government with the leader of the single-largest party being the Prime Minister, while the constituent party leaders being Deputy Prime Ministers. Under the agreement, Tanishkaa Patranabish became Prime Minister while Sarala Baishya and Freedom Party leader Arnab Sil became Deputy Prime Ministers. She was entrusted with the portfolio of Home Affairs. However, the government was meant to be short lived after President Varuna Sriraya announced his resignation on 25 December 2017, thereby making Vice President Anoushkaa Patranabish to be his constitutional successor. In the early hours of 25 December 2017, outgoing President Varuna Sriraya administered oath of office and secrecy to Sarala Baishya as the nation's Vice President succeeding President-designate Anoushkaa Patranabish. She continued to serve as the Vice President until the temporary abolition of office in May 2018.
In the aftermath of the 2018 constitutional coup d'état carried out by then Prime Minister Varuna Sriraya who later assumed the role of self-styled Supreme Leader, she was named as the Prime Minister of the Council of Ministers, a position equivalent to that of the deputy head of government under the presidency of Tanishkaa Patranabish. She also succeeded Tanishkaa Patranabish as the nation's Chief Justice on 3 June 2018. Within months of assuming the role of Chief Justice, she declared the government established by the coup as "unconstitutional" and asked Supreme Leader Varuna Sriraya to assume a constitutionally established position. Following the verdict, Anoushkaa Patranabish was named as Acting Head of State on 11 September 2018 and she remained as the nation's head of state for fifteen minutes until Varuna Sriraya was confirmed as the President by the Parliament. Her tenure as the Chief Justice, which was due to end on 3 January 2019 was extended for a week due to the leave of her designated successor, Arnab Sil who finally assumed the office of the Chief Justice on 10 January 2019.
She was inducted to the union council of ministers under Prime Minister Tanishkaa Patranabish on 6 January 2019 as the Cabinet Minister of Parliamentary Affairs and Law and Justice despite her constant dissatisfaction over not being appointed a Deputy Prime Minister or a Minister holding a top portfolio. She finally quitted the government alongside five other ministers on 13 March 2019 to form the Independent Party. She became the Leader of the Opposition in the 10th Parliament and continued to serve in the position until 29 September 2019 when the Independent Party was once-again merged with the Friends Societal Congress. She was appointed as the Vice President on 29 September 2019 replacing Anoushkaa Patranabish whose tenure ended earlier that day. Apart from serving as the Vice-President, she also served as the ex-officio Speaker of the Parliament. She also served as an ex-officio member of the Council of President Advisers and subsequently as its first Chairman between 14 February and 14 March 2020.
Later in March 2020, she contested the National People's Congress Parliamentary Leadership election and was defeated by Tanishkaa Patranabish in a neck-to-neck contest and went on become the Prime Minister. Her relations with then President Varuna Sriraya strained by the end of April and she was subsequently suspended as a member of the NPC Politburo for anti-party activities. She was also replaced as Vice-President by Anoushkaa Patranabish on 3 May 2020. However, she continued to be an independent member of the Parliament. Her titles and honours were further revoked by the President on 25 May 2020 after she caused disgrace to the leadership of the nation.
Royalty and regency
In February 2021, Princess Sarala was surprisingly named as the heir to the throne of Purvanchal and Crown Princess to her elder cousin Varuna Sriraya who also is the reigning Rashtradhyaksh. She subsequently also became the Regent of Purvanchal and Grand Mistress of the provincial honours.
Since her re-instatement as a royal, she has actively supported the nation and contributed to its development and welfare of the people. She was named as one of the nine National Heroes through a royal decree issued on 22 November 2021 for her highest services towards the nation as a former head of state and government.
Recent political affiliations
In the brief cabinet of Farhaz Hazarika in March 2022, she was named as a special minister for home affairs. She remained as a minister until 12 May 2022. On 31 July 2022, she made a remain to the political arena after almost two years with her appointment as the Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Home Affairs, Information and Public Relations in the Third Farhaz Hazarika ministry. She replaced Rory Leonard as the deputy prime minister.
She contested the 2022 general election from the Rashtra Niwas parliamentary constituency and was unopposed elected to the Lok Sabha. The election which resulted in the National People's Congress' victory, she was re-inducted to the council of ministers headed by Farhaz Hazarika as Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Home Affairs on 12 November 2022.
Titles, styles, ranks, and honours
|Her Royal Highness
|Your Royal Highness
- 2005 – 22 May 2012: Miss Sarala Baishya
- 22 May 2012 – 21 May 2014: The Honourable Sarala Baishya
- 21 May 2014 – 7 June 2020: Her Excellency Sarala Baishya
- 8 June 2020 – 6 February 2021: Her Serene Highness Princess Sarala
- 6 February 2021 – present: Her Royal Highness The Princess Regent and Crown Princess of Purvanchal
- Crown Princess of Purvanchal
- National Hero of Vishwamitra
Mahamanya Rashtriyanayak Yuvrajkumari Sarala, D.U.K., D.K.P., D.K. I, D.K. II (Beltola), D.K. II (Kamrupa), D.B., S.U.M.P., D.S.U.U., S.U.M.M., D.U.R.D., D.U.M.M., S.U.D.S., S.P.D.S., T.P.U.P., R.S.P., P.R.S., C.S.P., First Class of the Most Exalted Order of the Dragon Pearl of Huai Siao, Dame Grand Cross of the Most Auspicious and Exalted Order of the Royal House of Helmond-Bernhard of Queensland, Dame Grand Cross of the Most Esteemed Order of the Defender of the State of Carl Gustaf City, Honorary Member of the Most Valiant Order of Excellence of the Queenslandian Capital Territory, Grand Collar of the Order of the Cherubim of Norton, Stranger Lady of the Most Honourable Order of the Oyster of Baustralia, Lady Grand Cross of the Most Blessed Order of the Star of Edinburgh City, Crown Princess and Princess Regent of Purvanchal, Grand Mistress of the Royal Orders of Purvanchal, Premier Emeritus.
|Date of rank
|Royal Vishwamitran Navy
|13 May 2018
|Royal Vishwamitran Army
|22 January 2021
Honours of Purvanchal
- Grand Mistress and Supreme Grand Companion of the Most Esteemed Order of the Royal House of Sriraya (DKS) (4 July 2021)
- Grand Mistress and Grand Dame of the Most Noble Royal Family Order of Purvanchal (DK I) (6 February 2021)
- Grand Mistress and Grand Commander of the Most Honourable Order of the Crown of Purvanchal (SUMP) – Datin Sri Utama (6 February 2021)
- Grand Mistress and Grand Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of the Maharaja Varuna Sriraya (DUVS) – Datin Utama (12 February 2022)
- Grand Mistress and Member of the Most Eminent Order of Loyalty and Faithful Service (13 August 2021)
Vishwamitra and its states
- Friends Society:
- Dame of the Most Noble and Most Auspicious Order of the Commonwealth (4 August 2019)
- Friends Society Ratna (23 July 2017)
- Padma Ratna (27 January 2016)
- Bhushan Ratna (17 April 2018)
- Shri Ratna (15 April 2015)
- Recipient of the Medal "For Services to National Leader II" (30 April 2020)
- Recipient of the Investiture Medal of National Leader III (3 May 2020)
- Grand Cordon of the Most Esteemed Supreme Order of the Hibiscus (DUK) (25 October 2022)
- Recipient of the Royal Vishwamitran Chain (26 October 2023)
- Recipient 1st Class of the Distinguished and Long Service Medal (SUDS) (29 September 2022)
- Recipient 2nd Class of the Distinguished and Long Service Medal (SPDS) (15 April 2022)
- Recipient of the Tanishkaa Patranabish Medal for Excellence (TPUP) (8 March 2022)
- Recipient of the National Service Medal (RSP) (15 April 2021)
- Recipient of the Royal Service Medal (PRS) (15 April 2022)
- Recipient of the Civil Service Medal (CSP) (15 April 2022)
- Recipient of the Commemorative Medal of the First Anniversary of the Vishwamitran Monarchy (8 June 2021)
- Recipient of the Commemorative Medal of the Crystal Jubilee of the Foundation of Vishwamitra (15 April 2022)
- Recipient of the Commemorative Medal of the 21st Birthday of Rashtradhyaksh Varuna Sriraya (11 January 2023)
- Former honours
- Royal Lady of the Most Exalted Royal Family Order of Vishwamitra (11 January – 24 October 2022)
- Grand Cross with Collar of the Most Honourable Order of the Lotus (15 April 2021 – 24 October 2022)
- Grand Cordon of the Most Illustrious Royal Order of the Crown of Vishwamitra (14 May 2021 – 24 October 2022)
- Grand Cordon of the Most Excellent Order of the Vishwamitra (12 February 2021 – 24 October 2022)
- Commander First Class of the Most Gallant Order of Mahabali Karthika Padaka (23 January 2021 – 24 October 2022)
- Dame First Class of the Most Noble Order of the Precious Crown (14 May 2021 – 24 October 2022)
- Federal Territories:
- Extra Grand Companion of the Most Distinguished Order of the Territorial Crown (SUNM) – Datuk Sri (20 December 2023)
- Member of the Most Distinguished Order of Basistha (DB) – Datin Sri Paduka (27 January 2023)
- Member 2nd Class of the Most Esteemed Royal Family Order of Beltola (DK II) (12 July 2021)
- Member of the Most Esteemed Order of the Royal Family of Kamrupa (DK II) (22 March 2021)
- Madhya Prant:
- Grand Dame of the Most Honourable Order of Uttaranchal (DSUU) – Datin Sri Utama (4 May 2022)
- Cangun Llus:
- Member of the Most Honourable Order of the Heron (1 May 2021)
- Baustralia: Stranger Lady of the Most Honourable Order of the Oyster (LO, 23 April 2023)
- Creek and Lake: Honorary Dame Grand Cross of the Most Distinguished Order of St. Orr (GCStO, 25 January 2024)
- Huai Siao:
- Queensland: Member of the Most Excellent Order of the Cassia Fistula (OCF, 15 September 2023)
- Carl Gustaf Province: Dame Grand Cross of the Most Esteemed Order of the Defender of the State of Carl Gustaf City (12 February 2022)
- Edinburgh Province:
- Queenslandian Capital Territory: Honorary Member of the Most Valiant Order of Excellence (2 January 2023)
- Juniperia: Dame Commander of the Order of the Juniperian Star (7 May 2023, order disestablished)
- Norton: Grand Collar of the Order of the Cherubim (7 April 2023, order abolished 29 July 2023)
- Dame Grand Cross of the Most Auspicious and Exalted Order of the Royal House of Helmond-Bernhard (2 January 2022, became dormant)
- Dame Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of Queen Elizabeth II (14 May 2021, became dormant)
- Lady Grand Cross of the Most Honourable Order of the Queen Catherine Precious Crown (9 September 2021, became dormant)
- Lady Grand Cross of the Most Illustrious Order of the Saint Michael and Saint Olav (28 April 2021, became dormant)
- Grand Cross of the Order of Klöw (18 September 2021, returned 10 October 2022)
- Recipient of the Commemorative Medal of the First Anniversary of the Relation Vishwamitra-Sildavia (18 September 2021, returned 10 October 2022)
Ribbon bars of the orders and decorations that are worn regularly by the Crown Princess of Purvanchal are noted in accordance with customary Vishwamitran conventions applicable to the occasion, the location and to the form of dress worn. The ribbon bars are worn according to the protocol and the precedence of the wear as issued by the Chancellery of the orders. It is to note that the ribbons of the foreign honours are worn below the national and state honours of Vishwamitra.
Coat of arms
- Caravaggio, John III (23 April 2023). "April 2023 Birthday Honours List". Retrieved 29 May 2023.
- Jha, Ishan (7 May 2023). "First Inductions to the Order of the Juniperian Star". Retrieved 29 May 2023.
- von Goetzon, Oscar (3 August 2022). "Imperial and Royal Decree n. 234-2O22, O3 August 2O22.: Empire's Day List of Honors 2022". Retrieved 29 May 2023.
- von Goetzon, Oscar (24 December 2021). "Imperial and Royal Decree n. 225-2O21, 24 December 2O21.: Christmas List of Honors 2021". Retrieved 29 May 2023.