Democratic People's Republic of Yurtyzstan
|This article refers to a micronation which is defunct and no longer exists. You can help make the article reflect that or ask on the talk page for further information.|
| Democratic People's Republic of Yurtyzstan |
Mighty empire of the Irondequoit
|43° 5′ 42″ N, 77° 28′ 21″ W |
|Official language(s)||Yurtyzstani (official); English, French, Chosonyurt (recognised)|
|Official religion(s)||Irreligious 43.5%, Roman Catholic 34.8%, other 22%; Kikami ~35%|
|- Chairman of Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly||J.J. Hakimoto|
|Legislature||Supreme People's Assembly|
|Established||September 22, 2010|
|Currency||Yurtyzstani keum (YKM)|
|Time zone||Yurtyzstani Time (UTC-5)|
|National animal||White-tailed deer (O. v. borealis)|
Official Site, New Light of Yurtyzstan
The Democratic People's Republic of Yurtyzstan (Yurtyzstani: 윭나라 파신꾀 공하라 파신투 Yultnala Pasinkoi Gonghala Pasintu) is a micronational republic situated along the Irondequoit Creek in upstate New York.
Yurtyzstan was founded September 22, 2010 by a group of micronationalists led by J.J. Hakimoto, who subsequently declared himself Supreme Potentate. For most of its early existence, the Yurtyzstani Workers' Party dominated politics and suppressed dissent. After strong economic growth in the beginning of 2011, war was declared with the Longhouse Kingdom on 17 March; though Longhouse surrendered 1 May, the nation had sustained extensive damage to its infrastructure and subsequently lapsed into inactivity and recession. The nation slowly began to recover in the autumn of 2011, and the first multi-party elections were held 12 December 2011. After a long period of stability under majority socialist rule, during which time Yurtyzstan was a member state of the Nemkhav Federation, Yurtyzstan dissolved in July 2012; its successor states were reunited by 1 January 2013, and the subsequent 1 May 2013 election brought the first rightist government in the country's history.
Yurtyzstan, initially a humorous project, has evolved to be a strong proponent of the Realism theories of Robert Lethler, generally adopting a pacifist stance and an emphasis on cultural development in the community. Yurtyzstan has experienced rapid economic and cultural growth over the past year, in part due to the enactment of market reforms on 26 May 2013. It is known for its distinct, Asian-influenced culture, and has gained standing in the community as a member state of the Grand Unified Micronational.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Administrative divisions
- 4 Culture and arts
- 5 Politics and government
- 6 Military
- 7 Economy
- 8 Media and telecommunications
- 9 Transportation
- 10 Demographics
- 11 Society
- 12 References
In late 2010, a loosely organised movement for independence began, based at Yurt Clearing, later renamed Yurtpyitaw. J.J. Hakimoto gained popularity within the movement due to his populist platform and previous micronational experience in Crimsonia and the Republic of CDR; his speech on 1 September 2010 at Yurt Clearing was crucial in organising the revolution. On 22 September, the Democratic People's Republic of Yurtyzstan was established and declared independent from the United States. Hakimoto named himself Supreme Potentate; Felix Yurtzhinsky subsequently won a power struggle with Oon Em Pyo Iid for the second-ranked office of Despot.
Following the Yurtyzstani Revolution, Yurtyzstan became dormant for several months. Hakimoto revived the nation in February 2011, and subsequently the nation experienced an economic boom. A national currency was established and minted, and Yurt Clearing—now named Yurtpyitaw—was made the capital and rapidly developed. Hakimoto also founded the Yurtyzstani Workers' Party, which soon became the most powerful institution in Yurtyzstan, implementing collectivisation and restricting free speech and travel.
In March, a military was established, and Felix Yurtzhinsky was given control of the naval forces. All citizens were conscripted as reserve personnel and trained, and the military was made the primary law enforcement entity. A space programme was also developed, with several air-pressure rockets launched in early March.
It was also in March that Yurtyzstan opened a Foreign Affairs Ministry, entering relations with states such as Freedomia and Kirkland, and became a member state of the Organisation of Active Micronations.
On 17 March 2011, the Longhouse Kingdom, at the time led by Sultan Paul J.G.R. McLenistar, invaded Yurtyzstan and sacked the capital, Yurtpyitaw. Following the invasion, J.J. Hakimoto declared war on the Longhouse Kingdom. Several army and naval drills took place, the space programme was made a top priority for the government, and Felix Yurtzhinsky was effectively made head of the military.
On 18 March, the 1st and 2nd Battles of Yurtpyitaw were fought. Yurtyzstani troops defeated invading Longhouse troops outside Yurtpyitaw, and later attacked the same troops again as they recouped and prepared to relaunch their attempted invasion. Following Yurtyzstan's decisive victory, reconstruction of Yurtpyitaw began.
On 25 March, the Yurtyzstanis won a decisive victory at Battle of the Taedong, resulting in their capture of strategic Longhouse Kingdom territory. The Longhouse Kingdom retaliated on 27 March in the Battle of the Northern Outposts, attacking several key Yurtyzstani forts north of Yurtpyitaw. Felix Yurtzhinsky led troops in a retreat into the city itself, followed by Longhouse Kingdom troops, in the 4th Invasion of Yurtpyitaw; the Longhouse Kingdom took control of the northern half of the city, and Yurtyzstani forces entrenched themselves in the southern part of the city.
On 14 April, on the nineteenth day of the Siege of Yurtpyitaw, Yurtyzstani forces broke the stalemate and launched a three-pronged peace offensive towards the Longhouse Kingdom. J.J. Hakimoto led a strike force from New Pyongyang, a newly-established city on the Taedong Creek, to attack Quatres-pins, another Longhouse settlement. Oon Em Pyo Iid, a Colonel in the military, led troops to secure the eastern end of the Longhouse Kingdom's territory. Yurtzhinsky led the remaining troops to Algonquin Town itself, reuniting with the other troops to siege Algonquin Town.
On 1 May, Yurteel Day, Yurtyzstani forces invaded Algonquin Town as a rebellion against the Sultan's regime erupted. The Sultan was captured and brought to Yurtyzstan, where he was ordered to cease micronational activity in a show trial and subsequently banished. Oon Em Pyo Iid was appointed leader of the Yurtyzstani military occupation there, which initially ruled the entire country but gradually ceded territory to the Peace and Democracy Council. When the military occupation finally ended, the country divided in two, with the PDC provisionally taking power in the West and the popular nationalist Anti-Yurtyzstan Front taking control of the East. Nine days later, the New Pyongyang Accords were signed, requiring both Longhouse successor states to pay war reparations and establishing a truce zone at Quatres-pins.
On Yurteel Day, the same day that the Yurtyzstan-Longhouse War concluded with Yurtyzstani victory, the country's first elections were held. The elections were noncompetitive, with the Workers' Party taking all five seats in the new Supreme People's Assembly. Six days later, however, Hakimoto invoked emergency powers due to the escalating postwar crisis; he abolished the Supreme Potentate position, dissolved the Assembly, and became Chairman of the National Defence Commission.
Activity sharply declined in the following months, and Yurtyzstan's cities fell into disrepair. Yurtyzstan also suffered multiple embarrassments in the OAM, resulting in their departure from the organisation; Hakimoto was later elected Chancellor of the Organisation of United Micronations, an unsuccessful breakaway organisation.
On 12 June 2011, Felix Yurtzhinsky, following a series of disputes with J.J. Hakimoto and the rest of the Workers' Party, founded the People's Reactionary Party. He was stripped of all titles and decorations the next day by the Central Committee of the Workers' Party and, fearing imprisonment after being accused of plotting to overthrow Hakimoto, fled Yurtyzstan. He established the People's Reactionary State of Yurtyzstan, a government-in-exile, in Qsaahar, East Longhouse Kingdom. Yurtzhinsky also joined the Anti-Yurtyzstan Front, the military junta ruling East Longhouse Kingdom, and was appointed Supreme Commander; under Yurtzhinsky, the East Longhouse Kingdom rejected the New Pyongyang Accords, refusing to pay war reparations to Yurtyzstan.
At the height of the crisis, Yurtyzstanis crossed the border into East Longhouse Kingdom and, to a lesser extent, the Republic of Longhouse. In July, J.J. Hakimoto began implementing measures to establish greater control over the jangmadang, or public markets, which had developed during the crisis. In August, Hakimoto began talks with the Nemkhav Federation regarding the possibility of becoming a member, and also launched efforts to reconstruct Yurtpyitaw and other cities.
On September 22, 2011, the first anniversary of independence, Yurtyzstan joined the Nemkhav Federation. Since then, Yurtyzstan has rebounded significantly.
On December 3, the first multi-party elections in Yurtyzstan's history took place. Again, the result was victory for the Yurtyzstani Workers' Party; however, Yurtyzstani citizens generally see the results of this election as more legitimate than those of the May 1 elections. In April 2012, further democratic reforms were enacted, shifting most power to the democratically elected Supreme People's Assembly.
On March 29, 2012, Yurtyzstan abandoned its south-eastern territories, moving the capital Yurtpyitaw to a new location, due to frequent invasion by the Anti-Yurtyzstan Front.
Arguably for the first time in its history, Yurtyzstan has begun to make a concerted effort to develop its culture and economy. The 2nd Supreme People's Assembly passed a wide array of legislation establishing a framework for a domestic economy and agricultural system and guaranteeing basic human rights and freedoms. Provisions in the Constitution and Criminal Code of Yurtyzstan guarantee all citizens protection from unjust punishment. Furthermore, the Yurtyzstani People's Arts and Culture Commission is developing a national constructed language and recording performances of native artists and music groups.
The general philosophy regarding micronationalism and Yurtyzstan's existence has also changed significantly. The Yurtyzstani people and government have begun to view Yurtyzstan as a legitimate state, and regard micronationalism as a profession rather than a hobby. This paradigm shift was described in a treatise entitled On the Philosophies of the Yurtyzstani State, written by J.J. Hakimoto.
Dissolution of Nemkhav Federation and governmental collapse
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Reunification to present
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Yurtyzstan covers several acres of forested land outside Rochester, New York. It borders the United States and the Great Moose Empire. The two major rivers are the Chunjiain and the Hongbai. The capital and largest city is Yurtpyitaw; other major cities include Honggang and Nangmwi Town to the west.
|Climate data for Yurtpyitaw, DPR Yurtyzstan|
|Record high °F (°C)||74
|Average high °F (°C)||32.0
|Average low °F (°C)||17.8
|Record low °F (°C)||−17
|Average Snowfall inches (cm)||27.7
|Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)||19.4||15.9||15.1||13.1||12.2||11.9||10.8||10.8||11.5||13.2||15.3||17.6||166.8|
|Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 in)||18.2||14.6||9.7||3.1||.2||0||0||0||0||.2||5.6||14.5||66.1|
|Source: Yurtyzstani People's Science and Technology Commission|
Yurtyzstan has four distinct seasons; summers are often hot and humid and winters are often cold and snowy. During an average summer, heatwaves are not uncommon. There is plentiful precipitation throughout the year.
|2||Alta Crimsonia Province||알다클림소냐시앙||Ville-Haute|
|3||Songyang Province||성양시앙||Nangmwi Town|
|5||Sapaim Province||사팸시앙||Mihwang Beach|
Culture and arts
Literature and arts in Yurtyzstan are state-controlled, through the Yurtyzstani People's Arts and Culture Commission.
The ACC, as of 2012, has begun to record native artists and musical groups. The National Yurt Music Troupe and Yurtyzstan People's Military Ensemble have been created by the government; also popular is Yurtyzstani pianist Maung Maung Yurt. The 1st Six-Month Plan, approved by the Yurtyzstani Workers' Party and the Supreme People's Assembly on February 24, 2012, calls for the release of at least one album recorded by a national singer or group by August.
The ACC is also developing a national constructed language.
- Yurtyzstani language
- Arts districts
- Fine art photography in Yurtyzstan
Politics and government
Yurtyzstan is a democratic socialist state which holds compulsory multi-party elections every six months. There is a pronounced cult of personality surrounding revolutionary figure and leader J.J. Hakimoto; despite recent progress in freedom of speech, dissent against Hakimoto himself is illegal.
Officially, there is no executive branch in Yurtyzstan; the National Defence Commission oversees the other Commissions, can veto legislation, and can invoke emergency powers. The current Chairman of the National Defence Commission is J.J. Hakimoto. There is also no adjucative branch; domestic criminal cases are handled by the People's Safety and Security Commission, whereas matters of national security or international criminal activity are handled by the National Defence Commission.
The legislature of Yurtyzstan is the Supreme People's Assembly, made up of five seats. The inner body which conducts plenary sessions and approves legislation is the Presidium; the current Chairman of the Presidium is J.J. Hakimoto.
The Yurtyzstani Workers' Party is widely considered to be the ruling party of Yurtyzstan, having earned a vast majority of votes in the December 3, 2012 elections. The Chairman of the Central Committee is its founder, J.J. Hakimoto. Other parties include the Social Democratic Party, dissolved into the YWP on January 4, 2012, the Impoverished Yurtyzstanis' Front, a capitalist party, and the People's Reactionary Party, banned from participating in elections and government.
- Update political parties list
- Update elections
- Recent shift from socialism to capitalism
- Remove NDC, add Supreme Court
Prior to joining the Nemkhav Federation, Yurtyzstan maintained active relations with the Empire-Republic of Freedomia, the Kingdom of Kirkland, and the Empire of Starland. As a member state of the Nemkhav Federation, however, Yurtyzstan cannot maintain its own diplomatic relations.
Following the end of the Yurtyzstani military occupation, the Longhouse Kingdom divided into the Yurtyzstan-backed West Longhouse Kingdom (later Republic of Longhouse) and the Felix Yurtzhinsky-backed East Longhouse Kingdom. The Yurtyzstani government remains on good terms with that of the Republic of Longhouse, providing development aid and engaging in cultural and educational exchange programmes.
The Yurtyzstan People's Military was established in March 2011 by J.J. Hakimoto, who made himself Generalissimo. Second-in-command Felix Yurtzhinsky was made Admiral, a rank which gave him control of Yurtyzstan's experimental naval branch. During the Yurtyzstan-Longhouse War, Yurtzhinsky essentially assumed control of the entire military, and continued to do so until his defection in June. Since the post-war crisis, the military has been given relatively low priority by the Yurtyzstani government, and the military is likely to remain stagnant until the completion of several major cities as per the 1st Six-Month Plan.
- Yurt Chan-Lhin and control over ice lakes
Yurtyzstan has only recently begun to develop an economy. As per the 1st Six-Month Plan, which emphasises the cultivation of economy and light industry, the Yurtyzstani government plans to open state-run open-air markets (jangmadang) for sale of domestic agricultural products, and a series of department stores for clothing items and Western imports. The official currency of Yurtyzstan is the Yurtyzstani pyang, formerly the Yurtyzstani okane.
- Commodity backing of pyang
- Emergency nationalisation
Media and telecommunications
All legal media in Yurtyzstan is state-controlled. The oldest media outlet in Yurtyzstan is the Radong Shimbun newspaper, printed by the Yurtyzstani Workers' Party since after the Yurtyzstani Revolution. Since early 2011, the Yurtyzstani government has maintained the New Light of Yurtyzstan and YurtyzstanTV news webpages for international audiences. On February 19, 2011, the Voice of Yurtyzstan radio programme was aired for the first time.
The only Internet access point in Yurtyzstan is at the National University of Yurtyzstan, Casayurta. The Internet available to users there is heavily censored and monitored, and the government plans to replace it with a national Intranet.
- Internet installation in Yurtpyitaw
Yurt cities in Yurtyzstan are connected by dirt roads, which are maintained by the Yurtyzstani People's Construction and Infrastructure Commission. The Construction and Infrastructure Commission is currently working to create a National Highway, a series of wide, level roads through major cities, as the current dirt paths are often blocked by fallen trees or too narrow to navigate easily.
Yurtyzstan's population is extremely homogeneous, with uniformity in religion, ethnicity, and language among all citizens. Though no official census has been taken, Yurtyzstan reports a population of seven.
- Changes in religion
- Minority languages
- Population = 30
All Yurtyzstani citizens speak English as a native language. The national language of Yurtyzstan, however, is Yurtyzstani, a constructed language formulated by the Yurtyzstani People's Language Commission. It is mandatory to use Yurtyzstani in all official documents and in all public announcements or advertisements; all citizens are required to speak it fluently. In addition to English and Yurtyzstani, there are pockets of Spanish, French, Portuguese, and Korean speakers in Yurtpyitaw and Hakimoto City.
100% of Yurtyzstani citizens are Roman Catholic.
Yurtyzstan has several institutions of higher education throughout the country. The oldest university is the Yurtpyitaw University of Science and Technology, established September 30, 2011. The Yurtyzstani government also runs the National University of Yurtyzstan, which has campuses in Casayurta, Yurtpyitaw, Hakimoto City, and Honggang. There are also several technical colleges in smaller cities, such as South Yurtpyitaw.
Students in technical colleges receive a Technical Diploma, whereas in universities a Diploma is awarded. In addition, university students can opt to pursue an Advanced Diploma, which also requires fieldwork or independent study and a thesis.
Yurtyzstan's literacy rate is 100%.
- Update as per Education Reform Act
The Yurtpyitaw General Hospital and University of Medicine offers services free of charge for minor health problems, and the Yurtyzstani government plans to construct hospitals in several other cities. However, Yurtyzstanis are encouraged by the government to seek macronational medical care for major illnesses or injuries.
Yurtyzstani society is heavily affected by its socialist government and political system. Though the government has recently moved to allow more freedom of speech and belief, having beliefs that contradict those of the government and the Yurtyzstani Workers' Party often leads to a steep decline in social status.
Roman Catholicism is also a heavy influence on Yurtyzstani society, as 100% of its citizens follow the religion. Christian holidays such as Christmas and Easter are widely celebrated. Modesty and formation of traditional families are encouraged. Sex is generally a taboo subject and is heavily restricted according to Catholic morals.
- Decline in religious influence
- Change in sexual attitudes
Early in Yurtyzstan's history, a comprehensive personality cult surrounding leader J.J. Hakimoto developed. The government required all structures to have a portrait of Hakimoto, before which citizens were expected to bow. Recent liberalisation and transition to democracy, spearheaded by Hakimoto, has led to the degeneration of this enforced veneration, though Hakimoto remains a widely admired figure.
- Yurt Kyong-yon