Old Koza language

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Koza redirects here. For information on the extinct language, visit Koza (disambiguation)
Koza

Regulated by Koza Consrada ave Lingva
Spoken in Koza
Total speakers Unknown
Family

Indo-European

Type Artlang

The Koza language (De Koza Jasky; Portuguese: Lingua Koziana) is a constructed language. It is classified as an Indo-European language that belongs to the Slavic languages, though it is also influenced by the Swedish, Bulgarian and French languages.

The standard word order is verb–subject–object, thought this order can be changed to stress certain words or phrases. There are two genders, two grammatical cases, and a distinction between plural and singular.

Name

The Koza language is referred to as the Sjovenky ave Jyd , "Slovak of the South", or colloquially Sojyd, "Slouth". This is in reference to the geographical position of the language, considering it is the only slavic language in the southern part of the hemisphere. It is also referred by some people as the Romantika Sjovanky, "Romance Slavic", due to the great influence of French and Galician in the language.

Phonology

In Koza, unlike Slovak, Croatian, and Serbian, there are few, almost no, words that do not have vowels. Examples of words that contain no vowels are: wlf(wolf), smirt(death).

Vowels

There are seven vowels in Koza which are regarded as individual phonemes. There are 5 short and 3 long vowels.

Long vowels are indicated by a circumflex or a caron.

/ɛː/ is represented by letter ê or ě
/aː/ is represented by letter â or ǎ
/ɔː/ is represented by letter ô or ǒ

Short vowels

/i/ is represented by letters i and y
/u/ is represented by letter u
/ɛ/ is represented by letters e
/a/ is represented by letter a
/ɔ/ is represented by letter o

Alphabet

Letter Phonetic
values
Spelling Pronunciation
Aa á /a/
Ǎǎ â /aː/
Bb /be/
Cc /t͡s/, /se/
Dd /d/
Ee é /ɛ/
Ěě ê /ɛː/
Ff ef /f/
Gg /g/, /ɡe/
Hh agá /aˈɡa/
Ii í /i/
Jj jota /ˈʒɔtɐ/
Kk /k/
Ll éle /ˈl/
Mm ém /m/
Nn én /n/
Oo ó /o/, /ɔ/
Ǒǒ ô /oː/, /ɔː/
Pp /p/
Qq quê /ke/
Rr ér /r/
Ss és /s/
Tt /te/
Uu ú /u/
Vv /ve/
Xx kis /ks/
Yy ípsilon /ˈipsilõ/
Zz /z/

Classification

The Koza language is classified as a Slavic language, but that is not widely accepted. Koza is said to be a romance version of the Slovak language, considering this, there are two types of classifications made by the Koza Consrada ave Lingva.

According to Lucas Campos, its specific classification is as follows:

On the word hand, Luiza Portes proposed the following classification:

Grammar

Verbs

Regular verbs belong to one of three conjugation classes, distinguished by the ending of their infinitive forms:

  • Those whose infinitive ends in -er belong to the first conjugation (e.g. pjolaner, driker, mover);
  • Those whose infinitive ends in -ar belong to the second conjugation (e.g. stjalar, jestar, psar);
  • Those whose infinitive ends in -ir belong to the third conjugation (e.g. zabir, invazjir, abir);

First conjugation (pjolaner)

  • Indicative
    • Present: pjolane, pjolanes, pjolanê, pjolanime, pjolanje, pjolaneis
    • Past: pjlonet, pjolanest, pjolanêt, pjolanetom, pjolanjest, pjolanest
    • Future: pjolanjem, pjolajns, pjolanê, pjolanjme, pjolanje, pjolanjis
  • Imperative
    • pjolanhes (ty), pjolanje (vy), pjolanjime (nys), pjolanjai (vys), pjolanjen (vis)

Second conjugation (jestar)

  • Indicative
    • Present: jestam, jestas, jestá, jestame, jesvate, jestajy
    • Past: jestla, jestavla, jestála, jestamla, jesvalam, jestajam
    • Future: jesvla, jesvas, jesvá, jesvam', jesavte, jestavy
  • Imperative
    • jester (ty), jven (vy), jesvime (nys), jesvai (vys), jsven (vis)

Third conjugation (zabir)

Pronouns

Nominative (I) Accusative (me) Posessive (my/mine)
I Eoi Mej Meji
You Ty Tvoj Tvojs
He Ly Syj Syji
She La Saj Saji
It/ You Vy Sej Seji
We Nys Nazy Nazy'
You Vys Vazy Vazy'
They Lis Syje Syjes

Relationships to other languages

The Koza language is a descendant of Proto-Slavic language, itself a descendant of Proto-Indo-European. It is closely related to the other West Slavic languages, primarily to Czech and Slovak, but it also has some striking similarities with other Slavic languages,such as Slovenian. It has been also influenced by German, Swedish and French.

Other Slavic languages

Slavic languages tend to be closely related, both phonologically and ortographically, many of them are mutually intelligible. This is a reflection in the geographical position of such languages, since they are spoken in relatively small communities.

There are also similarities with the western Southern Slavic languages, i.e. Serbo-Croatian language and to a lesser degree Slovenian stemming from the time before the arrival of the Hungarians in Central Europe.

English word Koza Slovak Czech Rusyn Ukrainian Belarusian Polish Serbo-Croatian
to buy kupyvatir kupovať kupovat куповати (kupovati) купувати (kupuvaty) купляць (kupljać) kupować kupovati
Welcome! Wtaje! Vitajte! Vítejte Вітайте! (vitajte!) Вітаю! (vitaju!) Вітаю! (vitaju!) Witajcie Dobrodošli!
morning rjano ráno ráno рано (rano) рано/ранок (rano/ranok) рана/ранак (rana/ranak) rano/ranek uranak/jutro
Thank you Dankuj Ďakujem Děkuji Дякую (djakuju) Дякую (djakuju) Дзякуй (dzjakuj) Dziękuję Hvala
How are you? Jako-ty? Ako sa máš? Jak se máš? Як ся маєш/маш?
(jak sja maeš/maš?)
Як справи? (jak spravy?) Як справы? (jak spravy?) Jak się masz? Kako si?
Як себе/ся маєш?
(jak sebe/sja maeš?)
Як маесься?
(jak maeśśja?)

The following is the first article of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights for comparison of Koza and other slavic languages:

Language Text
English All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.
Slovak Všetci ľudia sa rodia slobodní a sebe rovní , čo sa týka ich dostojnosti a práv. Sú obdarení rozumom a majú navzájom jednať v bratskom duchu.
Czech Všichni lidé rodí se svobodní a sobě rovní co do důstojnosti a práv. Jsou nadáni rozumem a svědomím a mají spolu jednat v duchu bratrství.
Polish Wszyscy ludzie rodzą się wolni i równi pod względem swej godności i swych praw. Są oni obdarzeni rozumem i sumieniem i powinni postępować wobec innych w duchu braterstwa.
Koza(Latin) Vsit ljudabjyst rojerlis svobod' a rovene z dostojinvost a prava. Dutojavamlis obdidaren' a svejomie a by mel veci jiens viny z en dukh ave bratysvo.
Koza(Cyrillic) Всит лјудaбјυст ројерлис свобод' а ровене з достојинвост а права. Дутоjaрмлис обдидapeн' a срejoмиe a бы мeл вeци jиeнс винυ з eн дyкх aвe брaтυсвo.