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Republic of Bonumland
| Republic of Bonumland |
Long live Bonumland!
March of Bonumlandians
Location of Bonumland in Florida, USA
|Government||Federal presidential republic|
|- President||Azerianus Severanus|
|- Vice President||Jacob Rees-Mogg|
|- Type||- Unicameral|
|Established||May 23, 2015|
Bonumland has established the Constitution, flag, coat of arms, national anthem, holidays, currency, etc.
The government system of Bonumland is regarded as the full Presidential republic (a semi-dictatorship).
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Government system
- 4 Public holidays
- 5 International relations
- 6 See also
The First Republic of Bonumland existed from May 2, 2015 - May 22, 2015. The Old Republic differed from the Third Republic in many ways; namely, the flag and the national anthem were different. The Old Republic didn't have a motto, currency, national animal, or holidays. The national anthem was the instrumental version of the anthem of Finland, and the flag was also different. On May 23, 2015, by signing the Declaration of Establishment, the national symbols of the Old Republic were abolished and the Second Republic was created.
The Second Republic was established on May 23, 2015, when the Republic's founder and then-President Nick Rankov signed the Declaration of Establishment. In the first few months of existence, Bonumland did not have a stable government system, international relations or a defined Constitution. By this Declaration, the flag was formalized, and was defined as a green-blue-green rectangle. The Coat of Arms was a diamond-shaped shield of the Bonumlandian flag. The national anthem was called "Anthem of Bonumland". The currency was the Kintirum, and the national animal was the eagle. The Coat of Arms was changed in August 2015 to a double-headed eagle with a flag shield on his chest. During this early period of Bonumland's initial existence, the President was the main authority in deciding the major changes and issues concerning the national symbols, laws, and other issues relating to them.
The first Constitution was drafted in mid to late 2016. According to this first Constitution, the Government was described as the semi-unitary presidential republic; the national symbols remained the same and the first government was established in the form of the Parliament. In May 2017, this first Constitution was abolished.
The second constitution draft was adopted in early July 2017. In it, the government was described as a full presidential republic; a new institution within the government was introduced: the Diplomatic Council of the Republic, and a new ministry: the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The national anthem, "Anthem of Bonumland", was changed to a new anthem called "March of Bonumlandians", and the new national holidays were formalized. Other national symbols went unchanged. The second constitution has underwent three amendments, but it wasn't abolished at any point. Old national symbols are carefully archived and protected in the Bonumis Museum of Bonumlandian History and serve as symbols of Bonumland's history and identity.
Fist ever general parliamentary elections were held in June 2017; the first time the two major parties (Conservatives and Liberal-Democrats) participated in the run for Parliament. Liberal-Democrats won four seats while Conservatives won one seat less, three seats. The Liberal-Democratic Party was known as the Liberal Party until its dissolution.
August 2018 Crisis
Certain problems between the Parliament and the President emerged in late August 2018. Political turmoil was so tense that the President decided to sign a special presidential decree confirming that the nation of Bonumland ceases to exist. This crisis led to the Third Amendment of the Constitution which gives the President more executive power and restrains the constitutional rights of the Parliament concerning elections. The crisis was eventually resolved through compromise, but political turmoil remained for some time.
On September 8, 2018, Bonumland joined The United Micronational Assembly.
This was the first time Bonumland has ever joined any international micronational organization.
The President called the joining the crown jewel of Bonumlandian diplomacy.
Unfortunately, U.M.A. has stopped existing since late November 2018, but Bonumland's membership in this organization will surely be remembered and will stay written in the history of this micronation.
On December 13, 2018, Bonumland joined the Commonwealth of Allied States.
This was Bonumland's second intermicronational organization and a fundamental element of survival for Bonumland.
President Nick has received the role of Secretary-General inside the C.A.S.
This membership stuck until January 14, 2019, when the C.A.S. collapsed.
2019 Coup d'etats
On January 22 2019, the Parliament and the Diplomatic Council held a joint meeting. They brought a vote of no confidence to the President's authority and declared a coup on President Rankov; demanding he resign within 24 hours. The initiator of this resolution was the former Prime Minister Ivan Gelich, who accused the President of being 'more and more authoritative and trying to establish a dictatorship". Later that day, the President addressed the nation. In his address, the President said one of his most famous lines: "We had a very similar, if not the same situation in August last year. At that time I considered it to be a big crisis and I declared Bonumland's end as a nation. This is an even bigger crisis, but this time I will not end our nation - I will end our corrupt politicians". President Rankov reportedly told Vice President Dillon in private: "the Prime Minister has always been a witty person. I believe my mind has been made up. I will waste no time removing them." The President fired the Prime Minister and all the members of the government, abolished their citizenships for betrayal and committing the illegal act of the coup, and dissolved the Parliament and the Diplomatic Council. From January 22, 2019 to November 1, 2020, as a direct result of this crisis, Bonumland was a self-described "semi-dictatorship", with the only government having been President Nick Rankov and Vice President Addison Dillon. This coup also led to the creation of the Third Constitution.
According to the Constitution, the Government system in Bonumland is defined as the full Presidential republic. The President, the Parliament and the Diplomatic Council are the main institutions of the Government of Bonumland.
President of Bonumland
President of Bonumland is the head of state and head of Government of the Republic of Bonumland.
The president directs the executive branch of the Government and will hold the title of the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces of Bonumland once they have been established.
President is one of the most important and powerful political figures in Bonumland.
Section 2, Article III of the Bonumlandian Constitution defines the President's powers and duties.
President's powers and duties are as follows:
- The President makes treaties and agreements with foreign diplomacies and representatives in cooperation with the Vice President.
- The President shall be the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces once they have been established.
- The President grants amnesties and award honors.
- The President declares the state of war and the state of emergency.
- The President signs citizenships.
- The President addresses the nation during the times of major political, economic or global events affecting the Republic.
- The President can, upon his/her decree, introduce a new institution within the Government of Bonumland.
The proper way to address the President would be either "Your Excellency" or "Respected Mr. President".
Vice-President of Bonumland
The Vice-President position has only been recently introduced. On January 22, 2019, Aydan Dillon, a respected American/Malinovian government official, took the office.
The Vice-President serves as the President while he is away, such as when he is taking his Presidential vacation.
The current Vice-President lives in the United States and communicates with the President and Prime Minister via Google Hangouts.
The Vice-President can also serve as the President's deputy when the Prime Minister is gone (such as when he is ill).
Former Government institutions
Parliament of Bonumland
As of January 2019, the Parliament of the Republic of Bonumland held the legislative power within the Government of Bonumland.
The Parliament was composed of 9 seats. One seat was reserved for the Prime Minister, which was appointed by the President and is independent (meaning he doesn't belong to either of the two major parties). Members of the Parliament were called Ministers. They were elected on the General Elections every three years and could serve two mandates of three years. They could be either from the CP or LDP. Depending on the number of votes won in the elections, one party could win the maximum 4 seats or a minimum of 2 seats in the Parliament.
Parliament made new laws, adopted and amended the Constitution, etc.
A Bill was a proposal for a new law, or a proposal to change an existing law that is presented for debate before Parliament.
When the Parliament has agreed on the content of a Bill it was then presented to the President for approval.
President could put a veto on the bill, which is then reconsidered by the Parliament and then sent again for the approval (known as the Presidential Assent). President could put a veto on a bill maximum 2 times, then the President was obliged to approve it. Once Presidential Assent was given a Bill became the law.
The Parliament was dissolved on 22 January, when the Ministers made a coup on the President.
Diplomatic Council of the Republic
Diplomatic Council was an institution within the Government of Bonumland that conducted diplomatic talks and relations, formalized and issued alliances and treaties with other nations.
The head of the Diplomatic Council was the Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Both the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the members of the Council were appointed by the President.
The Diplomatic Council, along with the Parliament, was dissolved as a result of 22 January 2019 coup.
Section 1, Article Ia of the Constitution defines the national and public holidays of Bonumland.
Public holidays are celebrated annually. Public holidays are non-working days (except the Flag Day)
|1 January||New Year's Day||Celebrates the incoming year.|
|23 May||Bonumland Day||Celebrates the founding of the Republic of Bonumland.|
|10 August||Flag Day||Celebrates the flag of the Republic of Bonumland as the main symbol of national identity|
|25 December||Christmas||Celebration of the Christian holiday.|
The Republic of Bonumland has made great efforts to start diplomatic relations with other nations. As of current date, Bonumland has established diplomatic contacts and/or alliances with the following micronations respectively:
- Kingdom of Tagundia
- Kingdom of Phokland
- Kingdom of Éire
- Republic of Tueoedeth
- State of Malinovia
- Empire of Geelong
- United Alloan Empire
- Republic of Astain
On September 8, 2018, Bonumland entered The United Micronational Assembly as a full member.
This membership ended on 24 November because U.M.A. has stopped existing since then.