Governor of Basistha

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Governor of Basistha
वशिष्ठ के राज्यपाल (Hindi)
বশিষ্টের রাজ্যপাল (Bengali)
বশিষ্ঠৰ ৰাজ্যপাল (Assamese)
باستھا کے گورنر (Urdu)
Incumbent
Ankurjyoti Thakuria

since 12 August 2023
StyleHis Excellency
Reports toRashtradhyaksh
Government of Vishwamitra
AppointerRashtradhyaksh
on the advice of the Union Council of Ministers and the Privy Council
Term lengthAt His Illustrious and Royal Majesty's pleasure
Constituting instrumentGovernorship Act, 2023
Formation7 May 2017(first creation)
17 March 2023 (second creation)
First holderRajdeep Deka (first creation)
Princess Bishakha (second creation)

The Governor of Basistha (Hindi: वशिष्ठ के राज्यपाल) is the vice-regal representative of the Rashtradhyaksh, the federal ruler and the union government in the state and the ceremonial deputy head of state of the state of Basistha who serves as the deputy to the Rajpramukh of Basistha, the hereditary executive ruler of the state. The governor is responsible for assisting the Rajpramukh and the state government in the discharge of the administrative and other functions. The governor is also eligible to act as the head of state in the case of the absence of the Rajpramukh.

In May 2017, the position of the governor first came into existence following the bifurcation of Basistha from Beltola as a separate state of the union. However, months later in July 2017, Basistha ceased to be a state and became an union territory following which a series of instability in the status of the territory occurred. In September 2017, Basistha again became a state of the union until becoming an union territory again in February 2019. As an union territory, the affairs of the state were handled by the Lieutenant Governor. In March 2019, Basistha, along with Dadara and Kamrup, became a special administrative territory and the affairs were placed under an Administrator. In October 2019, Basistha again became an union territory. Following Vishwamitra's transition to a monarchy in 2020, the responsibilities rendered by the state governors were transferred to the hereditary rulers known as Rajpramukhs.

In March 2023, the Governorship Bill, 2023 was tabled in the Lok Sabha by Deputy Prime Minister and Parliamentary Affairs Minister Arthur Lacey-Scott-FitzLacia and was subsequently passed by the parliament. The bill received royal assent on 17 March 2023 and thus became an act. Soon after receiving assent, following the provisions laid in the act, the governors of the states were appointed. The current governor is Ankurjyoti Thakuria since 12 August 2023.

History

First creation (2017–2020)

Soon after the bifurcation of Basistha from Beltola to become a separate state of the nation in May 2017, the position of the governor came into existence. Rajdeep Deka, then serving as the Governor of Brihattar Guwahati was transferred and appointed to be the inaugural Governor of Basistha. Within the next two months, Basistha ceased to be a state and was made an union territory on 5 July 2017 and Mohammad Mridul Amin was appointed as the first lieutenant governor who much like the governors of the other states discharged their functions as a presidential nominee except that the lieutenant governor served as both the head of state and the head of government. In September 2017, Basistha again became a state of the union with Sanghita Roy becoming the governor.

In February 2019, Basistha again became an union territory with Mohammad Mridul Amin being re-appointed as the lieutenant governor. In a decision of the government on 6 March 2019, Basistha along with the newly-annexed territories of Dadara and Kamrup were made special administrative territories of the nation and placed under the jurisdiction of a local Administrator appointed by the Sovereign (that is the President) on recommendations made by the High Commissioners who were presidential agents in the territories. Accordingly, Mridul Amin was appointed as the first Acting Administrator and was succeeded by Reshmi Hazarika on acting basis following his resignation. Jemina Hazarika was then appointed as the first full-time Administrator of Basistha on 29 March 2019.

Further, in June 2019, Dadara and Kamrup was granted statehood which was followed by Basistha again becoming an union territory in October 2019. Manoj Chetry thereupon became the lieutenant governor. On 2 February 2020, the role of the state governors were replaced by the Governor-General who became the head of the dominions instead of the states. Basistha and Kamrupa were declared as federal territories and placed under a governor. Sanghita Roy served as the governor thereupon until Basistha's becoming an union territory in May 2020 when Manoj Chetry was appointed as the Administrator of Basistha and Kamrupa. On 8 June 2020, the position was abolished following Vishwamitra's transition to a monarchy. The duties of the administrator were transferred to the Rajpramukh of Basistha, who is the hereditary executive monarch of the state.

Rajyapal (2021–2022)

Article 50 of the Constitution stated that subject to the incapacity of the Rajpramukh of Basistha and on the advice of the brotherly rulers of Purvanchal and Beltola, the Conference of Rulers may decide to abolish the monarchy in the state and replace the head of state with the Rajyapal or Grand Governor who shall be appointed by the Conference of Rulers and serve as a member of the conference except for voting during the election of the Rashtradhyaksh and Uparashtradhyaksh. Accordingly, Mridul Amin of Basistha, then Rajpramukh of Basistha was removed and replaced by Ștefan Marius Snagoveanu, former Prime Minister as the Rajyapal of Basistha. Snagoveanu continued to serve in office until the re-instatement of the monarchy on 18 March 2022.

The monarchy was re-instated in Basistha on 18 March 2022 with Anoushkaa Patranabish serving as the Rajpramukh.

Second creation (2023–present)

The position of the governor came into existence for the second time in 2023 after the passage of the Governorship Act, 2023 by the Lok Sabha and its receiving royal assent on 17 March 2023. Under the provisions of the act, the governors are to be the vice-regal representative of the Rashtradhyaksh and shall serve as deputy to the hereditary state rulers and act as head of state whenever needed. Princess Bishakha of Purvanchal was appointed as the first governor of the state after the position's re-introduction on 17 March 2023 and she remained in office till being appointed as the Governor of Beltola on 28 May 2023. She was succeeded as the governor of the state by Bhargab Jyoti Medhi.

Functions and role

The governor, and on times, the lieutenant governor or administrator, served as the head of state of Basistha between 2017 and 2020 having control over large range of responsibilities in the governance of the state. The functions of the governor included:

  • discharging the day-to-day affairs of the state.
  • maintain law and order and general administration of the state.
  • communicate and brief the President about activities in the state.
  • appoint the chief minister and other officials upon approval of the President.

Following the re-introduction of the position in March 2023, the functions of the governor have been reduced to largely ceremonial ones. The governor, being the vice-regal representative of the Rashtradhyaksh, shares their duties and functions with the Rajpramukh and performs the functions whenever needed as asked by the Rashtradhyaksh. The principal duty rendered by the governor is to act as a bridge in the communication between the state government and the central government and to relay information to the central government and to convey information from the central government to that of the state.

List of governors

  •   Acting/caretaker governor or administrator
  • § Resigned from office
  • Removed from office
No. Portrait/Arms Name
(born – died)
Home state Tenure in office Immediate prior position held Appointed by
From To Time in office
Governor of Basistha
1 Rajdeep Deka
(born 2002)
Uttar Guwahati 7 May 2017 6 July 2017 60 days Governor of Brihattar Guwahati Varuna Sriraya
(President)
Lieutenant Governor of Basistha
2 Mridul Amin
(born 2003)
Uttar Guwahati 6 July 2017 6 September 2017[§] 62 days Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Welfare Varuna Sriraya
(President)
Reshmi Hazarika,
Governor of Beltola
(born 2003)
(Administrator)
Basistha 6 September 2017 17 September 2017 11 days Governor of Beltola (continued)
Governor of Basistha
3 Sanghita Roy
(born 2003)
Madhya Guwahati 17 September 2017 23 April 2018 218 days Minister of Social Justice and Welfare and Cabinet Affairs Varuna Sriraya
(President)
4 Subhajit Kar
(born 2001)
Madhya Guwahati 23 April 2018 4 February 2019 287 days Member of Parliament Anoushkaa Patranabish
(President)
Lieutenant Governor of Basistha
(2) Mridul Amin
(born 2003)
Uttar Guwahati 4 February 2019 6 March 2019 30 days Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Minority Affairs Varuna Sriraya
(President)
Administrator of the Special Administrative Territory of Basistha
(2) Mridul Amin
(born 2003)
(Acting)
Uttar Guwahati 6 March 2019 18 March 2019 12 days Lieutenant Governor of Basistha Varuna Sriraya
(President)
Reshmi Hazarika,
Governor of Purvanchal
(born 2003)
(Administrator)
Basistha 18 March 2019 29 March 2019 11 days Governor of Purvanchal (continued)
5 Jemina Hazarika
(born 2006)
Basistha 29 March 2019 31 July 2019[§] 124 days Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Minority Affairs
Ankurjyoti Thakuria,
Governor of Beltola
(born 2002)
(Administrator)
Kamrup Pradesh 31 July 2019 14 August 2019 14 days Governor of Beltola (Continued)
6 Kushal Saha
(born 2006)
Beltola 14 August 2019 25 October 2019[§] 72 days Minister of State for Culture and Sports and Youth Affairs
Lieutenant Governor of Basistha
7 File:Manoj Chetry.PNG Manoj Chetry
(born 2005)
Purvanchal 25 October 2019 2 February 2020 100 days Chief Minister of Purvanchal Varuna Sriraya
(President)
File:Saikat-Seal.PNG Saikat Seal,
Governor-General of Madhya Prant
(born 2006)
(Administrator)
Purvanchal 2 February 2020 10 February 2020 8 days Governor-General of Madhya Prant (Continued)
Governor of the Federal Territory of Basistha
(3) Sanghita Roy
(born 2003)
Madhya Prant 10 February
2020
13 May
2020
93 days Minister of Social Services and Religious Affairs Varuna Sriraya
(President)
Administrator of Basistha
(7) File:Manoj Chetry.PNG Manoj Chetry
(born 2005)
Purvanchal 13 May 2020 7 June 2020 25 days Governor of Kamrupa Varuna Sriraya
(President)
Governor of Basistha
8 File:Portrait of Princess Bishakha (2022).jpg Her Serene Highness Datin Sri Utama
Princess Bishakha
(born 2013)
Purvanchal 17 March 2023 28 May 2023 72 days Chief Minister of Purvanchal Varuna Sriraya
(Rashtradhyaksh)
9 Tan Sri Dato Utama
Bhargab Jyoti Medhi
(born 2001)
Purvanchal 28 May 2023 12 August 2023 76 days Mayor of Dadara
10 Tan Sri Dato Utama
Ankurjyoti Thakuria
(born 2002)
Kamrupa 12 August 2023 Incumbent 310 days Governor of Madhya Prant

Timeline

Bhargab Jyoti MedhiPrincess Bishakha of PurvanchalSaikat, Crown Prince of Madhya PrantManoj, Crown Prince of UttaranchalAnkurjyoti ThakuriaJemina HazarikaSanghita RoyReshmi HazarikaMridul Amin of BasisthaRajdeep Deka

Time in office

Below is the list of the governors and lieutenant governors of Basistha by total time in office:

  1. Sanghita Roy – 311 days
  2. Subhajit Kar – 287 days
  3. Manoj Chetry – 125 days
  4. Jemina Hazarika – 124 days
  5. Mridul Amin – 104 days
  6. Kushal Saha and Bishakha Das – 72 days
  7. Rajdeep Deka – 59 days
  8. Bhargab Jyoti Medhi1 year, 20 days
  9. Reshmi Hazarika (acting) – 22 days
  10. Ankurjyoti Thakuria (acting) – 14 days
  11. Saikat Seal (acting) – 8 days

See also