Pinangese Republic

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Pinangese Republic
Repubblica Pinanghese (Italian)
Flag of Pinangese Republic
Flag
Coat of arms of Pinangese Republic
Coat of arms
Motto: “Liberty, Justice, and Progress”
Anthem: Bella Ciao
Map of the Pinangese Republic.
CapitalEstosadok
Official languagesItalian, English, Larvottan
Religion
(2023 [a])
Demonym(s)Pinangese
GovernmentFederal semi-parliamentary republic
• President
Ezio Auditore
Jewele Olsen
Vacant
• Speaker of the Parliament
Tobey Wyles
LegislatureParliament of the Republic
Establishment
• First Republic
18 April 2018
• Reformation into Archduchy
15 June 2018
• Second Republic
21 October 2019
• Formation of the Triumvirate
2 February 2020
• Formation of the Commonwealth of Pinang
2 May 2020
• Third Republic
1 March 2021
• Fourth Republic
30 January 2022
• Fifth Republic
8 April 2023
Area
• Total
0.865 km2 (0.334 sq mi)
Population
• Census
17
• Density
20/km2 (51.8/sq mi)
Membership71
Time zoneUTC-6, -3, +0, +1, +3, +10
IMSO 1 codePIN

Pinang, officially the Pinangese Republic (Italian: Repubblica Pinanghese), known also as the Fifth Republic of Pinang, is a micronation located in Europe, Asia, Oceania and Americas with a population of 17 inhabitants (not including foreign-resident citizens). It borders with Italy, Monaco, Belarus, Brazil, Australia, Saudi Arabia, Rovia,the United Kingdom and the United States. The national capital is Estosadok, located in the Province of Metropolitan Pinang. Pinang is a federal semi-parliamentary republic since 8 April 2023. Pinang has a score of 3.2 on Categoric-Gradial System of Classification and a score of 3.1 on Daniel's Scale of Micronational Seriousness.

Etymology

The name 'Pinang' derives from the old name of George Town, a city located in Malaysia. Initially, before being a micronation, Pinang was a game of politics and war invented by Esty Carpentieri and Buz, set in the Malaysian city of Pinang.

History

First Republic

Flag of Pinang during the First Republic.

Initial Period

The First Republic of Pinang was established on 18 April 2018. On the same day, the Parliament was formed, consisting of the 5 co-founders. On 19 April 2018, the presidential election was held. Esty Carpentieri was elected first president of the republic, defeating the militarist candidate Buz, who was then appointed prime minister. On the same day, the Military Forces were established by President Carpentieri on proposal of Prime Minister Buz. On 24 April, a constitution was approved by the Parliament. On 8 May 2018, Pinang together with the People’s Republic of Duke formed the CTASIO, a micronational alliance which had the goal of promoting culture and the protection of environment, which ended up becoming a geopolitical alliance. During the Carpentieri administration a new territory consisting of a garage which was annexed to Pinang and another territory, located a few hundred meters of Estosadok and Bombardi was annexed to the republic and formed the municipality of Triseptima. In the following weeks a census of the population was called and the forms were sent to all the mayors of the nation. On 21 May a referendum was held to enter the Kermadec Union and the proposal of joining KU passed with a vast majority.

2018 Political crisis

On June 4, the president Esty Carpentieri sued the minister of foreign affairs of organising a revolution. After a verdict in favor of the president, the next day he was condemned of false accusations and exiled for 9 days by the national territory, excluding the capital of Estosadok. The Minister of Foreign Affairs organised a referendum to call a snap election. The following day the Minister of Foreign Affairs stopped the referendum and retired from the Pinangese politics. After that the Pinangese parliament voted in favour of joining a micronational federation, that led to the an international crisis and to the temporary dissolution of Pinang.

Archduchy

Flag adopted during the Commonwealth, which was in use until the formation of the Third Republic in March 2021.

4 days after the dissolution of the First Republic, the Archduchy of Pinang was formed. The Archduchy was formed by 4 municipalities of the former republic (Bazhong, Bombardi, Estosadok and Piniang) and two new territories.The former president Esty Carpentieri became provisional head of state, while the mayor of New Estosadok Jack became provisional head of state. The following day the monarch election was held and the former vice president Pino was elected Archduke with 100% of votes. On 19 June Pino was invested as Archduke of Pinang. On 19 June, the president of the parliament was elected and the first parliament, composed by 5 citizens appointed by the president of the parliament, was formed. In July 2018, a new constitution entered in force and after few days the parliament approved a first amendment,[1] proposed by the Goldenist Interior Minister Walker, which recognized the LGBT rights. In August Pinang withdrew from CTASIO and the Parliament approved a new law, which criminalized fascism, racism and nazism and banned any party referring those ideologies.

On 6 August 2018 two new territories were annexed and the population increased by 4 inhabitants.

On 23 November 2018, Pinang signed a treaty of friendship and recognition with Imvrassia, ending an isolationist foreign policy.

In April 2019, Pino won the President of the Parliament election, defeating for the first time the Prime Minister Carpentieri. After two months, in June 2019 Carpentieri won the president of the Parliament election, regaining his position and the control of the parliament.

On 21 June 2019, the Parliament approved a new constitutional reform, which established the provinces, composed of several municipalities and equipped them with a defined political system.

2019 Political Crisis

On 17 October 2019, the Spwaker Election were postponed due to lack of necessary candidates. On 18 October 2019, the President of the Golden Party, Esty Carpentieri resigned from the office of Prime Minister and President of Parliament. On October 19, a new draft constitution was presented to parliament by the former Prime Minister Carpentieri. In the following days the constitutional draft was approved and on 20 October the Golden Party dissolved.

Second Republic

The Second Republic of Pinang was created on 21 October 2019 the day after the Parliament approved the new constitution in an extraordinary session. The first presidential election was won by the former prime minister Esty Carpentieri with 100% of votes in favour. On 9 November the senatorial election took place. During this period the President ruled de facto by decree due to the inactivity of the senate.

On 2 February 2020, the fourth constitution entered into force, establishing a triumvirate composed by three of the five co-founders of Pinang. On 22 February 2020 the Liberal Constitutional Party was formed and became the dominant party of the nation, as well as the first party of the Pinangese left. On 8 March 2020, the former Senator and Minister of Foreign Affairs Ghi died at the age of 82 and the Triumvirate proclaimed 10 days of national mourning. On 22 March 2020 after a referendum, the Julian calendar became the state calendar. On 30 April 2020, the Triumvirate approved a new constitution, reintroducing a constitutional monarchy.

Commonwealth

The new monarchist constitution entered in force on 2 May 2020. The Mayor of New Bazhong became monarch, while Esty Carpentieri was elected Rayiys with 75% of votes on 16 May 2020. On 9 May 2020, the Constitutional Liberal party changed its name to the Antifascist Labour Party and it obtained 3/3 of the seats in the First National Assembly. During the Commonwealth, Pinang signed several treaties with other micronations, such as: Rogge Oscure, Cachu, Belcity, Cyberium, the Redneck Republic, Talcon and Caelesta. Therefore, the first Supreme Court of the nation was established with the Law 4/2020 and a reform of the police was done. On 20 September 2020, Esty Carpentieri was re-elected Rayiys with 67% of votes. After the election, Carpentieri left the party, since he did not get votes from the Labor faction, while he received votes from right-wing independents and for co-president Pino's Russophile positions. On 10 October 2020, the Rayiys Carpentieri formed the Reformer Party of the Left. Carpentieri was elected Rayiys for a second term on 17 January 2021 with 80% of votes, defeating Pino, candidate of the PRD. On 16 February 2021, the Salvinists were formed. The Salvinists are considered the first serious right-wing Pinangese party and it combined Salvini’s right-wing populism and ecologism. The same day, Democratic Left and PRD announced the Pinangese Socialist Front, an alliance made to counter the Salvinists. In late February the National Assembly approved a new republican and semi-presidentialist constitution and on 1st March 2021 the Third Republic was formed.

Third Republic

Cotechino administration

Emblem used by the Pinangese Republic until June 2021.

On 1 March 2021, the new Republican constitution came in force. Pinang adopted a Semi-presidential system, with a legislature based on direct democracy. On 7 March 2021, the Socialist candidate Cotechino won the election with 66.7%. Once in office he appointed Esty Carpentieri as Prime Minister, who held the position until July 2021. In April 2021, through the national discord server Pinang gained popularity, obtaining 35 new citizens in a month. Therefore, the provinces of Bunnystan (now Canthia) and of Zmeitra were formed. On 6 April 2021, Esty Carpentieri resigned and was reappointed the day after to form a new cabinet.

Wyles administration

Tobey Wyles in Summer 2021.

Tobey Wyles was elected president with 58.3% of votes in the second round, becoming the first non-Italian and Rightist President of the nation. Carpentieri resigned as Prime Minister the day after his election.

Wyles appointed the Democratic Progressive Giuseppe Mazzini as Prime Minister, who formed a coalition government between Wyles’ Republican Bloc, DEMPRO and Lemonists and renewed the Supreme Court, by revoking the judges formerly appointed by the previous presidency and instating new ones, affiliated with his centre-right coalition.

In the first days of Wyles’ administration a Mutual Recognition treaty was made with Rovia and a investigation against the Marxist-Leninist Party was started by the Anti-totalitarian commission, on request of the new government. The commission, which had a right-wing majority, disbanded the party with 60% of votes in favor, causing several protests by the left-wing opposition.

On 2 August 2021, the Dependency Republic of Alleyvia was established. In late August, after some pressures from the monarchist faction of RB, a referendum on the establishment of monarchy was announced by the government. The referendum was held on 29 August 2021, and 65% of the voters voted against it.

After three days, the opposition presented a motion of No confidence towards Mazzini’s cabinet, which passed with 15 votes in favour and 7 votes against. On 31 August 2021, Carpentieri was appointed Prime Minister by the President Wyles. After a week, Wyles removed Carpentieri from the office and appointed Andrew Perdomo, but Carpentieri was reinstated by the senate with 85% (23 out of 27) of votes in favour. In late September 2021, the Province of the Larvotto was established and in November the former Rovian territory of Viveldty and the former NoboBengali territory of Gudja were annexed to the republic

Carpentieri administration

On 7 November 2021, Esty Carpentieri was elected president with 35 out of 57 votes at the first round, gaining the highest number of votes ever cast by a presidential candidate and defeating the incumbent president Tobey Wyles, who was running for a second term.

Dinesh Rajagopalan was appointed as Prime Minister by the new President Carpentieri, however, he failed to obtain the confidence by the senate.On 9 November 2021, Andrew Perdomo was appointed to lead a national unity government between the main political forces.The government lasted 21 days, because of the political tensions between the Nationals and the Pedemists, which led to a motion of no confidence which passed with 16 votes in favor. Perdomo’s cabinet was succeeded by Rajagopalan II, which lasted a single day. Rajagopalan II cabinet fell after failing a confidence vote and on 1 December the Independent Connie Sarah was appointed by the President of the Republic Esty Carpentieri to lead a unity government, with the highly popular president Carpentieri threatening to resign his post and renounce citizenship if Connie was not approved as prime minister. Connie Sarah was approved to serve as Prime Minister on 1 December 2021 with 15 votes in favour and 6 against in the senate, which was comprised of all citizens at the time. The next day, on 2 December, the senate approved, by 8 votes in favour and none against, a constitutional change abolishing the legislative right of the people sitting in the senate and introducing elections for a 15 seat senate elected every 3 months by proportional representation. The elected senate was initially proposed by senators a few weeks earlier however it didn’t have wide support, especially among ecologists and the national party who favoured direct democracy, and citizens enjoyed the right to vote on all matters.

The elected senate became ineffective on 2 December when all parties agreed to it because Pinang had 3 prime ministers in 3 days and the longest serving prime minister since the election of Carpentieri as president was just 22 days. On the 11 and 12 December the senate election was held with all parties presenting a closed list except for the Pinangese Conservative Front. This election would be the only election in Pinang to permit parties to submit an open list so far.

The election concluded with Joshua Braithwaite’s PEDEM winning 7 seats in the 15 member senate and 42.55% of the popular vote, he subsequently formed a government with the ecologists and became prime minister, serving for 148 days until 9 May 2022, being the longest continually serving Prime Minister of Pinang since October 2019 and overseeing the creation of a new constitution and the election of a new president during his government.

After the election of the senate a good part of the political class argued that the constitution and governmental system of the third republic, which was adopted in a time with only eight citizens, was not fit for a nation with now over 60 citizens. Therefore, on 30 December 2021 the constituent assembly was formed by a vote of the senate, with the assembly president chosen by the president of the republic and the members being Judges of the Supreme Court, Senators, the President of the Republic, Ministers and Governors of the Provinces.

The new constituent assembly quickly determined that Pinang should adopt a parliamentary and federal system of government, the federal aspect was also affirmed by referendum, however federalism was later dropped in favour of a devolution compromise. 2/3 was required to adopt a new constitution in the constituent assembly however if a normal majority was attained the president of the republic was allowed to declare the document adopted anyway. On 31 January 2022 the Constituent Assembly adopted the new constitution by 10 votes in favour and 3 against, meaning the document was adopted without presidential consent, and May Junkin, the Supreme Court judge, President of the Constituent Assembly and later elected under the new constitution as President of the Republic, proclaimed the new “January constitution” and closed the assembly. The citizens quickly recognised the downfall of the third republic and recognised that the new constitution marked the fourth republic.

Fourth Republic

On 30 January 2022, the current constitution entered in force.

Fifth Republic

On the 8th of April, 2023, following the ratification of the Constitution by the Second Constituent Assembly on the 27th of March, the Fifth Republic began.

Geography

Territory

Territory of Viveldty, in the Province of Metropolitan Pinang

Pinang's territories border Italy, Monaco, Australia, Belarus, Brazil, and United Kingdom. It is made up of ten scattered enclaves in Northern Italy, two in Southern England, two in Australia, one in Belarus one in Monaco and one in Brazil.

In 2023 the province of Ikbinune was created, bordered by the United States.

Climate

Estosadok

Climate data for Estosadok, Pinang
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7
(45)
9
(48)
13
(55)
16
(61)
21
(70)
25
(77)
27
(81)
27
(81)
23
(73)
17
(63)
11
(52)
7
(45)
24
(75)
Average low °C (°F) -1
(30)
0
(32)
3
(37)
7
(45)
11
(52)
15
(59)
17
(63)
17
(63)
13
(55)
9
(48)
3
(37)
0
(32)
11
(52)
[citation needed]

Larvotto

Climate data for Honoré-Beaugrand, Larvotto, Pinang
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 13
(55)
13
(55)
15
(59)
17
(63)
20
(68)
24
(75)
27
(81)
27
(81)
24
(75)
20
(68)
16
(61)
13
(55)
20
(68)
Average low °C (°F) 5
(41)
5
(41)
7
(45)
9
(48)
11
(52)
13
(55)
17
(63)
20
(68)
20
(68)
17
(63)
13
(55)
8
(46)
12
(54)
[citation needed]

Terralis

Climate data for Terralis, Pinang
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 27
(81)
27
(81)
24
(75)
21
(70)
17
(63)
14
(57)
13
(55)
15
(59)
17
(63)
20
(68)
23
(73)
25
(77)
20
(68)
Average low °C (°F) 14
(57)
14
(57)
13
(55)
10
(50)
8
(46)
6
(43)
6
(43)
6
(43)
7
(45)
9
(48)
10
(50)
12
(54)
10
(50)
[citation needed]

Canthia

Climate data for Canthia, Pinang
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 7
(45)
7
(45)
10
(50)
13
(55)
16
(61)
19
(66)
22
(72)
22
(72)
19
(66)
15
(59)
11
(52)
8
(46)
14
(57)
Average low °C (°F) 2
(36)
2
(36)
3
(37)
5
(41)
8
(46)
10
(50)
13
(55)
13
(55)
11
(52)
8
(46)
4
(39)
2
(36)
7
(45)
[citation needed]

Ikbinune

Climate data for Lawrence City, Ikbinune, Pinang
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 12
(54)
14
(57)
19
(66)
23
(73)
28
(82)
31
(88)
33
(91)
33
(91)
29
(84)
24
(75)
18
(64)
13
(55)
23
(73)
Average low °C (°F) 1
(34)
3
(37)
6
(43)
10
(50)
15
(59)
20
(68)
21
(70)
21
(70)
18
(64)
12
(54)
6
(43)
2
(36)
12
(54)
[citation needed]

Administrative Subdivisions

Pinang is subdivided into 5 provinces and 3 territories.

Provinces

Flag Province Location Population (inhabitants) Population (citizens) Area Density Official languages Governor
Metropolitan Pinang North-Western Italy 9 16 0.1 km2 700/km2 Italian Esty Carpentieri
Ikbinune Alabama 3 16 0.48 km2 6.25/km2 English Devin Purcell
Larvotto French Riviera 5 11 0.003 km2 1000/km2 Larvottan and English Giuseppe Mazzini
Canthia Southern England 0 9 0.1 km2 0/km2 English Tobey Wyles
San Jozse Brazil 5 8 0.001 km2 5000/km2 none Zerorius Hiruko
Terralis Australia 0 4 0.1 km2 0/km2 none David Brooke

Territories

Flags Province Location Population (inhabitants) Area Density Administrator
Al-Khalilia Arabic Peninsula 0 0.08 km2 0/km2 Moataz Mo Sameeh
Gudja Belarus 0 0.001 km2 0/km2 Jan Stastny


Demographics

Population

Pinang counts 19 residents and 71 Citizens.

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
201811—    
201910−9.09%
20209−10.00%
202119+111.11%
202219+0.00%
202319+0.00%

Macronationality composition

According to the 2023 Census, in which 37 citizens answered, the largest macronationalities are Italian, American and British.

Macronationality Citizens Percentage
 Italy 8 21.62%
 United States 8 21.62%
 United Kingdom 7 18.92%
 Brazil 3 8.11%
 Greece 2 5.56%
 Ireland 1 2.70%
 Egypt 1 2.70%
 Portugal 1 2.70%
 Romania 1 2.70%
 Czech Republic 1 2.70%
 Germany 1 2.70%
 Thailand 1 2.70%
 Australia 1 2.70%
 Spain 1 2.70%
 India 1 2.70%
 Canada 1 2.70%
 Malaysia 1 2.70%
 Philippines 1 2.70%

Languages

The official language of the Republic language is English. According to the 2023 Census, it is the most spoken language and is spoken by 100% of the citizens. Italian language is spoken mainly in the Canton of Metropolitan Pinang, in which it is spoken by 100% of the Metropinangese population. Nationally, it is spoken by 21.6% of the citizenship. Therefore, the Canton of Metropolitan Pinang recognizes Russian and Piedmontese as minority languages. In Larvotto, Larvottian is spoken along with English. The Larvottian language is a conlang, belonging to Romance languages, which mixes Monegasque, Italian and French. In the Province of San Jozse, Portuguese is the most spoken language. Nationally, it is spoken by 8.11% of the population. Other languages spoken nationally include French, Spanish and German.

Religion

Religion in Pinang (2023)[2]
Irreligious
  
42.9%
Catholic
  
16.2%
Eastern orthodox
  
8.1%
Islamic
  
8.1%
Anglican
  
5.7%
Other religions
  
16.2%

According to the 2023 census, 42.9% of the Pinangese citizens doesn’t follow any religion, 37.8% of them defines themselves as Agnostic, while 8.1% describe themselves as Athiest. Christians, despite being historically the largest group, are now 32.4% of the population. The most most widespread is Catholicism, 16.2% of the population is Catholic, while Orthodoxes compose 8.1% and the Anglicans 5.7%. 2.7% adheres to other denominations. The second most common religion is Islam, in fact 8.1% of the citizenship is Muslim. Other religious groups make up 16.2% of the population, some of them are Judaism, Buddhism, Nordic Paganism and Hinduism.

Government and Politics

Pinang is a Semi-Parliamentary Republic. The Prime Minister and the Ministers are directly elected through an Instant Runoff system. Semi-Parliamentary should not be confused with Semi-Presidential and it is a system in which the people directly choose the executive however it can be removed by the legislature by a majority vote. To avoid the possibility of conflict between parliament and the executive council the elections to both are held at the same time, although early elections can be called by the president or by the parliament. The President is head of state and is separate from the executive and the legislature, they are elected by the legislature after the resignation of a predecessor or at the end of the term of a predecessor for a four month term. The duties of the president are largely symbolic and the president is meant to unite the nation however the president is able to slow down or halt the passage of badly written or unconstitutional laws and presides over the election of the prime minister at the first sitting of each executive council during their term.

Party System

Pinang has, since the creation of the Third Republic, historically had two major parties and several minor parties. However, since January 2024, Pinang has a three party system, with the Party of the Radical Left and the Moderate Party being the dominant parties. Pinangese third parties, since the creation of the Third Republic, has been rarely successful. However, recently United Right has been gaining support, specially among Pinangese Americans and religious voters. The Moderate Party is traditionally strong in the provinces of Canthia and San Jozse, while the Party of the Radical Left is extremely popular in Metropolitan Pinang, traditional lefrist stronghold and known for being de jure Socialist. Since 2024, Ikbinune became a rightist stronghold, in February the first right-wing governor was elected. Terralis and Larvotto are considered swing provinces, Larvotto has been traditionally liberal, due to its liberal-conservative governor and founder Giuseppe Mazzini, but the Party of the Radical Left has been gaining support from Larvottians.

Parties

National parties of the Pinangese Republic
Party Logo Name Color Acronym Position Leader Ideology Parliament
Party of the Radical Left PDRL Left-wing to Far Left Mišo Marxism, Eurocommunism, Libertarian Socialism and Left-wing populism
8 / 15
Moderate Party MPP Centre-Right to Centre-Left Rafe Hargreaves Liberalism, Republicanism and Liberal Nationalism
5 / 15
United Right UR Centre-Right to Right-wing Raphael Olivier Conservatism, Libertarianism and Economic Liberalism
3 / 15
Pink Gandalf Party PGP Centre-Left Rafaela Luiz Satire Politics, Social Democracy
1 / 15


Local parties

Provincial Parties of the Province of Larvotto
Logo Name Color Acronym Subdivision Position Leader Ideologies Larvotto stance Governor Ecclesiax
Partit Larvotaine PL Larvotto Centre to Centre-Right Giuseppe Mazzini Larvottan Patriotism, Liberalism, Liberal Conservatism, Social Liberalism Larvottan Autonomism
1 / 1
25 / 41
Unitat de Gents UG Larvotto Left-Wing Dmitriy Kotelnikov Socialism, Anti-Capitalism, Democratic Socialism, Libertarian Socialism Larvottan Federalism
0 / 1
16 / 41

Foreign Affairs

References and Notes

References

  1. https://pinang.forumfree.it/?t=75852583
  2. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named 2023 Census

Notes

  1. 2023 Census results

Available Language