House of Councillors (Vishwamitra)

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House of Councillors

पार्षद सभा

Parshad Sabha
Logo of the House of Councillors (Vishwamitra).svg
Logo of the House of Councillors
Type
Type
Upper house
of the Parliament of Vishwamitra
Term limits
1.5 years
Leadership
The Duke of Karad, IND
since 31 January 2022
Leader of the House
The Duke of Stettin
Senior Minister, NPC
since 27 December 2021
Deputy Leader of the House
Leader of the Opposition
Vacant
Structure
Seats11 (8 Elected + 3 Nominated)
House of Councillors
Political groups
Government (5)
  •   NPC (5)

Others (3)

  •      SDP (1)
  •      Independent (1)
  •      Nominated (3)
  •      Vacant (1)
Elections
8 members by single transferable vote by the House of the People, 3 appointed by the Rashtradhyaksh
Last election
December 2021
Next election
2023
Meeting place
Discord


The House of Councillors (Hindi: पार्षद सभा, IAST: Paarshad Sabha) is the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of Vishwamitra. As of 2021, it has a maximum membership of 11, of which 8 are are elected by the members of the House of the People using single transferable vote through Open Ballot while the Rashtradhyaksh can appoint 3 members for their contributions to various fields of human endeavour or services to the nation. The members are elected for a term of 1.5 years. The House of Councillors meets in continuous sessions, and unlike the House of the People, being the lower house of the Parliament, the House of Councillors is not subjected to dissolution. However, like the House of the People, it can be prorogued by the Rashtradhyaksh.

The House of Councillors has equal footing in legislation with the House of the People, except in the area of supply, where the latter has overriding powers. In the case of conflicting legislation, a joint sitting of the two houses can be held, where the House of the People would hold a greater influence because of its larger membership. The presiding officer of the House of Councillors is the President who is elected by the members of the house for a tenure co-terminus with their tenure as a member of the house.

History

The Rajya Sabha, highly inspired from the upper house of the Parliament of India served as the upper house of the bicameral Parliament of Vishwamitra until 31 August 2016 when the lower house, then known as Lok Sabha and the upper house were merged into a unicameral legislative body named as Senate and later as Sadasya Sabha and National Assembly.

The Parliament of Vishwamitra was a unicameral legislature for more than five years until December 2021, when negotiations began to upgrade the Privy Council into a law making advisory body granting it the powers to approve on bills and laws passed by the House of the People. It was then, the idea of the bicameral legislature came up following which a motion was moved in the House of the People by Rory McPhail, the Minister of Parliamentary Affairs. The bill was subsequently well discussed and passed by the house with an overwhelming majority and came to be known as the Bicameral Legislature Act, 2021 which established the House of Councillors thereby dissolving the Privy Council. The bill was all set to be implemented from 1 January 2022 with the first session being held on 3 January 2022.

Members

The total membership of the House of Councillors is 11, out of which 8 members are elected by the members of the House of the People while 3 members are appointed by the Rashtradhyaksh as nominated members.

Important members

Party-wise distribution of seats

Party Abbr. Seats Leader in the Parliament
National People's Congress NPC 5 The Duke of Stettin
Social Democratic Party SDP 2 The Count of Harrien
Independent IND 1
Nominated Nom. 3
TOTAL 11  –

List of current members

No. State Name of member Party affiliation Date of election/appointment Date of retirement
1 Purvanchal The Count of Suffolk National People's Congress 1 January 2022 30 June 2023
2 The Count of Harrien Social Democratic Party 1 January 2022 30 June 2023
3 Beltola The Lord Bainbridge National People's Congress 1 January 2022 30 June 2023
4 Uttaranchal Vacant since 11 March 2022 30 June 2023
5 Madhya Prant The Count of Youngstown Independent 19 January 2022 30 June 2023
6 Kamrupa The Duke of Stettin National People's Congress 1 January 2022 30 June 2023
7 Basistha The Duke of Edrom National People's Congress 1 January 2022 30 June 2023
8 Federal Territories The Duke of Osian National People's Congress 1 January 2022 30 June 2023
9 Nominated The Count of Essex Independent 1 January 2022 30 June 2023
10 Carson Snyder Independent 19 January 2022 30 June 2023
11 The Duke of Karad Independent 31 January 2022 30 June 2023

See also