Cheskgariyan-Litvanian Commonwealth

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Cheskgariyan-Litvanian Commonwealth
Rzeczpospolita Korony Królestwa Czesarii i Wielkiego Księstwa Litwanii (Polish)



Flag of the Cheskgariyan-Litvanian Commonwealth.svg
Flag
Lesser Coat of Arms of the Cheskgariyan-Litvanian Commonwealth.svg
Coat of Arms

Motto
Si Deus nobiscum, quis contra nos? (Latin)
If God is with us, who is against us?
Anthem
Warszawianka (state anthem)

Gaude, mater Polonia (royal anthem)

Commonwealth map.png
Cape Hatteras, United States
Lully, Switzerland
Along with other territories.
Capital cityLoravia
Largest cityLoravia
Official language(s)Official: English and Polish
Regional: Cheskgariyan
Ceremonial: Latin
Short nameCheskgariya-Litvania
DemonymCheskgariyan-Litvanian
GovernmentFederal Parliamentary elective monarchy
- King of CheskgariyaCharles
- Grand Duke of LitvaniaFrederick
- Chancellor of the CrownDhrubajyoti Roy
LegislatureSejm
- Type - Unicameral
- Number of seats - 6
- Last election - 10 May 2021
EstablishedNovember 22, 2020
Area claimed166.26 km2
Population23 July 2021
Time zoneUTC+01:00

Web page

The Cheskgariyan-Litvanian Commonwealth, officially the Crown of the Kingdom of Cheskgariya and the Grand Duchy of Litvania is a federal parliamentary elective monarchy and a micronation with claims in Switzerland and the United States. It was promulgated by micronationalists Michal Nowacki and Christian Newton on the 29 November 2020, after both agreed to merge the existing Republic of Litvania with Cheskgariya, a personal project of Newton. The Commonwealth has de jure two federal capitals, namely Usgarn; in Cheskgariya, and Loravia; in Litvania. The Commonwealth predominantly uses English as its official language, though Polish, Lithuanian, and Latin have regional or ceremonial status, depending on the region.

The Commonwealth is a result of a merger between the Grand Duchy of Litvania, which existed as a republic between 2016 and 2020, and the hitherto unannounced Kingdom of Cheskgariya. It is styled after the 15th to 18th century Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, by way of certain stylistic similarities, as well as by the structure of it's political system. The Commonwealth's culture and identity are almost entirely drawn from the historical state. As such, the King of Cheskgariya and the Grand Duke of Litvania are co-monarchs of the state, and share equal responsibility, as well as royal status.

The Commonwealth has established formal diplomatic relations with several micronations, and was elected to the GUM as an member state on the 23 July 2021.

Name

The official name of the country is the Crown of the Kingdom and Cheskgariya and the Grand Duchy of Litvania. This name is used in diplomatic and administrative documents and communications.

However, the country, drawing on a complex republican Polish tradition, as well as its unconventional structure, has many internal names that aren't used outside those within the government. The most common of these is "the Republic of the Joint Realms", signifying the inherent spirit of the country as a union of formally separate states, and stressing the republican aspects of its government system. As such, it is often colloquially or poetically referred to as "the Republic" and formally as the "common republic" (note the difference in capitalisation), drawing into its name the political concept of the "crown of the kingdom", or corona regni.

History

Micronationalist Michal Nowacki had founded his first micronation in the year 2016, when he founded the Republic of Litvania, and managed to attract enough attention of certain prominent figures of the time to make himself a fairly honourable reputation as an enthusiastic micronationalist. However, the Republic fell into inactivity, and by the end of 2016 was effectively dissolved.

He was approached in early 2020 by experienced Christian Newton, who offered to take presidential powers and run the nation until Nowacki's potential return. Very little happened in the country during this period of time, however by early November 2020, Newton and Nowacki had begun discussing potential options for reviving or starting clean in micronationalism. After extended debate on the topic, and taking into account their ideological and cultural leanings, they decided on forming a nation based on the 15th-18th century Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, at one point the largest and most prosperous state in Europe.

The Commonwealth was first conceived by the former president of the Litvania, who presented it to his former prime minister, Christian Newton. They decided to unite two personal projects of theirs, and after a few weeks of work writing legal documents such as the Basic Law and designing symbolism for it, the Commonwealth was promulgated on the 29 November 2020, on the MicroWiki forum.[1]

Within a month of its promulgation, the Commonwealth attracted the attention of numerous micronationalists, including Charles Burgardt; who later became the King of Cheskgariya, Sertor Valentinus, and Dhrubajyoti Roy, who became the Chancellor. The Commonwealth continues to attract members of the micronational community, mostly as visitors.

Beginning in February 2021, the Grand Duke appointed himself the Foreign Secretary, in an effort to boost the Commonwealth's perception and diplomatic relations with the broader micronational community. He was aided in this task due to his earlier presence in 2016, and hence acquaintanceship with many prominent figures. By the beginning of March, the Commonwealth had signed two treaties of mutual recognition, with the Kingdom of Sayville and the Rednecks Republic.

On the 11th of March 2021, the King communicated privately to the Grand Duke his indisposition to rule for a time, instructing the Grand Duke to act as the Regent of the Commonwealth until his return. The Duke undertook work on a constitutional document, the Governance Act, during his Regency, which would make the Commonwealth a significantly more federal state. This document was ratified on the 17th April 2021, coinciding with the King's official return to office.

Sejm elections took place in early May of 2021, with two citizens running and elected, forming the country's first legislative body. The government took active action to seek diplomatic recognition within its micronational sphere, and secured numerous treaties with prominent micronations. By mid-July, the King's activity was waning once more, and figures within the government, including the Grand Duke, sought to compel an abdication or a formal commitment to service. Negotiations were held between the King and the Grand Duke and Chancellor, along with other prominent government officials. It was concluded on July 19th that election had to take place, as the King had decided to abdicate.

Royal elections took place for the first time in the country's history between the 19th and 29th July. The elections were contested by three candidates but only the then-incumbent Chancellor, Charles Burgardt, kept in the race to the end, winning by default. He was elected on the 29th and crowned formally on the 31st of July.

Since the royal elections, the country has seen growth of citizenry, as well as growing recognition on the intermicronational stage.

Geography and climate

The Commonwealth stretches over a variety of biomes, landscapes, and climactic zones. The main territories of Litvania and Cheskgariya are located in Switzerland and North Carolina, US, respectively. This means that the climate of Litvania, which is located primarily outside the city of Geneva, Switzerland, is a warm continental climate of the Köppen designation Dfb. Cheskgariya on the other hand is located on the extreme parts of Hatteras Country, near Cape Hatteras in North Carolina. This means it is characterised by a humid subtropical climate of the Köppen Cfa classification.

Politics

The Commonwealth is a federal parliamentary elective monarchy. Despite executive monarchical rule, the state's political system is very republican in character. The King of Cheskgariya is elected by the members of parliament (the Sejm) and acceded by the members of the cabinet (the Crown Council) upon the death or abdication of any incumbent monarch. The Grand Duke on other hand is a hereditary monarch. The Sejm is responsible for proposing and passing laws, and has a strict accountability system for the monarchy. The King and the Grand Duke are co-monarchs, meaning they rule as two people, but act as one crown. This is despite their unequal status as King and Grand Duke.

The Commonwealth adheres to a strict set of political-cultural values derived from early modern Polish republicanism. These are described in the Memorandum on the Standards of the Republic in detail:

  • The Corona Regni (crown of the kingdom): The Crown, indivisible and united, jointly represented by the co-monarchs, and representing the symbolic indignation of the person of the monarch with the powers of leadership, not royalty or dynastic notions.
  • The States: Specifies the two states as the sole constituent bodies of the Commonwealth, their equality under the Crown, as well as specific notions relating to administration.
  • Basic Standards of the Republic: Specifies the Commonwealth as being a common republic, rather than a single state, as well as the position of the Sejm as the centre of the governance of the republic.
  • The memorandum includes some special provisions relating to details of governance and royal elections.

This system has faced consistent criticism as being a "pseudo-republic", and as being outdated for modern governance. However, it has been shown to work effectively in creating broad civic participation and a sense of inherent right in the citizenry to govern, as it has been significantly modified from it's original inspiration. For example, the Commonwealth does not grant special privileges to nobility, as all citizens are entitled to vote and run for monarch. The Commonwealth, while a republican state, grants significantly more powers to the co-monarchs than its historical inspiration, allowing for a more effective executive branch and a lower overall reliance on a large citizen pool to participate in the legislature.

Further legislation has specified the Crown's capabilities in acting on their duties. Unlike the aforementioned memorandum, the legislation defines the Crown's powers as depending on what jurisdiction it is acting in and upon. As such, it creates three sense in which the crown may act. Namely, the Crown in the Right of the Commonwealth, where both monarchs or one of them act under their constitutional authority at a federal level, along with the Crown in the Right of Cheskgariya/Litvania, where the individual monarchs act in and upon their authority in their respective state.

General structure

The Commonwealth is a real union of the Kingdom of Cheskgariya and the Grand Duchy of Litvania, which means the two states are bonded in a union which is not personal nor political. They are not bound by common monarch or by a common central government as provinces. Rather, they are separate states in an equal federated union and share some institutions (such as the executive) but not all (such as the state Sejmiks, or local legislative councils).

The co-monarchs are both co-heads of state of the Commonwealth, and the Chancellor is the appointed head of government. The Chancellor, upon appointment, is responsible for forming a cabinet (government) to rule the country's various aspects through it's Secretariats.

King of Cheskgariya Grand Duke of Litvania
Coat of Arms of Charles, King of Cheskgariya.svg

Charles
Coat of Arms of Frederick, Grand Duke of Litvania.svg

Frederick

The Commonwealth has a government comprised of a legislative and executive branch. A judiciary does not exist permanently as in a macronation, but rather when necessary an independent judicial committee, or citizen jury, is appointed to judge criminal activity under oversight of the executive. The legislative branch of government is the Sejm, which consists of the Royal Secretaries, and elected Citizens. Sejm delegates who are also Crown Council members are not allowed to participate in Sejm debates, however if they are dismissed from their Council posts, they are back in the Sejm as delegates. Bills and laws are proposed by any member of the Sejm and voted upon. If they pass with a simple majority, the bill is passed upwards to the executive Crown Council, or cabinet, which consists of the Chancellor and his appointed Secretaries. The bill is then either given royal assent by the co-monarchs and passed into law, or rejected by the council and the Sejm is forced to re-debate the bill and make amendments.

Royal Secretariats

The executive branch is made up of smaller departments of government collectively called 'Secretariats'. The Commonwealth, as of January 2021, has five secretariats.

Royal Secretariat Role Current Royal Secretary
Royal Secretariat for the Treasury Accountancy of all Commonwealth incomes and expenditures, balancing the Commonwealth budget. The Lord Trakai
Royal Secretariat for Foreign Affairs Establishing and maintenance of diplomatic relations and external diplomacy with other micronations. The Count of Piaski
Royal Secretariat for the Territories Seeking and claiming territory for the Commonwealth, administration of current territories. Grand Duke Frederick I
Royal Secretariat for Culture and Education Oversight of the treasury, and the Commonwealth reserve. The Rt. Hon. Jayden Dagsa
Royal Secretariat for Defense Oversight and development of the Commonwealth Forces. The Rt. Hon. Matthew Griffin
Royal Secretariat for Justice Oversight of the judiciary. The Lord Trakai

Territorial aministration

The Commonwealth is administered by it's two constituent nations. The Kingdom of Cheskgariya and the Grand Duchy of Litvania each manage their own administrative subdivisions. The Grand Duchy is larger and more populous than the Kingdom, and as such is subdivided into more pieces.

Grand Duchy of Litvania

Provinces
Flag Coat of arms/Symbol Name Code Created Pop. Area (m2) Official language(s) Sejm and Sejmik Deputy
Crown City of Loravia LV 29 November 2020 5 0.752km2 English, Polish, Lithuanian None.
Trakai TR 8 January 2022 1 1.4km22 English, Polish, Lithuanian Mr. James Murray
Inflanty IN 8 January 2022 1 1.83km2 English, Polish, Lithuanian The Lord Inflanty
Podolia PO 8 January 2022 1 4.67km2 English, Polish, Lithuanian Col. Rory McPhail
Podolian Highlands ZP 8 January 2022 0 1.77km2 English, Polish, Lithuanian None.
Passenia KL 8 January 2022 1 3.27km2 English, Polish, Lithuanian Mr. Elijah Lipski
New City in Varia NH 8 January 2022 1 2.45km2 English, Polish, Lithuanian None.
Duchies
Flag Coat of arms/Symbol Name Code Created Pop. Area (m2) Official language(s) Duke
Pomerania PM 8 January 2022 5 0.0013km2 English, Polish Frederick
Nadveria ND 8 January 2022 1 0.4km22 English, Polish Frederick
Kresy KR 8 January 2022 0 (temporary residence) 0.003km2 English, Polish Frederick
Dominions
Flag Coat of arms/Symbol Name Code Created Pop. Area (m2) Official language(s) Governor
Visolian Courts VI 8 January 2022 0 (temporary residence) 5.18km2 English, Polish None.

Kingdom of Cheskgariya

Cities and Voivodeships
Flag Coat of arms/Symbol Name Code Created Pop. Area (m2) Official language(s) Sejm and Sejmik Deputy
City and Voivodeship of Usgarn US 29 November 2020 0 0.133km2 English, Polish None.
Voivodeship of Riverdale RV 8 January 2022 0 0.046km22 English, Polish None.

Military

The Commonwealth Armed Forces are the national armed forces of the Cheskgariyan-Litvanian Commonwealth. They consist of three branches - the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force. The Forces are commanded by professional officers and the General Staff. The primary purpose of the Forces is to maintian the territorial integrity of the Commonwealth and to function as a ceremonial tool.

Foreign affairs

The Commonwealth's official foreign policy is one of total and complete neutrality in conflict and matters not relating directly to the Commonwealth. The country conducts its diplomacy through its Royal Secretariat for Foreign Affairs, and through the Royal Secretary for Foreign Affairs.

The Commonwealth has established formal diplomatic relations with the following nations:

The Commonwealth was elected to the GUM as an member state on the 23 July 2021.

Culture

Due to its large territorial expanse, the Commonwealth includes a variety of cultural areas in its borders. However, there are two generally two largest ones, the Cheskgariyan cultural area located in the Cape Hatteras area of the United States, and the Litvanian cultural area located in the canton of Geneva, Switzerland.

Languages

Though the Commonwealth speaks English as its primary language of communication and the state language, however Polish is used in a ceremonial capacity as an homage to the historical state and to maintain the Polish nature of the country.

See also

References

  1. Nowacki, Michal (29 November 2020) "Promulgation of the Cheskgariyan-Litvanian Commonwealth", posted on the MicroWiki Forum. Retrieved 13 December 2020.