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Politics of Sunda Raya
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During the early years of the Democratic Republic, despite the wide decentralization efforts, the power was highly centralized in the Central Workers Government, then The Supreme Soviet of Sunda Raya. In April 2016 the earlier government falsely enacted NEP (New Economic Policy) together with a kinds of "liberalization politics" which resulted in political and economical crisis marking the first era of the democratic republic.
There were 8 major political parties in the National Consultative Assembly of Sunda Raya and the soviets, which are: PKP, Partai Demokrasi Sosialisme - Perjuangan, Golongan Kiri, Partai Kiri Sejahtera, Partai Kesejahteraan Bangsa, Partai Gerakan Sunda Raya, Partai Banbekas (Barisan Nasional Pembela Kesejahteraan) or National Front for defending prosperity. The amendments of the constitution resulted in the dissolution of the National Consultative Assembly.
Due to certainity of minor representatives in the soviets (workers' councils), the political parties except the PKP and the other working class parties, only acted as consultative institutions with no power to enact the law. Yet, non working class parties (bourgeoistic parties) had a right to attend and participate in any soviet congress.
The abolition of NEP and the dissolution of the "deemed old" institutions such as the People's Armed Forces of Sunda Raya marked the end of the early era. The amendments brought forth the simplification efforts and paved way to the enactment of the "New Way" policy which shaped new political landscape in Sunda Raya.
In early 2015, the decentralization and the first amendments of the Constitution was enacted. The new policy was considered successful to define the role of the Central Workers Government and the federal entities. The greater autonomy is granted to the federal entities including the right to independently be involved in intermicronational relations and even the right to secede from the federation.
The enactment of the "New Way" policy resulted in the merger of the parties existed in the early periods of Sunda Raya. The policy ended political domination by the PKP while strengthening the workers' power as the political basis of Sunda Raya since its founding.
The Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya is a federation of workers council republics, in which the chairman of the Supreme Workers Council acts as the head of State, and the Presidium of the Supreme Workers Council as executive body. The Supreme Workers Council of Sunda Raya, also known as The Central Workers Government, acts as the highest legislative, executive, and judicative body that is the only one with the ability to amend the federal constitution.
Sunda Raya operates multi-party system in the framework of direct democracy. The parties existed on it except the working class parties, however, only act as consultative institutions due to its minor representation.
The Supreme Workers Council is the legislative branch of the government of The Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya. It is a direct popular assembly that be held in the House of Soviets, in the Capital of Sunda Raya.
Every citizen of Sunda Raya have the same right to attend and be involved in every congress of the Supreme Soviet. Moreover, Every citizen of Sunda Raya enjoy a high degree of political rights, such as: right to vote, right to be elected, right to propose directly to Supreme Soviet, etc.
The Supreme Workers Council is led by a collective leadership presidium which is elected in every congress. The recall system is used for the appointment of the collective leadership members and other governments official. The Supreme Workers Council headed all the government institutions and the state commitees.
The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, which is a collective leadership of workers deputies elected directly by the workers, is the executive branch of the government of The Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya. The presidium constituted of chairmen of regional workers council from every federal entities. Sunda Raya does not operate Presidential System. Therefore, the chairman of the Supreme Workers Council only acts as a state representative to foreign world and in ceremonial duties.
The Presidium of the Supreme Soviet is elected directly by the people of all nationalities in Sunda Raya every 2 years. Same with all government officials in Sunda Raya, the member of the presidium can be recalled (fired) if necessary through a direct vote by the peoples.
Currently, the Workers Council also act as judicial body of Sunda Raya. The Supreme Court of Sunda Raya was abolished after the second amendments of the constitution in June 2016. The amendments resulted in ddissolution of the court and simplification in many state institutions.
The Supreme Court of Sunda Raya was the supreme court in the Sundaner court hierarchy and the final court of appeal in the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya. It had both original and appellate jurisdiction, had the power of judicial review over laws passed by the Supreme Soviet and the Regional Soviets, and interpreted the Constitution of Sunda Raya.
The Supreme Court of Sunda Raya and the People's Court handled the majority of civil and criminal offenses, as well as certain administrative law offenses. The court handled cases by a collegium consisted of a people's judge and two people's assessors. The people's assessors had duties similar to jurors. The Supreme Court of the Sunda Raya previously included the Military Collegium of the Supreme Court of Sunda Raya and other elements which were not typical of Supreme Courts found in other countries. The lower judicial body of Sunda Raya was People's Court of Sunda Raya, which handled the law offenses at the communal level.
At a national level, elections are held at least once every two years. Every government officials in Sunda Raya is elected directly by the peoples democratically. In order to prevent the rise of bureaucratism, every government officials can be replaced or fired (recalled) at any time if necessary directly by the peoples through a voting. Every election is organised and supervised by independent commitees established by the Central Workers Government.
Currently, there are 3 registered political parties in Sunda Raya, which are Socialist Unity Party (PPS), The Social Democrats, and Partai Tani Sunda Raya (PTSR). The Socialist Unity Party is a merger of the 7 former parties of United People's Front including the ruling Communist Party of Parahyangan. The PPS, the second largest majority in the latest council election, is a marxist-leninist party. The Social Democrats and PTSR are social democratic and revolutionary peasant parties respectively.
There are many different tendencies inside the workers councils of Sunda Raya. The most prominent factions are the Trotskyites, Old Syndicalists, Revolutionary Peasants, and the Stalinists, mostly Maoists and Hoxhaists. Currently, the Stalinists are in opposition and during the enactment of "New Way" politics they are usually called 'The Centralists' dor their objections to the second amendment and federalism in general.
The guiding ideology of the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya is Socialism. Sunda Raya adheres non sectarianism in leftist ideologies. Even the liberals and the conservatives are permitted to conduct political activities within the framework of the dictatorship of the workers. The State allows the citizen to form parties or organizations with any ideologies except fascism which is declared as 'the enemy of the people' by the Central Workers Government.