Constitution of Sunda Raya

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Fundamental Law of the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya
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Created 28 February 2014
Ratified 2 March 2014
Authors Revolutionary Council of Sunda Raya
Signers Representatives from the Regional Soviet of the Soviet Socialist Republic of Parahyangan, Soviet Socialist Republic of Pantai Selatan, Soviet Socialist Republic of Natuna, People's Soviet Socialist Republic of Madura, People's Republic of Sabah and Mindanao
Purpose Constitution of Sunda Raya

The Fundamental Law of the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya, also known as Hukum Fundamental Republik Demokratik Sunda Raya, is the official title of the national constitution of the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya.

It was written collectively by the Revolutionary Council of Sunda Raya during the First Congress of the Soviets on 28 February 2014 and it was ratified five days later.

History

On 25 February 2014, the First Congress of the Soviets, led by Revolutionary Council of Sunda Raya issued a resolution calling for the consolidation of the soviets and an establishment of the socialist government. Two days later, the congress proclaimed the establishment of the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya, which later consisted of five federal entities. on 28 February 2014, the First Congress of the Soviets approved the Constitution of Sunda Raya, the integration of the non-sundanese soviets, and the creation of Sunda Raya People's Army.

First Amendment

The first discussion about amendments started in July 2014. The Presidium of Supreme Soviet was pursuing a series of simplification reform in order to specifically define the role of the central government and the federal entities. After the failure of the NEP (New Economic Policy) experiment, the majority of soviets demand wider decentralization and simplification of government institutions.

In early August 2014, the Supreme Soviet of Sunda Raya finally amended the Constitution. The first amendment resulted in the abolition of Sunda Raya People's Army and several government institutions. The office of the President of Sunda Raya was further merged with the Presidium of Supreme Soviet.

Second Amendment

As the effort to implement 'New Way' politics started in early 2015, the call to amend the constitution arose. The most prominent supporter of the amendment are the federalist faction inside the PKP. Despite some objections from the centralists faction of Sundaner Maoists and Hoxhaists, the remaining upholder of Stalinism in Sunda Raya, the Supreme Workers Council, then the Supreme Soviet, decided to amend the constitution.

The second amendment occurred in February 2015. The newly amended Constitution defines the role of the Central Workers Government and the federal entities. The greater autonomy is granted to the federal entities including the right to independently be involved in intermicronational relations and even the right to secede from the federation.

The amendments define the mechanism of the Council System and the power of the federal entities in their respective regions. The amendments give the rights to the federal entities to adopt their own constitution in accordance with the federal constitution and to set up its own administrative divisions. As a result, in mid 2016 several new entities arose inside some federal entitis, such as Federation of Puncak Raya in Parahyangan and Autonomous Council Republic of Belitong in Natuna. Several government institutions was also renamed, such as renaming the soviets to workers councils etc.

Contents

The contents of the document consisted of a preamble, 28 articles, and regulation on addition or amendment of article.

Preamble

The preamble stated that the aims of the democratic people's power having been fulfilled, the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya has become the state of the whole people. The preamble also stated that the future of Sunda Raya and the world is communism, and it must be achieved by the worldwide people's struggle in the spirit of internationalism. The preamble declares that the document is the basic law of Sunda Raya, inviolable, and valid in all federal entities and territories of Sunda Raya.

The Principles of the Social Structure and Policy of the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya

This part stated that the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya is a democratic socialist state federation of the whole people, expressing the will and interests of the workers, peasants, and intelligentsia, the working people of all the nations and nationalities of the country. All sovereignity is in the people's hand. this part also declared the future of Sunda Raya is worldwide communism. This part also stated the implementation of direct democracy in Sunda Raya.

This part declared that the economic principles of Sunda Raya is the socialist economy.

The States and the Individuals

This part stated that the citizens of Sunda Raya enjoy in full the social, economic, political and personal rights and freedoms proclaimed and guaranteed by the Fundamental Law of the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya and by Regional Soviet laws. The socialist system ensures enlargement of the rights and freedoms of citizens and continuous improvement of their living standards as social, economic, and cultural development programmes are fulfilled. This part obviously guaranteed the freedom of expression, freedom of thought, and the freedom to profess or not to profess religion.

The National-State Structure, and the Soviets of the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya

This part declared that the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya is an integral, federal, multicultural, and micronational state formed on the principle of socialist federalism as a result of the free self-determination of nations and the voluntary association of equal Soviet Socialist Republics, and People's Republics.

This part stated that the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya is consisted of five federal entities, which are Soviet Socialist Republic of Parahyangan, Soviet Socialist Republic of Pantai Selatan, Soviet Socialist Republic of Natuna, People's Soviet Socialist Republic of Madura, People's Republic of Sabah and Mindanao. The power is decentralised to the communal level and the direct democracy is applied in each federal entities. The Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya and its federal entities only acted as the unifier and the consolidator of the communes.

This part stated that the highest legislative power in the national level of Sunda Raya is the Supreme Soviet of Sunda Raya. The Communal Soviets are subordinate to the Regional Soviet, which is resided in the level of federal entities. Moreover, the Regional Soviets are subordinate to the Supreme Soviet.

The Electoral Procedures

This part stated the procedures of the election which is implemented the principles of direct democracy.

The Basic Principles of the State Defence

This part stated the anti-militaristic stance of Sunda Raya and the prohibition to create a "professional" army. It also prohibits the state to get involved in any micronational war.

Justice, Arbitration, and Procurators Supervision

This part declared that in the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya justice is administered only by the courts established by the workers councils. In Sunda Raya there are the following courts: the Supreme Court of the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya, the Courts of Federal Entities, communal courts, and military tribunals in the armed forces. This part also stated the role of the People's Police of Sunda Raya.

The Emblem, Flag, Anthem, and Capital of the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya

This part stated and regulated the usage of the state emblem, flag, anthem, and the capital of the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya.

The Legal Force of the Fundamental Law, and the Procedures for Amending the Fundamental Law

This part stated that The Fundamental Law of the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya shall have supreme legal force. All laws and other acts of state bodies shall be promulgated on the basis of and in conformity with it. The Fundamental Law of the Democratic Republic of Sunda Raya may be amended by a decision of the Supreme Soviet of Sunda Raya.