Hertogsrijk

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Types of government specific to micronationalism

Hertogsrijk (English: Hertog's State, Hertog translating roughly to Duke or Leader) is a set of policies instituted by the Mensenberg government during the Second Republic. It is characterised by revolutionary nationalism, traditional Catholicism, and aspects of tripartite economics. The ruling party of Mensenberg, the Hertogsbund, has Hertogsrijk as its main founding principles. It is very similar to Bauwersjteit, and some similarities have been recognised with Popular Revolutionary Monarchism. It is also known as National Solidarism outside of Mensenberg.

Policies

Hertogsrijk is a socially right-wing nationalist but economically tripartist ideology, taking largely from German philosophies such as those of Ernst Jünger, Otto Strasser, and Otto von Bismarck.

State

One of the main characteristics of Hertogsrijk is a nationalist autocracy under a central leader, who has large control over internal affairs and near-total control over foreign affairs. This is represented in Mensenberg by the Hertog, who alone has full legislative initiative, and in general does the day-to-day running of the nation. The Hertog is assisted by a few "oligarchs" which is represented by the Rijksraad, a fully advisory board consisting of the overseers of Mensenberg's territory or their representatives.

The legislature and Cabinet, which normally work in tandem with each other, are two completely separate bodies under the Hertogsrijk. The legislature, represented by the Volksraad, is one of a few elements of democracy under Hertogsrijk, and is mainly used as a check by the Premier on the actions of the Hertog, as the Volksraad has the power to revoke any law passed unilaterally by the Volksraad. The Volksraad also must confirm any declarations of war, changes to the Mensen State Charter, any changes in the structure of government, or banishments from Mensenberg. Because of its relative irrelevancy, the Volksraad is rarely convened, only if war, changes to Mensenberg's structure, or large projects assembled by the Cabinet must be voted on.

The Cabinet is the long-term overseer of Mensenberg, and uses its power to construct long-term or large projects, or to keep the power of the Hertog in check. The Cabinet is solely responsible to the Hertog, and the Hertog has full reign to remove any Ministers or even the Premier, a power that has been used during periods of tense relations between the Hertog and Cabinet. This is mostly taken from the 1871 German constitution.

Federalism is a very important aspect in Hertogsrijk. Eoin O'Lachtna has stated that areas that are far from a current populated County or have a vastly different culture from any other County should be governed by their inhabitants. The County is also seen as a tool of the community, that the County should serve the interests of the community and that the County is the best possible tool for serving the community as it tends to be a local area of like-minded people.

Some have pointed out many similarities between Hertogrijk's state structure and the state structure of Faltree and Ausveria, with a strong central leader, a weaker legislature, and many far and seperated subdivisions (however it is not at all an exclusive trait to those micronations).

Philosophy

Hertogsrijk closely believes in the idea of Geopolitik, specifically the philosophies of Rudolf Kjellén, with the ideas of an organic state, ever growing outwards and functioning more like a human body than a polity; ethno-cultural nationalism, a belief that an ethnic and cultural group should unite under their own flag and nation; and a land-based autarky that is able to rely on itself for continuous survival in reaction to the instability and vicissitudes of foreign nations and markets. Hertogsrijk also takes influence from the Nationalrevolutionäre (National revolutionaries) of the German Conservative Revolution, taking a heavy anti-Kulturpessimismus stance, in favour of using modern concepts to overcome modernity.

Other than that, Hertogsrijk takes many beliefs on social issues from Catholic doctrine and teachings of the Bible, such as its pro-life, anti-same sex marriage and Personalist views, among others.

Hertogsrijk also believes in the creation of a Sector for the US States in the Mid- and South-Atlantic, which its supporters feel as underrepresented in the Micronational community.

Economy

Hertogsrijk is supportive of a decentralised tripartist system of economics under a centralised state.

Hertogsrijk's economics comes closely from the idea of Catholic Corporatism and Durkheim's corporatism, with bottom-up basis for the structure of the corporation. Also supported are the beliefs of a nation with currency standard of its own (however the macronational currency should also be accepted) and a state monopoly on foreign trade, all under an entirely self-sufficient system.

Hertogrijk believes that a partially-planned economy should be the final goal but that it is not feasible for a vast majority of micronations.

National Solidarism

National Solidarism is a form of Hertogsrijk that has two definitions. One as an official ideology name for Hertogsrijk, and another for a unique ideology present outside of Mensenberg, specifically in Melite, represented by the National Union.

Melitian National Solidarism drops the Hollander nationalism present in classical National Solidarism, instead focusing on a more cultural nationalism built on maintaining the culture of Melite. Another incorporated aspect of Melitian National Solidarism is the acceptance of democracy, although limited in comparison to other Melitian parties. Regardless, Melitian National Solidarism still maintains the political Catholicism, strongman leadership, and guild economics of Hertogsrijk.

Parties

Nation Party Ideology
MensenFlag1.png State of Mensenberg Hertogsbund Hertogsrijk, State Catholicism
Hellendoorn Vrijheidsfront Hertogsrijk, Localism
 Democratic Christian Republic of Melite National Union National Solidarism, Political Catholicism

See also