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Republic of St. John
| Republic of St. John |
Republik St. John (Indonesian)
Persaudaraan, Nasionalisme, Persatuan (Indonesian)
(English: "Fraternity, Nationalism, Unity")
Fugue in G minor, BWV 131a
Area claimed by St. John shown in purple
|Official language(s)||Indonesian |
|Short name||St. John|
|- President||William Timothy|
|Legislature||House of Representatives|
|- Type||- Unicameral|
|- Number of seats||- 1|
|Established||6 June 2011 (Establishment of Santos) |
20 December 2013 (Establishment of St. John)
20 December 2017 (Re-establishment of St. John)
|Area claimed||666240 m² (66.624 ha)|
|Population||2 (2019 census)|
|Currency||None (de jure) |
Indonesian rupiah (de facto)
|Time zone||UTC+8 (St. John Time)|
|Patron saint||St. John the Evangelist|
St. John (/ /), officialy the Republic of St. John (Indonesian: Republik St. John), is a geopolitical entity commonly referred to as a micronation which was founded on 20 December 2013. St. John is a presidential republic with the President as the head of state and head of government, assisted by a cabinet of ministers. The territory of St. John consists of three administrative provinces and one provincial-level city, all of which located in Indonesia. The largest province by land area is the Vredesstad Metropolitan Area, which comprise about sixty-five percent of land area.
Throughout its history, St. John is the fourth incarnation of the micronation project created by William Timothy since 2011. St. John trace its roots back since the founding of the Federal Republic of Santos. After Santos became inactive, Santos were replaced replaced by the Kingdom of William Ranger. After William Ranger changed its form of government and name into New Santos, the nation were dissolved on May 2013. In December 2013, the establishment of the Republic of St. John were announced until one and half year later St. John went inactive on July 2015. On 20 December 2017, St. John were re-established by the former leaders of St. John.
- 1 History
- 2 Government and politics
- 3 Geography and climate
- 4 Demographics
- 5 Culture
- 6 See also
- 7 References
- 8 External links
Pre-St. John era
The history of St. John has gone back since the founding of the United States of Santos (later renamed the Federal Republic of Santos) by William Timothy which established on 6 June 2011. The nation gained attention of most of Indonesian micronations and later joined Association of Indonesian Micronations (AIM). In December 2011, the Los Bay Petrosian government and Indokistani government declared an embargo to Santos due to "disrespectful acts and plagiarism made by [the government of Santos]". This caused the Santos government to be inactive.
On 30 April 2012, the Kingdom of William Ranger was founded as de jure successor of the inactive Santosian government. William, the former President of Santos, declared himself as the King of William Ranger. William Ranger existed for a year before it was finally replaced by the Republic of New Santos on 7 April 2013. New Santos was established as an attempt to restore the government of the Federal Republic of Santos. However, the attempt was ultimately a failure and New Santos were dissolved one month after its establishment.
1st Republic era (2013 - 2015)
On 20 December 2013, six months after the dissolution of the Republic of New Santos, William Timothy proclaimed the establishment of the Republic of St. John and set Vredesstad as the capital of St. John. In February 2014, the capital of St. John moved from Vredesstad to Williamgrad. In the end of March 2014, Vredesstad and several small provinces were merged into one province. This led to the capital of St. John moved back to Vredesstad. In April 2014, St. John joined the Association of Indonesian Micronations (AIM) as an observer. On 5 June 2014, the government of St. John started a religious debate in the AIM Quorum that caused St. John membership as an observer at AIM was revoked and the diplomatic relations between St. John and Indokistan ended.
On June 6, 2014, St. John underwent a political and governmental reform, which changed the system of government from presidential system to the federal system. The provincial administration system was replaced by an administrative republic and the title of the head of state "President" was replaced with a new title named "Chairman".
In October 2014, St. John established a puppet state named Pyeonghwaloun. After the founding of Pyeonghwaloun, several puppet states were established by St. John, namely Nightingale, Hiroshi (Shima), and Torishima. All these puppet states were short-lived and dispersed because of the lack of support from the government of St. John, although Pyeonghwaloun later re-established as an independent state. In April 2015, the government of St. John became inactive for two months. After a period of inactivity, William Timothy, the Chairman of St. John declared the dissolution of St. John on 14 July 2015.
2nd Republic era (2017 - present)
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On 20 December 2017, William Timothy, the former Chairman of St. John and Indra H., the former Prime Minister of Santos, proclaimed the re-establishment of the Republic of St. John on Vredesstad. On 23 January 2018, an earthquake with a magnitude of 5.9 struck Vredesstad and several micronations located on western Java. There was no damage nor any casualties or injuries in Vredesstad. On 19 June 2018, the government of St. John decided to change the time zone of Vredesstad from UTC+7:0 to UTC+07:30, effective 20 June 2018. As of July 2018, there is no official explanation given regarding the time zone change.
Government and politics
St. John is a presidential republic with a non-partisan system. St. John is led by a president, the head of state and government. The president is assisted by a cabinet of ministers, also led by the President. According to the constitution, the president may serves of five-year terms and can and be elected again. The President is elected directly by the people.
The legislative organ of St. John is the House of Representatives (Indonesian: Rumah Perwakilan) which serves as the legislative branch of the government. According to the Constitution, the members are appointed by the President. As of 2019, there are no political parties that is active. The last political party in St. John that was active was the National Development Party (formerly called the Williamist Party) founded in 2014, reorganized in 20 December 2017 before being disbanded in 27 June 2019. The party held the Williamism, the official ideology of St. John.
Administratively, St. John consists of three provinces and one provincial-level city, each had a local government and headed by a governor. The provinces are divided into cities, then again subdivided into districts. District is the lowest administrative government in St. John. The following is a table listing all the administrative divisions in St. John arranged by the date of establishment.
|Flag||Name (in English)||Area (in ha)||Date established||Capital||Numbers of cities||Population (2020)|
|Vredesstad Metropolitan Area||2014
20 December 2017 (current form)
|Province of Bergstraat||20 December 2017||17.271||Walerua||4||1|
|City of Kraton||14 July 2019||0.093||Kraton (provincial-level city)||1||1|
|Province of West St. John||25 May 2020||5.984||Blumbang||2||0|
St. John had close diplomatic relations with several micronations; Nido was the first nation to recognize the sovereignty of St. John. The event occurred on December 2013. Since then, the number of micronations who have opened diplomatic relations with St. John had been growing since that time.
St. John is currently a member of the Association of Indonesian Micronations (AIM) from July 2019 as an observer. On 8 October 2019, the membership status of St. John was promoted to full membership. Prior to the membership acceptance, St. John was once an observer member of the until the status was revoked in June 2014. St. John also was the founding member of the short-lived International Micronational Society along with Shima on 19 December 2014. St. John was also the member of MASA St. John also involved in the 2014 Malindo Conflict, where St. John declared embargo to Malindo subsequent to the conflict.
Geography and climate
St. John has a total of two landlocked territories with each respectively located in Java and Sulawesi. About eighty percent of St. John is densely populated and full. As a result, St. John does not have enough land for regional development. The highest point of St. John is located in Walerua with an elevation of 153 metres (502 feet) above sea level and the lowest point is located in the district of South Vredesstad, Vredesstad with an elevation of 20 metres (66 feet) above sea level. St. John has several of water areas scattered across its territories, such as Lake Williamgrad in Williamgrad and Lake Vredesstad in Vredesstad.
Situated near of the equator, St. John has a tropical climate, with two distinct monsoonal wet and dry seasons. Mountainous areas especially in Bergstraat receive the highest rainfall. Humidity is generally high, averaging about 80%. Temperatures vary little throughout the year.
As of 2018, there are only two registered citizen of St. John. The society of St. John is culturally diverse, while it is linguistically homogeneous. Fifty percent of St. John population consists of Minahasan descent and the rest fifty percent of St. John population is composed of Javanese people.
According to the Constitution, the official religion of St. John is Christianity. However, non-Christians may become citizens of St. John and may practice their faiths as long "the belief does not promote hatred and violence against Christianity". Previously, until May 2018, only Christianity, Judaism, Islam, and Minahasan indigenous religion are recognized and permitted to be practiced in St. John. According to the 2018 census, 50% of St. Johnian adheres Christianity, particularly Pentecostalism while the rest 50% are adhering Islam. There is no official Christian denomination in St. John, but the government itself gives freedom to all St. Johnian to adhere any kinds of denominations.
St. John shares its traditional culture with Indonesia. but both nation have developed distinct contemporary forms of culture since St. John were established in 2014. The cultures of St. John are a hybrid blend of various sources, incorporating elements of Indonesian and Western culture.
Art and literature
The art of St. John is, generally speaking, art made by the citizens of St. John. St. John arts has several influence of Western arts and Indonesian arts. St. John art is work of arts made by St. Johnian artist, or influenced by St. Johnian culture.
St. John literature is literature written by citizens of St. John. St. John literature is usually written on either Indonesian or English, though some are written in French. St. John literature is infulenced by French literature, Indonesian literature and Hebrew literature.
St. Johnian cuisine is the cooking tradition of St. John. St. Johnian cuisine is known for its rich variations in spices, and Western-influenced food. Rice is the main staple food and is served with meat. Spices (notably chili), fish and chicken are the crucial ingredients of St. Johnian cuisine. The district of New Vredesstad in Vredesstad is known as a popular culinary tourism centre of St. John.
|Date||English name||Indonesian name||2020 dates|
|1 January||New Year's Day||Tahun Baru||1 January|
|6 January||Epiphany||Epifani||6 January|
|January–February||Chinese New Year||Tahun Baru Imlek||25 January|
|March–April||Good Friday||Jumat Agung||10 April|
|5 April||Flag Day||Hari Bendera||5 April|
|May–June||Ascension of Jesus Christ||Hari Raya Kenaikan Yesus Kristus||21 May|
|May–June||Trinity Sunday||Minggu Tritunggal||7 June|
|May–June||Corpus Christi||Corpus Christi||11 June|
|6 June||Santos Day||Hari Pendirian Santos||6 June|
|15 August||Assumption Day||Hari Raya Santa Maria Diangkat ke Surga||15 August|
|1 November||All Saints' Day||Hari Raya Semua Orang Kudus||1 November|
|20 December||Establishment Day||Hari Pendirian Negara||20 December|
|25 December||Christmas||Natal||25 December|
|27 December||Feast of St. John the Evangelist||Hari Raya Santo Yohanes Penginjil||27 December|
- "About Us". Republic of St. John. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
- "FAQ". Republic of St. John. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
- "LBP and Indokistan Embargoes Santos". The Indokistan Times. Retrieved 2018-01-05.
- "President's statement to embargo Santos". - Los Bay Petros TV YouTube channel
- "History of St. John". Republic of St. John. Retrieved 2018-01-05.
- "Earthquake has occurred in Vredesstad" - SJNC. Retrieved 2018-01-29.
- "Vredesstad to implement a new time zone" - SJNC. Retrieved 2018-06-21.
- "National Development Party disbanded". SJNC. Retrieved 2019-06-28.
- Article X, Section VI of the Constitution of St. John (2018)
- Article X (before amendment), Section VI of the Constitution of St. John (2018)
- Official website of the Republic of St. John (managed by the Government of St. John)
- SJNC - official English-language newspaper of St. John (managed by the Government of St. John)
- Official Twitter account of the Government of St. John