Federal Republic of Lostisland

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Federal Republic of Lostisland (en)
Federale Republiek Lostisland (nl)
República Federal de Lostisland (es)
Federatif Cumhuriyeti Lostisland (tr)
Федеративная Республика Лостайленд (ru)


 

2013Present

Flag of Lostisland.svg
Flag
Coat of Arms of Lostisland.png
Coat of Arms

Motto
In nomine libertatis
In the name of liberty
Anthem
National Anthem of Lostisland
Capital cityMontediszamble (proposed)
Official language(s)Federal: English
Regional: Russian, Dutch, Turkish, Spanish
Official religion(s)Secular
Short nameLostisland
DemonymLostislandian (nationality)
Lostislandic (adjective)
GovernmentFederal Republic with direct democracy
- PresidentYaroslav Mar
- Prime MinisterDenys Tezdzhanenko
LegislatureDirect democracy
Established4 April 2013 (as a Federal Republic)
1-4 September 2010 (as a micronation)
2 July 2008 (as a community)
Area claimed49.07 km² symbolic territorial claims
Population297
CurrencyReal (proposed)
Time zoneVaries
National animalPigeon
This nation is a member of the UAMW, MCS, and the AMU

Official website

Lostisland, officially the Federal Republic of Lostisland (Dutch: Federale Republiek Lostisland; Spanish República Federal de Lostisland; Turkish: Federatif Cumhuriyeti Lostisland; Russian: Федеративная Республика Лостайленд) is a global sovereignty and a cultural and social project resembling a new country based on the ideals of freedom and direct democracy. Unlike many other micronations, Lostisland doesn't claim to be a state, but rather defines herself as a cultural and social project which is sovereign in the sense of "not being subordinate to other entities".[1]

Lostisland was founded in 2008 as a roleplaying game and was reorganized into a non-territorial micronation Republic of Lostisland in September 2010. On 11 March 2011 Lostisland declared symbolic sovereignty over Hunter Island in South Pacific. On 4 April 2013, the Republic of Lostisland and the Kingdom of Pavlov were merged into the Federal Republic of Lostisland, after a referendum with 66.7% support in Lostisland and 83% in Pavlov approved the unification. The Federal Republic of Lostisland is the successor state of both micronations.

In July 2012, the Ministry of Transport of the then Republic of Lostisland arranged a vessel expedition to Hunter Island, which is thought to be the first and only such event happening within the MicroWiki Community and one of the few ones in modern micronational history.

Etymology

The word "Lostisland" is a portmanteu of Lost Island, which, in turn, is the literal translation of Russian "Poteryannyj Ostrov" (Потерянный остров) — the name of the roleplaying game out of which Lostisland evolved. Since the transformation into a new nation project in 2010, the word "Lostisland" has been the name of the project, and is no longer translated to other languages.

Eras

Lostisland as a community has had several incarnations, with the modern Federal Republic of Lostisland being the last of them.

Era Full Organization Name Length of Era Notes
Roleplaying game 2 July 2008 - 1 September 2010 Потерянный Остров (Lost Island) 760 Days A Russophone roleplaying game about an expedition sent to explore an uninhabited island is created on the domain lostisland.clan.su. Soon after the game founder abandoned the project, Yaroslav Mar becomes the head administrator. Stepan Ignatyev joins in mid-2009, but the game fails to achieve sufficient prominence and a decision is made to transform it into a micronation. Preparation starts in early 2010.
The first steps 1 September 2010 - 5 February 2013 Republic of Lostisland 888 Days The Republic of Lostisland is proclaimed and a constitution is adopted on 1-4 September 2010. Yaroslav Mar and Stepan Ignatyev become Captains Regent (Heads of State). Lostisland starts as a nonterritorial micronation but makes a symbolic claim over Hunter Island in South Pacific on 11 March 2011. A vessel expedition to Hunter Island arranged in July 2012 marked the beginning of Lostisland being seen as a serious project.
Transfer of Power 5 February 2013 - 4 April 2013 72 Days Captain Regent Stepan Ignatyev shocks the Lostislandic community on 5 February with an announcement of his resignation. A snap election of Captain Regent is called, veteran Russian micronationalist Dr. Ilya Pakhomov is appointed Acting Captain Regent for a monthly term. Pavlovian leader Denys Tezdzhanenko who recently obtained Lostislandic citizenship is elected the new Captain Regent and proposes the merger of Lostisland and Pavlov into the Federal Republic of Lostisland. After referendums in both micronations approve the merger, the Federal Republic of Lostisland is officially formed on 4 April. Captains Regent Yaroslav Mar and Denys Tezdzhanenko become President and Prime Minister respectively.
Early Federal Republic and Pavlov Crisis 4 April 2013 - 10 May 2013 Federal Republic of Lostisland 36 Days The Federal Republic is proclaimed, but tensions within the former Kingdom of Pavlov, now the Federation of Pavlov, remain. A number of citizens refuse to recognize the merger as legitimate and the separatist Republic of Pavlov is formed. On 10 May Denys Tezdzhanenko resigns as Prime Minister and leaves Lostisland; the conflict is solved with the mediation of Daniel Morris and Pavlov nominally reintegrates into Lostisland as the Federation of Belastrova. In accordance with the constitution, Supreme Judge Irina Sopas becomes the new Prime Minister.
600-Days Era 10 May 2013 - 31 December 2014 600 Days The political system developed for the merger between Lostisland and Pavlov proves its inefficiency. The Grand National Assembly, envisaged by the 2013 constitution, fails to become a full-fledged legislature. Relations between Yaroslav Mar and Denys Tezdzhanenko, who now heads the Pavlovian Royal House in Exile, gradually improve. The Grand Principality of Pavlov is proclaimed on 14 September 2014 and becomes an associated state of Lostisland. In his New Year speech for 2015, Yaroslav Mar announces a constitutional reform, declares the constitution, and all political parties abolished since 1 January, proclaims himself President for Life, and announces that a new Prime Minister will be elected after a month.
Current Era 1 January 2015 – Present 5 years, 10 months, 26 days The reforms announced in Yaroslav Mar's New Year speech bring stability to Lostisland. Denys Tezdzhanenko, whose Lostislandic citizenship was restored when the Grand Principality of Pavlov became an associated state of Lostisland, submits his candidacy for Prime Minister and wins the election on 4 February 2015. A new Coat of Arms is accepted in April 2015, and an e-gov is launched. Lostisland distances itself from politics, emphasizes its full neutrality towards international conflicts, conducts regular meetings of citizens (reunions), and effectively becomes an international club or lodge more than a typical micronation. Denys Tezdzhanenko is re-elected as Prime Minister in 2018.

History

RPG era and the first steps

Captain Regent Stepan Ignatyev signing the first ever certificate of citizenship on 23 October 2010.

The predecessor of Lostisland — a roleplaying game with the same name was founded on 2 July 2008 by a group of Russian students. In September 2010 it was transformed into a micronation and the Republic of Lostisland was officially established, modeled after the Republic of San Marino. The two admins of the game, Yaroslav Mar and Stepan Ignatyev became the Captains Regent (Heads of State) of the newborn nation. On 3 September 2010 the accepted constitution of the Republic of Lostisland was published on the official website. On 23 October 2010, during the celebration of the birthday of Captain Regent Stepan Ignatyev, was signed and stamped with the State Seal the first Certificate of Citizenship.

Symbolic declaration of sovereignty

In March 2011 a veteran Russian micronationalist Dr. Ilya Pakhomov advised Captain Regent Yaroslav Mar to symbolically claim Lostislandic sovereignty over Hunter Island: a remote volcanic islet in South Pacific which had been regarded a disputed territory of France and Vanuatu for several decades. The dispute erupted out of a legal collision over the uncertainty of the island's status, designated on some maps as French, on other maps as British, or not mentioned at all. When in the 1980 the New Hebrides received independence, Hunter Island wasn't transferred to the newly-founded Republic of Vanuatu. On 11 March 2011 a symbolic declaration of sovereignty over Hunter Island was signed by the Captains Regent.

Expedition to Hunter Island

Lostislandic Minister of Transport Martin Legof displaying the Lostislandic flag in front of Hunter Island.

In April 2012 a New Zealandic sea captain Martin Legof approached the Captains Regent with a proposal to arrange a vessel expedition to Hunter Island and plant the Lostislandic flag there. After the proposal was accepted, Legof was appointed the Minister of Transport of Lostisland and put in charge of arranging the expedition.

Implementing a project of such magnitude required coordinated efforts of both the Ministry of Transport and the Captains Regent. A highly resistant Lostislandic flag was manufactured in Moscow and shipped to the Ministry's HQ in Auckland (New Zealand), together with a list of citizens that was supposed to be planted on the island in a time capsule. The package was delivered to the Ministry on 2 July 2012, which coincided with the fourth anniversary of the foundation of Lostisland, and the next day a 75-feet yacht Sylfia, commissioned by the Ministry of Transport for the expedition, set sail from the New Zealand harbor of Kerikeri.

On 12 July the yacht approached the island, but severe weather conditions made disembarking impossible. However, a number of photos with Captain Legof holding the Lostislandic flag in front of Hunter Island were taken, and the expedition was viewed by Lostislandic citizens as a huge success.

Resignation of Stepan Ignatyev and the merger with Pavlov

On 5 February 2013 Captain Regent Stepan Ignatyev announced his resignation. Given that Ignatyev had been involved with Lostisland since 2009, the announcement came as a surprise to the Lostislandic community, and no specific reason for the resignation was announced. In accordance with the then Lostislandic constitution, the remaining Captain Regent Yaroslav Mar appointed honorary Lostislandic citizen Dr. Ilya Pakhomov, who had recommended to claim Hunter Island, as Acting Captain Regent for a monthly term. A snap election of Captain Regent was called, and Pavlovian King Denys (Tezdzhanenko), who had recently obtained Lostislandic citizenship, scored a decisive victory. Denys was inaugurated and took the Oath of Office as Captain Regent of the Republic of Lostisland on 7 March.[2]

Denys, who after becoming the Lostislandic Head of State still remained the King of Pavlov, proposed to merge the two projects into one. A referendum on unification took place in both Lostisland and Pavlov, and with the majority of citizens supporting it, the Federal Republic of Lostisland was officially formed on 4 April 2013. In accordance with the provisions of the Treaty of Hunter Island, which outlined the conditions of the merger, the office of Captains Regent was replaced with a President and a Prime Minister, the Republic of Lostisland was abolished, and the Kingdom of Pavlov became the Federation of Pavlov as part of the Federal Republic of Lostisland. The Federal Republic took over the treaties and diplomatic relations of its predecessors, including Pavlov's seat in the Antarctic Micronational Union, which expanded Lostisland's territorial claims to Alexander Island in Antarctica. The title of Prince of Pavlov was created for the former King of the Pavlovians, which to date remains the only Lostislandic noble title and fountain of honor, and is still held by its inaugural owner. All Pavlovian citizens retained their titles of nobility, which effectively turned Lostisland into an aristocratic republic.[3] Former Captains Regent Yaroslav Mar and Denys Tezdzhanenko became President and Prime Minister of the Federal Republic of Lostisland respectively.

Pavlov Crisis

Irina Sopas, the Prime Minister of Lostisland from 10 May 2013 to 31 December 2014.

While the majority of Pavlovians supported the unification, a number of citizens voiced opposition refused to recognize the unification as legitimate and in the beginning of May declared a separatist Republic of Pavlov. On 10 May 2013 internal tensions within Pavlov caused Tezdzhanenko to resign as Prime Minister and call for the independence of Pavlov. In accordance with the Constitution of Lostisland, he was replaced as Prime Minister by the Supreme Judge Irina Sopas.

According to the Treaty of Hunter Island, secession of a founding member of the Federal Republic wasn't possible; an agreement was finally reached with the mediation of Daniel Morris, himself a Pavlovian and a Lostislandic citizen. The rebel Republic of Pavlov was reintegrated as the Federation of Pavlov on the condition of being renamed to Federation of Belastrova and changing flag, while Denys Tezdzhanenko founded the Pavlovian Royal House in Exile with the old Pavlovian national symbols, but dropped the claim to be the legal successor of the historical Kingdom of Pavlov. Daniel Morris became the Governor of the Federation of Belastrova, and the Federal Republic of Lostisland retained its AMU seat.

Rapprochement with Pavlov

Relations between the Federal Republic of Lostisland and the Pavlovian Royal House in Exile, while initially strained, gradually began to warm up by late 2013. On 25 December 2013 Denys Tezdzhanenko founded the Grand Principality of Snežanopol as an Antarctic micronation with claims over Graham Land and Liegé Island and took the regnal name of Prince Deniz I. Though Snežanopol went inactive somewhere in mid-2013, after a series of clandestine talks between President Yaroslav Mar and Prince Deniz, on 14 September 2014 the Grand Principality of Pavlov was officially established as a successor state of Snežanopol. Pavlov's Declaration of Independence included a request to the Federal Republic of Lostisland to accept the Grand Principality as an associated state of Lostisland.[4] Within minutes the Grand Principality of Pavlov was recognized by the Federal Republic of Lostisland.[5]. The request to become an associated state of Lostisland was granted on 16 September, when the Treaty of Eternal Friendship and Alliance between the Federal Republic of Lostisland and the Grand Principality of Pavlov was signed by both parties; according to the provisions of the treaty, citizens of Pavlov were granted Lostislandic citizenship, Lostisland undertook to defend Pavlov in case of aggression, the Grand Principality was recognized as the successor in dignity to the Kingdom of Pavlov, while the Federal Republic through its Federation of Belastrova was recognized as the legal successor of the Kingdom of Pavlov.[6]

Constitutional reform and Prime Ministerial election

President Yaroslav Mar signing a decree abolishing the constitution of 2013 and declaring himself the President for Life.

The constitution of 2013 was tailored for the merger with Pavlov; after the Pavlov Crisis erupted and a number of high-ranked former Pavlovian citizens left Lostisland, the political system was no longer representative of Lostislandic realities. Particularly, the Grand National Assembly, envisaged by the constitution, never managed to become a full-fledged legislature and mostly remained inactive; the same applied to minor political parties created after the Federal Republic was formed.

In his New Year speech on 31 December, President Yaroslav Mar announced that starting from 1 January the constitution and all the political parties will be abolished, he himself will become the President for Life and assume full control of the three branches of power till a new founding law comes into force, and that the first in Lostisland's history election of a Prime Minister will take place on 1 February.[7]

With the new treaty between Lostisland and Pavlov, Denys Tezdzhanenko once again became a Lostislandic citizen. Marking his return to Lostislandic politics, he submitted his candidacy for Prime Minister and was declared the winner on 4 February 2015 with 54,5% of the vote.[8]

After his return to power, Tezdzhanenko drafted the new Constitution of the Federal Republic of Lostisland, which was adopted on a referendum on 30 May.[9] The constitution ended a period of legal vacuum in Lostisland and reaffirmed Yaroslav Mar's status as the President for Life, specifying that the first presidential election will take place only after his death or voluntary resignation.

2018 snap election

The new constitution made the Prime Minister of Lostisland an elected position with a 4-year term, scheduling the next election for 2019. However, on 23 March 2018 Denys Tezdzhanenko submitted a resignation letter on behalf of the entire government to President Yaroslav Mar, citing the "failure of even single member of [the government]" to reply to a private notice he had distributed five days ago among government members. The resignation was nominally accepted, with Tezdzhanenko and all government members continuing to serve as Acting Prime Minister and Acting Ministers respectively, till a new Prime Minister is elected.[10] The resignation of Denys Tezdzhanenko was preceded by a controversial interview, in which he called his own government "a group of corrupt elitists" and compared Lostisland to a rat nest which needs to be cleaned out.[11]

The election saw the participation of four candidates: Israeli producer Elisha Mendelson, Lostislandic Ambassador to Austria Dr. Hannes Bald, an Indian diplomat and social activist Dr. Arvind Kumar Sharma (not to be confused with his namesake, member of the Parliament of India, and Denys Tezdzhanenko himself, who stood for re-election despite his earlier resignation.

On 21 April it was announced that for the first time in Lostislandic history, no candidate managed to secure an absolute majority, and the two candidates with most votes — Tezdzhanenko with 40% and Mendelson with 29.1% — will meet in the second round.[12] The election was marred with many Lostislandic citizens in Russia being unable to access the voting portal, as its IP got blocked by the Russian Government amid the attempts to ban Telegram.[13]

On 5 May Denys Tezdzhanenko was announced Prime Minister Elect, beating Elisha Mendelson with 54.8% of the vote.[14] The new cabinet of ministers was assembled on 27 May, with Tezdzhanenko's running mate, a Russian socialite, and opera singer Maria Ostroukhova becoming the Deputy Prime Minister.[15] Denys Tezdzhanenko is expected to serve as Prime Minister until at least 2022 unless he resigns early; the Lostislandic Constitution doesn't limit the number of terms for Prime Minister.

2019 corruption scandal

Prosecutor General Nazar Chagatay announcing the start of a criminal investigation against Prime Minister Denys Tezdzhanenko.

In April 2019 Prime Minister Denys Tezdzhanenko gave an interview to the Lostislandic website, in which he — following the style of his 2018 interview — harshly criticized his own government for corruption. The Prime Minister especially criticized the judicial, saying that he has yet to "see any in positions of top leadership in our Courts or Prosecutors office who are not themselves corrupt to the bone".[16]

The next day after the interview, Prosecutor General Nazar Chagatay himself accused Tezdhzanenko of corruption, vote-rigging and conspiring with a hostile foreign power to secure re-election, and announced the start of a criminal investigation against the Prime Minister.[17]

Prime Minister Tezdzhanenko rejected the accusations, calling it a "public lynching without any form of evidence whatsoever", and called upon the President to intervene.[18] The President didn't intervene in the conflict between the executive and the judiciary branches until May, when the investigation against Tezdzhanenko was re-entrusted to the Federal Intelligence and Security Service (FISS) together with an investigation against the Prosecutor General.[19] As of May 2020, no updates from the FISS have been released.

Meeting with Ambassador Robert Meyer

President Yaroslav Mar and Prosecutor General Nazar Chagatay greeting the Ambassador of Lostisland to the United States in front of the state car.

On 26 May 2019 the Ambassador of Lostisland to the United States Robert Meyer visited Moscow to meet the Lostislandic diaspora, in what was the first time that a Lostislandic citizen from abroad visited Russia. Ambassador Meyer was greeted by President Yaroslav Mar and Prosecutor General Nazar Chagatay as they got out of the state car and proceeded to the meeting hall, where the welcome messages were delivered. Prime Minister Tezdzhanenko, who was unable to attend the reunion, addressed the audience in his video message, where he announced he will not seek another term in 2022.

Ambassador Meyer reassured the audience he had played no role in the Novichok poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal and in the subsequent Amesbury poisoning. The Ambassador confirmed that he had never met Sergei and Yulia Skripal, never exposed them to the Novichok agent and that Lostislandic postage stamps were never used to mail the Novichok from Hunter Island to London.

At the end of the event, the President presented the new citizens of Lostisland with their Certificates of Citizenship, and a traditional heraldic cake with the Coat of Arms of Lostisland was served. The reunion was assisted by prominent Lostislandic officials, among them the Supreme Judge George Oprea, the Minister of Health Dr. Andrej Golubew MD, and former Minister of Economics Viktor Medvedev.[19]

Defenestration of 2020

On 15 September 2020 President Yaroslav Mar announced the recertification of the diplomatic service, citing the necessity to figure out which of the Ambassadors are truly dedicated to Lostisland, and which joined the diplomatic service merely for prestige. All the Ambassadors were given until 20 September to fill in the same application form that is used for prospective diplomats, to make sure they're active and dedicated to Lostisland, with a forewarning that those who don't do so will be dismissed.

The results of the recertification were announced on 23 September: only 7 out of 14 Ambassadors filled in the form. Following the results of the recertification, the President signed a Decree dismissing the Ambassadors to Austria, Brazil and Paraguay, Brazil and Uruguay, Chile, the Dominican Republic, Italy, and Nigeria. The Ambassadors to Andorra, Croatia, India, Malaysia, the Philippines, Russia, and the United States, who did fill in the application, were reconfirmed on their positions.[20]

The term "Defenestration of 2020" was coined by Mart Ian Siapno, the Ambassador to the Philippines who successfully underwent the recertification.

Politics

Despite its name, modern-day Lostisland doesn't have a federal system of governance; Hunter Island and Alexander Island are nominally considered "Federation of Hunter" and "Federation of Belastrova" respectively, but both claims being symbolic, the division into federations exists only on paper. As both islands are uninhabited, Lostisland doesn't consider its citizens as residents of either federation; the name "Federal Republic" refers to the 2013 merger between the Republic of Lostisland and the Kingdom of Pavlov, which was never carried out as initially planned.

Lostisland is run by a President as Head of State and a Prime Minister as Head of Government and head of the executive; both the President and the Prime Minister are elected for a four-year term; however, according to Article LXXIV of the Constitution, the first presidential election will take place if and when the incumbent President Yaroslav Mar, recognized as the President for Life, leaves office. In effect, this makes Lostisland a de facto constitutional monarchy, albeit a non-hereditary and temporary one.

As a direct democracy, Lostisland doesn't have a legislature; constitutional amendments and laws are voted on universal referendums.

The judicial power is vested in the Praesus of the Supreme Court of Lostisland, commonly referred to as the Supreme Judge of Lostisland.

Government

The Federal Republic of Lostisland doesn't have a specific number of available ministerial portfolios, in accordance with its principle to "find positions for people, not people for positions".[1] In practice, this means that when a citizen knowledgeable in a particular field joins Lostisland, a ministerial position may be created especially for him, and disestablished if they resign or get dismissed. According to the Constitution of Lostisland, the only fixed positions is those of Prime Minister and Deputy Prime Minister; traditionally the office of Minister of Foreign Affairs is also a fixed one.

As of 2020, the following ministries exist:

  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs, responsible for coordination between Lostisland and foreign countries and organizations.
  • Ministry of State Security, responsible for the issues of citizenship, prevention, and neutralization of external and internal threats.
  • Ministry of Health, responsible for the physical well-being of the Lostislandic citizens.
  • Ministry of Minority Affairs, responsible for the protection of minorities.
  • Ministry of Innovation, Research and Development, responsible for implementing new projects and innovations (currently vacant).

In addition, Lostisland has three independent agencies which are part of the executive but not part of the Cabinet of Ministers:

  • Office of the Prosecutor General, responsible for criminal proceedings and investigations.
  • Civil Guard, responsible for the protection of law and order (currently vacant).
  • Federal Intelligence and Security Service, responsible for foreign intelligence, security and investigations which are otherwise too sensitive for the Ministry of State Security and the prosecution.

Law and order

George Oprea, the Supreme Judge of Lostisland.

The judicial power in Lostisland is nominally vested in the Supreme Court, headed by Praesus of the Supreme Court commonly known as the Supreme Judge of Lostisland. However, due to a low number of crimes committed and the absence of a penal code, this position is mostly nominal. In practice, the only punishments carried out in Lostisland are dismissal (if the person in question was a public servant) and revocation of citizenship by a presidential decree.

The incumbent Supreme Judge of Lostisland George Oprea is known for his close friendship with Prosecutor-General Nazar Chagatay, with whom he plays in the same ensemble. This fact was one of the reasons for 2019 accusations of corruption in the judiciary by Prime Minister Denys Tezdzhanenko.[16]

Lostisland doesn't have a police; the protection of order is under the joint responsibility of the Ministry of State Security, the Civil Guard, and the Federal Intelligence and Security Service.

Foreign relations

Overview

Letter cover sent from FIFA to Lostisland.
Letter cover sent from the Prince of Monaco Albert II to the President of Lostisland Yaroslav Mar.

As the successor of the Republic of Lostisland and the Kingdom of Pavlov, the Federal Republic inherited diplomatic ties of both of them. On 18 November 2014 Lostisland announced a change in foreign policy, according to which it no longer enters formal diplomatic relations with micronations nor extends diplomatic recognition, unless special cases.[21] A notable exception to this practice was the 2020 Treaty on Eternal Friendship and Alliance between the Principality of Montescano and the Federal Republic of Lostisland, signed in light of the strong cultural and historical ties between the two nations.[22]

The change of policy didn't immediately affect the previously signed intermicronational treaties, however most of them were signed for a definite period of time and eventually expired on their own. As a result, since 2014 Lostisland maintains a mostly isolationist policy in regards to other micronations, and "foreign relations" with regards to Lostisland refer mostly to the outreach of Lostislandic ambassadors.

Lostisland isn't currently recognized, whether as a state or as an organization, by any UN member state, but enjoys recognition from the World Humanity Commission — a Bangladesh-based international organization.[23] Lostisland received de facto recognition of sorts from FIFA, and President Yaroslav Mar was styled as "His Excellency" in a letter from Albert II, Prince of Monaco.

Lostisland is a member state of the Union Against Micronational War, the Micronational Cartography Society, and the Antarctic Micronational Union, of which President Yaroslav Mar is the Administrative-General.

Diplomatic service

Lostisland maintains an extensive network of ambassadors, whose primary responsibilities include coordinating Lostislandic activities in their country and recruiting new citizens. Typically one ambassador per country is appointed: however, from 2015 to 2020 Lostisland appointed two ambassadors to Brazil, whose area of responsibility also included neighboring Paraguay and Uruguay.

Recognized nations

Nations which are in a state of alliance with Lostisland
Nations with which Lostisland has signed a treaty of mutual recognition or exchanged acts of recognition

The following list does not include defunct nations, nations with which a treaty was terminated, nor nations with which a treaty was signed for a finite period of time and not renewed upon expiration.

Nations which are in a state of mutual recognition with Lostisland by virtue of membership in the Antarctic Micronational Union
Nations which are unilaterally recognized by Lostisland
IGOs and NGOs with which Lostisland has signed treaties

Table of Ranks

Lostisland maintains a list of government, military and court ranks and positions called Table of Ranks, based off the eponymous list that existed in the Imperial Russia. The Table of Ranks was adopted by a Presidential Decree on 20 March 2015.[24]

Class Civil Ranks Military Ranks
1 Actual Privy Councillor
(highest civil ministerial rank)
General Field Marshal (Army)
General Field Marshal (Navy)
(highest military ranks, assigned for special merits and for seniority)
2 Civil Secretary, State Councillor
(main civil ministerial rank)
Ober Commissary (Army)
Captain at Sea (Navy)
(main military ministerial rank, corresponds the offices of Minister of Defense, Director-General of the Civil Guard, Commander of the Navy; assigned for special merits)
3 Actual Civil Councillor
(civil ministerial rank, corresponds the offices of minister and deputy minister of civilian departments)
Brigade Commissary (Army)
Frigate Captain (Navy)
(military ministerial rank recommended for primary assignment, corresponds the offices of minister and deputy minister of power departments)
4 Civil Councillor
(civil rank of an advisor to minister and ministry official, ambassador, consul, local judge)
Chamber Junker (Army)
Senior Midshipmen (Navy)
(military rank, assigned to adjutants of power department ministers, military specialists and commanders of territorial subdivisions of special services and the Navy)
5 College Secretary
(civil rank of an assistant to ambassador, consul)
Junker (Army)
Midshipmen (Navy)
(initial military rank of citizens beginning a professional military career)

Military ranks of Private (Army) and Seaman (Navy) are not part of the Table of Ranks.

Demographics

Lostisland maintains an open citizenship policy and unlike secessionist territorial micronations, such as Austenasia, doesn't require to physically reside on claimed land in order to become a citizen. Individuals interested in joining Lostisland may apply for citizenship via Citizenship Application Form. Citizens of Pavlov may apply through a simplified procedure.[22] All prospective citizens undergo a background check by the Ministry of State Security and must be at least 16 years of age. Citizens and residents of Pakistan are banned from obtaining Lostislandic citizenship.[25]

Population

As of November 2020, Lostisland has a population of 297 citizens hailing from all continents except Antarctica. The largest Lostislandic diasporas are found in Russia, the United States and India.

Map of countries where Lostislandic citizens reside.
Country No. of citizens
Flag of Russia.png Russia 57
Flag of the United States.png United States 35
Flag of India.png India 23
Flag of the Netherlands.png Netherlands 17
Flag of Israel.png Israel 11
Flag of the United Kingdom.png United Kingdom 11
Flag of Brazil.png Brazil 9
Flag of Pakistan.png Pakistan 9[Note 1]
Flag of France.png France 8
Flag of Nigeria.png Nigeria 8
Flag of Italy.png Italy 6
Flag of the Philippines.png Philippines 7
Flag of Argentina.png Argentina 5
Flag of Germany.png Germany 5
Flag of Poland.png Poland 4
Flag of Spain.png Spain 4
Flag of Azerbaijan.png Azerbaijan 3
Flag of Bangladesh.png Bangladesh 3
Flag of Japan.png Japan 3
Flag of Malaysia.png Malaysia 3
Flag of Mexico.png Mexico 3
Flag of Turkey.png Turkey 3
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.png United Arab Emirates 3
Flag of Afghanistan.png Afghanistan 2
Flag of Australia.png Australia 2
Flag of Austria.png Austria 2
Flag of Belarus.png Belarus 2
Flag of Belgium.png Belgium 2
Flag of Chile.png Chile 2
Flag of Costa Rica.png Costa Rica 2
Flag of Croatia.png Croatia 2
Flag of the Czech Republic.png Czechia 2
Flag of Denmark.png Denmark 2
Flag of Georgia.png Georgia 2
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.png Kyrgyzstan 2
Flag of Morocco.png Morocco 2
Flag of Nepal.png Nepal 2
Flag of New Zealand.png New Zealand 2
Flag of Norway.png Norway 2
Flag of Portugal.png Portugal 2
Flag of Romania.png Romania 2
Flag of Ukraine.png Ukraine 2
Flag of Algeria.png Algeria 1
Flag of Andorra.png Andorra 1
Flag of Canada.png Canada 1
Flag of Colombia.png Colombia 1
Flag of the Dominican Republic.png Dominican Republic 1
Flag of Egypt.png Egypt 1
Flag of Ghana.png Ghana 1
Flag of Hong Kong.png Hong Kong 1
Flag of Indonesia.png Indonesia 1
Flag of Kuwait.png Kuwait 1
Flag of Libya.png Libya 1
Flag of Lithuania.png Lithuania 1
Flag of Malta.png Malta 1
Flag of Saudi Arabia.png Saudi Arabia 1
Flag of Slovakia.png Slovakia 1
Flag of South Africa.png South Africa 1
Flag of Sweden.png Sweden 1
Flag of Switzerland.png Switzerland 1
Flag of Thailand.png Thailand 1
Flag of Vanuatu.png Vanuatu 1

Languages

Lostisland is characterized by linguistic diversity and the absence of a majority language: English, the official language of Lostisland, serves as lingua franca and is only native for about 18% of the Lostislandic population. The status of English in Lostisland is similar to English in India and the European Union. Russian, while having a larger number of native speakers (around 21%), generally isn't spoken by non-Russian Lostislandians.

Despite being founded by Russian speakers, since its transition to a micronation in 2010 Lostisland has been primarily targeting Anglophone audience and maintaining an English web presence. As a result, the Russophone community in Lostisland began losing its dominance around 2012 as non-Russian citizens joined the project and influenced the demographics. This led to antagonization between the Russian elites of Lostisland (commonly referred to as "Old Lostisland") and the non-Russophone newcomers.

The antagonization reached its zenith in early 2013 after the resignation of Captain Regent Stepan Ignatyev when then-Supreme Judge of Lostisland Roman Petrov ran for Captain Regent on a platform of declaring Russian the only official language of Lostisland. However, these plans were buried after the victory of his opponent Denys Tezdzhanenko.

After the 2013 unification with Pavlov and the formation of a Federal Republic, English was proclaimed the only official language of Lostisland, while Russian received the status of regional language, alongside Dutch and Turkish (the dominant languages of former Pavlovian citizens). In 2014 the status of regional language was additionally granted to Spanish.

Language remains a polemical subject in Lostisland, and Russophone Lostislandians have been repeatedly calling for a Russian version of the official website of Lostisland. The government has been continuously rejecting these requests, citing that Russian is a regional language, and should a Russian version be created, Dutch, Turkish and Spanish versions also become necessary. However, since 2015 Lostisland has been maintaining a Russophone VK page and providing translations to Russian for important updates.

Russophone Lostislandians maintain disproportionate representation among senior Lostislandic officials, as all government members are either native speakers of Russian or speak it fluently as a foreign language. Supreme Judge George Oprea is bilingual in Romanian and Russian.

Since 2013 Russian-speaking and Russian Lostislandians no longer constitute a majority, but still maintain a plurality. The political longevity of Denys Tezdzhanenko, who belongs to the Dutch community but fluently speaks Russian and is well-versed in Russian culture, might be explained by his informal status as the guarantor of linguistical status quo, serving as a bridge between Russophone and non-Russophone Lostislandians.

Economy

Lostislandic chocolate, available for purchase from the Lostislandic online store.

Lostisland doesn't collect taxes nor membership fees, and obtaining Lostislandic citizenship is free. Plastic identity cards and certificates of citizenship are available on the Lostislandic online store for those who want to obtain physical evidence of their Lostislandic citizenship, alongside souvenirs with the Lostislandic national symbols. Citizens and foreign supporters who want to help the organization grow are welcome to make voluntary donations in exchange of rewards.[26]

American radio journalist Neal Conan has called Lostisland "a quixotic effort to establish a tax-free libertarian haven".[27] This claim is rejected by Lostisland, due to the fact that it's not possible to incorporate a company in Lostisland nor open a bank account.[1] The two companies associated with Lostisland, which can be considered the primary contributors to the Lostislandic economy – Lostisland Post and MicroFlag – operate according to Russian laws.

In 2017 Lostisland launched a chocolate production and offers its chocolate for sale through the online store.[28]

It is believed that Lostisland is financed through a combination of voluntary donations, profits from Lostisland Post and MicroFlag, and sales from the online store. The organization doesn't disclose any financial information, nor is its annual budget known to the public.

Lostisland Post

Genghis Khan stamp issued by Lostisland Post in 2017, credited with attracting international interest to Lostislandic stamps.

Lostisland Post was founded in May 2012 as a national postal operator of the then Republic of Lostisland, when it issued the first-ever cinderella stamps of Lostisland. As of 2020, Lostisland Post issued a total of 30 stamp series, making it one of the largest micronational posts, and new series are issued each year.

Traditionally Lostisland Post issues stamps to commemorate the anniversaries of prominent historical figures, and since 2017 stamps with the portrait of President Yaroslav Mar are issued each year. Lostisland Post gained international prominence in 2018 when an online newspaper Asia Russia Daily published an article about its Genghis Khan stamp.[29] This led to an increased interest in Lostisland in Mongolia.

Lostislandic postage stamps are available for purchase from the Lostislandic online store, save a few historical ones which are out of stock.

MicroFlag

MicroFlag-made flag of the Grand Republic of Delvera, measuring 5x10ft and believed to be the largest micronational flag ever made.

MicroFlag was founded in May 2014 and credits itself as the "first lowcost flag supplier".[30] Operating in partnership with Russian textile typographies, MicroFlag is able to offer prices which are reasonably lower than of American and European competitors.

Since its foundation, MicroFlag became the primary choice of micronationalists seeking to get a custom flag made: MicroFlag customers include Adammia, Atlantium, Austenasia, Flandrensis, Dracul, Hortania, Ladonia, Pavlov, Senya and Sirocco, among others, in addition to Lostisland itself.

MicroFlag is a longtime partner of Westarctica, having supplied >300 Westarctican flags over years. In 2019 a MicroFlag-made flag of Westarctica was carried on a plane flying over Antarctica, thereby turning MicroFlag into one of the few companies whose products are present on all continents including Antarctica.[31]

In 2018 MicroFlag supplied a 5x10 ft flag for the Republic of Delvera, believed to be the largest micronational flag ever made.[32]

Culture

Unlike some other micronations, such as Sirocco or Montescano, Lostisland was never intended to be a themed micronation and isn't explicitly modeled after an existing country or a time period. Lostisland in 2010-2013 was mostly reminiscent of San Marino, which could be seen by the rarely used Head of State title of Captain Regent. After the 2013 transition to a Federal Republic and the influx of Turkophone members who had been Pavlovian subjects, Lostisland adopted elements of Turkish culture, as seen from the proposed name for a legislature: the Grand National Assembly. Turkish still remains one of the recognized regional languages in Lostisland.

The so-called "Anti-Corruption Envelope" is a classical example of Lostislandism. The text on the envelope suggests that by using it, the giver confirms that the money inside it isn't a bribe, and therefore no crime is committed.

The contemporary Lostislandic cultural identity began forming around 2015, and could be described as a mix of the idealization of democracy and the exploitation of typical Banana republic and conspiracy cliches: the title of President for Life, the prevalence of military uniforms, the adoption of stereotypically Freemasonic elements such as the Eye of Providence on the Coat of Arms, and common jokes about dictatorship and corruption by senior Lostislandic government members. This seemingly controversial combination can be illustrated with so-called Lostislandisms: absurdist traditions, cultural artifacts, or memes that are characteristical of Lostisland. Most famous Lostislandisms include the following:

  • "Anti-Corruption Envelopes" released in 2019;
  • The practice of depicting controversial historical figures on postage stamps, such as Genghis Khan, Pope Alexander IV or Juan Peron, alongside the sitting President Yaroslav Mar;
  • Prime Minister Denys Tezdzhanenko accusing his own government of corruption and seeking reelection with a promise to "clean out the rat nest", even though it was no other than himself who had served as the Head of Government for the last three years.[11]

The following quotes by senior Lostislandic officials can also be considered Lostislandisms:

As the President for Life, I'll never allow for Lostisland to slide into a dictatorship.

— President Yaroslav Mar[33]

I don’t believe that we should worship democracy and the rule of law as some sacred cow. Throughout my entire political career in Lostisland, not only I haven’t kept a single electoral promise, but I made it a central part of my program explicitly stating that neither I will keep any promise in the future. But I still got elected and re-elected, and if I resign tomorrow and run for PM again, I’ll still win. What is this if not clear evidence that democracy is useless?

— Prime Minister Denys Tezdzhanenko[34]

I find myself even today continually stating to the press that neither I nor any officials of Lostisland have played a role in the Novichok poisoning of Sergei and Yulia Skripal in Salisbury, England last year. I have never met Sergei and Yulia Skripal and I most certainly did not expose them to Novichok nerve agent. And I definitely was not involved in the similar poisoning a few weeks later in Amesbury. And finally, Lostislandic postage stamps were not used to mail the Novichok from Hunter Island to London. That "evidence" was planted.

— Robert Meyer, Ambassador of Lostisland to the United States[35]
Meetings of citizens play an important role in Lostislandic culture.

Freelance journalist and contributor to Vanuatu Daily Post Colin Cortbus suggested that Lostisland might be "a[n] absurdist satire of contemporary Russian society";[36] Lostisland's website openly admits that much of what can be seen on it is intended to be humorous or satirical, but maintains that Lostisland itself is "neither a game nor a satire".[1]

Cake served during the meeting with the Lostislandic Ambassador to the US Robert Meyer.

Lostislandic culture values face-to-face interaction and puts special importance to meetings of citizens, called "reunions". Such meetings are usually attended by the President and senior officials in full uniforms, and traditionally a cake with the Coat of Arms if Lostisland is served at the end of the meeting. In May 2019 a meeting of citizens with Rob Meyer, the Lostislandic Ambassador to the United States, took place in Moscow, making it the first time that a Lostislandic citizen from abroad travels to Russia to participate in a reunion.

Lostisland is among the few micronations with a National Anthem that was specially composed, rather than adopted. The National Anthem of Lostisland was composed in 2009 by would-be Captain Regent Stepan Ignatyev in preparation for the declaration of independence.

Awards

Order of the White Pigeon, the highest and only award of the Federal Republic of Lostisland.

Lostisland is known for its stinginess when it comes to issuing awards. The Order of the White Pigeon — Lostisland's highest and only national awarded, created in 2015 — has never been awarded to anyone, and the only members of the order are its co-Grand Masters: President Yaroslav Mar and Prime Minister Denys Tezdzhanenko.

Theoretically, Lostisland has the institute of honorary citizenship, but the only two individuals who received it were Solomon Fyrst of the Slinky Empire in 2010, and Giovanni I of the Sovereign Military Roman Hadrian Order in 2012.

According to the provisions of the treaty between Lostisland and Montescano (now Pavlov), government officials of Lostisland may receive for Pavlovian nobility.[37] In practice, this means that the Pavlovian nobility is partially integrated into the Lostislandic awards system.

National Holidays

The national holidays of Lostisland commemorate the important dates of Lostislandic history, as well as some international dates. Religious holidays are notably absent from the list, to stipulate the religious impartiality of Lostisland.

Date English Name Dutch Name Turkish Name Russian Name Remarks
1 January New Year's Day Nieuwjaars dag Yılbaşı Новый Год
17 January Economy Day Dag van de economie Ekonomi Günü День экономики In honor of the Ministry of Economy of Lostisland (anniversary of foundation)
11 March Acquisition Day Dag van de verwerving Edinimi Gün День Обретения Anniversation of the declaration of sovereignty over Hunter Island (acquisition of territory)
5 April Birthday of the Prime Minister's cat Verjaardag van de Premier's kat Başbakan'ın kedi Günü День Рождения кота Премьер-министра Birthday of Pamuk, cat of Denys Tezdzhanenko, the Prime Minister of the Federal Republic
22 April President's Birthday Verjaardag van de President Başkan Doğum Günü День Рождения Президента Birthday of Yaroslav Mar, the President of the Federal Republic
6 May Birthday of the Presidential Cat Verjaardag van de President's kat Cumhurbaşkanlığı Kedi Günü День Рождения президентского кота Birthday of Sigismund Knushevitzky, the cat of the President of the Federal Republic
8 May Victory Day Dag van de overwinning Zafer Bayramı День Победы Anniversary of victory of the Nazi Germany
2 July Day of Lostisland Dag van Lostisland Lostisland Günü День Лостайленда Anniversary of the foundation of Lostisland
1—4 September Days of Independence Vrijheid's dagen Bağımsızlık Gün Дни Независимости Anniversaries of the step-by-step proclamation of the Lostislandic sovereignty
17 October Birthday of the Prime Minister Verjaardag van de Premier Başbakan Doğum Günü День Рождения Премьер-министра Birthday of Denys Tezdzhanenko, the Prime Minister of the Federal Republic
29 October Day of the MFA workers Dag ter ere van de medewerkers van Buitenlandse zaken Dışişleri personeli onuruna Günü День работников МИД In honor of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Lostisland (anniversary of foundation)
5 December Day of the media workers Dag ter ere van de medewerkers van de media Medya çalışanlarının Günü День работников прессы In honor of the Lostislandic media)
15 December Police Day Dag ter ere van de politie Polis Günü День полиции In honor of the Ministry of Home Affairs of Lostisland (anniversary of foundation)
22 December Day of Defense Dag ter ere van defensie Savunma Günü День обороны In honor of the Ministry of Defense of Lostisland (anniversary of foundation)

See also

Notes

  1. As Lostisland no longer grants citizenship to Pakistani citizens and residents, all Pakistani Lostislandians were granted citizenship before 2018 when the policy was enacted.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "FAQ", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 18 May 2020
  2. "Inauguration and Oath of Office of the Captain Regent Elect Dionisiy Dezcan", YouTube, Retrieved 18 May 2020
  3. Treaty of Hunter Island, Retrieved 18 May 2020
  4. Declaration of Independence of the Antarctic Territories of the Former Grand Principality of Snezhanopol, retrieved 18 May 2020
  5. Presidential Decree 13/2014 on the Recognition of the Grand Principality of Pavlov, retrieved 18 May 2020
  6. Treaty on Eternal Friendship and Alliance between the Federal Republic of Lostisland and the Grand Principality of Pavlov, Retrieved 18 May 2020
  7. "New Year Speech of His Excellency the President", YouTube, Retrieved 18 May 2020
  8. "Denis Tezdzhan elected Prime Minister", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 23 May 2020
  9. "Universal referendum approves Constitution of Lostisland", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 23 May 2020
  10. "Government Sacked as Prime Minister Resigns, Early Election Called", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 23 May 2020
  11. 11.0 11.1 "‘A Group of Corrupt Elitists’: Prime Minister Slams the Government Ahead of Reelection", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 23 May 2020
  12. "Tezdzhanenko, Mendelson to Meet in Second Round", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 27 May 2020
  13. Gallagher, Sean (17 April 2018) In effort to shut down Telegram, Russia blocks Amazon, Google network addresses, Ars Tecnica. Retrieved 27 May 2020
  14. "Tezdzhanenko re-elected Prime Minister of Lostisland", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 27 May 2020
  15. "President Assembles New Government", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 27 May 2020
  16. 16.0 16.1 "PM Tezdzhanenko: ‘Our System is Corrupt to the Bone’", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 27 May 2020
  17. "Statement of Prosecutor General Nazar Chagatay on Investigation Against Prime Minister", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 27 May 2020
  18. "Statement of Prime Minister Tezdzhanenko on slanderous statement by Nazar Chagatay", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 27 May 2020
  19. 19.0 19.1 "Ambassador to the United States visits Russia", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 27 May 2020
  20. "President overhauls the Diplomatic Service", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 23 September 2020
  21. "Statement on changes in foreign policy", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 29 May 2020
  22. 22.0 22.1 "Lostisland, Montescano Sign Treaty", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 29 May 2020
  23. "Treaty with the World Humanity Commission signed", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 29 May 2020
  24. "Table of Ranks", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 6 June 2020
  25. "Citizenship", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 8 June 2020
  26. "Donate", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 14 June 2020
  27. Conan, Neal (18 January 2017) Pacific News Minute: France, Vanuatu To Discuss Disputed Matthew and Hunter Islands, Hawai'i Public Radio. Retrieved 14 June 2020
  28. "Lostisland to Launch Chocolate Production", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 14 June 2020
  29. Сосорбарам, Майдар (2 March 2018) Лостайленд выпустил почтовые марки, посвященные Чингисхану, Asia Russia Daily. Retrieved 14 June 2020
  30. MicroFlag, Retrieved 14 June 2020
  31. Facebook page of Westarctica, Facebook, Retrieved 14 June 2020
  32. World's Largest Micronational Flag, Facebook, Retrieved 14 June 2020
  33. Facebook page of Lostisland, Retrieved 22 May 2020
  34. PM Tezdzhanenko: Democracy “Not a Sacred Cow”, Retrieved 22 May 2020
  35. "Speech by Ambassador Robert Meyer to the Lostislandic citizens in Moscow", YouTube, Retrieved 23 May 2020
  36. Cortbus, Colin (11 August 2016) Internet Eccentrics On Expedition To Hunter Island, Vanuatu Daily Post. Retrieved 23 May 2020
  37. "Lostisland, Montescano Sign Treaty", Federal Republic of Lostisland, Retrieved 17 June 2020