Empire of Pavlov
|Empire of Pavlov|
Царь Царів Царствующий над Царями (Imperial)
King of Kings, reigning over those who rule
Pavloviae est imperare orbi universo planae
It is Pavlov's destiny to rule the whole flat world
Welcome to Heaven on Flat Earth (tourism slogan)
Location of territories under Pavlovian administration
Claimed spheres of influence in purple
|Capital||Aleksandropol — New Rome|
|Official languages||Ukrainian, Pavlovian English|
|Recognised national languages||Slovak, Dutch, Russian|
|Demonym||Pavlovian Rus' (official)|
|Government||Autocratic republican monarchy|
|HIM Emperor Alexander IV|
|HIM Empress Mariia Augusta|
HS Duchess Helena Aleksandrivna Kirsanova
|8 July 2012|
|0.74 km2 (0.29 sq mi)b|
• 2020 census
|Currency||Hryvnia (de jure)|
Euro (de facto)
|Time zone||Central European Time (UTC+1)|
• Summer (DST)
|Central European Summer Time (UTC+2)|
|Date format||AM)- - (|
|Drives on the||right|
|Calling code||+7 (proposed)|
|Patron saints||St. Volodymyr the Baptizer (imperial)|
St. Demetrius of Thessaloniki (national)
|Internet TLD||.pv (proposed)|
The Empire of Pavlov (Ukrainian: Павлівська Імперія), is a micronation with enclaves in the the Netherlands, Slovakia, Ukraine, Turkey, Serbia, Russia, and Antarctica. It was founded in 2012 by Dionisiy Tezdzhan-Smahin. The Empire of Pavlov has claimed itself a nation but it is not recognized as a country by the United Nations or any major government. It operates under the autocratic constitutional monarchy of its self-styled Emperor, Dionisiy Tezdzhan-Smahin (Alexander IV).
Pavlov considers itself the continuation of the Kyivan Rus' and the Eastern Roman Empire. After Pavlov's registration as an NGO, the official mission statement of Pavlov was decided as "[..]to defend and promote the cultural heritage of Rus’ and of the Roman Empire through creating an ecosystem where their society, customs and traditions are modeled in a contemporary framing". In this context most aspects of the political, civil and religious discourse are under direct Rus' or Eastern Roman inspiration.
- 1 History
- 2 Rus' and Byzantine heritage
- 3 Territory
- 4 Governance & administration
- 4.1 Consuls
- 4.2 Government
- 4.3 Foreign Relations
- 4.3.1 Recognized nations
- 220.127.116.11 Nations which are Socii states of Pavlov
- 18.104.22.168 Nations which are in a state of alliance with Pavlov
- 22.214.171.124 Nations with which Pavlov has signed a treaty of mutual recognition or exchanged acts of recognition
- 126.96.36.199 Nations which are in a state of mutual recognition with Pavlov by virtue of membership in the Antarctic Micronational Union
- 188.8.131.52 Nations which are unilaterally recognized by Pavlov
- 184.108.40.206 Tacit recognition
- 4.3.1 Recognized nations
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
- 8 National symbols
- 9 Eras
- 10 Gallery
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The origins of Pavlov come from a micronation teenhood project, called The Kingdom of Pavlov, founded by Tezdzhan-Smahin and Tom Prins on July 8, 2012 as an experiment of how an absolute monarchy would function in the 21th century claiming a piece of Antarctica. In 2014 Pavlov was reformed into an Empire, joined the AMU, and adopted a predominantly Russian culture. In 2015 Pavlov focused on organizing Russophone summits in Moscow under the leadership of Yaroslav Mar (HIH Tsesarevych Jaroslav), during this period Pavlov was well known for her social conservative policies. In 2016 Pavlov focused on online micronationalism and numerous other micronations were annexed as semi-autonomous provinces, which led to its inactivity and ultimate downfall in 2018 after numerous unsuccessful revivals. In 2019 the former "Emperor" of Pavlov, Dionisiy Tezdzhan-Smahin revived the micronation, and steadily redeveloped it up to old standards.
Rus' and Byzantine heritage
Pavlov claims to be the legitimate successor of the Kievan Rus since 2014, this can be seen from the adoption of Russkaya Pravda as civil code, the title of "Autocrat of all Rus'", the names of administrative divisions, the name of the Monarch, Alexander IV, being styled in a way of continuing the numeration of the Rus' Monarchs and many similar quirks.
The Pavlovian ruler assumed the title of Emperor (Ukrainian: Імператор) and Autokrator (Ukrainian: Самодержець) to emphasize his claim to the Roman and Byzantine Imperial legacy. In a way similar to how Muscovy adopted Byzantine terms, rituals, titles and emblems such as the double-headed eagle in 1472 after Ivan III married Sophia Palaiologina. The Pavlovians claim that since the Pavlovian Monarch remained the only legitimate ruler who can claim lineage from both the Third Romes (both Moscow and Istanbul), and that Pavlov was the Fourth Rome, becoming the final lineal successor to Rome, Constantinople and Rus, the three centers of Christianity and of the Roman Empires of earlier periods. The "Fourth Rome" concept would resonate in the self-image of the Pavlovian people in future years, with HIH Tsesarevych Jaroslav proclaiming "Three Romes have fallen. The Fourth Rome still lives in our souls[..]"
Alexander IV citing his claim on the title of Emperor to his connection to the three imperial bloodlines. As in Ottoman times it was already a well considered fact that "if Rome and Byzantium represented two of the three international traditions of imperial legitimacy, the blood of Genghis Khan was the third". The Pavlovians consider Tezdzhan-Smahin the legitimate 183rd Roman Emperor, his claim to the title was recognized by the Emperor-King of Karnia-Ruthenia in the Treaty of Dionysopol, in the subsequent Treaty of Theodosia also by HIM Emperor Wilhelm I and in further Treaties by Thomas I of the North Sea Empire.
Pavlov is regarded by the founder as a socio-cultural project, as was incorporated as a Dutch non-governmental organization to achieve this goal. The land plots claimed as "sovereign territory" by Pavlov in the the Netherlands, Slovakia, Ukraine, Turkey, Russia, and Antarctica are ceremonial claims and part of Pavlov's "cultural heritage". Pavlov has sent letters to the Governments in which they claim land, informing them of the ceremonialness of the claims and that they do not dispute the territorial integrity of the countries they claim land in. Pavlov considers herself a sovereign subject of international law around the "Imperial throne". On New Year's Eve the Pavlovian Senate passed an Act declaring the territory within a 1 km radius around the Monarch, his consort and the Heir to the Throne Pavlovian sovereign territory.
Pavlov comprises of twenty four pieces of land. The largest piece of Pavlovian land, Laranda lies in Turkey, the smallest piece Theodosia in the Netherlands. Pavlov is divided into Praetorian Prefectures and Zemlji the first level administrative division in the Empire. Praetorian Prefectures and Zemlji are further subdivided into Themes, the second level and main administrative division. Themes rougly encompas old Roman Provinces or Byzantine Themes. Themes consist of Banda and Uyezds the third level administrative division of the Empire. Banda and Uyezds are further subdivided into Cities, Towns and Manors. Cities are the only administrative division not under the leadership of a hereditary noble, but instead by an Urban prefect.
|Praetorian Prefecture of Europe|
|N/A||Theme of Dalmatia||3||Duke|
HM Despot Ivan I
|Theme of Epirus||0||Duchess|
HS Duchess Helena Aleksandrivna Kirsanova
|Theme of Germania||11||Duke|
HS Duke Fedir Ivanovych Pivnichnyj
|Theme of Klimata||2||Duchess|
HIH Grand Princess Anastasia Jurijivna
|Theme of Moesia||1||Duke|
HS Duke Mykolaj Sladzhanovych Moesiskyj
|Theme of Mundus novus||0||Duke|
HS Duke Kasper Vilkhemovych Khaubner
|Theme of Pannonia||4||Duke|
HS Duke Khrystofor Slavomyrovych Drakonov
|Praetorian Prefecture of Asia|
|Theme of the Anatolics||1||Duke|
HIH Emperor-Father Feofan Kemalovych
|N/A||Theme of Chaldia||3||Duke|
HIM Emperor Alexander IV
|Theme of Cilicia||7||Duke|
HIM Emperor Alexander IV
|N/A||Theme of Cyprus||1||Duke|
HS Duke Emil' Pavlovych Hardyj
|N/A||Theme of Opsikion||7||Duke|
HS Duke Modest Ahmetovych Saradzhev
|Theme of Thrace||2||Duke|
|N/A||Theme of Kyiv||2||Prince|
HIM Emperor Alexander IV
|Theme of Volodymyr-Suzdal||5||Prince|
HIM Emperor Alexander IV
Governance & administration
Pavlov is an autocratic constitutional monarchy, under the rule of the self-styled Emperor, Dionisiy Tezdzhan-Smahin (Alexander IV). The Monarchy is mainly based on the office of Grand Prince of Kyiv and that of Emperor of the Roman "Byzantine" Empire under the Komnenos dynasty, the Angelos dynasty. It also bears some heritage from the Office of Great Khan of the Mongol Empire. As such the position is not hereditary in direct-male line, but the Senate upon the nomination of the Monarch picks the Heir apparent from the Imperial Family and adopted children of the Monarch.
The first-level administrative division in Pavlov is the Zemlja, based on the administrative divisions of Kievan Rus’. Zemlji are composed by the main and second-level subdivision, the Uyezd, an Uyezd is intended to encompass any Pavlovian territories, whether contiguous or not, resting within the same couple of square kilometer of land and water. Uyezds are further composed of Towns, and Manors. Zemlji are led by Princes, Uyezds by Counts and Towns and Manors by Barons.
The two Consuls acts as Head of Government of the Empire of Pavlov. While the Empire is an autocracy in many ways, the Basic law of the Empire was written so that many of the Monarchs prerogatives can be used at will of the Consuls. The Consuls and Senate are two distinctive Roman governmental features Pavlov has. Unlike in many contemporary constitutional monarchies, the Monarch is not banned from serving as Head of Government in Pavlov. The term of a Consul is one year. List of Consuls:
- 2020: HS Duchess Helena Aleksandrivna Kirsanova (Ducissa Helena Alexandra filia Kirsanova) and HM Despot Ivan Brienskyj (Dominus Iohannes Gavrijil filius Brienorum Rex)
- 2021: HIM Empress Mariia (Mariia Georgia filia Augusta) and HS Duchess Helena Aleksandrivna Kirsanova (Ducissa Helena Alexandra filia Kirsanova)
Pavlov doesn't have a specific number of available ministerial portfolios, in accordance with its principle to "find positions for people, not people for positions". In practice, this means that when a citizen knowledgeable in a particular field joins Pavlov, a ministerial position may be created especially for him, and disestablished if they resign or get dismissed. According to the Basic law of the Empire, the only fixed positions are those of the Consuls.
As of 2020, the following ministries exist:
- Bureau of the Barbarians, responsible for coordination between Pavlov and foreign countries and organizations, responsible for subjectship applications.
- Secretariate of Minorities, responsible for the protection of minorities.
In addition, Pavlov has one independent agency which is part of the executive but not part of the Cabinet:
- Oprichnina, responsible for the protection of law and order, for foreign intelligence, security and investigations
HI Count Jaroslav Mykhaylovych Andrijewskyj:
HS Duke Modest Akhmetovych Saradzhev-Opsikionskyj:
Secretary of the Barbarians
The Well Born Baron Fyodor Borysovych Saradzhev:
Head of the Oprichnina
HM Despótēs Ivan Goranovych Brienskyj:
Vice-President of the House of Socii
Despótēs of Brienia
Pavlov has a fairly isolationist foreign policy, which is furthermore limited by the Orientism political theory and the Treaty of Theodosia. Pavlov does not enter alliances with other micronations in general, the only exception to this is the Federal Republic of Lostisland, signed in light of the strong cultural and historical ties between the two nations. Pavlov is a member state of the Antarctic Micronational Union.
Nations which are Socii states of Pavlov
- Kingdom of Brienia, 22 June 2020
- Grand Duchy of Rascia, 25 September 2020
- Kingdom of Normandy, 2 November 2020
Nations which are in a state of alliance with Pavlov
- Federal Republic of Lostisland, since 20 January 2020
Nations with which Pavlov has signed a treaty of mutual recognition or exchanged acts of recognition
The following list does not include defunct nations, nations with which a treaty was terminated, nor nations with which a treaty was signed for a finite period of time and not renewed upon expiration.
- Angle-Saxish Kingdom, since 21 December 2020
- Republic of Ashukovo, since 23 April 2020
- Empire of Austenasia, since 3 January 2020
- Gymnasium State, since 25 June 2019
- Karno-Ruthenian Empire, since 1 August 2019
- Grand Duchy of Klitzibürg, since 12 June 2020
- Confederation of Mahuset, since 5 June 2019
- United States of Mekniy, since 13 August 2020
- Nedland, since 28 April 2020
- Nedlando-Khorașanese Union of Former Colonial Possessions, since 3 July 2019
- Principality of New Lubenia, since 22 July 2020
- North American Confederation, since 12 June 2020
- State of Zenrax, since 3 July 2019
Nations which are in a state of mutual recognition with Pavlov by virtue of membership in the Antarctic Micronational Union
- All member states of the Antarctic Micronational Union, since 4 April 2013
Nations which are unilaterally recognized by Pavlov
Pavlov claims to have received tacit recognition - that is, acts or conduct which, in the absence of any indication to the contrary, can be reasonably interpreted to imply recognition - from several countries which have not explicitly granted the Empire official diplomatic recognition.
- Monaco: On 29 December 2020, a letter from the Office of HSH the Sovereign Prince addressed the Emperor as "Augustus" and referred to him as the "Leader of Pavlov" implying recognition of Pavlov's monarchy, her Imperial status and government.[note 1]
- Holy See: On 16 January 2021, a letter from the Office of Apostolic Nuncio to the Kingdom of the Netherlands addressed the Emperor as "Augustus" implying recognition of Pavlov's monarchy and her Imperial status.[note 2]
The Empire has a tiny market economy. Currently, the only two company operating in Pavlov is the Pavlovian Export-Import Bank and the Imperial Post (both for 66% owned by the Emperor). The currency of Pavlov is the Hryvnia. Pavlov is completely reliant on imported goods and services provided by bordering countries. The only two active sectors in Pavlov are the IT sector and the Agricultural sector. Since recently an e-banking solution has been released for the Pavlovian Hryvnia. There are plans being made to start developing wine and the generation of solar energy.
The IT sector is mostly based in the Themes of Germania and Kyiv, while Agricultural sector is mostly based in the Anatolics (cherries), Chaldia (tea and olives) and Moesia (cherries, peaches, grapes, plums and wheat). 95% of the produce of this get's sold to Turkey (Anatolics and Chaldia) and Serbia (Moesia) respectively.
Pavlov has a total population of two hundred seventy five. Fifty two of these are residents living on the territory of Pavlov, the remaining two hundred twenty three have been given subjectship by naturalization through Imperial decree and do not physically reside on the territory of Pavlov. Citizens of Lostisland and Brienia may apply through a simplified procedure. Prospective subjects are screened by the Secretary of the Barbarians and the Imperial Oprichnina. The non-residential subjects of Pavlov have no automatic political rights and as such is seen as a honorary association with the country.
English is the lingua franca in Pavlov and spoken by at least 95% of the 275 subjects. Ukrainian the second official language, is spoken by a minority of subjects concentrated in the Themes of Klimata, Kyiv and Germania. While there is a large minority of Russian speakers, the usage of the language is officially banned in Pavlov. Other minority languages include Dutch, Serbian, Turkish and Slovakian.
Pavlovian culture is largely influenced by the Ukrainian, Greek and Western-Turkish Culture. Most of the "citizens" of Pavlov practice a serious form of Chalcedonian Christianity in various denominations (60%). There is also a recognized Muslim minority in Pavlov. Chalcedonian Christianity (the Christianity of the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox churches) is the official and state religion of Pavlov. The Empire celebrates fourteen public holidays each year, many of which are Christian feast days, the annual date of the religious holidays is determined by Imperial edict.
As part of being a Monarchy, Pavlov instituted "nobility", which exists because of the medieval character of the micronation, the political system (feudalism), and explicitly not from ambition to create titles. As such neither the founder nor the "citizens" use them outside the community of micronations. Over the course of 8 years, Pavlov instituted numerous orders of knighthood, the most notable being the Order of the Flat Earth, first founded in 2015. Flat earthism being one of the tongue-in-cheek "quirks" of the Empire.
One of the other quirks of the Empire is her ironic attachment to ultra-conservative policies such as banning homosexuality (while having 2 gay Senators), the banning of shaving of beards and the banning of not drinking Vodka.
Pavlov has numerous national holidays which are manditorilally observed by her citizens in line with the Basic Law of the Empire. Labor on these days is legally banned from taking place.
|1 January||New Year's Day||Secular||Celebrated as start of the new year, usually the Imperial family takes a trip abroad.|
|6 January||Christmas Eve||Religious||Celebrates the traditional birthday of Jesus.|
|19 January||Theophany||Religious||Traditional commemoration of the baptism of Jesus.|
|25 March||Feast of the Annunciation||Religious||Commemoration of the visit of the archangel Gabriel to the Theotokos, during which he informed her that she would be the mother of Jesus.|
|2 May (2021 date)||Easter||Religious||Celebrated the resurrection of Jesus.|
|10 June (2021 date)||Feast of the Ascension||Religious||Commemoration of the Ascension of Jesus into heaven.|
|20 June (2021 date)||Pentecost||Religious||Celebrates the descent of the Holy Spirit upon the Apostles and other followers of Jesus.|
|27 June (2021 date)||Feast of All Saints||Religious||Commemoration all saints collectively.|
|8 July||Independence day||Secular||Commemoration of the foundation of Pavlov.|
|12 July||Feast of Saints Peter and Paul||Religious||Commemoration of the anniversary of their death.|
|28 August||Feast of the Assumption||Religious||Commemoration of the bodily taking up of the Theotokos.|
|30 September||Day of Imperial glory||Secular||Celebrates the anniversary of the Roman Imperial claim.|
|17 October||Emperor' day||Secular||Birthday of the Emperor|
|9 December||Feast of the Immaculate Conception||Religious||Celebrates the immaculate conception of the Theotokos.|
Pavlov's flag is a horizontal bicolor of blue and white, symbolizing the eternal blue sky above and the virgin Pavlovian lands down. Pavlov's coat of arms features the imperial double-headed eagle (facing west - Rome and east - Constantinople) carrying in the escutcheon the arms of Kyiv, Sibir, Novgorod the Great, Qazan and the Tetragrammic cross. In chief it contains the Imperial eagle. The eagle carrying in its paws a discus cruciger, a labarum and a scepter. A so-called "Greater" coat of arms also exists, having the ordinary coat of arms on top of a "flat earth" with 4 columns symbolizing the end of the earth, and the disc leaning on top of 4 elephants.
Pavlov as a community has had several incarnations, with the modern Empire of Pavlov being the last of them.
|Era||Full Organization Name||Length of Era||Notes||Leaders|
|University||8 July 2012 - 19 April 2013||Kingdom of Pavlov||285 days||The Kingdom of Pavlov was founded on 8 July 2012 as a new nation project experimenting with absolute monarchy. As membership in the government grew over the course of late 2012, Pavlov experimented with other types of government, including a short period as a republic, before finally becoming a constitutional monarchy in December.||Dionisiy Tezdzhan-Smahin, Tom Prins, Viktor Rusch|
|Lostislandic||19 April 2013 - 10 May 2013||Federation of Pavlov||21 days||On 19 April 2013, the Federal Republic of Lostisland was established and former Lostislandic Yaroslav Mar was selected to serve as Federal President while Tezdzhan-Smahin was selected to serve as Prime Minister. Pavlov was integrated within the new union as the Federation of Pavlov.||Yaroslav Mar, Dionisiy Tezdzhan-Smahin|
|Pavlov not existing (553 days)|
|Start-up||14 September 2014 - 30 September 2014||Grand Principality of Pavlov||16 days||On 14 September, the Tezdzhan-Smahin was allowed by the Antarctic Micronational Union to assert sovereignty over the Antarctic claims of the former Grand Principality of Snežanopol and established the Grand Principality of Pavlov.||Dionisiy Tezdzhan-Smahin, Yaroslav Mar|
|Golden||30 September 2014 - 21 June 2016||Empire of Pavlov||630 days||It was in this era that the idea of Pavlov being the fourth Rome and legal successor to Kyivan Rus' were enacted and started. During this period, the Empire co-hosted numerous summits in Moscow, with members of the Russophone community such as the Federal Republic of Lostisland, the Soviet Socialist Republic of Nadiria, the Republic of Eslande and the Kingdom of Nazir represented. During 2015, the Empire followed an isolationist foreign policy and mostly concentrated on internal development. In late 2015, the Emperor and Autocrat commissioned a new anthem to be composed by a famous Russian composer and the development of a new, innovative eGovernment portal.||Dionisiy Tezdzhan-Smahin, Jaroslaw Andriewsky, Yaroslav Mar|
|Downfall||21 June 2016 - 4 February 2017||228 days||In June 2016, the Emperor and Autocrat Alexander IV ratified a new Constitution for the empire. The treaty with Lostisland was voided after tensions rise between Yaroslav Mar and Tezdzhan-Smahin. In late 2016, Pavlov rapidly expanded following the peaceful annexations of Hasanistan, Carpathia, Akebar and other regions. On 12 October, a new government was appointed by the Emperor, led by Krishtof von Drakon. On 3 December a plot planned by Pavle Savovic was uncovered which would have turned Pavlov into a "Pavlist" dictatorship.||Dionisiy Tezdzhan-Smahin, Kristof Fondrk|
|Revivals||4 February 2017 - 31 October 2018||634 days||Pavlov was disestablished soon after the plot was uncovered. Numerous attempts to revival were taking place in this era, all of them equally unsuccessful.||Dionisiy Tezdzhan-Smahin, Kristof Fondrk, Christian Newton|
|Pavlov not existing (210 days)|
|Montescano||29 May 2019 - 12 June 2020||Principality of Montescano||380 days||Montescano was founded in May 2019 to re-enter micronational politics, during this period many old friendships were revived and some were destroyed. Since the earliest foundation of Montescano calls were made by citizens at reviving the Empire and re-asserting the Imperial claim. Montescano was known for a extensive online legislature, unlike the more autocratic Pavlovian projects.||Dionisiy Tezdzhan-Smahin, Kristof Fondrk|
|Current||12 June 2020 - Present||Empire of Pavlov||7 months, 5 days||Current era, the Imperial claim was re-asserted and the name of the state became the Empire of Pavlov which it had been for over 1492 days. During this era, those in power between 2016-2019, became less politically active, in the end of 2020 Pavlov had her first female Head of Government since foundation in 2012. On Christmas-eve 2020, the Monarch announced the registration of Pavlov as an NGO.||Dionisiy Tezdzhan-Smahin, Yaroslav Mar, Helena Aleksandrivna Kirsanova|
- "Decree On the Recognition of the Empire of Pavlov" (PDF). Lostisland News. 14 September 2014. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
- Lonely Planet Kids (2015). You Rule!: Create Your Own Country (Lonely Planet Kids). Lonely Planet. p. 13. ISBN 978-1743607848.
- Ingemarsson, Frida (14 January 2018). "Mikronationer – långvariga lajv eller blodigt allvar?" [Micronations - larping or bloody serious?]. Uttryck Magazine. Ekonomikum, Uppsala, Sweden. Retrieved 12 June 2020.
- Stephen M. Bland (2016). DOES IT YURT? Travels in Central Asia Or How I Came to Love the Stans. Hertfordshire Press Ltd. p. 11. ISBN 978-1910886298.
- Napalkov S.V., Valeeva E.V., Hussainov T.M. (2019) (in Russian). Russian world: Dynamics of scientific knowledge. National State Research University of Nizhny Novgorod. p. 243. ISBN 978-5-604237625.
- Cazimir Qërimbaşy (22 December 2014). "Grozny granted titles of Imperator and Augustus". Pavlovian Pravda. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
- Yaroslav Mar (11 June 2020). "It's time to bring Pavlov back". Pavlovian Pravda. Retrieved 15 June 2020.
- Sebag Montefiore (2000). Prince of Princes: The Life of Potemkin. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 9780312278151.
- Devotshëm, Njeri (2020). Orientism: a Pavlovian ideology. University of St. Ahmed the Calligrapher. p. 7.
- "Frequently asked questions". Official website of Pavlov