Feudalism • Plutocracy • Timocracy • Doctrinism (Base • United • Division • Evolutionary)
A federation is a mixed or compound mode of government that combines a general government (the central or "federal" government) with regional governments (provincial, state, cantonal, territorial, or other sub-unit governments) in a single political system, dividing the powers between the two.
Typically, federations are Federal Republics, although the term may also apply to Monarchies or Oligarchies with Principalities or similar puppet states answering to a single central authority. Unlike a Confederation in which membership is entirely voluntary, a Federation is a nation within it's own right. As such, the central government exercises a great deal more power than in a Confederation.
The best example of a macronational federation is the United States of America, with another major example being the Russian Federation. On MicroWiki, the Federal Republic of St.Charlie, the Federal Commonwealth of Havnesgade-Amager, the Federated Republics of Flatland, the Federated Republics of A1 and The Somcowian Federation are good examples of active Federal states. All of these nations have distinctly similar federative systems, yet at the same time each has adapted it's system to their own individual culture and political persuasion.