Micronations.wiki costs £160 per year to keep online.
Since we are unable to run advertisements, we ask that any users who are able to do so
make a contribution so that Microwiki may continue to survive and thrive. Thank you!
Supreme People's Commissioner of Erusia
|This article contains information pertaining to a fictional micronation, micronationalist or other fictional element of micronational society or culture.|
|November 10th 2008|
|Term length||Six months|
|Inaugural holder||Robert Lethler|
|Formation|| 1st National Constitution|
January 6th 2010
- This article is about the Head of State of Erusia. For the political title of the same name, see Supreme People's Commissioner
The Supreme People's Commissioner of the National People's Executive Committee (Erusian: Qaevaxu Leohju Xapuez Leluv eg Kut Qaevaxu Ruzalhez, Kut Qaevaxu Ruzalhez), commonly known simply as the Commissioner, is the official Head of State of the Democratic People's Republic of Erusia and the head of the national executive. Also known officially as the People's President, the Supreme People's Commissioner is generally seen as the supreme leader of the nation. The Commissioner is officially elected in an open, competetive democratic vote by the National People's Assembly - in practice, the Erusian National Communist Party unilaterally nominates a single candidate for the office and denies all opponents permission to stand through it's control over the People's Electoral Commission, meaning that only a Communist (or possibly one day Trade Unionist) will hold the office. Since November 10th 2008, the Supreme People's Commissioner has been Robert Lethler, who has been elected four times (having never served one full term).
Powers and duties
The role of the Supreme People's Commissioner is only vaguely defined in both the constitutiton and in national law. This is likely intentional on the part of the ruling Erusian National Communist Party, in order to ensure it's Central Committee retains political power if a Commissioner was ever deemed too radical or too weak to fulfill their duties to the satisfaction of the Party. The Commissioner is the head of the Executive branch of government and as such is concerned chiefly with the development of national policies, as well as providing general leadership and political direction - it is the Commissioner who serves as "helmsan of the Erusian ship", subject to course changes by the Communist Party but otherwise granted freedom to diret the affairs of the nation as they see fit. They also freely appointed standing members to the Committee, allowing them to determine the makeup of the ministerial cabinet without scrutiny.
One of the most important responsibilities of the Commissioner is the management of foreign relations - only the Supreme People's Commissioner may direct the foreign affairs of the nation, although they cannot sign any binding treaty or declare war on a nation within legislative approval. Internally, the Supreme People's Commissioner works closely with the Premier of the National People's Assembly to develop and work out the implementation of national government policy. As is the case with all offices, the authority of the Commissioner remains subject to the authority of the Communist Party.
There have been four elections for the appointment of the Supreme People's Commissioner to date, each one using a different system to elect the Commissioner and all four elections having been won by incumbent Robert Lethler. Lethler was first elected as Commissioner on a de facto basis by the 1st National Congress of the Erusian National Communist Party and re-elected again in an open, competetive election against Maria Carlisle. When the 1st National Constitution was revised in January 2009 however, it was declared that there would be no further elections for the office of Supreme People's Commissioner and the Communist Party unilaterally appointed Lethler to a third, indefinite term. All three systems have since been abandoned.
Under the terms of the current constitution, the Supreme People's Commissioner is elected once every six months by the National People's Assembly from candidates approved by the People's Electoral Commission. In theory anyone is permitted to stand for election to the office of Supreme People's Commissioner provided they give sufficient power to Communist officials upon their appointment as Commissioner - in practice, the Electoral Commission (which is under the control of the Communist Party) approves only one candidate nominated by the National Congress of the Communist Party. As such, it is almost garaunteed that the Commissioner will always be the General Secretary of the Erusian National Communist Party (although the General Secretary is half-way into a Commissioner's term).
List of Supreme People's Commissioners
|Term No.||Order No.||Image||Name||Political Party||Term start||Term end||Notes|
|01||01||Robert Lethler||Communist||November 10th 2008||December 18th 2008||Nominated by the 1st National Congress of the Communist Party, elected by the Assembly.|
|02||Robert Lethler||Communist||December 18th 2008||January 19th 2009||Nominated by the 2nd National Congress of the Communist Party, re-elected during the December 2008 election.|
|03||Robert Lethler||Communist||January 19th 2009||May 15th 2009||Nominated by the 2nd National Congress of the Communist Party, re-elected indefinitely by the Communist Party after the Second Red Reformation under new constitutional rules.|
|04||Robert Lethler||Communist||May 15th 2009||July 6th 2009||Nominated by the 3rd National Congress of the Communist Party, re-elected by the National People's Assembly during the Third Red Reformation under new constitutional rules.|
|05||02||Kenneth Maisano||Communist||July 6th 2009||January 6th 2010||Elected by the National People's Assembly when Robert Lethler resigned suddenly.|
|05||02||Kenneth Maisano||Communist||July 6th 2009||Incumbent
(Term expires June 6th 2010)
|Nominated by the 4th National Congress of the Communist Party, re-elected by the National People's Assembly.|
- It is important to note that the Erusian language term for "Commissioner" is not related to Commission - these are English names only.
- The office of Supreme People's Commissioner and People's President are, in Erusian law, two distinct political postings. By constitutional law, whoever is elected Supreme People's Commissioner automatically becomes People's President, and the Head of State is free to use either title. Incumbent Robert Lethler has always used the title Supreme People's Commissioner.
- It is worth noting that the Supreme People's Commissioner's own power is in some respects quite limited in contrast to the power of many Presidential figures - the introduction of the 2nd National Constitution has marginalised the office, placing greater emphasis on collective leadership.
|Foundation||National Constitution • Communist Democracy • Communist State • Rennie-Gaffneyism • Communism|
|State Organs||Central People's Government • National People's Executive Committee (Supreme People's Commissioner • Commissions) • National People's Assembly (Standing Committee • Premier • Vice-Premiers) • People's Electoral Commission • Local Government (Bzan • Erus City • Sanctia • Sacria) • Elections|
|Communist Party||Leadership • National Congress (1st • 2nd • 3rd • 4th) • Central Committee (General Secretary) • Central Discipline Commission • Central Advisory Committee • Local Party Congresses • Politics|
|Other Parties||United Erusia • Erusian Democratic Alliance • Single Syndicate|
|Government Policy||Foreign (GUM • Internationalism) • Education • Health • Social • Economic • Environmental • Military|