One man nation

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A one man nation or one-man nation, colloquially known as an egostan (from Latin ego + Persian -stan)[1] or egonation — and referred to in New Secessionism as a model country — is a micronation that only has one active participant.


The term egonation in the micronational community is dated to "at least 1997" according to the Sovereign Principality of Corvinia's "A glossary of micronational terms" web page.[2]

The term one man nation has been used in the MicroWiki community since the early 2010s. Historically, some micronationalists argued that nations with one active participant but multiple inactive citizens were not true one man nations. The term egostan, which has derogatory connotations, started to be used in 2017.

In New Secessionism, a micropatriological theory from the late 2010s, a micronation is a micronation run by a group of people, and a model country is one that is not. This means that "model country" is effectively New Secessionist jargon for a one-man nation, although it is possible to have model countries that have a slightly greater number of active citizens (e.g. the Nation of Bedroom, which had two). Another related term is bedroom nation, which refers to a micronation whose territorial claim is a single room.


MicroWiki community

In the MicroWiki community, one man nations are generally seen as less developed than those with multiple active citizens. For instance, David's Micronational Potential Index, Dresner's System of Classification, the Economic Potential Index (created by Miles Bradley Huff), and the Patel McGrath scale, all measures of a micronation's development, award more points for having more citizens, disadvantaging one man nations. One man nations are also sometimes seen as less serious. For instance, Roscoe's Scale of Micronational Seriousness actively defines "One Man Nation" as the least serious form of government.

In July 2017, Mike Jones voiced the opinion that all MicroWiki nations should be considered de facto one man nations for diplomatic purposes, saying that, in diplomacy, "You are never dealing with the micronation. You are always dealing with the depressed, autistic weirdo behind the micronation."[3]

Academic micropatriology

Cultural theorist Bronwyn Winter says that, for many micronations, "the nation is simply an extension of one individual".[4]

Ralph Kober in 2018 analysed the Principality of Hutt River through Ryan Anderson's concept of aislamiento,[5] a sense of geographical and psychological isolation that constitutes a place as an "island".[6] Kober concluded that as Hutt River was in an isolated area and Leonard, Prince of Hutt River was happy to "maroon himself there", the micronation constituted an island, revealing the "deeply social and political nature of aislamiento".[5]

List of one-man nations


Nation Founded De jure or de facto Notes
Dogma.jpg Royal State of Bagradoria December 2021 Both Bagradoria is accepting citizenship applications. There is only the King for now.
'Ahlamistan Flag.jpg Saltanat Al 'Ahlamistan 25 Radjab 1442 Both 'Ahlamistan does not accept citizenship application.
MyFlag2.svg Principality of Hosamia August 2016 De facto Hosamia used to have 16 members but all 15 either left or were granted independence, leaving only the Emperor and Wasil.
Birgeshir.png Tsalojdom of Birgeshir January 2010 Both Birgeshir was initially called "Single Citizenship" and later "Tsalojdom" but has always been de facto a one-man nation while opening its doors to new citizens. Starting from 2020, however, the Tsaloj no longer supports the idea of including other people in his micronation.
Flag of Tentacion.svg Empire of Ostreum August 2017 Both Ohio Republic December 2017 De facto
Calcont.png Kingdom of Calcon February 2015 De facto
Union of Wasteoftimeistan December 2017 De facto Joe is the current permanent resident although he has been declined citizenship on several occasions. There are 2 citizens of Wasteoftimeistan.
Paperis.png Paperis August 2019 De jure
Flag of Agasymbia.png Agasymbia July 2021 De facto Agasymbia was founded as a "cultural and conlang project" by Shady Morsi,
SuttFlag.png Suttornland January


De facto
Saxrike Flag.png Saxrike 2018 De jure
GraysonCFLag.jpg Grayson Country May 2022 De facto
Leprechian Flag.jpg Leprechia June 2021 De Facto On the imposing of Article III of the Revolutionary Pact, Leprechia became a one-man nation in July 2022. De jure, there are 3 citizens, but the other two aren't involved as much, so de facto, Leprechia is a one-man nation.
Flag of Unitaria.png Unitaria August 2022 De jure The Constitution of Unitaria Act, 2022 establishes Unitaria as a constitutional egostan with only Rachel Burklandssen allowed to be a citizen. The Third Amendment to the Constitution of Unitaria (Allowed and Disallowed Citizens) Act, 2022 explicitly prohibits both human and non-human citizens other than Rachel Burklandssen while allowing Unitaria to have fictional citizens as part of a government worldbuilding project.


Nation Period as one-man De jure or de facto Notes
Imperial Republic Flag Wiki.png Nemkhav Federation 2010–11 De facto Also a fantasy nation in this period.
Prsanea Flag.png Grand Duchy of Prsänëa Unknown De facto
Flag of Sandus.svg State of Sandus Unknown De facto
 Saspearian 20 October 2017 - March 2019 De facto
Flag of Eden.png Eden 14 January 2014 - 1 September 2016
1 May 2018 - 16 July 2021
De facto
SuttFlag.png Suttornland January


De facto


Nation Period as one-man De jure or de facto Notes
 Erusia October 2008 – July 2010 De facto In a project called the Lethler Experiment, Erusia's leader, Robert Lethler, pretended it was not a one-man nation and made elaborate claims about its history. The revelations about its true nature in 2010 were a major event in the history of the MicroWiki community.
 Skovaji August–October 2016 De facto Final months of its history after just under two years of not being a one-man nation.
KSECFlag.png Kingdom of Secundomia December 2009 De facto
FlagDRoH.png Howetanese Republic October 2014 – August 2016 De facto
Yusienian tricolor.svg Yusienia November 2022– December 2022 De facto

See also


  1. Skye, Zabëlle (18 October 2022). "egostan". Micronational Dictionary. MicroLunarius Publications. Institute of Micropatriological Research. p. 7. Retrieved 7 November 2022.
  2. A glossary of micronational terms
  3. Blackwood, Ives. Introduction to the Intermicronational Association. August 2017.
  4. Winter, Bronwyn. "Where Is the ʺPost-9/11 Worldʺ?", in Women, Insecurity, and Violence in a Post-9/11 World, p. 28. Syracuse, New York: Syracuse University Press, 2017.
  5. 5.0 5.1 The Principality of Hutt River: A Territory Marooned in the Western Australian Outback, Shima: The International Journal of Research into Island Cultures, 2018.
  6. Anderson, Ryan. Islands Within an Almost Island: History, myth, and aislamiento in Baja California, Mexico, Shima: The International Journal of Research into Island Cultures, 2016.