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|This micronation has entered a state of hiatus and as such, information regarding it may be out of date.|
|This article contains information pertaining to a simulationist micronation, micronationalist or other element of micronational society or culture.|
Graustark and Dawsbergen
|Motto: "If we fall, we die"|
|Government:||Neo-Absolutism under a Graustark-led Personal Union|
|Restored:||25 August 2019|
|Prince:||Raphael von Graustark|
|High Chancellor:||position vacant|
|Multimedia:||Official Website (defunct)|
Graustark, officially known as the Principality of Graustark, and alternatively as Graustark-Dawsbergen, is an historical/reality-based simulationist micronation with extensive claims to a fictional mountain range reportedly located in east-central Europe. The nation was created as a geofictional project based upon the idea of operating a fictional nation within the "real world". In addition, the nation maintains a legitimate government presence at an "Embassy" in the United States. Though the majority of the nations' territorial claims are by their varying nature fictional, the royal government is strongly based in the realm of reality.
The nation's name of "Graustark" comes from the novel "Graustark: The Story of a Love Behind a Throne" by George Barr McCutcheon in which the fictional country serves as the main setting.
Due to the nation's fairly large size, Graustark contains a vast variety of geographical oddities.
Graustark is described in the novels as a mountainous nation with a total land size of roughly 800 square miles (2,100 km2). In addition, there is at least one source that places the state somewhere in the Carpathian Mountains near Romania.
This all is debatable though as according to another source, Graustark is only 25 miles wide by 150 miles long and the nation's capital city, Edelweiss is apparently accessible by train from Vienna.
The nation of Graustark has a long, rich and often frightening (supposed) history dating back to the late 19th century.
- This section contains information from Wikipedia. For editing credit and citation, view said Wikipedia article.
According to legend, modern Graustarkian history begins roughly in the mid-late 19th century when Graustark was in the mists of a war with their neighbour and staunch rival, Axphain. It was during this time (the 1870s), that Graustark's ruler, Prince Ganlook of Graustark, was killed whilst fighting in Axphain. As part of the ensuing peace treaty, Graustark agreed to pay a large indemnity to Axphain, to be due, with interest, in fifteen years.
Graustark found itself without the resources to pay the indemnity when it was due, and in desperation, Princess Yetive (Ganlook's daughter and now occupying Graustark's throne) was on the verge of contracting a state marriage to Prince Lorenz of Axphain in exchange for more favourable payment terms. But before the marriage could take place, Lorenz was murdered. The princess's true love, the American Grenfall Lorry, whom she had met while travelling in the United States appeared to be the murderer. Lorenz's father insisted on the murderer's punishment, but the execution was prevented by the revelation of the true murderer: the villainous Prince Gabriel, ruler of Dawsbergen, who was another of Yetive's suitors. With Lorenz dead and Gabriel imprisoned, Yetive instead married her true love.
During Gabriel's imprisonment, Dawsbergen was ruled by his younger half-brother, Prince Dantan, a popular figure among his own people and a staunch friend of Graustark as well. But after two years, Gabriel escaped from prison and, supported by the Dawsbergen army, returned to the throne. Dantan was forced to go into hiding in disguise in Graustark. For a time it appeared that Graustark might be forced into war with both Dawsbergen and Axphain, but this was averted when Gabriel was recaptured. Meanwhile, the disguised Prince Dantan had fallen in love with Beverly Calhoun, an American guest of the Lorrys; they were married upon his restoration to the throne of Dawsbergen.
Yetive and her husband were tragically killed in a railway accident near Brussels, leaving their young son Prince Robin as ruler of Graustark. While still a child, Robin was the target of an assassination plot by anarchists acting under the direction of the exiled Count Marlanx, whose ultimate goal was to establish himself as sole dictator of Graustark. But the assassination attempt was foiled by the intervention of the American Truxton King, and Marlanx was killed in the ensuing attack on the royal palace.
Graustark was still in financial difficulties by the time Prince Robin reached adulthood. William W. Blithers, a very rich and very vulgar American, offered to finance the country in the hopes of arranging a marriage between Robin and his own daughter. The two principals, however, had very different ideas of their own about marriage. Robin eventually married Bevra, the Crown Princess of Dawsbergen, daughter of Dantan and Beverly. With this marriage came not only the end of a longstanding geopolitical feud, but also brought the two nations into personal union under the Graustarkian crown (though Dawsbergen, having long since abandoned absolute monarchical rule, functioned almost completely independent of Graustark with only ceremonial duties, and matters of the nobility being left to the decisions of the monarch).
Graustark's debts eventually ended up being held by Russia. In exchange for entering World War I as Russia's ally, Graustark negotiated the cancellation of this debt. Later, with Russia out of the war, Graustark also negotiated a separate peace. There followed a period of prosperity in the country.
Axphain, however, was taken over by communists after the war, and was in a state of much distress and unrest. Its ruler, Prince Hedrik (brother of Lorenz), and his elder son were murdered in the communist revolution, leaving the younger son Prince Hubert in exile in Graustark and an illegitimate son Gregory who lived with his mother in Italy. Hubert was hoping to marry Princess Virginia of Dawsbergen (Bevra's younger sister) but she had previously contracted a marriage of convenience to Pendennis Yorke, an American journalist, and much to the surprise of everyone it became a genuine love match. The communist regime in Axphain was defeated after an unsuccessful attempt to invade Graustark, and the monarchy in that country was restored with Gregory on the throne rather than the unpopular Hubert, who was himself assassinated in the aftermath.
Following the fall of communist Axphain, Graustark entered a period of prosperity with the nation remaining relatively neutral for the next twenty years (barring a small military build-up in early 1938). This neutrality was shattered in early 1940 when (after successfully occupying both nearby Czechoslovakia to the north-west and neighboring Dawsbergen), Germany (under the control of the Third Reich) attacked and subsequently invaded Graustark. During the ensuing conflict, Prince Robin and the rest of the direct royal family fled the nation, gaining sanctuary in neutral Switzerland.
Graustark remained firmly under German occupation until mid-1945 when it was liberated by the Allied Powers. Following liberation, Prince Robin and the rest of the royal family returned to the nation in 1947 and following massive foreign aid, the state entered into a period of massive economic growth and prosperity. This economic "boom" would begin to fade off as the 1950's began and by 1952, Graustark's growth seemed to level out.
The 1950's would also see the beginning of the Cold War and despite being neighbored by the Warsaw Pact on all sides, Graustark would remain as a neutral un-aligned state (though it would mostly conduct itself with western nations). This status quo would continue until the early 1990's and the subsequent breakup of communism within Europe.
In 1999, Prince Robin died at the age of 102 and having no children of his own; left his eldest surviving relative, Prince Gerald of the von Graustark-Harris dynasty as new ruler of Graustark. Prince Gerald's reign however, was cut short when he too passed in 2001. Following the death of the Prince, eldest daughter Princess Lisa Marie assumed the throne. She oversaw the democratization of Graustark and reigned during the nation's first parliament. However, in late 2017, Princess Lisa Marie (having grown weary of her position) began to show interest in abdicating in favor of her youngest son; her eldest having already decided to forfeit the crown by marrying Duchess Ashlianne of Axphain. It was therefor decided that on 25 August 2019, her son Raphael would be crowned Prince of Graustark.
Following the new young Prince's coronation, Graustark would enter into a period of international co-operation as the state began to take a larger stance in international diplomacy. In this vain, Graustark signed treaties of recognition with several states (almost exclusively micronations) throughout the globe (the first such treaties to be created since World War II). Additionally, the nation took greater pains to advertise themselves to the international community, with the creation of TVGraustark, the Principality's first broadcasting company.
The confirmed (real life) history of Graustark begins in mid-late 2019 when long time micronationalist (and "claimed" decedent of the crown) Charles Ross re-started the nation of Graustark as a simulationist micronation.
His reasons for creating the country were that he wished to make a new micronation, not tethered down by international treaties and conflicts. He also wanted to build a state that while heavily based in mythos would function in the "real world" with a fully functional government and citizenry. In the end, it was decided the fantastical nation of Graustark from George Barr McCutcheon's series of novels would be chosen as the starting point for this new project. This was chosen mainly because the aforementioned novels fell under creative commons.
In building the state, Ross took major influence from the geofictional/simulationist state of Ruritania. This micronation (that was founded in the 1960's) served a similar purpose to Graustark and shared a similar base material (that being a fictional country from a novel series).
After agreeing to step down from his previous micronational position (as Tsar of the Tsardom of Phokland), Charles set to work on Graustark and on 25 August 2019, he crowned himself Prince Charles of Graustark, thus beginning the new nation's story.
Controversy has stemmed from the fact the while functioning as a legitimate micronation, Graustark holds on to its fictional history and holds it in the same regards as it's "real" history. This has caused some people to claim that the state is to vague on what is truthful and what isn't.
Graustark has been historically (as well as functionally) an absolute monarchy under the theory of divine right. Despite this, an advisory government made up of both common citizens and the nobility exists at the ruling Prince's leisure. This "body" is headed by a High Chancellor who's position is to both head the advisory government and to serve as the monarch's lead adviser in matters of legislative and internal affairs.
The Principality (while not presently possessing a standing army) has the necessary legislation in place for the monarch, at any time, to mobilize a Royal Army for the good of the nation, be it for defensive purposes, or (as is most often the case) for ceremonial occasions.
As a gesture of goodwill and neutrality amongst the community, Graustark de facto recognizes all micronational states. However, the nation does hold formal (mutual) diplomatic relations with multiple states around (and sometimes outside of) the world.
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- Reflects general location based on texts and logical conservative estimations
- Last census taken September 2019