Duchy of Firburg
Duchy of Firburg
Motto: All as one (Czech: Všichni jako jeden)
Anthem: Firburg for everyone (Czech: Firburk pro každého)
|Official languages||Czech:, Firburgian|
|Stefan Kutnix I|
|Establishment||16 october 2020|
The Duchy of Firburg (Czech: Firburské vévodství, Firburgian: Firburk-ko vajval) is a micronation in Central Bohemia near the town of Kutná Hora in Czechia. It was proclaimed on 16 October 2020 as a semi-constitutional monarchy. Stefan Kutnix I became the duke, his official coronation is still planned and the duke will announce the date of the coronation when everything is ready.
The idea for the creation of Firburg was born around the turn of September and October 2020. Originally, it was to be located on several plots of land near the village of Záboří nad Labem, more specifically near a part of the village called Habrkovice. Subsequently, the future Duke decided to change its future location to two hills near Kutná Hora - Malý and Velký Kuklík. On 16 October 2020 at 9:21 pm, the Duchy of Firburg was proclaimed on the Czech MicroWiki discord server with the Charter of Independence of the Duchy of Firburg. On the second of December 2020, a third region named Kaňk was annexed after a referendum.
The first election
The first elections for the Senate of the Duchy of Firburg were held on 11 and 12 December 2020, but some citizens voted on the following two days with the permission of the Duke. These elections were originally scheduled to take place on 13 and 14 November 2020, but the Duke postponed them for a month due to the lack of citizens. In the elections, "only" 71.43% of the citizens voted (counting without the Duke) which is less than in the referendum on the annexation of Kaňk. Joel Novotný (New Patriotic Party) became the President of the Senate.
|New Patriotic Party||Joel Novotný||60%|
The second election
The first elections in 2021 on 12 and 13 February were held without a problem with a turnout of 87.5%. The New Patriotic Party did lose 2.9%, but that was due to the change in the number of citizens since the last election. Daniel Henry Wolfskopf I became the President of Senate.
|New Patriotic Party||Daniel Henry Wolfskopf||57,1%|
Period of inactivity
After several months of activity, Firburg became increasingly inactive. Between February and April, there was a meeting once a month, but in between there was always something going on. After the Senate meeting on April 10, 2021, activity began to decline. After the meeting, the President and Vice President of the Senate were replaced, but despite this, Firburg was less and less active. At that time the Duke realized that Firburg would not be able to continue in this way, e.g. the whole New Patriotic Party informed that they were not interested in running in the May elections (which were then cancelled) and even if they did run, according to their own words they would probably do nothing anyway. The Duke therefore decided to start creating a new constitution, thanks to which only people with whom the Duke personally knows and lives in the Kutná Hora district will be able to be citizens, which would mean that nobody would be citizens anymore except the Duke and two other citizens from his surroundings, but in return the new parliament can meet basically anytime and anywhere and they don't have to arrange complicated dates.
The new constitution
The vote on the new constitution took place on 7–9 June 2021 and was as follows: 3 in favour, 1 abstention, 1 absent. Even though it was close, there was a majority consensus in Firburg that a new constitution would be better. On 14.6.2021 the constitution came into force, giving the Duke a veto, abolishing the Senate for example, which was replaced by the Ducal Council of Firburg or abolishing the parties, because after the abolition of several citizenships there would be no one in them and moreover in the new system they would have no meaning. A state of emergency was also put into effect for 14 days to simplify the Duke's job of modifying the laws to technically match the current state. The state of emergency was then extended until 5 September because it ran into a minor incapacity of the Duke's Council to meet in the summer. Several new laws were also adopted during this period, such as the one on local government. The state of emergency lasted until 15 October 2021, extended by the Duke because the first meeting of the Ducal Council showed problems in its functioning. On 26 September 2021, he told the Firburg Papers that the state of emergency would not be extended, and it was.
The country is a semi-constitutional monarchy, with power shared mainly by the Ducal Council and the Duke, but also by the local governments.
Legislative power in the country is shared between the Duke and the Ducal Council, but the Duke presides over it. The Duke can propose laws, as can the members of the Ducal Council, of which every citizen of the country is a member, so it currently has three members. At the meeting, the motion is debated and then a vote is taken, in which at least two members of the council must vote in favour of the motion for it to pass. The Duke can use his veto on the motion, if he does not use it, the motion goes to him for signature and once signed, it takes effect.
Executive power is in the hands of the Duke, he can temporarily transfer it to someone by decree or perhaps by a decision of the Ducal Council.
In the Duchy of Firbury, the Duke is the only judge, and he can be contacted if someone needs to deal with something in court. The Duke must be impartial and must not be influenced by anyone, if he is not impartial or is influenced, it is a violation of the constitution.
The country is divided into 3 regions, Malý Kuklík, Velký Kuklík and Kaňk. The head of the region is the Count, if a region lacks a Count, the Duke temporarily assumes his position unless otherwise determined.
As there is a forest, orchard, rock, etc. in the territory of the Duchy of Firburg, it is not possible to hold large events here, nor are there buildings in which to request various cultural events, so culture exists only in the form of a language created by the Duke. The language bears the name of Firburgian and is also one of the official languages of the country. Currently, it is still in the process of being created, with each word type having its basic functioning worked out so that the language can already be used in the civil service. Eventually there are plans to make a Firburg version of the Firburg website, to use the language in communication between authorities or to teach it at an online school. But that is still in the future.
Nature and geography
The surface of the land is fairly uniform, with most of Firburg being uneven, as there are two peaks - Malý Kuklik and Velký Kuklik. Malý Kuklík is 359 m above sea level and Velký Kuklík is three metres lower (356 m above sea level). The area of Malý Kuklík and Velký Kuklík is covered with mixed forest, but the area of Kaňk is covered with meadow, limestone rocks and also some coniferous forest.