Republic of Caïd
| Republic of Caïd |
|Official language(s)||Catalan (oficial), french.|
|- President||Joan Hereu i Coma (SPU)|
|- Prime Minister||Sisebuto Mustela (ALC)|
|Legislature||Parlament de Caïd|
|Population||58 (as of 2018 census)|
|Patron saint||St. George|
The Republic of Caïd (Catalan: República de Caïd) is a micronation founded in 1922 (Other sources affirm that the country was founded in 1920) by the General Francesc Julià de Caïdot, after the national revolution. The country is located in the Rosselló, in France and until 1922, Caïd was part of France.
The origin of the name of the country comes from the adaptation of the surname of General Caïdot, founding father of the fatherland and national hero.
Foundation and beginnings (1922-1930)
The Republic of Caïd was founded in 1922 (other sources affirm that the country was founded in 1920) by the General Francesc Julià de Caïdot, after the national revolution. The territory of the country before declaring itself independent was part of the French Republic.
- 1920/1922: The Republic of Caïd is founded.
- 1922: General Caïdot proclaims himself President of the Republic of Caïd.
General Caïdot era (1930-1969)
General Caïdot ruled with absolute powers until his death in 1969 and was the first President of Caïd. Caïdot had to maintain a delicate balance with the French government throughout his term. During World War II he was described as a collaborationist with the German occupation of France and Caïd, coming to appoint in his government under pressure a Prime Minister close to the Nazis. Later and after the war his political and official government position was aligned with General de Gaulle and the allies, victors of the war.During his term he personally met with French President Vincent Auriol, René Coty and Charles de Gaulle as well as Prime Minister Georges Pompidou. At the end of the Second World War, the country was plunged into a major economic crisis which would not recover until the late twentieth century, causing many citizens to emigrate to France and Germany. After the death of General Caïdot an interim government led by Artur Marfany was formed until 1973.
- 1940: The collaborationist government of Vichy invades Caïd.
- 1940: François Millet, close to the collaborationist government and to the Nazis and later Treasurer of Caïd from 1977 to 1988 with the Tortimer government, is appointed Prime Minister under French and German pressures until 1945.
- 1946: The French troops leave Caïd.
- 1969: General Caïdot dies at 82 years of age due to kidney failure.
Tortimer Era (1973-2013)
During all this time, President Tortimer Kotobuki i Kappa ruled Caïd with total powers and without any opposition. He also formed his own political party, the Tortimerist Democratic Party. In 2013, Tortimer resigned from his post due to health problems due to his advanced age being replaced by Lluís Saints i Raventós, Prime Minister since 1998. In terms of international relations during President Tortimer's term, there is little communication with the French government and the different border incidents that took place during the last half of President Tortimer's term. In economic terms, the mandate of Tortimer was characterized by the continuation of the economic crisis (enlarged by the oil crisis) until the mid-nineties. From the beginning of the 21st century, a notable positive growth of the economy began in Caïd, partly due to trade with France.
- 1973: Tortimer Kappa rises to power. He will act as President until 2013.
- 1998: Lluís Saints is appointed Prime Minister.
- 2000: Artur Marfany, former President and Prime Minister dies in Perpinyà, France, at 81 years old.
Lluís Saints Era (2013-2017)
With the arrival of President Saints (who had already served as prime minister since 1998) a process of democratization of the country and its institutions began. For the first time in the history of Caïd, elections were held in 2016, in September, to decide a parliament and the president of the republic. The era of President Saints stood out as an era of great economic, social and cultural strength. The experts speak of that time as a true explosion of development in Caïd from all aspects, including the political one.
- 2013: Lluís Saints i Raventós, Prime Minister since 1998, is appointed President of Caïd.
- 2016: First democratic elections in the history of Caïd. Saints is invested President.
- 2016: Joan Hereu i Coma is appointed Prime Minister.
- 2017: Second democratic elections in which the centrists won.
Democratic Era (2017-...)
Because of the political instability caused by a parliament that was too fractured after the August 2016 elections, President Saints called for elections in February 2017, serving as acting president until then. After those elections and by means of a pact of the moderate centrists with the monarchist conservatives, Joan Hereu i Coma was appointed President, who until then and since 2016 had been the Prime Minister. President Joan Hereu announced a constituent process in which the forces present in the parliament would have to draw up a constitution that would be put into referendum in December 2018, during the third democratic legislature and second of President Hereu.
- 2017: Joan Hereu i Coma is invested President of the Republic.
- 2018: Third democratic elections, which win for the second time in relative majority the centrists. Joan Hereu is again invested for the second consecutive time President of the Republic.
- 2018: Constitutional referendum.
- 2019: Fourth general election.
- 2019: First presidential election.
Government and politics
The Republic of Caïd is a parliamentary republic. The head of state is the President of the Republic and the head of government is the Prime Minister.
|New Center Coalition||CNC|
|Social Democratic Party of Caïd||PSDC|
|Caïd Democratic Union||UDC|
|Democratic Left of Caïd||EDC|
- New Center Coalition (CNC) In Catalan: Coalició Nou Centre
- United People's Syndicate (SPU) In Catalan: Sindicat Popular Unificat
- Caïd Liberal Alliance (ALC) In Catalan: Aliança Liberal de Caïd
- Social Democratic Party of Caïd (PSDC) In Catalan: Partit socialdemòcrata de Caïd
- Democratic Left of Caïd (EDC) In Catalan: Esquerra Democràtica de Caïd
- Caïd Democratic Union (UDC) In Catalan: Unió Democràtica de Caïd
Law and order
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The Republic of Caïd has a small army of non-professional volunteers of which the President of the Republic is the highest commander and holds the title of General. Except for some border conflicts with French law enforcement, Caïd has not had any notable military conflicts.
Geography and climate
Caïd is on a hill making coast with the mediterranean sea. The national territory is traversed from west to east by the river Nou, which empties into the sea.
The winters in Caïd are usually very cold and humid, with irregular snowfalls but present throughout the season. The springs are humid and with abundant rains. The summers are humid and hot with occasional rain. The autumns are dry, with a mild temperature and little rain.
Caïd has a great level of culture. The population enjoys libraries and different museums of arts and sciences. In addition, the literacy rate is high, at a European level and higher than the literacy rate in France.
The official language of the Republic of Caïd is Catalan.
Caïd has different museums available to the population. Here are some:
- Museum of art of Caïd (Museu d'art de Caïd)
- Oceanographic Museum of Caïd (Museu oceanogràfic de Caïd)
- Natural History Museum of Caïd (Museu d'història natural de Caïd)
|New Year||1 January||Nonworking day|
|End of winter party||3 Febraury||(Working Day)|
|Girls day||3 March||(Working Day)|
|Christian fest||31 March||Nonworking day|
|Childrens day||5 May||Nonworking day|
|Midyear Day||30 June||Nonworking day|
|Year's end||31 December||Nonworking day|
In Caïd there are two national radio stations, one public that operates with mixed capital and another that is totally private. Besides, the people of Caïd listen to French radio stations.
In Caïd you can read all kinds of national and international publications. The most read press is usually the French because of its geographical proximity.