Chief Minister of Purvanchal

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Chief Minister of Purvanchal
पूर्वांचल के मुख्यमंत्री
পূর্বাচলের মুখ্যমন্ত্রী
পূৰ্বাঞ্চলৰ মুখ্যমন্ত্ৰী
Flag of Purvanchal
Office of the Chief Minister
StyleThe Most Honourable
StatusHead of government
AbbreviationCM
Reports toMaharaja of Purvanchal
currently by the Regent of Purvanchal
Crown Princess of Purvanchal
AppointerMaharaja of Purvanchal
currently by the Regent of Purvanchal
Term lengthAt the pleasure of the monarch of Purvanchal
Constituting instrumentRoyal Decree-Purvanchal dt. 04.07.2022
Formation2 January 2017; 7 years ago (2017-01-02) (first time)
4 July 2022; 22 months ago (2022-07-04) (second time)
First holderSaikat Seal (in 2017)
Princess Bishakha (in 2022)

The Chief Minister of Purvanchal is the head of government of the Vishwamitran state of Purvanchal who serves alongside the Maharaja of Purvanchal who is the executive monarch of the state and hence also serves as the head of state and head of government in the state. Since November 2022, the position has been held by Shivangi Roy who was appointed following the election of then chief minister Princess Bishakha to the 15th Lok Sabha. Unlike the position of the Prime Minister in the federation, who is required to command the majority of the Lok Sabha, the Chief Minister does not command or hold any position in the state's legislature and serves in office at the pleasure of the ruler. The chief minister is appointed by the Maharaja of Purvanchal, the monarch of the state or in their absence by the Regent.

History

The position of the chief minister originated in the state of Purvanchal, formerly Greater Guwahati and Brihattar Guwahati, following the bifurcation of the state from Uttaranchal (then North Guwahati) on 1 January 2017. Under the provisions of the Federal Divisions Act of 2016 which created the positions for the governors and chief ministers of the states, the position of the chief minister in Purvanchal was created immediately after the state's formation. The first office-holder was Saikat Seal, the outgoing Governor of North Guwahati who was appointed and sworn-in to office by the first Governor of Greater Guwahati, Arnab Sil. At the time of creation of the office, the constitution did not mandate for the chief minister to command the confidence of the people and was merely appointed by the governor.

However, the first ever elections for the states' chief ministers took place in April 2017. Himprakash Deka was the first-ever democratically elected chief minister of the state who was elected to office during the 2017 state legislative assemblies election. The position was abolished by act of the parliament on 5 July 2017 transferring the powers and duties of a separate head of government upon the largely ceremonial and appointed state governors.

On 20 July 2019, the position of the chief ministers were reconstituted by letters patent issued by the President. Nishwan Baidantic was the first chief minister to be appointed following the re-constitution of the position. Following his induction to the union council of ministers on 2 September 2019, he submitted his resignation and was succeeded by Manoj Chetry. Chetry was appointed as the Lieutenant Governor of Basistha on 25 October 2019 which led to President's Rule being imposed in the state with Governor Rajdeep Deka taking over the full administration of the state. Three days later, the President's Rule was withdrawn and Himprakash Deka, a former Chief Minister of Beltola was appointed as the Chief Minister of Purvanchal. On 5 March 2020, the President issued an order dissolving all the regional governments and transferring all powers as federal government to an unitary government making the union government the most powerful of all.

The position of the chief minister in Purvanchal was re-introduced on 4 July 2022, thus making Purvanchal the first and only state to create such position after the abolition of the republic in June 2020. Princess Bishakha was appointed as the first office-holder on 4 July 2022 by the Regent of Purvanchal Princess Sarala. Following Princess Bishakha's election to the 15th Lok Sabha in November 2022, she was succeeded as the Chief Minister by Shivangi Roy on 28 November 2022.

Appointment

Under the republican era, the Chief Minister used to be appointed formally by the Governor on the advice of the President and the union council of ministers. After the re-creation of the position in 2022, the Chief Minister has been appointed by the state ruler at their own discretion in consultation with the heir to the throne. The Chief Minister remains in office at the pleasure of the ruler.

Functions

The Chief Minister is the head of government and is mostly responsible for:

  • the day-to-day administration of the state.
  • welfare of the citizens.
  • appointment of local officers and civil servants of the state.
  • affairs related to the law and order.

List

Chief Ministers of Greater Guwahati/Brihattar Guwahati (2017)

  • Note: Greater Guwahati was renamed as Brihattar Guwahati on 7 May 2017.
# Portrait Name
(born-dead)
Tenure Political party Head of State
(Governor/Monarch)
From To Time in office
1 File:Saikat-Seal.PNG Saikat Seal
सैकत सील
সৈকত সীল
ছৈকাত ছীল
(born 2006)
2 January
2017
11 April
2017
99 days Freedom Party Arnab Sil
First Chief Minister after bifurcation of the state. Remained in office until election of Himprakash Deka during the April 2017 state legislative assemblies election.
2 Himprakash Deka
हिमप्रकाश डेका
হিমপ্রকাশ ডেকা
(born 2003)
11 April
2017
5 July
2017
85 days Independent Party Arnab Sil
Rajdeep Deka
Anoushkaa Patranabish
Served first term in office after being elected in the April 2017 state legislative assemblies election. Remained in office until the abolition of the position on 5 July 2017.
Office abolished

Chief Ministers of Brihattar Guwahati/Purvanchal (2019-2020)

  • Note: Brihattar Guwahati was renamed as Purvanchal on 29 July 2020.
# Portrait Name
(born-dead)
Tenure Political party Head of State
(Governor/Monarch)
From To Time in office
1 Nishwan Baidantic
निस्वान बैदंतिक
নিশওয়ান বৈদন্তিক
নিশ্বৱান বাইদান্তিক
(born 2001)
20 July
2019
2 September
2019
44 days Independent Party Anirban Phatowali
Rajdeep Deka
(Additional charge)
MP for Dhirenpara at time of appointment. Resigned from office after being inducted to the union council of ministers as Minister of State (Independent Charge) for Culture, Information and Broadcasting, and Minister of State for Home Affairs. Later joined the Friends Societal Congress.
2 File:Manoj Chetry.PNG Manoj Chetry
मनोज छेत्री
মনোজ চেত্রী
(born 2005)
3 September
2019
25 October
2019
52 days Congress Rajdeep Deka
Former Union Minister. Appointment as Chief Minister upon his resignation from the union council of ministers on 1 September 2019. Remained in office until resigning on 25 October 2019 after being appointed as the Lieutenant Governor of Basistha.
President's Rule was imposed on 25 October 2019 and withdrawn on 28 October 2019.
3 Himprakash Deka
हिमप्रकाश डेका
হিমপ্রকাশ ডেকা
(born 2003)
28 October
2019
5 March
2020
129 days Congress Rajdeep Deka
Asmi Patranabis
Bhargab Jyoti Medhi
Resigned as Chief Minister of Beltola to be appointed as the Chief Minister of Purvanchal after the withdrawal of the President's Office on 28 October 2019. Had to resign as MP on 14 November 2019 under orders of the Supreme Court. Continued to remain as chief minister until the abolition of the position on 5 March 2020. The first and only person till date to serve on the position for more than one occasion.
Office abolished

Chief Ministers of Purvanchal (2022-present)

# Portrait Name
(born-dead)
Tenure Political party Head of State
(Governor/Monarch)
From To Time in office
1 File:Portrait of Princess Bishakha (2022).jpg Her Serene Highness Princess
Bishakha of Purvanchal

राजकुमारी बिशाखा
রাজকন্যা বিশাখা
DUK DK I DK II DURK SPDS RSP PRS CSP MP
(born 2013)
4 July
2022
28 November
2022
147 days Congress Varuna Sriraya
(Regent Sarala, Crown Princess of Purvanchal)
Former Union Minister. Appointed as the first Chief Minister after the re-creation of the position on 4 July 2022. First ever royal to serve on the position. Remained in office until her replacement on 28 November 2022.
2 Datin Sri Utama
Shivangi Roy

शिवांगी रॉय
শিবাঙ্গী রায়
SUMP PRS
(born 2010)
28 November
2022
present 1 year, 183 days Congress Varuna Sriraya
(Regent Sarala, Crown Princess of Purvanchal)
Former Union Minister. Appointed as Chief Minister on 28 November 2022 following the re-election of incumbent Princess Bishakha to the Lok Sabha.

See also