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|Latin alphabet with usage of diacritical letters|
Official language in
| Vladislavia (†)|
Recognised minority language in
Verd'landian language (Verd'landian: Vẽrdɩlandiɩ Spriga or Vẽrdȴlandiȴ Spriga) was de-facto constructed a posteriori language, created by Vladislav Chokin to serve the fictional Verd'landian universe. Hovewer, when he founded Vladislavia, he had accepted this language as official one continuing to develop it.
Verd'landian used to consist of the basic set of grammar rules and about 2000 words. At the late times of existence the development of language and adding of new lexic was slowed down and nearly stopped till the November of 2019 when the CSV file with all the vocabulary base was destroyed during the failed attempt to replace letters in all words in accordance to new ortography rules ("Y Event"). After that the author declared the language abandoned as to that moment it almost completely went out of usage with possibility of slow lexics restoration because the CSV file remained relatively readable for manual reconstruction and reedition.
6th April of 2020 was declared to be a day of official Verd'landian language's death.
- 1 Official status
- 2 Grammar description
- 3 Advanced grammar
- 4 Advanced lexic
- 5 See also
- 6 References
|Grammar at a glance|
Grammar of Verd'landian was not very original as consisted of English and Russian grammar attributes. The second ones are noticeable in sentence morphing: despite preferred order (SVO) exists, it is flexible.
The only article in language was "...an", which is definite. Its usage was not required, but it can emphasize separation of given object from other parts of sentence.
Nouns could be original or converted from verbs. They are inflected by number and three cases. Language had 3 genders: masculine, feminine and neutral, and the last one is factually not usable.
Usually are created by adding of the "yɩ" or "iɩ" suffixes only.
Verbs, as nouns, could be original or converted (which is rare case) and conjugated by 4 tenses, 2 voices and 2 moods only. Original tense of verb is present, and infinitive (so called "neutral") verbs had very small amount and de-facto could be converted from verbs in present tense (usually - for using in jussive mood). There were no continuous and perfect tenses - exact sense needs to be defined by context of said.
Parts of speech
|Original name||Literary meaning||Analogue||Attributes|
|Krezetiv||Descriptive||Adjective||"...yɩ" and "...iɩ" suffixes|
|Fačetiv||Actionive||Verb||commonly "...cɩ", "...nɩ", "...štɩ" and "...šti" suffixes|
|Doklorizativ||Generalizative||Abstract noun||commonly "...uar" and "...ar" suffixes; sometimes "...cɩ" suffix|
|Hegotiv||Howtive||Adverb||commonly "...ẽsk" suffix|
|Adãugativ||Additionative||other parts of speech||–|
|Anitiɩ visedar||The first case||Nominative||Mẽra (Sea)|
|Doviɩ visedar||The second case||Genitive||Mẽrilor (Of sea)|
|Triɩ visedar||The third case||Instrumental||Mẽrilo (By sea; With help of sea)|
"...rɩ"; sometimes "...tor"
- kunoštint (information) → kunoštintarɩ (teacher)
- ritacɩ (lead) → ritarɩ (leader)
- zegecɩ (asking) → zegetor (asker)
- gerlecɩ (commanding) → gerletor (commander)
"...uar" or "...ar"; sometimes "...cɩ"
- kunoštint (information) → kunoštintuar (knowledge)
- ritacɩ (lead) → ritaruar (leadership)
- zegecɩ (asking) → zegetuar (petition)
- gerlecɩ (commanding) → gerletuar (order)
- kunoštint (information) → kunoštoriɩa (school/college/university)
- ritacɩ (lead) → ritoriɩa (leaders house)
- zegecɩ (asking) → zegetoriɩa (civil administrative center)
- gerlecɩ (commanding) → gerletoriɩa (commanders house)
|Neutral||Neɩtraliɩ||any||• Real: Fače (To do)|
• Artificial: Gerče (To see)
|Present||Noriɩ||"...cɩ"||• Fačecɩ (Doing),|
• Gerčecɩ (Seeing)
|Past||Lihestyɩ||"...nɩ"||• Fačenɩ (Did; Was/were doing)|
• Gerčenɩ (Saw; Was/were seeing)
|Future||Viɩtoriɩ||"...štɩ"; "...šti"||• Fačeštɩ (Will do; Will be doing)|
• Gerčeštɩ (Will see; Will be seeing)
Verd'landian had urging form to express forcing somebody to any action. It could be spoken towards the one person or to group of them.
By table below you can also notice the artificial verb's conversion from original present tense to neutral one, which was described above.
|Standartiɩ||Default||any of verb suffixes||Gerčecɩ (Doing)|
|1-ɩ vigoariɩ dalaregut||1st urging form
(for one interlocutor)
|2-ɩ vigoariɩ dalaregut||2nd urging form
(for group of interlocutors)
Verd'landian alphabet was based on Latin script with diacritical letters to sign sounds foreign for Latin. It was reformed on 17 August 2017 to abandon Slavic and Romanian letters.
Besides this, other alphabets were being developed but none of the another writing systems were finally adopted.
The "i skurtyɩ" letter has two ways of writing: the first one (Ɩ ɩ) is the common, while second one (Ь ȴ) is maximally copying hand-written style of letter and is supposed to be used in official sources, literature and culture.
|Ã ã||A yntriɩ||[æ]||Ă ă|
|Ё ё||Ɩoẽ||[œ]||Ø ø|
|Ẽ ẽ||Ẽ||[e]||Э э|
|J J||Ha lotiɩ||[ɦ]|
|Ɩ ɩ / Ь ȴ||I skurtyɩ||[j]||Ї ї|
|Ī ī||I harnyɩ||[ji]|
|Y y||Y||[ɨ]||Ў ў / Ỹ ỹ|
As in German, bigger numbers are shaping by apposition of them to each element of spoken amount. They have their own order - from bigger to smaller - which shouldn't be confused in any case, as incorrect position of elements will create another number.
|1 000 000||Milion|
|10 000 000||Zẽče milionat|
Verd'landian language has rules of years scoring, which is similar to English or, in example, Czech. It allows division of four-digit number on pair of two-digit ones. It is preferable to years before XXI century only, because modern numbers will be shorter with standard morphing.
(Not the "Mienoesutẽoptẽsprẽzẽčiɩ")
Callings of months are slav-styled, and have actual translation in Russian.
|Name of Day||English Translation|
- Second - Sekunda
- Hour - Or
- Day (The same for day's time and time interval) - Zivgarɩ
- Week - Orvetanɩ
- Month - Liɩhut
- Year - Anul
- Winter - Vɩantarɩ
- Spring - Lirga
- Summer - Sumtarɩ
- Autumn - Otamɩ