Verd'landian language

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Verd'landian
Vẽrdɩlandiɩ Spriga
Pronunciation [vɛrdʲlandiʲ spriga]
Ethnicity Verd'landians
Native speakers
1  (2018)
Latin alphabet with usage of diacritical letters

Verd'landian language (Verd'landian: Vẽrdɩlandiɩ Spriga) is the de-facto constructed a posteriori language, created by Vladislav Chokin to serve the fictional Verd'landian universe. Hovewer, when he founded Vladislavia, this language was accepted as official.

Verd'landian consists of basic set of grammar rules and about 1000 words in two dictionaries - tis makes language quite poor and almost unable to speak in. However it stays to be an one of the main attributes of Verd'landian self-determination.

In some areas, Verd'landian is similar with Romanian, Albanian and German languages.

Official status

Verd'landian language is official in Vladislavia. This means that Rixdag's issues must be written in Verd'landian language. However, official status of language doesn't require its usage in other areas of life, despite Vladislav Chokin sets a goal to improve as possibility of speaking as ways to do it.

Grammar description

Grammar at a glance
Morphosyntactic alignment Morpheme-based
Head direction Initial
Constituent order SVO

Grammar of Verd'landian is not very original as it consists of English and Russian grammar attributes. The second ones are noticeable in sentence morphing: despite preferred order (SVO) exists, it is flexible. As Esperanto, Verd'landian language is described by creator as "simple and comfortable".

Articles

The only article in language is "...an", which is definite. Its usage is not required, but it can emphasize separation of given object from other parts of sentence.

Nouns

Nouns can be original or converted from verbs. They are inflected by number and three cases. Language has 3 genders: masculine, feminine and neutral, and the last one is factually not usable.

Adjectives

Usually are created by adding of the "ỹɩ" or "iɩ" suffixes only.

Verbs

Verbs, as nouns, can be original or converted (which is rare case) and conjugated by 4 tenses, 2 voices and 2 moods only. Original tense of verb is present, and infinitive (so called "neutral") verbs have very small amount and de-facto can be converted from verbs in present tense (usually - for using in jussive mood). There are no continuous and perfect tenses - exact sense needs to be defined by context of said.

Advanced grammar

Parts of speech

List of the parts of speech
Original name Literary meaning Analogue Attributes
Obɩektiv Objective Noun
Krezetiv Descriptive Adjective "...ỹɩ" and "...iɩ" suffixes
Fačetiv Actionive Verb commonly "...cɩ", "...nɩ", "...štɩ" and "...šti" suffixes
Doklorizativ Generalizative Abstract noun commonly "...uar" and "...ar" suffixes; sometimes "...cɩ" suffix
Hegotiv Howtive Adverb commonly "...ẽsk" suffix
Personitiv Personitive Pronoun
Lokativ Locative Prepositive
Adãugativ Additionative other parts of speech

Cases

List of the cases
Case Translation Usage Example
Anitiɩ visedar The first case Nominative Mẽra (Sea)
Doviɩ visedar The second case Genitive Mẽrilor (Of sea)
Triɩ visedar The third case Instrumental Mẽrilo (By sea; With help of sea)

Derivational affixes

Agentive

"...rɩ"; sometimes "...tor"

  • kunoštint (information) → kunoštintarɩ (teacher)
  • ritacɩ (lead) → ritarɩ (leader)
  • zegecɩ (asking) → zegetor (asker)
  • gerlecɩ (commanding) → gerletor (commander)

Doklorizativ (nominalization)

"...uar" or "...ar"; sometimes "...cɩ"

  • kunoštint (information) → kunoštintuar (knowledge)
  • ritacɩ (lead) → ritaruar (leadership)
  • zegecɩ (asking) → zegetuar (petition)
  • gerlecɩ (commanding) → gerletuar (order)

Locative

"...iɩa"

  • kunoštint (information) → kunoštoriɩa (school/college/university)
  • ritacɩ (lead) → ritoriɩa (leaders house)
  • zegecɩ (asking) → zegetoriɩa (civil administrative center)
  • gerlecɩ (commanding) → gerletoriɩa (commanders house)

Nouns

List of the tenses
Tense Original name Suffix Example
Neutral Neɩtraliɩ any Real: Fače (To do)
Artificial: Gerče (To see)
Present Noriɩ "...cɩ" Fačecɩ (Doing),
• Gerčecɩ (Seeing)
Past Lihestỹɩ "...nɩ" Fačenɩ (Did; Was/were doing)
• Gerčenɩ (Saw; Was/were seeing)
Future Viɩtoriɩ "...štɩ"; "...šti" Fačeštɩ (Will do; Will be doing)
• Gerčeštɩ (Will see; Will be seeing)

Verb forms

Verd'landian has urging form to express forcing somebody to any action. It can be spoken towards the one person or to group of them.

By table below you can also notice the artificial verb's conversion from original present tense to neutral one, which was described above.

List of the verb forms
Form Translation Suffix Example
Standartiɩ Default any of verb suffixes Gerčecɩ (Doing)
1-ɩ vigoariɩ dalaregut 1st urging form
(for one interlocutor)
"...var"' Gerčevar! (Look!)
2-ɩ vigoariɩ dalaregut 2nd urging form
(for group of interlocutors)
"...zi"/"...vari"' Gerčezi!/Gerčevari! (Look!)

Advanced lexic

Alphabet

Verd'landian alphabet is based on Latin script with diacritical letters to sign sounds foreign for Latin. It was reformed on 17th August 2017 to abandon Slav and Romanian letters.

Besides this, other alphabets are being developed.

Some of the letters are not usable and exist for foreign words.

Latin Armenian Cyrillic Name Spelling Old analogue
A a Ա ա А a А [a]
àã Ը ը Æ æ A ỹntriɩ [æ] Ă ă
B b Բ բ Б б Bẽ [b]
C c Ծ ծ Ц ц Cẽ [ts]
Č č Ճ ճ Ч ч Če [tʃ]
D d Դ դ Д д Dẽ [d]
E e Տ տ Е е Ɩe [e]
Ё ё Թ թ Ё ё Ɩoẽ [œ] Ø ø
Ẽ ẽ Է է Э э [e] Э э
F f Ֆ ֆ Ф ф Ẽf [f]
G g Գ գ Г г Gẽ [g]
H h Խ խ Х х Ha [h]
J J Ղ ղ Ƕ ƕ Ha lotiɩ [ɦ]
I i Ի ի И и I [i]
Ɩ ɩ Ձ ձ Ь ь I skurtỹɩ [j] Ї ї
Ī ī Յի յի Ӣ ӣ I harnỹɩ [ji]
K k Կ կ К к Ka [k]
L l Լ լ Л л Ẽl [l]
M m Մ մ М м Ẽm [m]
N n Ն ն Н н Ẽn [n]
O o Օ օ О о O [o]
P p Պ պ П п Pẽ [p]
R r Ր ր Р р Ẽr [r]
S s Ս ս С с Ẽs [s]
Š š Շ շ Ш ш Ša [ʂ]
T t Ե ե Т т Tẽ [t]
U u Ւ ւ У у U [u]
Ỹ ỹ Ք ք Ы ы [ɨ] Ў ў
V v Վ վ В в Vẽ [v]
Ž ž Ժ ժ Ж ж Žẽ [ʐ]
Z z Զ զ З з Zẽ [z]

Numerals

Numerals of language are mostly imported from Romanian. However they have some differences which can confuse those who speak Romanian.

List of the numerals to 10
Number Name
1 An
2 Doua
3 Tri
4 Patrẽ
5 Kintɩ
6 Šaptẽ
7 Sime
8 Optẽ
9 Noe
10 Zẽče

As in German, bigger numbers are shaping by apposition of them to each element of spoken amount. They have their own order - from bigger to smaller - which shouldn't be confused in any case, as incorrect position of elements will create another number.

Advanced list of numerals morphing
Number Name
11 Zẽčean
20 Douasprẽzẽče
100 Sutã
(An sutã)
101 Sutẽan
200 Douasutẽ
(Doua sutat)
1000 Miɩa
10000 Zẽčemiɩe
(Zẽče miɩat)
100 000 Sutẽmiɩe
(Sutã miɩat)
1 000 000 Milion
10 000 000 Zẽče milionat

Verd'landian language has rules of years scoring, which is similar to English. It allows division of four-digit number on pair of two-digit ones. It is preferable to years before XXI century only, because modern numbers will be shorter with standard morphing.

Years morphing
Year Name
1980 Zẽčenoeoptẽsprẽzẽčiɩ anul
(Not the "Mienoesutẽoptẽsprẽzẽčiɩ")
1985 Zẽčenoeoptẽsprẽzẽčekintiɩ anul
1990 Zẽčenoenoesprẽzẽčiɩ anul
1995 Zẽčenoenoespẽzẽčekintiɩ anul
2000 Douamiɩ anul
2005 Douamiekintiɩ anul
2010 Douamiezẽčiɩ anul
2015 Douamiezẽčekintiɩ anul

Months Names

Callings of months are slav-styled, and have actual translation in Russian.

Month Name Russian Translation Slavic Analogue English Translation Grigorian Calendar Analogue
Haldarɩ Стужень Flag of Belarus.png Студзень Month of Frost January
Čeretarɩ Надеждень - Month of Hope February
Lasarɩ Капарь Flag of Belarus.png Сакавік Month of Drops Falling March
Lifegimarɩ Жизнедарь - Month, which gives a Life April
Floarɩ Цветень Flag of the Czech Republic.png Květen Month of Flowering May
Slorgarɩ Мирень - Month of Piece June
Karstarɩ Жарень - Month, which "roasting" by heat July
Revitarɩ Готовень - Month of Preparation August
Rikumtarɩ Урожаень Flag of Belarus.png Жнітарь Month of Harvesting September
Plavarɩ Дождень - Month of Rains October
Vỹntuarɩ Ветрень - Month of Wind November
Kloretarɩ Снежень Flag of Belarus.png Снежань
Flag of Macedonia.png Снежник
Month, which makes Snow December

Day names

Name of Day English Translation
Veradɩ Monday
Oradɩ Tuesday
Meradɩ Wednesday
Sẽradɩ Thursday
Loradɩ Friday
Slaradɩ Saturday
Sẽlgadɩ Sunday

Intervals

  • Second - Sekunda
  • Hour - Or
  • Day (The same for day's time and time interval) - Zivgarɩ
  • Week - Orvetanɩ
  • Month - Liɩhut
  • Year - Anul

Seasons

  • Winter - Vɩantarɩ
  • Spring - Lirga
  • Summer - Sumtarɩ
  • Autumn - Otamɩ

See also

References