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|Latin alphabet with usage of diacritical letters|
Verd'landian language (Verd'landian: Vẽrdɩlandiɩ Spriga) is the de-facto constructed a posteriori language, created by Vladislav Chokin to serve the fictional Verd'landian universe. Hovewer, when he founded Vladislavia, this language was accepted as official.
Verd'landian consists of basic set of grammar rules and about 1000 words in two dictionaries - tis makes language quite poor and almost unable to speak in. However it stays to be an one of the main attributes of Verd'landian self-determination.
- 1 Official status
- 2 Grammar description
- 3 Advanced grammar
- 4 Advanced lexic
- 5 See also
- 6 References
Verd'landian language is official in Vladislavia. This means that Rixdag's issues must be written in Verd'landian language. However, official status of language doesn't require its usage in other areas of life, despite Vladislav Chokin sets a goal to improve as possibility of speaking as ways to do it.
|Grammar at a glance|
Grammar of Verd'landian is not very original as it consists of English and Russian grammar attributes. The second ones are noticeable in sentence morphing: despite preferred order (SVO) exists, it is flexible. As Esperanto, Verd'landian language is described by creator as "simple and comfortable".
The only article in language is "...an", which is definite. Its usage is not required, but it can emphasize separation of given object from other parts of sentence.
Nouns can be original or converted from verbs. They are inflected by number and three cases. Language has 3 genders: masculine, feminine and neutral, and the last one is factually not usable.
Usually are created by adding of the "ỹɩ" or "iɩ" suffixes only.
Verbs, as nouns, can be original or converted (which is rare case) and conjugated by 4 tenses, 2 voices and 2 moods only. Original tense of verb is present, and infinitive (so called "neutral") verbs have very small amount and de-facto can be converted from verbs in present tense (usually - for using in jussive mood). There are no continuous and perfect tenses - exact sense needs to be defined by context of said.
Parts of speech
|Original name||Literary meaning||Analogue||Attributes|
|Krezetiv||Descriptive||Adjective||"...ỹɩ" and "...iɩ" suffixes|
|Fačetiv||Actionive||Verb||commonly "...cɩ", "...nɩ", "...štɩ" and "...šti" suffixes|
|Doklorizativ||Generalizative||Abstract noun||commonly "...uar" and "...ar" suffixes; sometimes "...cɩ" suffix|
|Hegotiv||Howtive||Adverb||commonly "...ẽsk" suffix|
|Adãugativ||Additionative||other parts of speech||–|
|Anitiɩ visedar||The first case||Nominative||Mẽra (Sea)|
|Doviɩ visedar||The second case||Genitive||Mẽrilor (Of sea)|
|Triɩ visedar||The third case||Instrumental||Mẽrilo (By sea; With help of sea)|
"...rɩ"; sometimes "...tor"
- kunoštint (information) → kunoštintarɩ (teacher)
- ritacɩ (lead) → ritarɩ (leader)
- zegecɩ (asking) → zegetor (asker)
- gerlecɩ (commanding) → gerletor (commander)
"...uar" or "...ar"; sometimes "...cɩ"
- kunoštint (information) → kunoštintuar (knowledge)
- ritacɩ (lead) → ritaruar (leadership)
- zegecɩ (asking) → zegetuar (petition)
- gerlecɩ (commanding) → gerletuar (order)
- kunoštint (information) → kunoštoriɩa (school/college/university)
- ritacɩ (lead) → ritoriɩa (leaders house)
- zegecɩ (asking) → zegetoriɩa (civil administrative center)
- gerlecɩ (commanding) → gerletoriɩa (commanders house)
|Neutral||Neɩtraliɩ||any||• Real: Fače (To do)|
• Artificial: Gerče (To see)
|Present||Noriɩ||"...cɩ"||• Fačecɩ (Doing),|
• Gerčecɩ (Seeing)
|Past||Lihestỹɩ||"...nɩ"||• Fačenɩ (Did; Was/were doing)|
• Gerčenɩ (Saw; Was/were seeing)
|Future||Viɩtoriɩ||"...štɩ"; "...šti"||• Fačeštɩ (Will do; Will be doing)|
• Gerčeštɩ (Will see; Will be seeing)
Verd'landian has urging form to express forcing somebody to any action. It can be spoken towards the one person or to group of them.
By table below you can also notice the artificial verb's conversion from original present tense to neutral one, which was described above.
|Standartiɩ||Default||any of verb suffixes||Gerčecɩ (Doing)|
|1-ɩ vigoariɩ dalaregut||1st urging form
(for one interlocutor)
|2-ɩ vigoariɩ dalaregut||2nd urging form
(for group of interlocutors)
Verd'landian alphabet is based on Latin script with diacritical letters to sign sounds foreign for Latin. It was reformed on 17th August 2017 to abandon Slav and Romanian letters.
Besides this, other alphabets are being developed.
Some of the letters are not usable and exist for foreign words.
|A a||Ա ա||А a||А||[a]|
|Ã ã||Ը ը||Æ æ||A ỹntriɩ||[æ]||Ă ă|
|B b||Բ բ||Б б||Bẽ||[b]|
|C c||Ծ ծ||Ц ц||Cẽ||[ts]|
|Č č||Ճ ճ||Ч ч||Če||[tʃ]|
|D d||Դ դ||Д д||Dẽ||[d]|
|E e||Տ տ||Е е||Ɩe||[e]|
|Ё ё||Թ թ||Ё ё||Ɩoẽ||[œ]||Ø ø|
|Ẽ ẽ||Է է||Э э||Ẽ||[e]||Э э|
|F f||Ֆ ֆ||Ф ф||Ẽf||[f]|
|G g||Գ գ||Г г||Gẽ||[g]|
|H h||Խ խ||Х х||Ha||[h]|
|J J||Ղ ղ||Ƕ ƕ||Ha lotiɩ||[ɦ]|
|I i||Ի ի||И и||I||[i]|
|Ɩ ɩ||Ձ ձ||Ь ь||I skurtỹɩ||[j]||Ї ї|
|Ī ī||Յի յի||Ӣ ӣ||I harnỹɩ||[ji]|
|K k||Կ կ||К к||Ka||[k]|
|L l||Լ լ||Л л||Ẽl||[l]|
|M m||Մ մ||М м||Ẽm||[m]|
|N n||Ն ն||Н н||Ẽn||[n]|
|O o||Օ օ||О о||O||[o]|
|P p||Պ պ||П п||Pẽ||[p]|
|R r||Ր ր||Р р||Ẽr||[r]|
|S s||Ս ս||С с||Ẽs||[s]|
|Š š||Շ շ||Ш ш||Ša||[ʂ]|
|T t||Ե ե||Т т||Tẽ||[t]|
|U u||Ւ ւ||У у||U||[u]|
|Ỹ ỹ||Ք ք||Ы ы||Ỹ||[ɨ]||Ў ў|
|V v||Վ վ||В в||Vẽ||[v]|
|Ž ž||Ժ ժ||Ж ж||Žẽ||[ʐ]|
|Z z||Զ զ||З з||Zẽ||[z]|
Numerals of language are mostly imported from Romanian. However they have some differences which can confuse those who speak Romanian.
As in German, bigger numbers are shaping by apposition of them to each element of spoken amount. They have their own order - from bigger to smaller - which shouldn't be confused in any case, as incorrect position of elements will create another number.
|1 000 000||Milion|
|10 000 000||Zẽče milionat|
Verd'landian language has rules of years scoring, which is similar to English. It allows division of four-digit number on pair of two-digit ones. It is preferable to years before XXI century only, because modern numbers will be shorter with standard morphing.
(Not the "Mienoesutẽoptẽsprẽzẽčiɩ")
Callings of months are slav-styled, and have actual translation in Russian.
|Name of Day||English Translation|
- Second - Sekunda
- Hour - Or
- Day (The same for day's time and time interval) - Zivgarɩ
- Week - Orvetanɩ
- Month - Liɩhut
- Year - Anul
- Winter - Vɩantarɩ
- Spring - Lirga
- Summer - Sumtarɩ
- Autumn - Otamɩ