Pannonian War

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Pannonian War
Date 29 May - 12 June 2015
Location Siga, Southeastern Europe; Kid United Republic, Empire of Paravia
Result  • All belligerents on the South Maudlandian side withdraw, leaving neither party victorious.
 • Territorial dispute between South Maudlandia and Liberland over Pannonia (Siga) unresolved.
Belligerents
link={{{2}}} South Maudlandia

link={{{2}}} Paravia (31 May - 10 June 2015)
link={{{2}}} West Germania (3 - 7 June 2015)
link={{{2}}} Kid United Republic (3 - 9 June 2015)
link={{{2}}} Mcarthia (6 - 7 June 2015)
link={{{2}}} Nedland (6 - 7 June 2015)

link={{{2}}} Liberland
  • Non-military supporters
Commanders
link={{{2}}} Matthew Phillips

link={{{2}}} Emperor Patrick I
link={{{2}}} General Christian Newton
link={{{2}}} General Dustin Goss
link={{{2}}} Jackson Cole
link={{{2}}} Captain Steve Strong
link={{{2}}}President Kit McCarthy
link={{{2}}} Ned Greiner
link={{{2}}} General Cameron Pino

link={{{2}}} Vít Jedlička

link={{{2}}} Robert Peterson
link={{{2}}} John Summers
link={{{2}}} Karl Ivarsen

Strength
link={{{2}}} 0

link={{{2}}} 5
link={{{2}}} 5
link={{{2}}} 29
link={{{2}}} 2
link={{{2}}} 6


Total 47

link={{{2}}} 18
Injuries and losses
link={{{2}}} 0

link={{{2}}} 1 injured
link={{{2}}} 0
link={{{2}}} 11 injured
link={{{2}}} 0
link={{{2}}} 0


Total 12

link={{{2}}} 5 injured

The Pannonian War was a conflict over the disputed territory of Siga, between the Republic of South Maudlandia and allies, and the Free Republic of Liberland. It started on 29 May 2015, when a declaration of war by South Maudlandia was sent to Liberland[1]. It is unclear if Liberland acknowledged or recognised the war, however what is known is that supporters of Liberland engaged in conflict with pro-Maudlandian forces.

Background

The Pannonian Crisis

South Maudlandia claimed Siga [2], a former terra nullius on the Serbian-Croatian border, on 18 March 2015, and renamed it Pannonia. Subsequently, a Czech politician called Vít Jedlička founded the Free Republic of Liberland on 13 April 2015, seemingly unaware of the existing claim by South Maudlandia. Liberland also confirmed that they had visited the territory and planted their flag on it.

A week after Liberland's foundation, South Maudlandian authorities were notified of the rivaling claim and act of trespass. South Maudlandian President Matthew Phillips contacted the Liberlandian Government, in the hopes that a compromise might be reached over Siga. When this elicited no response, Phillips tried a second time to arrange diplomatic talks, and was again ignored. These events were dubbed by South Maudlandian media as "The Pannonian Crisis".

The ultimatum and outbreak of war

Fearing the future of the Autonomous Region, the South Maudlandian Government issued Liberland with an ultimatum on 1 May, stating that unless the territory be vacated of all Liberlandian subjects, troops and associated parties, and that Liberland be open for negotiations, military intervention may have to be employed. The ultimatum expired on 3 May, and Liberland had failed to comply with the conditions. Liberland's plans to permanently settle in Siga were later revealed, meaning that South Maudlandia was now obliged to take action to prevent this from happening. On 29 May, nearly a month after the ultimatum expired, South Maudlandia declared war.

Course of the war

The Empire of Paravia declared war on Liberland on 31 May 2015 after a military pact was signed between Paravia and South Maudlandia. A similar pact was signed by South Maudlandia and the Federal Republic of West Germany on 3 June 2015, before the West German entry into the war.

On 3 June 2015, the Kid United Republic declared war on Liberland due to threats made against Kid United citizens by Liberlandian citizens. Following this, the Kid United Republic Government asked South Maudlandia for assistance. With both sides in favour of this proposal, they agreed to sign a treaty. Later Paravia and KUR signed a relation and defense agreement.

On 6 June 2015, the Republic of Mcarthia declared war on Liberland in support of the Kid United Republic after the actions of pro-Liberland militants left 4 KUR soldiers injured. The terms of the Treaty of Support with the KUR made this decision automatic. The Republic of Mcarthia did not offer any confrontational support, instead offering political and practical support to the KUR. The Republic of Mcarthia stressed that it was not directly offering support to Paravia, South Maudlandia or West Germany due to the fact that no treaties had been formally been signed between them and the Republic of Mcarthia.

On 6 June, after being informed of the conflict by the KUR, President Ned Greiner of Nedland attempted to contact the government of Liberland in regards to the crisis. When this outreach was ignored, Nedland requested to enter the war in support of South Maudlandia. Though not directly allied with South Maudlandia, Nedland is allied with KUR and was once in a alliance with Mcarthia. It is also believed that strong relations with these nations was another reason that Nedland entered the war. On 7 June, South Maudlandia gave permission for Nedland to enter the war.

Shortly afterwards, Mcarthia withdrew from the war as a result of severe intermicronational criticism it had attracted. The following was posted on the Micronation.org forum:

Mcarthia will be withdrawing from this conflict. We felt we had a genuine reason to enter - defence of our allies, but seeing the response of the community has made me feel differently.
As of now, Mcarthia will not associate with this war. Entering was a mistake, and I apologise for that.
I apologise both to community members we may have offended, armed services personnel we may have offended and to the remaining members of this conflict that we initially offered our support to.

A few hours after Mcarthia's withdrawal, Nedland withdrew as well, due to the war being 'absolutely pointless' to all belligerents besides South Maudlandia and Liberland.

Later on 7 June an Email was sent by Emperor Patrick I of Paravia to President Matthew Phillips of South Maudlandia informing him that unless the war was ended Paravia would withdraw from the conflict on the 10th June 2015. West Germany also withdrew on the same day. 9 June saw the end of all foreign involvement, when the Kid United Republic officially withdrew.

The final remaining belligerent on the allied side, South Maudlandia, terminated involvement in the war on 12 June, bringing a war to a close. A peace treaty to end the war was deemed unnecessary, due to Liberland never having recognised the war in the first place.

Battle of Juna

On 4 June 2015, a heated argument over Liberland between KUR citizens and supporters of Liberland occurred which allegedly required intervention from the Kid United Republic Military, causing fighting between them the Liberland supporters. Airsoft pellets were fired by both sides, leading to several injuries and a truce being called. This skirmish was the first battle on the KUR Front, followed by the Battle of Fork Canyon.

Battle of Fork Canyon

On the 6th of June 2015, KUR forces received intelligence from an agent that Liberland supporters were setting up bases in KUR territory, in the Logan Area of Black Smith Fork Canyon. Two KUR troops were sent to investigate the report. The agent that lead the troop into the area then betrayed KUR soldiers by signalling an ambush by Liberlandian supporters.

Backup was called and two additional KUR troops were sent with artillery. However, the original troops were surrounded, leaving two with heat stroke and causing an asthma attack, which was later reported to the emergency room of the local hospital. Captain Richards ordered a retreat and all Kid United Army personal evacuated. Liberland supporters then took KURA bases in the Black Smith Fork Canyon and received many supplies abandoned by KUR personnel.

The Battle of Fork Canyon was the second military confrontation in the Pannonian War. The battle prompted talks within the pro-Maudlandian alliance as to how the anti-Liberland forces should react.

Battle of Skyvik Hill

On June 7th 2015, 3 Paravian soldiers including the Emperor were attacked by 3 known local Liberland supporters. The Battle was unplanned as both sides encountered each other only by chance. Neither side was prepared for battle and so sticks where used as improvised weapons. The battle lasted 2 minutes, and at it's conclusion 2 of the 3 Liberland supporters reported minor bruises with 1 Paravian also suffereing from such injuries. Skyvik Hill was the third and final battle of the Pannonian War and the only to involve Paravian troops.

Criticism and Condemnation

On 6 June 2015, the war was met with criticism from other micronationalists. Notably Kaiser Callum Newton I of Uberquiesenberg as leader of the Humanist People's Alliance of Mercia in an article published on the Mercian Humanist Magazine, citing the war as "aggressive" and "ridiculous". A national condemnation from Mercia was suggested by Newton.

On 10 June 2015, an article was published by the Imperial State News of Lundenwic titled "The Lessons to be Learnt from the Pannonian War" detailing mistakes made by different parties during the conflict and how the micronational community can learn from them.[3]

Also, a mention of the war posted on Liberland's Wikipedia page was swiftly removed, with the editors comment being of nonsense and unreliable sources.

More recently, in August 2015, several members of the MicroWiki community brought up the Battle of Fork Canyon again, requesting evidence from then President Jackson Cole. Concerns have been raised over fabrication of evidence, although the KUR has vehemently denied this. On September 18, "Jackson" admitted that the Battle of Fork Canyon was fictional, amidst other things.

As a result of the war, on 08 November 2016, South Maudlandia President Matthew Phillips was deposed in a military coup and replaced with Jeff Renner, Commander of the South Maudlandia Revolutionary Army. President Renner's first act upon taking office was to relinquish all South Maudlandian claims outside of the Antarctic continent and issue an apology for the actions of his predecessor.

References