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Fyrinijská republika (Czech)
Fyrinia Cumhuriyeti (Turkish)
الجمهورية الفيرينية (Arabic)
Freedom, Justice, Solidarity
Our Land, Our Nation
Location of Fyrinia
|Largest city||České Budějovice|
|Official language(s)||Czech · Turkish · Arabic|
|Ethnic groups||70.6% Fyrinians|
|Religion||65.9% No religion|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional republic|
|- Prime Minister||Şukri Tilki|
|- Government Council||Vacant|
|Established||1 December 2017|
|Area claimed||2,696 km²|
Fyrinia[N 1], officially known as the Fyrinian Republic (Czech: Fyrinijská republika, Turkish: Fyrinia Cumhuriyeti, Arabic: الجمهورية الفيرينية al-Jumhūrīyah al-Fyrīnīyah) is a self-declared multi-ethnic fantasy micronation and a state simulation in the Central Europe, located on the south of the Czech Republic, with claim of 2,696 square kilometres. It is bordered by the Czech Republic by the north and north-east, by Austria by its south and Germany by the west and north-west. According to the micronation story, its history starts in 16th century when thousands of Turks came to this area, expelled Habsburg state controls and troops and integrated itself to the Ottoman Empire as exclave for more than 200 years. It means Fyrinia has a very varied population, mainly with the three biggest ethnic minorities, Czechs, Turks and Arabs, together making the main nationality of Fyrinians, which consists about 71 per cent of total population. Fyrinia is a trilingual country. Official languages are Czech, which is a native language for 29 per cent of the population; Turkish, its natives make up about 25 per cent; and Arabic, making up about 24 per cent of the population. 11 per cent of the population is bilingual, 11 per cent of the population speak different language. The Fyrinia's population reaches 849 thousand with a population density of 315 inhabitants per square kilometre, similar to Japan's density. The capital city is Kirilmaz, a conurbation located near the border with Czechoslovakia. The biggest city is České Budějovice.
It is a hilly area, the terrain is highly mountainous. A significant part of the country lies within the Šumava Mountains. The highest is Buyuk Degil (Czech: Plechý), 1,378 metres high mountain located at the Austrian border. The country's average elevation is 880 metres, the capital's elevation is 561 metres.
Due to the influence of the Ottoman Empire in the past, a lot of Turks and Arabs came to the area. Following a violent invasion by the Habsburg Empire, Germanization and Czechization of the population took place. In late 19th century, three significant nations of Czechs, Turks and Arabs claimed itself as the united nation. Later, Fyrinia became a part of Czechoslovakia and it had been a centralised part of the country until 1993, after the dissolution of Czechoslovakia, it became an autonomous part of the Czech Republic. In 2017, Fyrinia declared independence from the Czech Republic.
Fyrinia is a unitary parliamentary republic divided into 4 governorates, which are divided into smaller 20 districts. It is led by the Government Council, which has powers of the president in a parliamentary republic. Currently, members of the Government Council are Márie Czenek and Ahmad Samy, with one vacant seat. Government is led by Prime Minister, which is the highest personal office in Fyrinian politics. Since December 2018, Şukri Tilki, an eco-socialist politician, is acting Prime Minister.
Fyrinian citizens agreed to become an independent country in the referendum, which took place in 2017. Despite language and ethnic diversity, it does not see any separatist or ethnic-nationalist tension between ethnicities since Habsburg invasion in 1741. Official languages have the same status in all of areas.
Fyrinia is described as left-wing utopia. It is also a member micronation of the biggest micronational organization in the Czech Republic – Union of Micronations of Central Europe (UMCE). It is one of the most integrated micronations within the UMCE, as it is a member of 5 out of 6 organizations of the UMCE. It is also a member of the Central European Four (CE4), a group of the most developed micronations in the Czech Republic.
The name Fyrinia started to be used at the end of 18th century. Formerly, the area was called Avrupalanya (from Turkish area in Europe). After a large wave of migration from the Middle East, the name Fyrinia started to be used. This word probably comes from Kurdish word firin, which means to fly. In that time, a migration to Fyrinia was very popular in the area of Levant and Mesopotamia, and often it became a life target of a person. The process of migration to Fyrinia was called يطير (yatīr, Arabic word for to fly). Arabs later started to use Kurdish word فيرين (fīrīn) to separate the process and real flying. This word later arrived to Fyrinia, and inhabitants of the area started to use the word to describe the area.
Officially founded in December 2018, it has its own fictional historic story. According to the story, the area of current Fyrinia faced a huge immigration of Turks from the Ottoman Empire since 1520. Massive immigration caused that the population of Germans and Czechs became a minority in 1522. It caused an oppression of Czechs and Germans, which escalated into a public violence in 1524. Following this violence, most of Czechs and Germans left the area and settled outside Fyrinia. Habsburg Empire lost the control over the area and in 1526, the Ottoman troops claimed Fyrinia as a part of the Ottoman Empire. This overtake of the power in Fyrinia is also called as the 1526 coup d'état in Fyrinia.
More than 200 years later, the Habsburg Empire invaded Fyrinia and conquered it, as the Ottoman Empire almost lost the connection with this exclave. Invasion caused a dissatisfaction within the Arab–Turkish population in Fyrinia. Causing a violence in the area, however, the Habsburg Empire successfully upheld its control over the area. By time, oppression between nations almost disappeared. In 1895, three dominant nations declared themselves as an united nation, after Kirilmaz was founded.
After the unification, Fyrinians became rebels within the Austrian-Hungarian Empire. After the start of the World War I, Fyrinians demanded full independence from the Austria-Hungary. Voluntary militias were founded in Fyrinia. The militias claimed that they are going to fight for the Fyrinian independence. They successfully conquered Kirilmaz in 1917 and declared independence on Austria-Hungary on 14 October 1917. However, Austrian army re-conquered the area after a few days. In 1918, Fyrinia became a part of Czechoslovakia. It became a part of the Sudetenland. After the Great Depression, non-Czech population of the area got radicalized, showing a notable support for the Nazi Germany. In 1938, Fyrinia became a part of Germany. After the start of the World War II, population drifted from the Nazi Germany and demanded re-gaining independence. These demands broke out in 1942, when a secret militia took control of the area of Fyrinia.
It is very hilly area. An average elevation of the country is 880 metres, which is the 36th highest average elevation in the world and 7th highest in Europe (or 4th if Turkey, Armenia and Georgia excepted). However, the highest point of Fyrinia, located at the top of the mountain Buyuk Degil is only 1,378 metres high. Most of the country's area is unpopulated, most of inhabitants live in cities and huger conurbations. North-eastern and northern parts of the country have lower elevation than the rest of the country. High elevation also affects the weather of the country, which is more rainly and changing very often in comparison with surrounding areas.
Despite the country is very hilly, it has population of 849,454 inhabitants, with a population density of 315.1 inhabitants per square km, marking Fyrinia one of the most densely populated country in Europe. In 1900, Fyrinia had 629,872 inhabitants, while in 1950, it had 629,213 inhabitants. Fyrinia recorded record high in this period in 1945, when it had 690,204 inhabitants. However, due to the coup d'état in 1948, many Fyrinians left Fyrinia and relocated to Austria. Between 1945 and 1950, the population in Fyrinia decreased by 8.84 per cent. Between 1900 and 1950, it decreased by 0.1 per cent. The population became steady during the communist regime, after the Velvet Revolution. Between 1985 and 2018, the population increased from 631,862 inhabitants to 845,419 inhabitants, which means a growth of 33.8 per cent of the population. The growth between 2018 and 2019 reaches 0.47 per cent and is expected to raise until 2030 up to 3.3 per cent, reaching total population of 1 million in 2029.
The fertility rate in Fyrinia is one of the highest in Europe, reaching 2.3 children per woman, which is higher than required fertility of 2.1 children per woman to guarantee growth of the population. Average age is 36 years, 8 years less than in the Czech Republic. 70.6 per cent of the population are Fyrinians. 246,722 inhabitants of Fyrinia are expatriates. Czechs, the second biggest nation in Fyrinia, are represented by 10.3 per cent of the population. Other significant minorities are Austrians (2.7%), Turks (2.4%), French people (2.0%), Lebanese people (1.9%), Moroccans (1.8%), Algerians (1.7%), Indians (1.5%), and Russians (1.2%). Other nationalities are reprensented by 3.7 per cent of the population.
Largest municipalities in Fyrinia
Fyrinian Statistics Bureau
|1||České Budějovice||Č. Budějovice–Č.Krumlov||93,470||11||Baabda||Kirilmaz||22,774|| |
Lipno nad Vltavou
|4||Lipno nad Vltavou||Lipno||44,933||14||Suran||Lipno||20,668|
|5||Český Krumlov||Č. Budějovice–Č.Krumlov||39,316||15||Malatya||Sivas–Şebinkarahisar||18,020|
|10||Al Zabadani||Č. Budějovice–Č.Krumlov||23,405||20||Boletice||Lipno||11,615|
|Largest groups of nationalities|
In 2019, 600,106 (70.6%) inhabitants in Fyrinia claimed they are Fyrinians. That is nearly 5 thousand more than in 2015, but 0.6 per cent less. Fyrinians without a migration background make up 60.7 per cent of the population, while 9.9 per cent of the population is Fyrinian repatriates, i.e. Fyrinians born outside Fyrinia. Fyrinia is known for its all-time multicultural population. Despite a majority of Fyrinians since 1890, they never crossed 80 per cent of the population. The second biggest nation group and biggest minority in Fyrinia are traditionally Czechs. In 2018, 87,322 inhabitants of the country declared their Czech nationality. Czechs currently make up 10.3 per cent of the population, a total population of Czechs according to percentage has been continuously falling since 1970 when they were making up 23.5 per cent of the population. Czechs in Fyrinia are well-known for their dissatisfaction with the life in Fyrinia, and they still continue leaving Fyrinia to the Czech Republic. Second biggest majority are Austrians. With the population of 23,505 people, they make up 2.8 per cent of the population. Since 1985, total amount of Austrians in Fyrinia grew up by more than ten times. Turks are so far the third biggest and one of the fastest growing minorities in Fyrinia. As of 2019, there were 20,640 Turks in Fyrinia, making up 2.4 per cent of the population. However, many migrants came to Fyrinia from Turkey, declaring their nationality as Fyrinian since the beginning even though their ethnic background is fully Turkish. According to a private survey, these migrants make up about 2% of the population of Fyrinia. Economic partnership between France and the Fyrinian Autonomous Area formed in 1993 caused large growth of French minority in Fyrinia. In 1990, about 300 inhabitants of Fyrinia declared their French nationality. In 2019, it was 16,914 inhabitants, together making up 2.0 per cent of the population. French minority is followed by a Lebanese one. Cultural closeness between Lebanon and Fyrinia caused a growth of Lebanese minority in Fyrinia since 1990, from 0.3 per cent to 1.9 per cent. According to polls about opinions to significant minority groups in Fyrinia made between Fyrinians, Lebanese people are the most accepted, tolerated and liked minority in Fyrinia, with nearly 89 per cent of acceptance. As well as all other minorities except Czechs, the population of migrants from the Maghreb, i.e. from Morocco and Algeria, grew up from 0.3 per cent to 3.6 per cent. With a total population of 30,474 (15,514 from Morocco and 14,960 from Algeria), 60% of these migrants are Berbers, and 40% are Arabs. 1.5 per cent (13,021) also declared their nationality as Indian. Most of those inhabitants are however citizens of the United Kingdom. Russian minority grew up in comparison with 1990, but shrunk since 2005, from 1.5 per cent to 1.2 per cent. Other nations, such as Vietnamese people, Palestinians, Germans, Greeks and others, are represented by 3.7 per cent of the population.
Since 1975, Irreligion is predominant in Fyrinia. In 2019, 65.9% of the population is non-religious. Only 34.2% of the population claimed they have religion, while only 18.1% said they are practicing. Constitutionally, Fyrinia has no official religion and is a secular country respecting freedom of religion.
The country's major religion is Bahá'í, with 16.0% of the population, Bahá'ís make up approximately 46.9% of all religious people in Fyrinia. Christianity is the second biggest religion in Fyrinia. Predominant majority of Christians in Fyrinia are Catholics. Formerly majoritian religion in Fyrinia, 8.5% of the population claimed themselves Christians in the latest census. Islam, the third biggest religion in Fyrinia, shrunk from ca. 35% in 1900 to 3% in 1990 as most of Muslim families converted to Bahá'í or became irreligious, but in last years, population of Muslims has increased rapidly. Currently, 7.8% of the population describe themselves as Muslims. Other religions make up 1.7% of the population.
- Union of Micronations of Central Europe (full member)
- Virgan Republic (mutual recognition, diplomatic ties)
- Republic of Aenderia (mutual recognition)
- Czechoslovak Republic (mutual recognition, diplomatic ties)
- Moravian Republic (mutual recognition)
- Empire of Alperia (mutual recognition, diplomatic ties)
- Kingdom of Auvenum (mutual recognition)
Rejected to recognize
- Republic of Kosovo (negotiations between Serbia and Kosovo needed)
- Catalan Republic (negotiations between Spain and Catalonia needed)
- Republic of Abkhazia (considered as a part of Georgia)
- Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (considered as a part of Cyprus)
- Republic of South Ossetia–the State of Alania (considered as a part of Georgia)
- Republic of Artsakh (considered as a part of Azerbaijan)
- Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (considered as a part of Moldova)
- English pronunciation: /'fɑːɪrɪnɪʌ/; Czech: Fyrinie /'firinije/, Turkish: Fyrinia /'fyɾɑnjɑ/, Arabic: فيرين Fyrīn /fi'riːn/
- Does not include Fyrinian repatriates. However, it includes children of Fyrinian repatriates born in Fyrinia.
- Fyrinian repatriates are people of Fyrinian descent who were born abroad but returned back to Fyrinia, using the right of return.
- Includes people who claimed their native languages are Czech and Turkish, Czech and Arabic, or Turkish and Arabic. People bilingual in other languages/other combinations are included in Others.