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Aphelia Space Research Nation
| Aphelia Space Research Nation |
Ad astra per aspera
(Latin: through hardships to the stars)
Try and Survive
Northeast region of Thailand
ASRN Splitflag "Seafarer" for sea vessels
|Largest city||Space Test Complex 1|
|Official language(s)||English, Thai|
|Short name||Aphelia, ASRN|
|Established||23 March 2017 @2345 Indochina time|
|Time zone||Local time - Indochina time (ICT)|
Standard time - Coordinated Universal Time (UTC)
|This nation is established to support civilian private space program NEXSpace Exploration|
Aphelia, officially Aphelia Space Research Nation or "ASRN" for short (Polish: Kraj Badań Przestrzeni Kosmicznej Afelia German: Aphelia Spatienkeil Forschung Nation) is a technocratic republic micronation focused on space exploration technology, science research, arts and innovation. ASRN was founded by STL Kobayashi, an amateur rocket builder and animator. With help of INV Minerva, law student and STL Lync, american radio and satellite enthusiast. Aphelia have no space object claim and rely only on current exists space technology and realistic in-development technology.
Aphelia's ultimate goal is to be a science, innovation and art nation. Research the most efficient space exploration technologies, and erasing the barrier between Earth and space. Embracing scientific research and development. Increasing the likelihood of survival for humans in case of a catastrophic incident, such as one that could wipe out all life on earth such as an asteroid impact, runaway climate change and collapsing biosphere, or other manmade disasters such as nuclear war. Aphelia technology is intended not to be used to develop weapons or to create technology which can be used as weapons. Aphelia's missions are solely for science and are not involved in the carrying of any explosive, nuclear, biological or chemical weapons as payloads. Beside rocket technology, Aphelia has also researched about closed-system farming, agriculture in extreme climates and Mars-like conditions
Aphelia is also supporting writer, illustrator, mangaka, director, producer and creators as a free space for creative mind. Many ASRN citizen are sci-fi writer and illustrator. Most of ASRN creators are mainly digital artist and creating sci-fi genre fiction in various format.
- 1 History
- 2 Flag and National Emblem
- 3 Geography and climate
- 4 Space Program
- 5 Military
- 6 Foreign Relations
- 7 Identification title
- 8 In fiction
- 9 See Also
- 10 External Links
Aphelia Space Research Nation was founded on 21 March, 2017 and was officially established 23 March, 2017, approximately 2 years after STL Kobayashi first attempt to build a micronation and dissolution of Technostellar, the experimental interplanetary micronation.
In 2015, a small micronation named Technostellar was established after STL Kobayashi read about the Principality of Sealand, inspiring her to create her own micronation. To take place in the same location where Aphelia was located with a similar concept to Aphelia but with unrealistic claim of space objects, she planned to create an interplanetary nation. Technostellar was intended to have all of the essentials of a nation, whilst never being recognized, nor having any interaction with other micronations and macronations due to Kobayashi's various concerns about misunderstanding and miscommunication. She took on the role of a one-man government for a week until her resignation due to burnout and inactivity.
14 January, 2017, after watching the SpaceX Iridium-1 launch, three hard core SpaceX fans and space enthusiasts started discussing Copenhagen Suborbitals, reusable rockets, the nanosatellite industry boom and the cost of access to space. One of them started to derail the topic from space exploration to a national space program, the group found out that their nation didn't have any space exploration program or rocket/spacecraft development of any kind. The group then came across the idea of establishing a civilian private space program, and thus NEXSpace Exploration was born. The primary goals were to make space travel and inhabitance accessible for everyone and to open a new frontier in space exploration for civilians in the private sector. The projects are self funded and currently have no support from any government, organizations or companies.
In mid-2018, due to lack of funding, suporting from patreon and several unsuccessful test. NEXSpace Exploration member ceasing rocketry activity, disposing unused fuel and handed leftover materials to Aphelia.
Founding Space Port
NEXSpace Exploration embarked on the first of its many projects, testing a scaled down propulsion system, as well as electronics and recovery systems. It did not make much progress due to a lack of funding and manpower. 68 days from the establishment of NEXSpace Exploration, 21 March, 2017, having read about micronations and colonization in space, and online drama about veganism and unrealistic space station design in Asgardia facebook group. Kobayashi was struck with the idea of establishing an interplanetary nation again. Based on the Technostellar concept, NEXSpace Exploration's ultimate goal, and the SpaceX colonized Mars project, the idea of Space Port was born as the first space exploration technology R&D nation with more realistic goal and actual in-house technology.
Space Port was officially established 23 March, 2017 and became fully operational 4 days later. With Kobayashi as the First Commander of Aphelia.
After NEXSpace Exploration member ceasing rocketry activity, all space technology experimental research branch has been temporary closed as Aphelia shared some facilities with NEXSpace Exploration except radio and nanosatellite research which is run by STL Lync in american continent. This cause a set back to Aphelia space technology research.
With first Aphelia propose of existence, it seem to be extremely devoted to science and does not left any room for those who are not working in science and engineering field. This is not only causing lack of citizen but also lack of good public relations. STL Kobayashi has reproposed Aphelia existence from “research the most efficient space exploration technologies, and erasing the barrier between Earth and space to make humans an interplanetary species” to “a micronation focused on space exploration technology, science research, arts and innovation”, a more realistic goal with original intention of establishment of Aphelia. The reproposing of Aphelia is not only rendering Aphelia's goal to be more realistic but still keep original ambition, but also open more oppertunities for space enthusiast and media creators to join Aphelia citizen.
Flag and National Emblem
- Main articles: Flag of Aphelia
The Aphelia flag is the flag used to represent the country and its people and have two variant, one is rectangle flag use as national flag called the ‘Shelter flag’ symbolizing orange surface, deep space, shelter area and life. And the ‘Seafarer flag’ for sea vessel registered to Aphelia Navy or Civilian Fleet and vertical flag hanging. The older version of Aphelia flag is Mars flag, symbolizes a sun, Mars surface, Phobos and Deimos. The long term goal of ASRN to settling on Mars. Heavily influenced by Martian flag of Martian Congressional Republic from The Expanse series. And Space Port flag, symbolizes a rocket launch from earth. A white, diagonal line shows the rocket trajectory, the blue color symbolizes Earth, the black color symbolizes the deep space, and the white circle symbolizes the moon. Space Port flag has been criticized by Minerva for similarity to Copenhagen Suborbitals logo and too generic color with diagonal line which is frequently used in logo of several aerospace company.
- Main articles: Emblem of Aphelia
The Aphelia National emblem is Phoenix emblem with wing extended downward in triangle formation. A phoenix, a bird from Greek mythology which obtains new life by arising from the ashes of its predecessor. Symbolized how Aphelian engineer develop new generation of technology by surpass limit of old technology to build a better one like phoenix which combusted into flame and ashs to be reborn. The curve of phoenix wing is symbolized bright area of Mach dish of standing wave patterns that appear in the supersonic exhaust plume of an aerospace propulsion system called Mach diamond. The emblem is partially influence by military aesthetic and WWII German era design principle.
Geography and climate
ASRN and Space Test Complex 1 located in northeast region of Thailand. Average temperature 35°C, highest temperature recorded 47°C in April of 2016.
Space Port's climate can be described as a tropical monsoon climate. It is characterized by a strong monsoon season, with a considerable amount of sun, a high amount of rainfall, and high humidity that making it quite uncomfortable. The Köppen climate classification of Aphelia can be classified as Aw climate, a hot, tropical climate with all months above 18°C and a period of dry weather in the winter.
Summer is from February to May. It's climate is greatly influenced by southeasterly monsoons from the South China Sea and the Gulf of Thailand. Due to the long distance from the sea, the weather is hot and dry. The rainy season is from May to October and has been known to cause depression in some. However, throughout the season, the amount of rainfall at any one given time varies even though 80% of total rainfall occurs in August and September. Rainfall is unpredictable, but is concentrated in the rainy season from May to October. Average annual precipitation varies from 2,000 mm (79 in) in some areas to 1,270 mm (50 in). This is to say, the likelihood of rainfall in ASRN is difficult to predict. The rainy season begins with occasional short but heavy showers, eventually raining very heavily for longer periods almost every day, usually in the late afternoon or at night, until it ends abruptly at the onset of the cool season. Cool season is from October to February. There are many northeastern monsoons that affect the area. The beginning to the end of October experiences some rains, however as the winter continues, a colder period of high pressure blows in from China, creating a characteristically drier weather. The other seasons are hot season from February to May with its sudden peak of high temperatures in April.
Due to safety concerns, some Aphelia research and development projects such as solid-fuel rocket motors and other engine testing are put on hold when the temperatures rise above 40°C to prevent overheating, overpressure and undesired ignition. And in cool season from drier weather and strong wind. The rocket can be pushed off course by strong upper level winds and sudden change of wind direction. Another reason of launch ban in summer and cool season is risk of causing wildfire.
The Aphelia space program's projects vary in design, however primarily revolving around developing a sounding rocket, a nanosatellite launch vehicle and a cubesat at a cheaper cost. Aphelia was a partner of the civilian private space program, NEXSpace Exploration. ASRN is open for international collaboration and intergovernmental contribution. Aphelia activities range from amateur rocketry to developing a small-lift launch vehicle, developing radio and nanosatellite based network.
Space Test Complex 1
Space Test Complex 1 is a small territory owned by STL Kobayashi's family located in a northeastern region of Thailand, capable of hosting small rocket engine tests (thrust >2.5kN), being equipped with a horizontal test stand and fire suppression system. The test stand was badly damaged by a solid-fueled rocket motor test in January of 2017.
Because the current location is too small and in lieu of safety concerns with a nearby village, launching a rocket larger than a high-power amateur rocket from Space Test Complex 1 is prohibited. Space Test complex 1 is now decommissioned and all equipments stored in a warehouse in the same area. The place where were busy test site now turn into a farmland. Only water tank are reserved for agriculture propose, test stand and shield block debris still can be found buried.
|Unnamed hybrid engine control test||Static fire||Successful.|
|Trailblazer 1-10||Launch||6 CATO, 2 Partially fail, 1 success but parachute not deployed causing total loss of vehicle, 1 success.|
|HATV-1||Static fire||Partial success, nozzle collapsed cause the test to be aborted.|
|HATV-1x||Static fire||CATO, total loss and cause damage to test stand. Last test conducted at Space Test Complex 1|
After NEXSpace disbanded
NEXSpace Exploration rocketry group ceasing activity and passively disbanded in mid-2018, due to lack of funding, suporting from patreon and several unsuccessful test. NEXSpace Exploration member ceasing rocketry activity, disposing unused fuel and handed leftover materials to Aphelia. All space technology research branch has been temporary closed as Aphelia shared some facilities with NEXSpace Exploration and unable to use tools and machine provided by sponsor of NEXSpace anymore.
Radio and nanosatellite research which is run by STL Lync in american continent is still active.
Aphelia Technology Protection Policy
Most of Aphelia's projects are publicly released with the exception of rocket propulsion and related technology. Access to Space Port rocket technology requires permission from STL Kobayashi and ASRN Science council. Taking pictures of sensitive instruments belonging to Aphelia and/or publishing or posting on social networks without permission is prohibited. Aphelia space technology will not be shared with any non-scientific research organization. Violating this rule can result in permanent banishment from entering the Aphelia facility. This policy is to protect Aphelia technology from misuse by unauthorized, unqualified or malicious persons or organisations.
ASRN planning to establishing small-sized Self Defense Forces. They consists of 4 branches:
- Army - Guards all ASRN objects on the ground
- Navy - Guards all ASRN objects on see and aiding SaR operation
- Air Force - Guards ASRN Airspace and managing no-fly zone for rocket activities.
- SaR - Elite Engineering and Rescue Force, capable of space launch and Search and Rescue operation. Aiding humanitarian mission and recovering ASRN properties and personnels.
ASRN Self Defense Forces are build with help of Syndikat Military Advisors MIL Phillip.
Aphelia Space Research Nation have mutual recognition relations with The Kingdom of Jupiter and Greater Territorie, and Thegn-Hold of Siar Fordell. As of middle of April of 2018, ASRN have started cooperation with small, highly militaristic micronation (Or how they call themselves “Organization”) called Syndikat. Syndikat provides Military Advising to ASRN Security Forces. In future however, Syndikat will provide launch pad for ASRN. Along cooperation with Syndikat, Aphelia started cooperation with Larger Micronation called Nexus in July 2018. Aphelia established inter-micronation scientific research program with Nexan with providing ASRN citizenship to Nexan citizen, and vice versa.
Aphelia is open to project collaboration and membership. Aphelia citizens are permitted to bear multi-citizenship with other micronations. Aphelia remains neutral during micronational wars and does not wish to create any military alliances with other micronations.
Identificattion title are unique prefix given to those who contribute to the progress of Aphelia research and development. Or personnel in specific occupation for a fast identification when needed. A person who receive more than one title can choose only single title to be display to avoid too long title which is unpractical in actual use. Aphelia identification title can be granted to foreigner in and outside Aphelia territory.
|Stellar||STL|| - Civilian and military personnel who contribute to the Aphelia space program and related activities, or
- Amateur rocketeers who successfully launch a homemade rocket to reach the Karman line, at 100km of altitude or above, whilst safely recovering the payload intact (it must be launched in front of an inspector, with live webcast coverage, and a camera onboard. A telemetry log is also required.)
|Sideral||SDR|| - Astronomers, physicists and scientists making contributions in astronomy, spaceflight or related research programs
- Amateur astronomers who discover new stars, planets, asteroids, comets and other celestial objects
|Scientist||SIC||Scientist, lab technician and worker from relate branch.|
|Engineer||IGN||Engineer and technician of ASRN, this title covered every engineering relate branch except space technology.|
|Medical||MED||Given to doctor, flight surgeons and medical personnel. Include nurse, medical technician, physical therapist and other healthcare worker.|
|Innovator||INV|| - Writer, illustrator, artist and other media makers who making and publishing a sci-fi media and cause impact in a community or in society.
- Writer and illustrator who made a comic/novel which got attention from media and made into movie or animation.
|Rocket Builder||ROC|| This title is specially for amateur rocket builder, not to be confused with space industry personnel.
- Tier I is awarded to people who send a rocket above 25km altitude and safely recover an intact rocket
- Tier II is awarded to people who send a rocket above 50km altitude and safely recover an intact rocket
- Tier III is awarded to people who send a rocket above 75km altitude and safely recover an intact payload
- Honrary : This title can be award to any amateur rocket builder who do impressive works or significant positive impact to amateur rocketry.
All tierd can be awarded to users of both commercial or privately-made rocket propulsion technologies. Approved inspector, live web coverage, and a telemetry log are required.
|Patreon||PTR||- Given to people who support the Aphelia project by funding the program, or those who provide other financial support or supplies.|
|Military||MIL||Given to people who contribute in the Aphelia self-defense force, and member of Aphelia self defense force.|
|Pathfinder||PTH||Given to people who contribute in a Space Port recovery operation|
- Astronauts/cosmonauts, flight surgeons, military and civilian pilots who complete training and perform a successful spaceflight (80km above Earth's surface or higher)
- People who complete astronaut training and travel above Karman line
Space tourists do not count. This title covered suborbital, orbital and interplanetary flights.
Aphelia featured in manga series Horizontal Scape (now discontinued) as a space faring nation in year 21XX with a name of carrier ship 'ASRN Norio' piloting by hybrid species captain Felix with registered port at Aphelia industrial station. ASRN Norio were build at a shipyard in Empire of Quailia with advance engine technology create by Quailian fictional aerospace engineer Damien "Bilbo" Vick. ASRN Norio is the fastest heavy carrier ship of ASRN carrier fleet in the series. ASRN Kobayashi is small gunship own by protagonist Sigrid Møller. The state-of-the-art parole ship purchased from black market, illegally modified into a warship and escape vessel for Sigrid in case she couldn't beat The Council.