Parliament of Tavil Republic

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Parliament of Tavil Republic
1st Parliament
Coat of Arms of tavil.svg.png
Type
Type
Term limits
1 year
History
Founded11 December 2020
Preceded byCourts (Senate and Chamber of Deputies)
Leadership
President
Speaker of the Parliament
Structure
Seats465 MPs
Political groups
Government

Opposition

Elections
Party-list proportional representation
Last election
21 March 2021
Next election
21 March 2022
Meeting place
Atafu, Republic of Tavil

The Parliament of Tavil Republic is the legislative body of the Tavil Republic. Formed in 2020 following the adoption of a new constitution, the Parliament as the nation's legislature. Much of the Parliament's structure, powers and procedure was formed by the Constitution of 2020.

The Parliament is composed of representatives elected from multi-member districts in the states, which unlike the self-governing states are directly administered by the central government. The authority of the Parliament, however, is still in force in the states and the legislature can topple any law passed by the states Legislative Assemblies. In this sense, the Parliament represents only a portion of Tavil Republic's population but still has say over the entire Republic.

Since 2020, the Tavil Republic Parliament has used a party-list proportional representation.

Powers and structure

The Parliament performs the normal functions of a legislature in a parliamentary democracy. It enacts laws, amends the constitution and appoints a government. The Constitution states the Parliament's function is that of the "foremost representative of the Tavilian people". Traditionally, the structure and organization of the Tavil Republic Parliament has been influenced by the Westminster system, a trend that has considerably fallen since the adoption of the latest constitutions in 2020.

The Constitution states that the Parliament must meet once every two months (ordinary meetings), though the President of the Parliament, the Prime Minister, or a third of all MPs may call for an extraordinary meeting. In practice, most extraordinary meetings are called by the President at the request of a group of MPs. The first session of a new Parliament must be presided over by the President. Parliamentary work usually takes places in the various commissions in which the chamber is divided.

Presidium

The Parliament is chaired by a President, who is voted on by members of the Parliament. The position was created by the 2020 constitution; before that, the Prime Minister was encharged with chairing each Parliament session. The President of the Parliament counts with a single deputy, the Vice President, who typically belongs to the President's party. The President of the Parliament typically belongs to the party which holds the majority of seats in Parliament, and as such, is also typically a member of the ruling party. The current President is Félix Harribal.

Opposition forces are usually led by a Leader of the Opposition, whose position is not mentioned in the constitution or any law, but has existed de facto since the formation of Tavil Republic.

The following MPs have been Presidents of the Parliament since the position's formation in 2020:

# Name Parliament Party Constituency
1 Felix Harribal 11 December 2020 - 22 March 2021 Tavil Democratic People's Party Atafu
2 Jackie Madison 22 March 2021 - Incumbent Tavil National Party Atafu

Last election